2.Злоцкий Г.В. Карточки-задания при обучении математике. Москва, Просвещение, 1992
3.Злоцкий Г.В. К проблеме поиска новых активных методов обучения математике и
критериев оценки качества знаний студентов университетов академических лицеев и
профессиональных колледжей Ташкент, Халқ таълими, 2005 г., № 2.
PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HEALTHY
THINKING IN STUDENTS
Student of group 302-21: Xidirova Dilnoza Nurali qizi
Scientific advisor: Teshaboyeva Nafisa Zubaydulla kizi
Jizzakh branch of the National University of Uzbekistan
named after MirzoUlugbek
The Faculty of Psychology, the department of Foreign languages
Philology and foreign languages
The article deals with the ―Concept of healthy thinking‖ and even playing
an important role in our overall health, well-being accompanied by improving physical health as
well as perspectives on life. It also discusses the health benefits of being positive together with
some of the strategies we can use to become a more positive thinker. Moreover, it explores the
development of the inner world of each person, the development of spiritual consciousness,
contributes to a full understanding of the concept of healthy thinking.
Thought, healthy thinking, ways of healthy thinking, Innovative Curriculum,
positive thinking and negative thinking.
Uzbek society is entering a completely new era in terms of quality. The rapid movement
of society towards renewal also requires the formation of a new way of thinking in the younger
generation. The role of common sense in personal development has been in the spotlight of
thinkers in different times and places. In particular, Philosophy: an encyclopedic dictionary
defines the concept of ―contemplation‖ as follows: ―The rational stage of cognition, which
reflects the connections‖. Although a number of studies have been conducted by domestic
scientists on thinking and its manifestations (creative, logical, artistic-aesthetic, ethical,
ecological, independence, historical), but healthy in secondary school students the problem of
developing thinking has not been studied separately. This is probably due to the fact that
common sense applies to all forms of thinking. Attempts to study the pedagogical aspects of
common sense in our country are reflected in the articles published by S. Atakhanova. However,
it should be noted that the definition and description given by the researcher to the concept of
―healthy thinking‖ is quite controversial. For example, in the researcher‘s article ―Thinking in an
Innovative Curriculum,‖ according to the scientific and pedagogical definition of healthy
thinking, the following are some important links - the concept of healthy thinking; the concept of
the necessary social environment; the concept of pedagogical purpose and outcome; healthy
living and the concept of lifestyle. These links do not fully explain the concept of common sense.
However, at the end of the article, the definition of ―healthy thinking‖ can be taken as a starting
point: healthy thinking is the basis of people's own health (physical, spiritual and mental). is our
thoughts, consciousness, consciousness, feelings, morals, aesthetic views, ideas, efforts, and their
outcome, aimed at preserving ours. The term ―thinking‖ is familiar to everyone. Traditional
wisdom is that everyone thinks they are smart or smart enough. There is a popular phrase from
the psychology category: ―Everyone complains about their memory, but no one complains about
their mind‖. The concept of ―thinking‖ refers to one of the basic and extremely important
psychological abilities for a person. Thinking is the study of not only psychology, but even,
above all, dialectical logic. Each of these sciences that study thinking has its own problem or
field of study. The problem of logic is a matter of truth, the existence of thought. The problem of
psychology is the process of thinking in a concrete relationship of thought with other aspects of
consciousness, the thinking activity of the individual.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
What is healthy thinking?
Healthy thinking does not mean positive thinking! Or more precisely, no one can look at
things positively all the time. Sometimes bad things happen, like getting fired at work, having an
argument with a friend or losing someone you love. It‘s normal and healthy to feel upset and
have negative thoughts when these things happen. Healthy thinking means looking at the entire
situation—the positive, the negative and the neutral parts—and then coming to a conclusion. In
other words, healthy thinking means looking at life and the world in a balanced way, not through
rose-coloured glasses. It is essential to mention that you can learn to turn negative thinking into
positive thinking. The process is simple, but it does take time and practice — you‘re creating a
new habit, after all. Following are some ways to think and behave in a more positive and
Another way is to be open to humor. Give yourself permission to smile or laugh,
especially during difficult times. Seek humor in everyday happenings. When you can laugh at
life, you feel less stressed. Furthermore, follow a healthy lifestyle. Aim to exercise for about 30
minutes on most days of the week. You can also break it up into 5- or 10-minute chunks of time
during the day. Exercise can positively affect mood and reduce stress. Follow a healthy diet to
fuel your mind and div. Get enough sleep. And learn techniques to manage stress. Besides that,
surround yourself with positive people. Make sure those in your life are positive, supportive
people you can depend on to give helpful advice and feedback. Negative people may increase
your stress level and make you doubt your ability to manage stress in healthy
ways.Concentrate on practicing positive self-talk. Start by following one simple rule: Don't
say anything to yourself that you wouldn't say to anyone else. Be gentle and encouraging with
yourself. If a negative thought enters your mind, evaluate it rationally and respond with
affirmations of what is good about you. Think about things you're thankful for in your
life.Understanding positive thinking and self-talk. Or more accurately, positive thinking doesn't
mean that you ignore life's less pleasant situations. Namely, positive thinking just means that you
approach unpleasantness in a more positive and productive way. You think the best is going to
happen, not the worst. It is evident that positive thinking often starts with self-talk. Self-talk is
the endless stream of unspoken thoughts that run through your head. These automatic thoughts
can be positive or negative. Some of your self-talk comes from logic and reason. Other self-talk
may arise from misconceptions that you create because of lack of information or expectations
due to preconceived ideas of what may happen.Start every day on a positive note:
Create a ritual in which you start off each day with something uplifting and positive. Here
are a few ideas:
Tell yourself that it‘s going to be a great day or any other positive affirmation.
