TOWARDS STRENGTHENING THE RULE OF LAW AND PROTECTION
OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Salimova Diyora Bakhtiyorjon kizi Law
Technicum of Fergana region. Teacher of the
department of "Special subjects” e-mail:
Justice and the legal system play an important role in
ensuring the protection of human rights and freedoms. In the modern world,
human rights issues are of paramount importance, and their protection in
the field of justice is an important task for all countries. This article reveals
the measures taken to ensure and strengthen the protection of human
rights and freedoms in the field of justice based on the Strategy “Uzbekistan
: strategy, judicial system, rule of law, justice, legality,
human rights, human dignity.
One of the important directions of the democratic renewal of our
country at the present stage is the strengthening of the rule of law and
legality, democratization and liberalization of the judicial system, aimed at
reliable protection of human rights and interests. Since 2016, Uzbekistan's
Government initiated a comprehensive package of legal and judicial
reforms to strengthen the rule of law, promote and protect fundamental
human rights and freedoms and enhance the justice system's efficiency in
alignment with international standards. These efforts included ratifying the
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), adopting
new laws on gender equality, revising criminal procedural legislation, and
introducing new tools and services to improve access to justice in
conformity with international human rights practices and standards .
After all, the court is the highest point of justice, and increasing its
role is the legal process of establishing the rule of law, and thanks to this
approach, the volume, scale and efficiency of work in this area will
significantly expand in the next period and rise to a new level.
Most countries in the world have strengthened human rights and
freedoms in their constitutions, because it is a fundamental document that
defines the basic principles and standards of the legal system. It
guarantees fundamental rights such as the right to life, freedom of speech,
religion and assembly, and the right to judicial protection.
The judicial system is a key instrument for protecting human rights
and freedoms. It makes decisions on legal disputes, establishes guilt and
punishment in criminal cases, and considers civil and administrative cases.
The dependence of courts on political authorities and the independence of
judges are fundamental principles of fair justice.
On December 20,
2022, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat
Mirziyoyev delivered an Address to the Oliy Majlis and the people of
Uzbekistan.  The third direction of this Message is devoted to the reliable
protection of human rights and freedoms, which reveals the issues of
ensuring the rule of law and improving the judiciary in our country.
To achieve reliable protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens,
such tasks as the full implementation of an electronic selection system for
lawyers provided free of charge at the expense of the state, the complete
digitalization of judicial activities, the introduction of artificial intelligence
technologies, the improvement of interdepartmental electronic information
exchange, and the expansion of opportunities for remote participation in
court hearings were set. Strengthening guarantees of the independence
and integrity of judges; conducting searches, wiretapping telephone
conversations and transferring authorization to seize property were
transferred from the prosecutor to the court and many others.
Following the reforms, on September 11, President Sh. Mirziyoyev
approved the Uzbekistan-2030 Strategy that consists of 100 important
goals in 5 priority areas. 
This strategy, reflects the following main ideas:
countries through sustainable economic development;
creation of an education, medicine and social protection
system that fully meets the needs of the people and international
creation of favorable environmental conditions for the
building a just and modern state serving the people;
guaranteed provision of sovereignty and security of the
One of the main directions in this guide is called “Ensuring the rule
of law, organizing public administration focused on serving the people,”
aimed at realizing the supremacy of the Constitution and laws, turning
reliable protection of human rights and freedoms into the main criterion of
judicial and legal reforms. This priority includes 16 goals on a range of
spectrum of law. The most important ones are:
Full implementation of the “habeas corpus” institution;
Fully transfer public services into electronic format;
Establishing in each mahalla a system that solves all
issues in “one step”;
Fully implement the operation of the Mahalla budget
Reducing the regulatory burden on the economy by 30
Raising the country’s index in the Corruption Perceptions
Index of the “Transparency International” organization by 50 points.
The main duty of the priority is to develop modern state that
prioritizes serving the people and upholding their rights.
The "Uzbekistan-2030" strategy is crafted based on the valuable
experiences accumulated during the implementation of the "Development
Strategy of New Uzbekistan" and incorporates insights gathered from
public discussions. These developments are contextualized within the
framework of updated constitutional and legal conditions, including the
newly adopted version of the Constitution following a referendum on April
30 and presidential
on July 9.
According to the Strategy, the practice of imposing punishment in
the form of imprisonment should be reduced from 30 percent to 20 percent,
and in the activities of courts and investigative bodies, the possibility of
remote implementation of procedural actions should increase by no less
than 2 times by 2030.
Not to mention, but the "Uzbekistan-2030" strategy acknowledges
the importance of not only achieving existing goals but also addressing
immediate priorities set out in the previous "Development Strategy of New
Uzbekistan." With words of Deputy of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy
Majlis J. Kosimov the Strategy is the primary document in building the
foundation of the Third Renaissance .
Thus, the protection of human rights and freedoms in the field of
justice is a key task of the legal system of each country. This requires
respect for constitutional principles, ensuring the independence of the
courts and compliance with international standards. This is the only way to
guarantee that the rights and freedoms of every person will be protected
and respected in legal proceedings. Obviously, at the very center of the
reforms being carried out today is the idea of “For Human Dignity”. It is
important to maintain and strengthen such protection at both the national
and international levels to ensure the rights and freedoms of every person,
regardless of their situation and circumstances.
2. Message from the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan
ShavkatMirziyoyev to the Oliy Majlis and the people of Uzbekistan dated
December 20, 2022. Access mode: https://yuz.uz/ru/news/ozbekiston Date
of access: 09/20/2023.
3. Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated
September 11, 2023 No. UP-158 On the Strategy “Uzbekistan - 2030”
4. Kosimov J. “Uzbekistan-2030” Strategy - An Action Guide for
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