Ultrasound Osteometry in the Diagnosis of Inflammatory Processes of Periapical Tissues

3
0
Поделиться
Ризаев J., Азимов A., Тожиев F., & Турсуналиев Z. (2021). Ultrasound Osteometry in the Diagnosis of Inflammatory Processes of Periapical Tissues. in Library, 21(3), 36–39. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/13585
Джасур Ризаев, Самаркандский государственный медицинский институт

д.м.н. профессор кафедры общественного здоровья и экологии с курсом организации здравоохранения

Азиз Азимов, Ташкентский государственный стоматологический институт

к.м.н., доцент кафедры хирургической стоматологии

Феруз Тожиев, Ташкентский государственный стоматологический институт

ассистент кафедры детской челюстно-лицевой хирургии

Зилолиддин Турсуналиев, Ташкентский государственный стоматологический институт

магистр кафедры хирургической стоматологии и дентальной имплантологии

0
Цитаты
Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

Echoosteometry is highly sensitive to changes in the mineral saturation of bone tissue, therefore, it allows you to obtain objective information about the inflammatory process  in  a  specific  area  of  the  bone.  In  patients  with odontogenic  osteitis,  the  ultrasound  speed  of  a  relatively healthy  symmetrical  side  decreases  in  children  by  15.8%, in  adults  by  10.7%,  and  in  children  the  decrease  in  the speed of ultrasound propagation is more significant than in adults.


background image

36

Published by “ CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES" http://www.centralasianstudies.org





Ultrasound Osteometry in the Diagnosis of Inflammatory

Processes of Periapical Tissues

Introduction:

Despite the great advances in dentistry, the specific gravity of patients with

complications of caries remains high. They make up 25-30% of all dental patients (1,3,7). The search
for highly informative and safe methods for assessing the state of bone tissue remains an urgent area of
research in modern dentistry (6). The most accessible diagnostic method, which allows timely
detection of changes in the state of bone tissue and determine a decrease in the level of its mineral
density, is X-ray (4, 5, 6). X-ray examination has a number of disadvantages, firstly, it has an ionizing
effect on the div, and secondly, it is impossible to assess the state of periapical tissues in an acute
inflammatory process (1,2).


1.

Rizaev Jasur Alimdjanovich

2.

Azimov

Aziz Mukhammadjonovich

3.

Tojiev Feruz Ibodullo ugli

4.

Tursunaliev Ziloliddin Zaylobidin
ugli

Received 17

th

May 2021,

Accepted 19

th

June 2021,

Online 14

th

July 2021

1

Doctor of Medical Sciences Professor

of the Department of Public Health and
Ecology with a course on health
organization Samarkand State Medical
Institute

2

Candidate of Medical Sciences

Associate Professor of the Department
of Surgical Dentistry and Dental
Tashkent State Dental Institute

3

Assistant of the Department of

Pediatric Oral and Maxillofacial
Surgery Tashkent State Dental Institute

4

Master of the Department of Surgical

Dentistry and Dental Implantology
Tashkent State Dental Institute

ABSTRACT

:

Echoosteometry is highly sensitive to changes

in the mineral saturation of bone tissue, therefore, it allows
you to obtain objective information about the inflammatory
process in a specific area of the bone. In patients with
odontogenic osteitis, the ultrasound speed of a relatively
healthy symmetrical side decreases in children by 15.8%,
in adults by 10.7%, and in children the decrease in the
speed of ultrasound propagation is more significant than in
adults.

Keywords

:

Ultrasound osteometry (echoosteometry),

inflammation of periapical tissues, osteitis, osteomyelitis.

CENTRAL ASIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES

Volume: 02 Issue: 04 | Jul-Aug 2021

ISSN:2660-4159

http://cajmns.centralasianstudies.org


background image

CAJMNS Volume: 02 Issue: 04 | Jul-Aug 2021

37

Published by “ CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES" http://www.centralasianstudies.org

To date, in medical practice, the method of ultrasound osteometry (echoosteometry) is used to identify
a quantitative assessment of the state of bone density by measuring the time of passage of ultrasound
vibrations through the studied area of the bone. This method is based on the fact that the speed of
sound propagation in different media is different and depends on the density: the denser the medium,
the faster the sound passes through it, and vice versa. Echoosteometry is highly sensitive to changes in
the mineral saturation of bone tissue, therefore, it allows you to obtain objective information about the
inflammatory process in a specific area of the bone (2,9).

