Роль предпринимателей в постиндустриальном обществе

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Урунбаева , Ю. (2024). Роль предпринимателей в постиндустриальном обществе. in Library, 4(4). извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/35103
Юлдуз Урунбаева , Самаркандский институт экономики и сервиса

Самаркандский институт экономики и сервиса, доцент кафедры экономической теории, доктор философских наук по экономике

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Аннотация

В данной статье представлен анализ данных о роли предпринимателей в постиндустриальном обществе.


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AMERICAN Journal of Science on Integration and

Human Development

Volume 01, Issue 10, 2023 ISSN (E): 2993-2750

The Role of Entrepreneurs in Post-Industrial Society

Urunbaeva Yu. P.

Information and telecommunications

Business postindustrial societybased economy is one of the important features of the economic
system as commodity-money economy is key to ensuring the welfare superior. It is the basis of
the philosophy of the market economy. Imagine business without the agricultural market also,
also you will not be developing. So has the nature of a gift to men of business mu'jizaki, who
embodied all the qualities that an individual (intelligence, perception, thought, knowledge,
experience, abilities, talent, diligence, and enthusiasm, courage, persistence, risk, and so
forth)cannot replace or its business is no other means to materialize in this regard. The
philosophy of the economy based on market relations, the foundation of its organization just
these mu'jiza, ie business in the conditions of market economy mu'jizasi amaze achieve rapid
economic growth and development economic indicators at secrets the human mind represents.
Well, what is entrepreneurship itself, very common in the present times, the true essence of this
concept is the basis of a market economy, what is the standing of the organization? The
theoretical aspect of this important question will not find the solution on his own, since
entrepreneurship in society, than on a rational relationship to establish effective policies for
development, it will be very difficult to carry out. Therefore, from our need to convey that on
this issue I have found some our own opinions.
In a word, business by business activity. While business is the person who keeps working with
the event. In fact the “Event” is derived from the Arabic phrase, any work, the implementation of
the goals, ruyobga tool production, while business work to think very carefully on the basis of
the plan is the person who keeps working in the interests of goal achievement. The essence of the
event, taking into account there are problems on this, I have found that is worthwhile to dwell
lug'aviy meaning of the word. Uzbek language in the glossary of "to the office of event
management; frugality; the measures, where possible, guidance; style action," he said. Also, that
“incident” a few of the recognized phrase in the content to be applied:

1. The implementation

guidance for the implementation and remedy. 2. The goal is to work in the way the
implementation of the behavior itself. This simply is not a simple event, it is going to be closely
tied with the work of strengthening peace on earth. 3. Performed on an organizational basis for a
certain purpose (fulfilled) work, work

1

. Such a person from society, from people interested in

their activities. Think carefully because, pale-by-partish way and without putting excessive
effort, a plan, the targeted business the main factor of the development of society, the main tool.
With the plan, administrative-command system in the context of entities in all things, think
carefully, and there's no need no need to work towards. All the work in place from the top, from
a single center plan and a defined order on a timely basis ensuring accurate execution in itself is
enough. No initiative and also the role of entrepreneurship in the lower tier, also no need, and in

1

Ўзбек тилининг изоҳли луғати. Т.: “Ўзбекистон миллий энциклопедияси” Давлат илмий нашриёти. 2008,

учинчи жилд 636-б.


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general they are the essence of this system does not meet the requirements. On the contrary, in
accordance with the management plan of the economy, business and tasabbuskorlik from a
single center comes totally contrary to the methods and principles. Therefore, the plan for the
economic system in the context of entrepreneurial activity was banned.
In contrast, the economic system based on market relations opens wide opportunities for
entrepreneurship, fully rely on him and, at the same time, the rapid development of its economy,
holding meetings efficient and targeted opportunities for unlimited uses. Entrepreneurship and
market economy is the basis of all the other system ensures superior absolute and its known to
mankind until now.
For this reason many of scientific research and studies related to the phenomenon of
entrepreneurship for many years been carried out, and the different economic schools on those
who expressed an opinion namoyondasi mutafakirlar this valuable and significant contribution in
theoretical foundations of entrepreneurship and hence their likely were added.
Originally Xaldun of ibn arab thinkers in the middle ages “professional” (“business” very close
to the content of the concept in the interpretation of the concept of it, property ownership, labor
and human skills has tied with the comments. West tsivilizasiyasida "business" published in paris for
the first time out of the year 1723, the concept of "General commercial dictionary"and then used "music"
when you say "assume the obligations on the construction of production objects and the person who"

