Ш. Э. Шакарова
The youth of Uzbekistan
Today the youth accounts for the most significant part of the Uzbek
society. As our President Shavkat Mirziyoyev said in his speech «Today, the
pivotal appeal, namely «Our children must be stronger, more
knowledgeable, smarter and certainly happier than us!» took a solid place in
the minds and hearts of each of us, the parents and broad public. At present,
the youth up to 30 years of age make up 32 percent of our country’s
population, or 10 million people. The fact that our youth is turning into a
decisive force of our today and tomorrow capable of rightfully assuming the
responsibility for the future of our Homeland makes all of us proud and
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Uzbekistan was the first in the CIS area to have adopted the Law «State
youth policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan» (September 14, 2016)
country has defined the care about the youth, support of its initiatives and
protection of personal rights and freedoms as the priority directions of the
law. The law provided for the legal and social protection of the young
people, direct participation of the youth in shaping and implementing the
policy of development of society.
The strategically important tasks have been consistently realized in the
Uzbek society for over the past 25 years of the country’s independence. They
have played a significant role in ensuring so that the youth gains the deep
knowledge, forms the professional skills, and fully manifests its talents.
In the framework of on-going reforms in the educational sphere the
Law «On education» (July 2, 1992) and the National Program for Cadres
Training (August 29, 1997) have been adopted in the country. According to
the experts, the Program does not have analogs in terms of its significance
The Program, unique both on its essence and substance, which
envisages the transition onto a 12-year education, makes up an integral
continuous system of education. It imbibes the nine-year general secondary
school and a three-year secondary special professional training at colleges
and academic lyceums.
ИИВ Академияси 4-ўқув курси тингловчиси.
Address by Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the joint session of the chambers of Oliy Majlis dedicated
to a solemn ceremony of assuming the post of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. T.
December 14, 2016. www. press-service. uz
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan-406 «On State youth policy». Announced in «Xalq
so’zi» on September 15, 2016. №182 (6617).
The academic lyceums, which are established at the higher educational
institutions, give the young people an opportunity to obtain the deeper
knowledge to gain the higher education on the chosen majors, and the
colleges, along with continuing the education on special subjects, allow to
acquire the medium-qualification profession on two to three subjects so that
each and every person joining the mature life could realize his abilities and
find his own place in society.
The radical reforms were carried out in the sphere of higher special
education. The country undertook the transition onto a European system of
training the bachelor’s and master’s students. At the moment, about 350
thousand students attend the 69 higher educational institutions nationwide
on 850 directions and majors.
At the early years of independence the «Umid» Foundation of the
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to support the study of talented
youth abroad, as well as the «Ustoz» Republican Foundation have been
established in Uzbekistan to assist the young talented scientists, pedagogues,
and students to step onto the level of advanced scientific research and high
technologies. Later, those foundations were brought together into the
«Istedod» Foundation of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan to raise the
qualification of perspective young pedagogues and scientific cadres.
The issues of social protection of the young people receive a special
attention in Uzbekistan. The law provides for the minimum level of social
care of the youth. It guarantees the free medical services and education,
attendance of recreational and cultural facilities on easy terms, the soft loans
for the construction or procurement of housing and other privileges.
The Decree of the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan «On
additional measures to materially and morally stimulate the young
of May 18, 2007 became the basis to shape the new stage in the
youth policy. At the moment, there are more than 995 thousand young
families in Uzbekistan, which accounts for about 16% of all families in the
In line with this document, the young families are receiving assistance
in building the housing, procuring the construction materials, and equipping
the household. For such purposes they are receiving the mortgage, consumer
and micro credits. Those funds were channeled to establish the small
business and private entrepreneurship, construction, procurement and rent
Decree of the President of Uzbekistan «On additional measures to materially and morally
stimulate the young families». T. May 18, 2007. PD-3878.
Слушатель 4 учебного курса Академиии МВД.
of housing, purchase of furniture and expensive household technique.
The care about the health of young generation is an important priority
of the state youth policy. The Ministry of Health and the country’s medical
workers have accomplished a profound work in this direction. The
protection of motherhood and childhood remains at the focus of attention.
At the moment, the network of screening centers successfully operates in
Uzbekistan. They provide for the health of young mothers and babies.
The solid and time-honored system of bringing up the healthy
generation has been established in the country. In 2002 on the initiative of
the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan the Fund for development
the children’s sports of Uzbekistan was established. It has become the
organizer of popular physical culture and sports engagement with children
and young men and women in the country. For over the period since the
Fund has been established more than 720 children’s sports facilities have
been built and repaired. For those purposes the state has allocated over UZS
Uzbekistan Special Olympics aims to hold the year-round trainings
and sports competitions on various Olympic types of sports for the children
and grown-ups with mental disabilities, while rendering permanent support
for them to physically develop, experience joy and share with their
achievements, talents, abilities and friendship with their families, other
athletes of the Special Olympics and society.
The athletes from Uzbekistan secured 4 gold and 2 silver, as well as 7
bronze medals at the Olympics Games that took place in Rio de Janeiero,
Brazil from 5 August to 21 August 2016 with participation of 11,237 athletes
from 207 countries.
Yet the youngest talents are also under the care of «Kamolot». The
Republican children’s organization of «Kamalak» (‘Rainbow’) is one of
active wings of the movement. It has the vast structure, which unites over 4
The upbringing of the harmonically developed young generation in
Uzbekistan is of the most significant priorities. At the same time, it is
important that upbringing and education of the forthcoming generation are
based both on the national traditions and values, and advanced international
The state promotes the unveiling of talented youth. Thus, the
nationwide prize «Nikhol» which was instituted in 2000 has become an
important step in supporting the youth in the sphere of arts and developing
the national variety arts.
Thanks to the State prize after the name of Zulfia instituted in honor of
the people’s poetess of Uzbekistan thousands of girls successfully start off
and realize themselves in the sphere of education, science, literature, culture
As the First President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov
put it in his speech «The youth is not only our hope and future, but it is a
decisive force of our today and tomorrow». Such definition will serve as the
basis of the country’s youth policy.
Югай, Людмила. "Технологии распознавания лиц в обеспечении
общественной безопасности: зарубежный опыт и перспективы
развития." Общество и инновации 3.1/S (2022): 278-287.
Югай, Л. Ю. "Биометрическая идентификация личности по
изображению лица человека: опыт Республики Узбекистан." (2023).