Material and methods of research:

The study was carried out in 29 children and 36 adults using an

ultrasonic diagnostic device with an echoosteometer “ЭОМ-01ц”. The distribution of patients by age
and nosological forms is presented in Table 1. Ultrasound osteometry of bones does not require special
preparation of the subject, is painless and absolutely harmless, which is especially valuable in the
practice of pediatric dentistry (2.9,10). Before the examination, the boundaries of the pathological
focus were visually and palpatorically determined and the distance was measured. The surface of the
ultrasonic wave-emitting and ultrasonic wave-receiving sensors and the skin of the investigated area
were abundantly lubricated with liquid vaseline or glycerin. At the proximal and distal ends of the
bone, 2 sensors were installed, one of which is a ultrasonic wave emitter and the other is a receiver.
The speed of ultrasound transmission in the area of the jawbone (C) located between the sensors was
determined by the classical method according to the formula “C = L: t” where “L” is the length of the
investigated part of the jawbone, “t” is time.

Results of the study and discussion.

Ultrasound osteometry according to the above recommended

procedure was performed by us in 65 patients with various inflammatory processes.
Data on the speed of propagation of ultrasound in inflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region
are presented in Table 1.
As can be seen from Table 1, the rate of origin of ultrasound in the jawbone depends on the form of
the disease. The younger the patient's age, the more pronounced the decrease in the speed of
ultrasound transmission. Apparently, the decrease in the ultrasound speed is due not only to a decrease
in the sound conductivity of soft tissues due to the inflammatory process, but also to the peculiarities
of their structure in children in younger age.

Table 1

Results of ultrasound osteometry in acute odontogenic inflammatory diseases of the jaw

Forms of inflammatory
diseases

Number of
patients

The speed of ultrasound
advancement along the
healthy jaw (m / s)

The difference in the speed of
advancement of ultrasound on
the affected side (m / s)
1-3 days

7-10 days

M ± m

M ± m

%

M ± m %

Acute

odonotogenic

osteitis of the lower jaw

children 18 2264 ± 53,6

358,9 ±
40,5

15,8

178,7 ±
21,1

7,9

adults

12 3011,2±35,2

321,2
±21,7

10,7

176 ±
18,1

5,8

Acute

odontogenic

osteomyelitis of the lower
jaw

children 11 2673,7± 119,9

690,9 ±
135,7

25,84

617 ±
120,7

22,9

adults

24 3044 ±29

750,6
±13,8

24,65

702 ±
19,3

23,3

With odontogenic acute osteitis, there was a significant decrease in the rate of ultrasound passage through the jaw
bone (up to 19%), which indicates the involvement of the jaw bone in the inflammatory process. (pic. 1) The
decrease in the rate of ultrasound passage in children with acute odontogenic osteitis was 15.8%, in adults - 10.7%.


background image

CAJMNS Volume: 02 Issue: 04 | Jul-Aug 2021

38

Published by “ CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES" http://www.centralasianstudies.org

In patients with odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaws in all age groups, a decrease in the rate of passage -
ultrasound in children by 25.8% and by 24.6% in adults was found.
The results obtained allowed us to conclude that in patients with odontogenic osteitis, the ultrasound speed of a
relatively healthy symmetrical side decreases by 15.8% in children, by 10.7% in adults, and in children, the
decrease in the ultrasound propagation speed is more significant than in adults.
In order to study the restoration of the rate of ultrasound passing through the jaw bones, we conducted
repeated studies on the 7-10th day of treatment. By this period, signs of an acute inflammatory process
subsided. Along with the normalization of a number of clinical and laboratory indicators in the majority of
patients, purulent discharge ceased, and epithelialization of wounds began.
In patients with acute odontogenic osteitis in the course of treatment, the speed of ultrasound in the jawbone is
significantly restored (from 82.3% to 90%), but did not reach the speed of the healthy symmetric side.
In children with acute odontogenic osteomyelitis of the jaw, as mentioned above, the ultrasound rate on the
affected side decreased by 25.8% relative to the symmetrical side. In the course of treatment, in the subacute stage
of osteomyelitis, the ultrasound rate is somewhat restored by 22.9%, but not reliably.
Studying the dependence of the rate of ultrasound passage on the outcome of acute odontogenic osteomyelitis, it
was found that it tends to be restored in patients with a favorable outcome (recovery). If the ultrasound rate
does not tend to recover or continues to decline further and reaches 28-30% relative to the symmetrical
healthy side, it can be predicted that the process goes into a chronic stage.
Thus, according to the results of ultrasound osteometry, the course of the disease can be predicted.

Conclusion.

Ultrasound osteometry is an additional primary-oriented diagnostic method that allows assessing

changes in the bone tissue in the periapical zone and the jaw in the early stages of diseases, when the pathology of
bone tissue cannot be established by radiological examination. Based on the results of ultrasound osteometry, it is
possible to trace the dynamics of the restoration of the bone structure, to predict the course of the disease.
Harmlessness, simplicity, painlessness make it possible to recommend echoosteometry for use in practical
dentistry.

List of literature:

1.

Азимов М., Ризаев Ж.А., Азимов А.М. К вопросу Классификации одонтогенных
воспалительных заболеваний. ВIСНИК Проблем биологии и медицини. Выпуск 4. Том
1(153) С. 278-282.

