Действие препарата апифлокс при инфекционных заболеваниях пчел

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Рахимов, М., Ибрагимов, Ф., & Дускулов, В. (2024). Действие препарата апифлокс при инфекционных заболеваниях пчел. in Library, 21(2), 611–614. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/33806
Мухамад Рахимов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт

Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт, старший научный сотрудник лаборатории акарологии и арахноэнтомологии, доктор философии ветеринарных наук

Ф Ибрагимов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт
Docent
В Дускулов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт
scientific Researcher
Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

Подкормка пчелиных семей препаратом Апифлокс (ДВ-энрофлоксацин) (1 мл Апифлокса на 2 л сахарного сиропа) по 100 мл непрерывно в течение 3 дней и повторение этого курса лечения через 7 дней полностью излечивает пчел от американского и Европейский гнилец. Первый - мы давали каждой семье опытной группы по 100 мл этого сиропа непрерывно в течение 3 дней с добавлением 1 мл препарата апифлокса на 2 литра сахарного сиропа. Мы считали это первым курсом лечения. Мы наблюдали за семьями пролеченных пчел каждый день. При осмотре диагноз устанавливался на основании возраста, цвета, консистенции личинок и неприятного запаха, исходящего от погибших личинок. Кроме того, из тухлой массы внутри клетки был приготовлен мазок и в линзе микроскопа с увеличением в 900 раз обнаружена палочка личинок B.. Больным детям второй контрольной группы мы давали только сироп, не вводя Апифлокс на первом курсе лечения.


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ACADEMICIA

A n I n t e r n a t i o n a l

M u l t i d i s c i p l i n a r y

R e s e a r c h J o u r n a l

(Doubl e B l i nd Ref ereed & P eer Revi ew ed Journal )

DOI:

10.5958/2249-7137.2021.01447.6

EFFECT OF APIFLOX PREPARATION AGAINST INFECTIOUS

DISEASES OF BEES

F.B.Ibragimov*; V.M.Duskulov**; M.Yu.Rakhimov***;

*Docent,

Samarkand Institute of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Research Institute,

UZBEKISTAN

**Assistant,

Samarkand Institute of Veterinary Medicine

Veterinary Research Institute

UZBEKISTAN

***scientific Researcher,

Samarkand Institute of Veterinary Medicine,

Veterinary Research Institute,

UZBEKISTAN

ABSTRACT

Feeding families of bees with the drug Apiflox (DV-enrofloxacin), (1 ml of Apiflox in 2 liters of
sugar syrup), 100 ml continuously for 3 days and repeating this course of treatment after 7 days
completely heals the bees from the American and European foulbrood.

The first - we gave each

family of the experimental group 100 ml of this syrup continuously for 3 days from the syrup with
the addition of 1 ml of the drug apiflox to 2 liters of sugar syrup. We considered this to be the
first course of treatment. We monitored the families of treated bees every day.

On examination,

the diagnosis was made based on the age, color, consistency of the larvae and the foul odor
coming from the dead larvae. In addition, a smear was prepared from the rotten mass inside the
cell and a B. larvae rod was found in a 900-magnified lens of the microscope.

We gave sick

children in the second control group only syrup without giving Apiflox in the first course of
treatment.


KEYWORDS:

Apiflox, Bees, Infectious Disease, Putrefaction Disease.


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INTRODUCTION

Today in beekeeping are used many different district antibiotics against infectious (bacteriosis)
diseases. Especially tetracycline, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, syntomycin, penicillin, bitsillin
and others. These antibiotics have been used by beekeepers themselves in such large and large
doses without medical supervision that microorganisms become resistant to them, in some cases
the drugs do not work, and bee families die without treatment.

The worst part of this case is that the antibiotic-contaminated honey does not meet the standards
of the world market and fails in the world market.

Therefore, a completely new type of antibiotic drug with a completely different chemical
structure is needed against these diseases.