2

aimed to understand

3

.

A great economist.Smith, in order to take advantage of the business to implement the idea of
seeing any commercial business owners that provides a description of risks

4

.

But the scientific theory of entrepreneurship, the French economists of certain regulated quotes R. By
kontillion in the middle of the first half of the eighteenth century, more precisely in the years created 1725-
1730. R in this field.Kontillionning service, the first kontsepsiyasini of entrepreneurship and create a
“business” understanding the essence of revealed. According to his opinion, business, and risk on the basis
of the job to know beforehand than to keep himself in abilities to work with an individual who is in the
market action in order to get extra income. Once again business at any stage of production: production
ayriboshlash distribution can participate in. R. Directly kontillion business risks (risks) and the business
connected with the uncertain situation of the market without fear of taking in a huge responsibility, I will
pay particular attention to keeping tavakkaliga job. The greater the complexity of the creation of
entrepreneurship economists kontsepsiyasini iboratki service, it first revealed three important characteristics
which are typical of entrepreneurship.

First,

additional business (ie business more than the income you can get without) work in order to get the

income disclosure.

Secondly,

know the risks without the fear of an individual who engaged in entrepreneurship than previously

and should have the ability to dare to keep tavakkaliga job. You can take it in exchange for the ability to just
these additional income and has the right to take.

Third,

entrepreneurial risk-the risks (the risks) activities is tavakkaliga of business that the only extra work,

but in general not even take the least income, even as the changing conditions of the market see the damage
kafolatlanmagan with nothing and no one, that is, assume responsibility for all economic business will
remain the scan.

2

Основы бизнеса / Под.ред. Ю. Б. Рубина. Учебник. 6-е изд. - М.: Маркет ДС Корпорейшн, 2005. - С. 47.

3

Ўша даврларда тадбиркор деган иборада акс эттирилган маъно билан ҳозирги даврда унда ўз ифодасини топган маъно

жуда кескин фарқ қилади. Лекин ҳозирги кунда ҳам ушбу тушунча, унинг моҳияти хусусида иқтисодий адабиётларда
жуда кўплаб турли карашларни учратиш мумкин.

4

Смит А.Исследование о природе и причинах богатства народов. Пер. с англ. Е.М.Майбурда. М.:1993.150 б.


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In the theory of the formation and development of entrepreneurship in western europe from fiziokratlar
F.And kene. Tyurgo services are great, they pay more attention to the subjective aspects of entrepreneurship.
J.P.And ceylon. Marshall also adding their contributions in the development of entrepreneurship theory are
incomparable. It's their business to the role in a new production approach. To see their thoughts, the main
function of the optimal choice of factors of production and adding them moxirona business, so take have to
take the income of their business in return.
Enrich the theory of entrepreneurship and the development of a well-known economist.Shumpeterning
important stage of scientific critique. His comprehensive and creative in this regard before it developed
kontsepsiyalarni-based and promising kontsepsiyasini create. Y.Shumpeter interpreted as the main producer
of business, economic development and innovation within the power of the creative aspects of the business
committed to the active great attention to drew. His look told about, according to a new combination of
production factors mutually ratio, which had (new combination) in the case of the only economic system
development. Create a new product to consumers, which is unknown to the present day, it is the
introduction of new methods of production, new sources of raw materials, application of new methods of
labor organization, to conquer new markets and so on mutual attached a new combination of production
factors of (a combination of) provides. Once again the news of the production factors in the production
process on the basis of mutual harmony of entities that join in new Y.Shumpeter that entrepreneurs are
described. Therefore, I have great attention to innovative aspects of entrepreneurship and the economy on
the basis of these factors that would lead to the rapid development has given many the inevitable basis.
The plan to eradicate the attention paid to the economy, instead of economic reforms in the cis countries,
which was founded on the basis of market relations also carried out many studies related to the theory of
entrepreneurship, its essence, as well as in the stage of transition to the market economy and the subsequent
development of the place and importance of development dedicated to the prospects, especially for small
business stuck in the hundreds of thousands of scientific articles and monographs, textbooks and manuals
created.
Naturally, from the beginning of the transition period for developing scientists and business coexist with the
former soviet republic of the business, its had paid serious attention to the issue of the significance and
importance.
For example, a Russian economist. Busa take care of business "in order to take advantage of a special type
of economic activity"

