Некоторые аспекты информационного обеспечения нормотворческого процесса

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Содиков, А. (2021). Некоторые аспекты информационного обеспечения нормотворческого процесса. Актуальные проблемы гуманитарных наук, 1(1), 3–5. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/problems_of_humanities/article/view/3609
Акмаль Содиков, Ташкентский государственный юридический университет

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Аннотация

В данном тезисе рассматриваются некоторые аспекты обеспечения процесса нормотворчества с необходимой информацией, касающейся типов и уровней информационного обеспечения. Выдвинуты несколько рекомендаций и предложений по развитию национального законодательства


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СЕКЦИЯ № 1. ЮРИДИК ФАНЛАР/

LEGAL SCIENCES /

ЮРИДИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ



НОРМА ИЖОДКОРЛИГИ ЖАРАЁНИНИ АХБОРОТ БИЛАН

ТАЪМИНЛАШНИНГ АЙРИМ ЖИҲАТЛАРИ

Акмал Содиков,

Тошкент давлат юридик университетининг

мустақил изланувчиси,

akmalsodikov81@gmail.com, тел.:+998903311669.

Аннотация:

Ушбу тезисда норма ижодкорлиги жараёнини ахборот билан таъминлаш

бўйича ахборот таъминотининг турлари ва даражаларининг баъзи жиҳатлари
кўриб чиқилади. Миллий қонунчиликни ривожлантириш бўйича бир нечта
таклиф ва тавсиялар илгари сурилади.

Калит сўзлар:

норма ижодкорлиги, ахборот билан таъминлаш, ахборот

билан таъминлаш турлари ва даражалари, хорижий тажриба.

Abstract:

In this thesis some aspects of providing rulemaking process with necessary

information concerning types and levels of informational are discussed. Several
recommendations and suggestions to develop national legislation have been put
forward.

Keywords:

rulemaking, informational support, types and levels of informational

support, foreign experience.

Аннотация:

В данном тезисе рассматриваются некоторые аспекты обеспечения процесса

нормотворчества с необходимой информацией, касающейся типов и уровней
информационного обеспечения. Выдвинуты несколько рекомендаций и
предложений по развитию национального законодательства.

Ключевые слова:

нормотворчество, информационная поддержка, виды и

уровни информационной поддержки, зарубежный опыт.


Informational support through various methods, tools, legal mechanisms have

become an integral element of the management of social processes, a key component
of our lives. In short, it is difficult to imagine the development of normative regulatory
mechanisms in the regulation of modern society without information. Therefore,

Секция №1. Юридик фанлар / Legal sciences / Юридические науки


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naturally, the quality of information provision of the rulemaking process, the
development of information systems creates various new concepts and views. The
process of rulemaking cannot be imagined without the exchange of information.
Indeed, providing with information is dynamic and requires the movement of special
subjects to collect, analyze, support or present information in the process of
rulemaking.

As M.A. Mitrofanova noted, first of all, we should analyze on the basis of

scientific approaches and empirical research to identify the levels of informational
support of rulemaking process [1].

According to E.V. Skurko, the process of rulemaking of subjects can be divided

into internal and external relations:

internal relations – the relationship between the subjects of rulemaking activity;
external relations – arising as a result of mass media and other social relations [2].
Firstly, if we focus on the advanced international practice in this area, Great

Britain can show some special attributes. Providing rulemaking process with
information is divided into two levels according to the supremacy of normative legal
acts. They are acts of parliament and departmental acts. Acts of parliament are adopted
by the British Parliament and if the acts of parliament cannot provide a solution to the
relevant situation or issue, departmental normative legal acts are adopted by the
authoritative governmental bodies. The issue of providing relevant information to the
process of drafting acts of parliament is set out in the Regulations of Houses. However,
departmental normative legal acts are developed according to the Cabinet Manual. In
this regard, it is emphasized that there are two levels of providing with information in
the process of rulemaking in the country.

Another words, these levels are called “primary” and “secondary legislation”. As

a result, as the volume of primary legislation is constantly increasing, the complexity
of the legal regulation of modern society leads to the transfer of rulemaking functions
to the executive branch as secondary legislation. This power, called secondary
legislation, implies the creation of a rule not only by the legislative but also by the
executive branch. In this case, the law becomes the primary legislation, and the relevant
departmental acts of the executive branch become the secondary legislation.

If we focus on the areas of rulemaking activities carried out by local public

authorities, the organization and operation of local government in the four constituent
parts of the country (England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland) differ sharply.
Special laws regulating the activities of local executive authorities have been adopted
for each region. The Royal Authority does not provide for a strict separation of powers
between the representative and executive bodies at the local level, as the “Commission
Model” [3] of local government in Europe and the United States has been introduced
in the country.