We searched the literature and did not find a source about new drugs used against these diseases
in beekeeping. However, a drug containing 10% enrofloxacin, which belongs to the group of
fluoroquinolones against acute infectious diseases in livestock, poultry, piglets and chickens, is
widely used and is effective in the treatment and prevention of acute infectious diseases.

Therefore, we intended to test this drug against American and European rot diseases, which
cause great harm to beekeeping. Given that enrofloxacin also affects mycoplasmas, we decided
to test it against Ascospherosis and Aspergillosis fungal diseases as well.

Method of examination and brief description of diseases.

Apiflox is an oral solution against infectious diseases. The drug contains 10% of the active
substance enrofloxacin, calcium hydrate oxide, benzene alcohol and water. From the appearance
of the drug is a light yellow solution. Enrofloxacin inhibits the DNA gyrase of bacteria, as a
result of which bacteria cannot multiply. The elimination half-life of enrofloxacin is about 4
hours.

In the instructions of the series of the drug produced in Spain, Germany recommended that
chickens be given 0.5 ml of the drug mixed with 1 liter of water for 3-5 days. Based on this, we
take 10 doses from 0.1 ml to 1.0 ml, add each dose to 2 liters of syrup (1 kg of sugar dissolved in
1 liter of water) and prepare a fresh solution for 10 families every day for 3 days. We have
developed an experimental method to test whether the drug has the ability to treat and prevent
bee diseases by giving 100 grams.

American putrefaction disease. The causative agent is a gram-negative rod-forming bacillus larva
(Bacilla larve) that produces spores. To diagnose the disease, first a visual examination was
performed, looking at its clinical signs. On examination, the diagnosis was made based on the
age, color, consistency of the larvae and the foul odor coming from the dead larvae. In addition,
a smear was prepared from the rotten mass inside the cell and a B. larvae rod was found in a 900-
magnified lens of the microscope. When diagnosing this disease, it was necessary to differentiate
it from European diseases such as rot, mesothelioma and varroatosis, depending on the clinical
signs.

European rot - a disease of open larvae, 4-day-old larvae. There are several pathogens: -
Streptococcus pluton, S. apis, Bacilla alvei, B. orpheus. Therefore, some authors say that under
the name of "European rot" disease is a combination of two or three different diseases of


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different etiology, but with the same clinic.

The diagnosis of this disease was made on the basis of clinical signs in the cell and microscopic
examination. For microscopic examination, up to 10 newly dead larvae were obtained from the
cage cells. If there are no new dead larvae, the dead larvae are removed and sterilized for 15-20
minutes. were dissolved and they were examined under a microscope by preparing a grease from
the mass in the intestine. Lanceolate cocci can be found under a microscope. The smears were
stained by the Gram method and held for 15-20 minutes in a 2% alcohol solution of carbolic
fuchsin to stain the spores.

The experiments were conducted on bee families on a private bee farm in Taylak district of
Samarkand region, where American and European rot diseases were detected.

Inspection results:

Experiments on the prevention of diseases of bees with the drug began in late April, because this
is the period when the most common diseases of bees rot and mold.

Our experiments showed that doses of 0.1-0.2-0.3-0.4 ml of the drug are not enough to prevent
disease, as at these concentrations in 8 families were found to have American rot, and in 1 family
- European rot. No diseases were reported at higher doses. Of the 30 families in the non-Apiflox
control group, 2 had American rot and 1 had European rot.

Table 1. The effectiveness of apiflox bees in the prevention of American and European rot,

diseases(sum of 3 experiments with 10 bee families in each dose)

Number
of

bee

families

Amount of
apiflox, ml.

Apiflox
melted
syrup, l.