2.

Азимов М.И., Азимов А.М. Ультразвуковая остеометрия при острых одонтогенных
воспалительных заболеваниях “Stomatologiya” Научно-практический журнал № 3 (80) 2020
С. 38

3.

Nair PNR. Apical periodontitis: a dynamic encounter between root canal infection and host
response. Periodontol 2000 1997;

13

: 121–48. doi: https:// doi. org/ 10. 1111/ j. 1600- 0757. 1997.

tb00098.x

4.

Gundappa M, Ng SY, Whaites EJ. Comparison of ultrasound, digital and conventional radiography
in differentiating periapical lesions. Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 2006;

35

: 326–33. doi: https://

doi. org/ 10. 1259/ dmfr/ 60326577

5.

Craig JG, Jacobson JA, Moed BR. Ultrasound of fracture and bone healing. Radiol Clin North Am
1999;

37

: 737–51. doi: https:// doi. org/ 10. 1016/ S0033- 8389( 05) 70126-3

6.

Рабинович, И.М. Клиническое применение

ультразвука при эндодонтическом лечении /

И.М. Рабинович, И.В. Корнетова // Клиническая

стоматология. - 2012. - №4. - С. 10-14.


background image

CAJMNS Volume: 02 Issue: 04 | Jul-Aug 2021

39

Published by “ CENTRAL ASIAN STUDIES" http://www.centralasianstudies.org

7.

Колдырин С. В., Белоусова М. А., Ермольев С. Н. Оценка минеральной плотности
альвеолярных отделов челюстей методом ультразвуковой остеометрии. Российская
стоматология. 2014;7(1):16-19

8.

Мануйлова Э.В., Михальченко В.Ф., Яковлев А.Т. Сравнительная эффективность

лечения

деструктивных форм хронического

верхушечного периодонтита с применением

кальцийсодержащих препаратов // Современные проблемы науки и образования. - 2013.

-

№1. - https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=854616.

9.

Источник: https://meduniver.com/Medical/stomatologia/593.html MedUniver

10.

Shomurodov. K.E. Features of cytokine balance in gingival fluid at odontogenicphlegmon of
maxillofacial area. // Doctor-aspirant 2010.-42 Vol.-No.5.1.-P.187-192;

Библиографические ссылки

Азимов М., Ризасв Ж.А., Азимов А.М. К вопросу Классификации одонтогенных воспалительных заболеваний. В1СНИК Проблем биологии и мсдицини. Выпуск 4. Том 1(153) С. 278-282.

Азимов М.И., Азимов А.М. Ультразвуковая остсомстрия при острых одонтогенных воспалительных заболеваниях “Stomatologiya” Научно-практический журнал № 3 (80) 2020 С. 38

Nair PNR. Apical periodontitis: a dynamic encounter between root canal infection and host response. Pcriodontol 2000 1997; 13: 121-48. doi: https://doi. org/ 10. 1111/j. 1600- 0757. 1997. tb00098.x

Gundappa M, Ng SY, Whaites EJ. Comparison of ultrasound, digital and conventional radiography in differentiating periapical lesions. Dcntomaxillofacial Radiology 2006; 35: 326-33. doi: https:// doi. org/ 10. 1259/ dmfr/ 60326577

Craig JG, Jacobson JA, Moed BR. Ultrasound of fracture and bone healing. Radiol Clin North Am 1999; 37: 737-51. doi: https://doi.org/ 10. 1016/S0033- 8389( 05) 70126-3

Рабинович, И.М. Клиническое применение ультразвука при эндодонтическом лечении / И.М. Рабинович, И.В. Корнстова // Клиническая стоматология. - 2012. - №4. - С. 10-14.

Колдырин С. В., Белоусова М. А., Ермольев С. Н. Оценка минеральной плотности альвеолярных отделов челюстей методом ультразвуковой остеометрии. Российская стоматология. 2014;7( 1): 16-19

Мануйлова Э.В., Михальченко В.Ф., Яковлев А.Т. Сравнительная эффективность лечения деструктивных форм хронического верхушечного периодонтита с применением кальцийсодержащих препаратов // Современные проблемы науки и образования. - 2013. -№1. - https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=854616.

Источник: https://mcduniver.com/Mcdical/stomatologia/593.html McdUnivcr

Shomurodov. К..Е. Features of cytokine balance in gingival fluid at odontogenicphlcgmon of maxillofacial area. // Doctor-aspirant 2010.-42 Vol.-No.5.l.-P. 187-192;

Hepagreen - восстановление нормальной работы печени Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Maksimus - Натуральный продукт, для бодрости и энергии Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Avicenna’s Lab inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации Gulyamov - Гулямов Саид Саидахрарович MUVI24 - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Интернет-аптека >METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг All.Tube - Смотрите онлайн видео бесплатно в хорошем качестве Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды UMAR PROEKT - Комплексное проектирование UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана