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INNOVATIVE METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
Yazdankulova Gulnigor Muzaffarovna
This article discusses innovative approaches to teaching English in secondary schools,
modern methods promoted by teachers for students' free thinking, speech depth, responsiveness, enthusiasm
for language learning, and active participation in lessons.
mixed technique, interesting games, primary classes, modern and innovative methods,
After the independence of our country, the interest of young people in learning foreign languages has
increased, and the state creates many opportunities for language learning. As the first President Islam
Karimov said: "At present, great importance is attached to the teaching of foreign languages in our country.
This, of course, is not in vain.
There is no need to underestimate the importance of perfect knowledge of foreign languages for our
country, which today is striving to take its rightful place in the world community, for our people, who are
building their great future in cooperation with our foreign partners. " In particular, one of the decisions that
led to positive changes in primary education was the decision of the First President of the Republic of
Uzbekistan dated December 10, 2012 "On measures to further improve the system of learning foreign
languages" PQ-1875 is the numerical resolution. In accordance with this decision, to teach foreign
languages, mainly English from primary school, to further increase their interest in teaching foreign
languages, a variety of fun games of English lessons from 1st grade in all secondary schools teaching, and at
the same time developing students' oral speech, and from the 2nd grade onwards, the transition to modern,
innovative methods of teaching the alphabet, reading, and grammar began.
Recently, the number of people of all ages learning English is increasing dramatically. This is
because it is becoming increasingly difficult to live without knowing English in the process of life. But
language learning also depends on age. In fact, scientists have proven that children learn language faster and
easier than adults. The natural tendency of children to learn a language is due to the fact that they have a
strong ability to imitate, children spend more time than adults and memorize the information they learn
As one of the Chinese inventors, Masaru Ibuka, wrote in his famous book, “Too Late After Us,” “... a
child’s brain can have an infinite amount of information ...”. It should also be noted that children aged 6-7
years do not understand the meaning of information, but memorize it mechanically. That is why it is
important not to start teaching grammar to elementary school students who are learning English. Otherwise,
the first step in learning a foreign language can be tiring for the child and weaken his or her interest in
learning the language. Because it is difficult to teach a foreign language to primary school students, it is also
one of the responsible tasks. Therefore, the following innovative methods can be used to teach English to
primary school students in a meaningful and interesting way:
Visual memory. It is known that young children remember the objects they see more than the
information they hear. Therefore, the lesson is taught through a variety of visual aids, posters, visual and
commonly used objects, teaching new words by writing on objects and composing sentences with the
participation of new words learned. For example, writing a book, a table, a blackboard, a pen, a window,
and so on. Because such items, which are often used in daily life, are constantly in sight and in constant use,
the child learns these words involuntarily.
Sing words and songs that are difficult to understand or remember through music. In addition to
memorizing new words, the child's oral speech also develops. For example, it can be shown that children’s
learning of the English alphabet by singing is more effective than just memorizing.
TO includes most of the games that help you master competitive grammar and vocabulary. In
doing so, the children perform a variety of tasks given by the teacher. As a result, there is competition
among students and their interest in language learning increases. Indeed, as Chinese thinkers have said, "All
human interests are created through competition."
Mixed technique where we can voluntarily combine different techniques. For example, children
can play games, sing songs, draw pictures, and demonstrate new words through a variety of actions. The
advantage of the technique is in the variety. In doing so, the reader is not limited to just one thing.
Teaching through cartoons. It is known that children are interested in watching different cartoons.
In the process of watching cartoons in English, he tries to understand the words they use through the actions
of the cartoon characters, even though he does not understand the words in the cartoon. This is a fun and
effective way for children to learn the language.
Learning through fun games; The role of teaching through a variety of games in teaching English is
invaluable. Playing a variety of games throughout the lesson will further increase the enthusiasm for
learning science in the classroom, encouraging even inactive students to participate better in the lessons. The
following games are an example of our word.