Listen to a happy and positive song or playlist.
Share some positivity by giving a compliment or doing something nice for someone.
If the thoughts that run through your head are mostly negative, your outlook on life is more
likely pessimistic. If your thoughts are mostly positive, you‘re likely an optimist — someone
who practices positive thinking.Did you know that your thoughts have a big influence on your
mental health? That‘s because what you tell yourself about a situation affects how you feel and
what you do. Sometimes your interpretation of a situation can get distorted and you only focus
on the negative aspects—this is normal and expected. However, when you interpret situations
too negatively, you might feel worse. You‘re also more likely to respond to the situation in ways
that are unhelpful in the long term. Fortunately, there are specific coping strategies to help
manage difficult thoughts. Are all negative thoughts unhealthy thinking traps? No, there are
times when negative thoughts are realistic. It can still be helpful to find different ways of looking
at the situation, though. Try to find a meaningful personal challenge in the situation. See if you
can find any opportunities for personal growth or skills development. Many people coping with
difficult situations find that their upsetting thoughts improve when they work on other coping
skills, such as identifying the main sources of stress in their lives, problem solving issues that
they can control, and finding social support. For more on coping with stress, see.
In short Common sense plays an important role in the student‘s independence in decision-
making, responsibility, the formation of their own ideas and opinions, the reaction to events in
social life. The development of the inner world of each student, the development of spiritual
consciousness, contributes to a full understanding of the concept of healthy thinking. Of course,
the environment and the family environment are important in creating the pedagogical conditions
for the development of healthy thinking in students. Reading helps students get rid of bad
thoughts, misconceptions, and symbols, and prevents them from recurring in the mind. In this
situation, the reader adapts to the situation, even if the negative emotions are repeated, a bad
impression does not occur. Common sense serves to develop in the student a purpose in life and
a firm position based on the formation of an individual and realistic attitude to social reality. The
next generation with a healthy mindset can be the real future of the country, the builder of a
Cutler D., and Lleras-Muney A. Education and Health. In: Anthony J. Culyer (ed.),
Encyclopedia of Health Economics, Vol 1. San Diego: Elsevier; 2014. pp. 232-45.
Goldman D, Smith JP. ―The increasing value of education to health‖, Soc Sci Med
Ismatullayeva G.E. ―Sog‗lom tafakkur tushunchasi haqida‖ / 2020. — № 15 (305). — С.
449-451. — URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/305/68391/ (21.04.2022).
4. Karasik, VI. (2004). Language circle: Personality, concepts, discourse. Moscow: Gnosis.
SHARQ MUTAFAKKIRLARINING ILMIY ASARLARI NEGIZIDA O‗QUVCHINING
FIKRLASH QOBILIYATINI RIVOJLANTIRISH METODIKASI
Jizzax davlat pedagogika instituti magistranti
Ushbu maqolada o‗quvchilarda fikrlash qobiliyatini rivojlantirish
malakalarini, mustaqil ravishda muammolarni hal qila bilish ko‗nikmasini shakllantirishda
sharq olimlarining ilmiy nazariyasiga asoslangan pedagogik yondoshuvning samaradorligi
haqida so‘z boradi.
O‘quvchi, fikrlash, o‘qitish, qobiliyat.
Kundalik turmush tarzida tasodifan uchraydigan jumboqlarini, tabiatdagi muammolarni
o‗rganish, ularga tegishli javob topish istagi, yana ham to‗g‗rirog‗i, farovon hayotga erishish
muammosi, insonning o‗zini va olamni bilishga bo‗lgan qiziqishi asrlar mobaynida fikrlashga,
o‗z fikrlarini mantiqiy asoslashga da‘vat qilib keladi. Qadimdan sharq allomalari asarlarida bu
muammoga alohida to‗xtalib o‗tilganligi bejiz emas. Zero, mustaqil, ongli faoliyat yuritadigan
insongina o‗z xalqi, Vatani, ota-onasi oldidagi burchini uddalay oladi va har qanaqa yot
ta‘sirlarga berilib ketmaydi. Inson degan ulug‗ nomga munosib ish ko‗radi. Sharq olimlari bu
muammoni o‗zlari yashab o‗tgan davr ijtimoiy muhitidan kelib chiqqan holda yechishga harakat
Yaqin va O‗rta Sharqdagi ilg‗or pedagogik ta‘limotning asoschisi Abu Nasr Forobiy o‘z
asarlarida fikirlash qobilyatining rivoji haqida to‘xtalib o‘tgan. U bilim o‗zlashtirish jarayoni
haqida shunday deydi: ―Inson bilimlarni aql va sezish organlari orqali qo‗lga kiritadi ...
seziluvchi obrazlar his etish orqali, aqliy obrazlar esa seziluvchi obrazlar orqali bilinadi...‖.
Bundan tashqari Forobiy asarlarida didaktika masalalari, ta‘limning nazariy muammolari,