5

describes it as. In this recipe balanced with the economic activity of the business, in

order to get the benefits of a particular human activity, is interpreted as a specific type. But, in the nature of
economic activity is embodied human being honoured exactly that means its showing the effects of human
nature, the blessings of dating created to meet their needs is necessary. Human life is a basic tool for
economic activity davrlaridayoq primitive community. But usha period, much of the impact to the active
nature yakkayu single purpose of creating favour needed to meet personal needs, that is, marriage is to
forgive. Later, primary, secondary form of natural resources as a result of the distribution of labor on the
basis of a totally new economic goods in the appearance of the man gradually, that is, private ownership is
the reason the occurrence and development of relations. After the start of the emergence of private property,
human economic activity more active a new factor – benefit society and the emergence of category-bearing
has become the main power to action.
The other economists in russia N. Siropolis business live is a dynamic business, the business of production
of the components, interpreted as a person managing it risk to himself and his borrower and all available
shows the following important characteristics: clear goal orientation; novatorlik; the risk of the availability
of activities; self-confidence; kat'iyatlilik; responsibility

6

. This recipe is also in the essence of the concept of

entrepreneurship was not revealed in full detail. The author of business live, was interpreted as a dynamic
activity. Guyoki lifeless, the activity can be dynamic too. Any of vibrant economic activity, must be
dynamic, otherwise it would be of inactivity. In addition, the author production business of the organization

5

Бусигын А. В. Предпринимательство, начальный курс. - М.: НИРП, 1992. - С. 17.

6

Сирополис Николас К. Управление малым бизнесом. Руководство для предпринимателей: Пер. с англ. - М.: Дело, 1997. -

С. 50-60.


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of the enterprise, executive, manager will interpret it as. But, not only the production of business executive
of the organization, the it manager, in many cases there is no reason that it can be and also can hinder his
performer. Another problem cited in the definition, that is, the purpose of the business did not find its
expression.
In recent years, studies aimed at small business, open the essence of the concept has increased.
"Ekonomiks" the author of their textbook (Makkonell K. R., Bryune S. L.) obamacare, "small business – so
this area is land resources in the production process of goods and services, capital and labor takes the
initiative to combine assume, that the main resolution in the process of doing business at the same time
accepts. Also, the small business innovation is imaginative, on a commercial basis to new products, new
forms of business organization tends to the production of new production technologies or risk activity"

7

.

M. The Lapus, Yu. Research starostin "small business – business activity, in accordance with the norms
prescribed in the legislation to be carried out by the subjects of market economy"

8

, was that by saving. The

essence of small entrepreneurship, organization, and a development of some aspects. Specific R. Xizrich,
M. Peters, F. Xayeklarning works in scientific

9

research are also made.

