Curriculum of secondary schools in england, Russia and USA

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Турсунова, Ш. (2022). Curriculum of secondary schools in england, Russia and USA. Анализ актуальных проблем, инноваций, традиций, решений и художественной литературы в преподавании иностранных языков, 1(01), 342–343. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/analysis-problem/article/view/13049
Ш Турсунова, Самаркандский государственный институт иностранных языков

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Аннотация

This article is about the development of Secondary Education In England, Russia and USA. It is true that these countries had some stages in order to develop Secondary Education in these countries. Also, these countries’ schools organized their national curriculum


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motivation. London: Edward Arnold, 1985. 208 p

CURRICULUM OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND, RUSSIA AND USA

Sh.Sh.Tursunova SamSIFL, Master’s degree student

Annotation:

This article is about the development of Secondary Education In England, Russia and

USA. It is true that these countries had some stages in order to develop Secondary Education in these
countries. Also, these countries’ schools organized their national curriculum.

Key words:

Secondary Education, Post -Secondary, activities, curriculum, grades, primary

education, technical school

Today the education sector in our country is developing day by day. Not only in Uzbekistan, but all

over the world, great reforms are being carried out in the field of education. It encourages us to take a bold
step without fear of confidence in the future. First of all, before we know the system of education and its
methods, we need to know the basic meaning of the world education and what role it plays in our lives and
what its main goals and objectives are. Education is the process of importing knowledge, skill and abilities,
the main means of preparing a person for life and work, in the process of education, information is obtained
and education is carried out. Education is the narrow concept of teaching. But it is not just the teaching
process in different types of education institutions, but the family, the production and other areas. More
precisely, it is the sum of the activities of the teacher who produces the education and the activity of the
children who are being educated. In addition, the direction of the behavior of education changes in
accordance with the goals of education in accordance with the requirements of objective life. Education is
process in internal contradictions that develops dialectically. Clearly the goals and objectives of education
change historically according to the social system as well as the function of certain educational institutions.
Well there are general types of education, individual education, organizational education, classroom
education, course system education and others. In the current situation, the social requirements and the
necessary are being developed by qualified teachers in Uzbekistan too. So now we can find out what are the
differences of the secondary education curriculum in the above three countries and in which country the
secondary education establishment program is more effective and qualitative.

First and foremost, we need to find an answer to the question of what secondary education is?
Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education

scale. Secondary education typically takes place after six years of primary education and is followed by
higher education, vocational education or employment, dike primary education in most countries secondary
education is compulsory, at least until the age of 16. Children typically enter the lower secondary phase
around age 11. Compulsory education sometimes extends to age 19. Since 1989 education has been seen as a


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basic human right for a child. Also secondary education is the stage of education following primary
education. Except in countries where only primary or basic education includes the final stage of compulsory
education, and in many countries it is entirely compulsory. Secondary education is characterized by
transition from primary education for minors to tertiary, “post-secondary”, or “higher” education for adults.
Depending on the system, schools for this period or a part of it may be called secondary schools. Secondary
Education in Russia is compulsory for all children and is provided at the place of residence at schools,
lyceums and gymnasiums.The secondary education system consists of three stages, corresponding to the age
of children and their learning opportunities:-Elementary school includes grades 1-4 where children enter
after kindergarten. At this stage, the generated classes study different subjects with the same teacher; much
attention is paid not only to the study of disciplines, but also to the comprehensive development of students.
Many visual aids and methods \ of presenting information are used during the lessons, game elements or
Arthur’s methodologies may also take place.

-Grades 5 to 9 are the final stage of the school education compulsory part. The curriculum

substantially expands the list of subjects, and they are read by different teachers, each specializes in one
discipline. After grade 9, a student can enter a college or a technical school for vocational education;

-Russian high school includes grades 10 and 11 and is a preparatory stage for a university. On this

stage scholars decide on the future profession and focus on the subjects necessary for the exams.

Eleven – year secondary education in Russian is compulsory, the eleven-year school term is split

into:

-Elementary – grades 1-4
-Middle – grades 5-9
-Senior – grades 10-11 classes
Secondary Education includes Basic General Secondary School.
Duration: 5 year
Age level: 10 to 15
Secondary education in USA is for students aged 12 to is and is often divided into three years of

middle school and four years of high school Secondary school students in USA must take certain ‘core’
curriculum courses for a prescribed number of years or terms, as determined by each state. These generally
include English, math’s, general science, health, physical education and social studies or social sciences
(which may include American history and government, geography world history and social problems). In
addition to mandatory subjects, students choose “electives” (optional subjects), which supplement their
future education and career plans.

Secondary English education students complete general education requirements and substantial study

in English in the areas of writing, language and literature as majors in the College of Education and Human
Sciences. Also, there are 3.458 secondary schools in England.

In conclusion, education makes you a better person and taches you various skills. It enhances your

intellect and the ability to make rational decisions. It enhance the individual growth of a person. Also
secondary education occupied an important place in our education system. It helps in national development,
encourage our cultural life and technical advancement. This education trains these young man and women
who are capable to developing our country socially, economically, politically and culturally.

References:

1.

James Jacob, S. Lehner EQUIP 2 State of the Art knowledge in Education Secondary Education”. p3-4.

EGAT/ED/BE, USAID Washington, 2011.

2.

Pasi Sahberg “Secondary education in OECD countries’. p2-4,2007 Brasilia, Brazil, European Training
Foundation, 2007

3.

Internet resources. Wikipedia

PROBLEMS FACED BY TEACHERS IN TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Scientific supervisor: Nasrullaeva Mokhigul Sukhrobovna

SamSIFL, teacher

Sanakulova Nozima Akhrorovna 2

nd

year

SamSIFL, student

Murtazaeva Marjona Farmonovna 2

nd

year

SamSIFL, student

Библиографические ссылки

James Jacob, S. Lehner EQUIP 2 State of the Art knowledge in Education Secondary Education”. p3-4. EGAT/ED/BE, USAID Washington, 2011.

Pasi Sahberg “Secondary education in OECD countries’. p2-4,2007 Brasilia, Brazil, European Training Foundation, 2007

Internet resources. Wikipedia

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