“Merry Riddles” (Merry Riddles) Teaching riddles to students is important in teaching English so
that they learn words they are unfamiliar with and find the answer to a riddle.
"Pantomime" (pantomime). In doing so, the teacher says a word to the students and the student
points to it. The rest of the students will have to find the word and say the English name.
Learning through the senses (tasting vegetables, fruits, food, touching various objects, smelling
flowers). Before exploring this new method, one should cite the views of a practicing psychologist: it
should even try to involve the sense of smell and taste in the process of remembering.”
The result in fact, language learning through sensory organs is more useful and effective than other
methods. For example, in the process of tasting an apple, the student knows what its color, taste, size, smell
is, and also says its English name. As a result, when the teacher asks the children the English name of the
colors, the children immediately remember when they ate the fruit. Hence, the use of such methods helps the
student to store the information in the memory for a long time.
In short, teaching language to primary school students not as an obligation, but rather through the use
of fun games and innovative methods, can serve as a foundation for their future knowledge. Therefore,
while the education system also has the task of educating a free-thinking, well-rounded, mature person, in the
future we, the future teachers, will be able to develop their own ways of effective use of innovative
technologies. We can contribute.
Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated December 10, 2012 No PP-1875
"On measures to further improve the system of learning foreign languages."
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METHODOLOGY FOR THE FORMATION OF SOCIOLINGUISTIC COMPETENCE
Lukova Farangiz Mamadaliyevna, SamSIFL Master
: The methodology for the formation of sociolinguistic competence as certainly
considered one among the key ones in the structure of foreign language communicative competence is taken
into consideration in details. The content materials of complicated of methodological equipment for the
formation of sociolinguistic competence of foreign language teachers are highlighted in this article.
Sociolinguistic competence, intensive methodological equipment, a hard and fast of
exercises, pedagogical mechanism, communicative skills, standards of content material selection, English
The contemporary refreshed curriculum is the made of the mission aimed toward achieving lasting
development of the widespread of English language teaching in Uzbekistan via way of means of enhancing
the studying revel in of PRESETT (Pre-carrier instructor training) high school students and through putting
clean go out requirements in language mentioned global requirements for ELT. This software claims that
English instructors ought to expand their intercultural communicative competence, which incorporates a
wide variety of subcompetencies, because the sought-after intention of teaching a foreign language . In
this article, we refer to the position of methodology in the formation of sociolinguistic competence of the
English language teachers teaching English as a 2nd foreign language among university students. In current
years, many philologists and methodologists including N.A Belenyuk, V.I. Belikov, N.J. Dagbaeva, S.R.
Dortman, V.I. Zakharova, L.F. Zueva, L.P. Krisin, E.S. Nechaeva, D.F. Nurmukhamedova, M.F.
Ovchinnikova, L.P. Pavlova, A.A. Tadjibaeva, F.B. Xubieva, F.I. Sharkov, A.D. Schweitzer, K.J.Riskulova,
U.Azizov investigated on some components of the formation of sociolinguistic competence of destiny
English instructors. World studies at the improvement of sociolinguistic competence of the English language
teachers has yielded quite a number of clinical results, which include the following: The effectiveness of the
included formation of speech and linguistic capabilities of the English language teachers via developmental
play through a facilitating language environment (the English language center); an anglocentric method to
the look at of a overseas language has been evolved, inclusive of directing now no longer best the tradition of
audio system of that language, however also the instructional reason of this lifestyle to a logical information
of the world (Oxford University); the content material of competence formation has been progressed on the
premise of a multicultural technique (Monterey Institute); evolved revolutionary Internet projects, web
quests, blogs, e-portfolios, podcasts and different technology for the organization of education (Yale
University); evolved a discourse-evaluation approach that includes language structure, facial expressions,
painting, theater, cinema, advertising, painting, architecture, music, opera, ballet, etc. to offer in-intensity