Зоопаразиты фауны

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Исмоилов, А. (2021). Зоопаразиты фауны. in Library, 21(1), 187–189. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/33078
Адхам Исмоилов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт

Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт, лаборатория арахноэнтомологии и акарологии, младший научный сотрудник

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Аннотация

В статье представлены сведения о фауне вредных зоопаразитов, распространенных среди сельскохозяйственных и лабораторных животных (крупный рогатый скот, овцы, козы, куры, собаки, ослы, морские свинки и др.) и в районах животноводство.


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FAUNA ZOOPARASITES

Pulatov F.S., в.ф.н. (PHD)

Senior Researcher. Scientific Research Institute of

Veterinary
E-mail: nivi@vetgov.uz

Ismoilov A. Sh.,

Doctoral student Scientific Research Institute of Veterinary

E-mail: nivi@vetgov.uz

Annotation

The article presents information on the fauna of harmful

zooparasites common among agricultural and laboratory animals (cattle,
sheep, goats, chickens, dogs, donkeys, guinea pigs, etc.) and in the areas
of animal husbandry.

Key words

Ecotone, ecotope, ecology, zoophile, synanthropus, parasite,

insects,

bovicola,

mite,

desinsection,

fauna,

systematization,

zoobiocenoses.

Introduction.

More than a thousand species of zooparasites live in zoobiocenosis, in livestock farms, in animal

husbandry, pastures, in residential locations, in houses and affect the bodies of people and animals. Since these
zooparasites apply to environmental areas, negative impact on the national economy is also multifaceted. In
particular, malicious insects and mites are striking the bodies of people and animals, as ethno and endoparasites,
cause infestations, that is, parasitous diseases (entomosis and acarosis) and as a result, the productivity of
livestock milk decreases to 30-40 percent, meat productivity by 10-12 kilograms per year, especially the cause
of the death of many young cattle. According to scientific sources, the cattle breeding of the United States of
America carries losses more than 10 million dollars a year from insect zooparasites.

In addition, many bloodsowing insects and ticks are disasters of transmissions, which determine the

appeals and distribution of diseases, such as - plague, malaria, typhus, encephalitis of a tick, encephalitis of a
mosquito, hemorrhagic fever, Zika, Ebola, nodulum dermatitis, rickettsiosis, dengue, tularemia ,
tripanosomosis. And in subsequent years, the risk of using them as a means of bioterrorism is expected..

Apparently, the study of the fauna of insects of zooparasites is an urgent problem that has not only

economic and social, but also the general and defense importance. The solution to this problem ensures the
development of measures to effectively protect cattle from zooparasites, the protection of public health,
improving labor productivity, makes it possible to further increase livestock productivity.

Purpose of the study.

Consists of studying the fauna of zooparasites occurring in zoobiocenosis, i.e. zoophilic, synchrine,

synanthropic insects, ticks, lice, bovicola.

Materials and research methods.

Faunistic studies, types of collected insects, development in arachnentomological laboratory and

identifier tables “Determined by eating fluff (Mallophaga), insects Pets”. Fauna of the USSR. M.,-L.: Publisher
ANUSSR, 1940 (D. I. Blagoveshchensky), “Synanthropic dwarf fauna of the USSR”. Publisher ANUSSR. M.
1956, (A. A. Shtakelberg), “Atlas of ixodoid mites” M’’Kolos”, 1968 (The methodological developments were
performed using the recommended researchers I. M.' Ganiev, A. A. Alilverdiev and others.

SGMUSTU-2021


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Research results.

Studies were conducted in livestock farms, in different regions, 27 heads on private and own livestock

farms, as well as in private homes, 9270 heads on rural farms, as well as at least 145 heads of laboratory
animals. Their faunistic compositions were observed differently in different exhibitions.
In the zoobiocenosis were identified by the following types of zooparasites:

Table 1

S.n. Types of zooparasites found

Types of animals

ca

tt

le

she
ep

UP

О

»-*

a donke

y

a he
n

A dog

He
dge

hog

W
hit
e mous

e

Ha
rbour

porpo

ise

1.

Bovicola bovis

+

-

-

-

2.

Bovicola ovis

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.