Prep-tdose ml
3

days

intermittently.
1 family

Occurrence of diseases for 2
months after treatment
American
decay

European
decay

30

0,1

2

100

3

-

30

0,2

2

100

1

-

30

0,3

2

100

-

-

30

0,4

2

100

-

-

30

0,5

2

100

-

-

30

0,6

2

100

-

-

30

0,7

2

100

-

-

30

0,8

2

100

-

-

30

0,9

2

100

-

-

30

1,0

2

100

-

-

Control
30

-

-

100pure
syrup

2

1

In order to study the therapeutic properties of the drug Apiflox in the above diseases, 6 American
and 6 European bee families infected with rot were isolated for experiments, which were divided
into 3 groups of 2 - experimental and control groups. The first - we gave each family of the
experimental group 100 ml of this syrup continuously for 3 days from the syrup with the addition


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ISSN: 2249-7137 Vol. 11, Issue 5, May 2021 Impact Factor: SJIF 2021 = 7.492

ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal

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ACADEMICIA

of 1 ml of the drug apiflox to 2 liters of sugar syrup. We considered this to be the first course of
treatment. We monitored the families of treated bees every day. As a result, the symptoms in the
families disappeared within 5-7 days. We repeated this course of treatment on the 8th day, taking
into account the emergence of diseased young bees from the hives after 7 days. As a result, after
the 2nd course of treatment, the bee families completely recovered from the above diseases and
no symptoms of the disease were observed during our 2-month follow-up.

We gave sick children in the second control group only syrup without giving Apiflox in the first
course of treatment. As a result, the disease began to spread to more rums in the family.
Therefore, we also treated sick families in the control group with 2 courses of treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

1) Mix 1ml of Apiflox with 2 liters of sugar syrup (1 kg of sugar dissolved in 1 liter of water)
and make 100 milliliters continuously for each bee family for 3 days to prevent American and
European rot for 2 months (observation period).

2) If 1 ml of Apiflox is mixed with 2 liters of sugar syrup (1 kg of sugar dissolved in 1 liter of
water) and given to each bee family 100 milliliters continuously for 3 days and the same course
of treatment is repeated after 7 days, bees will be cured and cured of American and European rot.

REFERENCES

1.

F.B. Ibragimov, VM Duskulov, DR Nasimova A good village of bees, a guarantee of next
year's harvest. VII International scientific-practical conference “VII Global science and
innovation 2019: Central Asia” Nur-sultan -2019 g.25-28 September.128-132 p.

2.

F.B.Ibragimov, V.M.Duskulov B.A.Tugalov. Effectiveness of medicinal plants against bees
diasease. “South Asian Academic Research Journals” (Vol. 10 Issue 3, March 2020 Impact
Factor: SJIF 2020 = 7.13) 111-114 p

3.

Kholmatov H.X., Pratov O.P, Mahsumov M.N. Uncomplicated medications. TEACHER
Publishing House. Tashkent -2006.-208 p.

4.

Aseeva T.A., Blinova K.F., Yakovlev G.P. Medicinal plants of Tibetan medicine.
Novosibirsk: Nauka. 1985. 159 p.

5.

Gammerman A.F., Kadaev G.N., Yatsenko – Khmelevskiy A.A. Medicinal plants (rasteniya-
tseliteli). 4-e izdat., Isprav. and dop. M .: Vysshaya shkola. 1990, pp.456–458.

Библиографические ссылки

F.B. Ibragimov, VM Duskulov, DR Nasimova A good village of bees, a guarantee of next year's harvest. VII International scientific-practical conference “VII Global science and innovation 2019: Central Asia” Nur-sultan -2019 g.25-28 September.128-132 p.

F.B.Ibragimov, V.M.Duskulov B.A.Tugalov. Effectiveness of medicinal plants against bees diasease. “South Asian Academic Research Journals” (Vol. 10 Issue 3, March 2020 Impact Factor: SJIF 2020 = 7.13) 111-114 p

Kholmatov H.X., Pratov O.P, Mahsumov M.N. Uncomplicated medications. TEACHER Publishing House. Tashkent -2006.-208 p.

Aseeva T.A., Blinova K.F., Yakovlev G.P. Medicinal plants of Tibetan medicine. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 1985. 159 p.

Gammerman A.F., Kadaev G.N., Yatsenko – Khmelevskiy A.A. Medicinal plants (rasteniya-tseliteli). 4-e izdat., Isprav. and dop. M .: Vysshaya shkola. 1990, pp.456–458.

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