The competence of local authorities in the UK includes: public services,

environmental protection, education and schools, transport, roads (highways), traffic
regulation, social services, fire protection, sanitation, socio-economic planning,
housing construction, parks and recreation areas, organization of elections to state
bodies, including voter registration.

Секция №1. Юридик фанлар / Legal sciences / Юридические науки


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Normative legal acts adopted by local executive authorities are also called “acts

of secondary legislation” or “acts of delegated legislation”, and these local authorities
exercise their powers within the limits set by the central government.

In order to check information, the British parliament apply special mechanisms of

evaluation of supported information in the process of developing drafts of acts of

parliament. Established mechanism of inspection and monitoring called “legislative

scrutiny”. This is divided into two levels “pre-legislative scrutiny” and “post-

legislative scrutiny” in accordance with adoption and putting into force.

In addition, according to S. Brink [4], R. Chopra, L.M. Khan [5], K.J. Strandburg

[6] and T. Becker [7], we consider it is expedient to develop the levels of informational
support of rulemaking. Taking into account the experience of foreign countries and the
views of scientists analyzed above, we consider it is appropriate to put forward the
following conclusions, suggestions and recommendations:

Firstly, there are two levels of informational support of rulemaking process:
First, information support of primary legislation – for instance, legislative activity

carried out by the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan – information support of
the process of development of laws and resolutions of the Chambers;

Second, information support of secondary legislation – for instance, information

support of the process of development of decrees, resolutions of the President of the
Republic of Uzbekistan, resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers, normative legal acts
of ministries, state committees, agencies, inspections, decisions of local authorities.

Secondly, some legal terms such as “primary legislation”, “secondary

legislation”, “acts of secondary legislation”, “acts of delegated legislation”, “legislative

scrutiny”, “pre-legislative scrutiny” and “post-legislative scrutiny” have been
introduced into the national Uzbek jurisprudence.

Thirdly, Legislative chamber of Oliy Majlis in cooperation with the Cabinet of

Ministers of Uzbekistan should draft regulations to regulate the mechanism of

“legislative scrutiny”, “pre-legislative scrutiny” and “post-legislative scrutiny”.

References:

1.

Митрофанова М. А. Особенности экспертизы электронных доказательств

в арбитражном процессе // Изв. Сарат. ун-та Нов. сер. Сер. Экономика.

Управление. Право. 2011. №2. – С. 22.

2.

Скурко Е.В. Информационно-правовое обеспечение законодательной

деятельности в Российской Федераци. Диссертация к.ю.н.: 12.00.01. – М. РГБ, –
2003. – С. 35-36.

3.

Sodikov A. Norm-making based on evidence and science is one of the main

factors of development // Review of law sciences. 2020. №4. P. 3.

4.

Brink S. The creation of a Scandinavian provincial law: how was it done?

Historical Research, vol. 86, no. 233 (2013). pp. 432-442.

5.

Chopra R., Khan L.M. “The Case for ‘Unfair Methods of Competition’

Rulemaking.” The University of Chicago Law Review, vol. 87, no. 2, 2020, pp. 357–
380.

6.

Strandburg K.J. “Rulemaking and inscrutable automated decision tools.”

Columbia Law Review, vol. 119, no. 7, 2019, pp. 1851-1886.

7.

Becker T. “When congress makes no policy choice: the case of ftc data security

enforcement”. Columbia Law Review, vol. 120, no. 5, 2020, pp. 134-152.

Секция №1. Юридик фанлар / Legal sciences / Юридические науки

Библиографические ссылки

Митрофанова М. А. Особенности экспертизы электронных доказательств в арбитражном процессе И Изв. Сарат. ун-та Нов. сер. Сер. Экономика. Управление. Право. 2011. №2. - С. 22.

Скурко ЕВ. Информационно-правовое обеспечение законодательной деятельности в Российской Федерапи. Диссертация к.ю.н.: 12.00.01. - М. РГБ. -2003.-С. 35-36.

Sodikov A. Norm-making based on evidence and science is one of the main factors of development Renew of law sciences. 2020. №4. P. 3.

Brink S. The creation of a Scandinavian provincial law: how was it done? Historical Research, vol. 86. no. 233 (2013). pp. 432-442.

Chopra R.. Khan L.M. "The Case for ‘Unfair Methods of Competition' Rulemaking." The University of Chicago Law Renew, vol. 87. no. 2, 2020. pp. 357-380.

Strandburg K.J. "Rulemaking and inscrutable automated decision tools.” Columbia Law Renew, vol 119. no. 7. 2019. pp. 1851-1886.

Becker T. "When congress makes no policy choice: the case of ftc data security enforcement". Columbia Law Renew, vol. 120, no. 5. 2020. pp. 134-152.

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