Bovicola eqvi

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

4.

Trichodectes canis

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

5.

Bovicola caprae

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.

Menacanthus stramenius

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

7.

Argas persicus

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

8.

Goniocotes hologaster

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

9.

Ctenocephalides canis

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

10.

Ctenocephalides caprae

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

11.

Haematopinus eurysternus

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12.

Linognathus vituli

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13.

Linognathus ovillus

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14.

Psoroptes bovis

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15.

Psoroptes ovis

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.

Sarcoptes ovis

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17.

Dermanyssus gallinae

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

18.

Dermacentor spp.

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19.

Dermacentor marginatus

+

-

-

-

-

F-

-

-

-

20.

Dermacentor dagestanicus

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21.

Hyalomma anatolicum

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22.

Hyalomma plumbeum

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23.

Hyalomma asiaticum

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24.

Hyalomma detritum

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25.

Haemaphysalis punctata

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26.

Hae. sulcata

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27.

Boophilus calcaratus

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

28.

Rhipicephalus bursa

+

+

+

+

-

+

-

-

-

29.

Rhipicephalus sanguineus

-

-

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

30

Rhipicephalus turanicus

+

+

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

31

Rhipicephalus pumilio

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

-

32

Hypoderma bovis

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

Oestrus ovis

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

34

Alveonasus lahorensis

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

Gliricola porcelli

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

36

Laelaps echidninus

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

Basically, among farm animals and laboratory animals, 36 zooparasites related to nosological species

were identified. It was found that among them there are mainly widespread diseases like, bovicolese,
linognatosis, psoptosis, ripicephalosis, hyalommind, estrosis, acaroz and entomosis.


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In order to study the Fauna insect zoophilov, synbovilov, synantropes found in zoobiocenosis,

conducted entomological observations of cattle. According to the results of the study, it was found that all large
cattle available on farms was damaged by zoophilic, synchrine and synanthropic insects. Here, mainly of
zooparasitic insects, the domination of Lyperosia Titillans, Fannia Caanicularis, Stomoxys Calcitrans species
was observed

Conclusion

1.

Among the existing agricultural and laboratory animals (large horned cattle, sheep, goats, chickens,

dogs, donkeys, sea pigs, white mice and others), 36 zooparasites related to zoological (taxonous) types (eccto-
and endoparasites) and disease were widespread Accaro and entomosis.

2.

Diseases among cattle, sheep and goats bovicolese, hematopyonicosis, linognatosis and

ripicephalosis, hyalomomosis, alveonasosis, among chickens dermanisosis, gonicotosis, menacanthosis,
among dogs Triphodektosis, Ktenetofalidenze and among laboratory animals Clearcolosis and Lailapsose,
episomotic diseases are sanitary hygienic diseases.

List of used literature.

1.

D. I. Blagoveshchensky “Determined by eating fluff (Mallophaga), insects Pets”. Fauna of the USSR.
M.,-L.: Publisher ANUSSR, 1940, 22-45 p.

2.

A. Shtakelberg “Synanthropic dwarf fauna of the USSR”. Publisher ANUSSR. M. 1956.

3.

M. Ganiev, A. A. Alilverdiev. “Atlas of ixodoid mites” M. ’’Kolos”, 1968, 110-111 p.

4.

Ruzimurodov A. The laws of evolution and zoo-bio-diversity. "Zarafshan" Edition DK, Samarkand,
2008.

Authors Articles :

Pulatov F.S., +998 93 991 60 67

Ismoilov A.Sh., +998 97 929 25 85


















Библиографические ссылки

D. I. Blagoveshchensky “Determined by eating fluff (Mallophaga), insects Pets”. Fauna of the USSR. М.,-Ь.: Publisher ANUSSR, 1940, 22-45 р.

A. Shtakelberg “Synanthropic dwarf fauna of the USSR”. Publisher ANUSSR. М. 1956.

M. Ganiev, A. A. Alilverdiev. “Atlas of ixodoid mites” М. ”К о ^ ”, 1968, 110-111 р.

Ruzimurodov A. The laws of evolution and zoo-bio-diversity. "Zarafshan" Edition DK, Samarkand, 2008.

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