The concept of entrepreneurship in national entsiklopediya is interpreted as follows:
“Entrepreneurship” – capital spending for other goods and services aimed at to find benefit with
the creation of economic activity. Business is guided by the following principles: according to
the request to carry out an independent economic activity on the market; the goal is to have the
benefits to be removing; economic responsibility and their obligation to take over, I know
tavakkaliga work; newsletter aspiration; to comply with established laws and regulations;
business secret to keep; to feel social responsibility, that is, their team, providing prosperity of
the people know that the main direction of their activities

10

. Therefore, the economic activities of

the business man, and other types of economic activities basing its specific features vary with
what's given.
Fellow citizens, our scientists A. ThislmasovA. Vaxobov of opinion, "business mohiyat I am the business of
the main type. However stream theanday a business event we haveor that bthiswas the lmas. Do this to the
business of creative traits have bthisof lish should be"

11

B.A.Erkaev, G.I.Karimova, while “work based on

the initiative of enterprises in order to receive the benefits of their citizens and maintain independent
functioning” that is highlighted

12

. Innovative in their approach to entrepreneurship, active within the

creative aspect, the basic attention to his purpose.
In general business, in particular small and private entrepreneurship also given on the basis of
the study and the definition of synthesis and interpretation, theoretical thus come to the
conclusion, that one the essence of this important concept in the source-opening yondoshilgan.

USED LITERATURE LIST

1.

Muxammedov M.M. Yu.P.Urunbaeva factors increase the level of living of the population of
formation and prospects. "Zarafshan", 2010.

2.

Muxammedov M.M. K voprosu o v povishenii truman proizvoditelnosti the republic of
uzbekistan. "The population living level to raise and social protection of enhancing ways and
means" on the topic of scientific - practical conference materials". Samaraqand, 2002 year.

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Макконелл К. Р., Брю С.Л. Экономикс. Т-1., - М.: Дело, 1992. - С. 38.

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Лапуста М. Г., Старостин Ю. Л. Малое предпринимательство. - М.: ИНФРА-М, 1997. - С. 5.

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Щумпетер Й. А. Теория экономического развития. Капитализм, социализм и демократия. - М.: Эксмо, 2007. - 864 с.;

Хоскинг А. Курс предпринимательства. - М.: Дело, 1993. - 230 с.; Хизрич Р., Питерс М. Предпринимательство. - М.: Дело,
1991. - 159 с.; Хайек Ф. Ф. Познание, конкуренция и свобода. Аналогия сочинений. - М.: Пневма, 1990. - 309 с.; Лембден
К. Дж. Финансы в малом бизнесе. Пер. с анг. - М.: Финансы и статистика, 1992. - 200 с.

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“Ўзбекистон миллий энциклопедияси” Давлат миллий нашриёти,.-Т.: 2004.- 8- том. Б.224.

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Yulduz P. Urunbaeva Increasing the impact of service sector on the living standards of population in innovative

economy environment http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/10387/5598 2020. 05.

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Б.А.Эркаев, Г.И.Каримова. Бозор иқтисодиёти: Изоҳли луғат. –Т.: Шарқ, 1997. - Б. 121.


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3.

Urunbaeva.Yu.P. “The service sector on the basis of improving the prospects for
development of the living standards of the population” S Abstracts.: 2018., B 59.

4.

Standard service sectors, increasing the impact of p. stars urunbaeva innovative economy in
the

population

of

your

living

environment

http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/10387/5598 2020. 05.

Библиографические ссылки

Muxammedov M.M. Yu.P.Urunbaeva factors increase the level of living of the population of formation and prospects. "Zarafshan", 2010.

Muxammedov M.M. K voprosu o v povishenii truman proizvoditelnosti the republic of uzbekistan. "The population living level to raise and social protection of enhancing ways and means" on the topic of scientific - practical conference materials". Samaraqand, 2002 year.

Urunbaeva.Yu.P. “The service sector on the basis of improving the prospects for development of the living standards of the population” S Abstracts.: 2018., B 59.

Standard service sectors, increasing the impact of p. stars urunbaeva innovative economy in the population of your living environment http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/10387/5598 2020. 05.

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