The role of students in anglo-american campus novels

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Абдуллаева N. (2022). The role of students in anglo-american campus novels. Развитие лингвистики и литературоведения и образовательных технологий в эпоху глобализации, 1(1), 172–175. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/dllseteg/article/view/5525
Набия Абдуллаева, “Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers” National Research University Bukhara Institute of Natural Resources Management

 teacher of the Uzbek language and literature department

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Аннотация

The prose of the Anglo-American University became one of the most brilliant literary events of the early XX and XXI centuries. Although the study of its origin and evolution has previously attracted the attention of literary critics, including Russian critics, university prose has become one of the intellectual hits of recent decades. David Lodge, a well-known British novelist and practitioner of the university novel, points out that the campus novel genre arose in the United States in the early 1950s with the publication of Mary Macrthy's “The Groves of Academe” (1952), a controversial response to Raymond Jarrell's “Pictures from an Institution”in 1954. At the same time, V. Nabokov, Russian immigrant was working on a book about a teacher at the American “Pnin” University (1956). Given the uncertainty of a particular genre in this book (it’s hard to say it’s a seven-chapter novel or a general theme - a collection of stories combined with a home search), we find all the key features of university prose that flourished in our time in the early 20th century. The twentieth century is primarily a kind of intellectual hero who is unfit and unfamiliar to the university environment. The protagonist’s more or less fierce opposition to the university community is reflected in modem examples of university prose, such as “Muu” (Moo, 1995) by J.W. Smiley, like the tendency to diary entries, is characterized by the feature of chronicles. The desire to uncover the internally conflicting nature of the university community’s existence and the self-determination of its members predominate - for example, Francis Prous’s “Blue Angel”in 2000 or Philip Roth’s “Human Stain” in 2000. The severity of the conflict in Nabokov’s work largely depends on the position of the professor - the immigrant in a foreign cultural environment - and is metaphorically portrayed as a hero “sitting on the wrong train”. The beginning of this book is undoubtedly full of symbolism. For Nabokov’s protagonist, the whole life is a “continuous struggle with inanimate objects,” which also emphasizes the protagonist’s unstable, unstable character in the world in which he was cast.fl] It is no coincidence that in Nabokov's narrations the emergence of this kind of maxima: "Man can exist only wrapped around himself."


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THE ROLE OF STUDENTS IN ANGLO-AMERICAN CAMPUS NOVELS

Abdullayeva Nabiya Idrisovna –

“TIIAME” National Research University

Bukhara Institute of Natural Resources Management, teacher of the Uzbek language

and literature departm

ent

The prose of the Anglo-American University became one of the most brilliant

literary events of the early XX and XXI centuries. Although the study of its origin
and evolution has previously attracted the attention of literary critics, including
Russian critics, university prose has become one of the intellectual hits of recent
decades. David Lodge, a well-known British novelist and practitioner of the
university novel, points out that the campus novel genre arose in the United States in
the early 1950s with the publication of Mary Macrthy's “The Groves of Academe”
(1952), a controversial response to Raymond Jarrell's “Pictures from an Institution”in
1954. At the same time, V. Nabokov, Russian immigrant was working on a book
about a teacher at the American “Pnin” University (1956). Given the uncertainty of a
particular genre in this book (it’s hard to say it’s a seven-chapter novel or a general
theme – a collection of stories combined with a home search), we find all the key
features of university prose that flourished in our time in the early 20th century. The
twentieth century is primarily a kind of intellectual hero who is unfit and unfamiliar
to the university environment. The protagonist’s more or less fierce opposition to the
university community is reflected in modern examples of university prose, such as
“Muu” (Moo, 1995) by J.W. Smiley, like the tendency to diary entries, is
characterized by the feature of chronicles. The desire to uncover the internally
conflicting nature of the university community’s existence and the self-determination
of its members predominate – for example, Francis Prous’s “Blue Angel”in 2000 or
Philip Roth’s “Human Stain” in 2000. The severity of the conflict in Nabokov’s work
largely depends on the position of the professor – the immigrant in a foreign cultural
environment – and is metaphorically portrayed as a hero “sitting on the wrong train”.
The beginning of this book is undoubtedly full of symbolism. For Nabokov’s
protagonist, the whole life is a “continuous struggle with inanimate objects,” which
also emphasizes the protagonist’s unstable, unstable character in the world in which
he was cast.[1] It is no coincidence that in Nabokov's narrations the emergence of this
kind of maxima: "Man can exist only wrapped around himself."

It should also be noted that the most important principle of creating an artistic

image in university prose is to play with stereotypes, to reconsider them, starting
from the first examples. This, of course, is explained by the fact that the author is
engaged in the field of production of cultural and enlightenment values. The thematic
area of this type of prose is university life as part of the cultural-enlightenment space
(natural, as opposed to natural), which can only be described using secondary cultural
codes – codes that assign or reinterpret ready-made cultural symbols. This means that
university prose is saturated with gestures, so stereotypes need to be addressed when
creating the image of the protagonist.

The process of production and acquisition of knowledge is two fold, combining

the constant revision of outdated scientific facts and the preservation of postulates
that have not yet lost their relevance at this stage in the development of science.


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These two components may have different proportions at different times, but the
tendency to overcome the old, to renew, to rethink oneself constantly becomes a
source of satirical self-reflection, saturated with university prose and manifesting
itself at the beginning of a particularly strong parody. Already available in Nabokov:
a scientific symposium entitled "Wingless Europe: A Review of Modern European
Culture." Postgraduate Pnin's course work on "Dostoevsky and Gestalt – Psychology"
begins with the phrase: "If we take a general view of the intellectual climate in which
our existence takes place, it is impossible not to mention..."[2].

Pninda Nabokov skillfully uses the plot potential of a number of chronotopic

campus constants. This is especially true of sculptural sculptures that traditionally
adorn the open space between buildings. “The bronze figure of the first president of
the university wearing a port hat and trousers” is as funny as the frescoes of the
moderate monumental artist Komarov, who adds the faces of professors to the
historical markings of murals in the university kitchen today. America’s inner attitude
to history evokes the irony of the Russian author and the wrath of the protagonist,
who spit angrily at the news that his image would be painted instead of the purified
sad Napoleon. For James Haynes in the finale of Runes Casting (1997), the main
villain, a venerable scientist who shamelessly steals ideas from his young colleagues
under the influence of magic spells, is nailed to a sky-scraping bronze statue in the
center of campus: Victor Carswell.

In Nabokov's work we encounter a number of plot and compositional motifs that

are part of the genre paradigm of university prose. The feast in the house of one of
these university teachers is as the culmination of professional and personal conflicts;
forgetting or losing the text of a speech is the eternal horror of the speaker; visions
during this lecture: if Pnin sees Russian relatives left behind in a past life among the
audience, it means that James Haynes or the English writer Antonia S. Bayet’s “The
Jinn in the Nightingales Eye,” (The Jinn in the Nightingales Eye, 1994), the
revelations are stunning – fantastic or mysterious in nature.

Another important and historically determined feature of British university prose

is its sensitivity to social and class issues. “If you are interested in the phenomenon of
meritocracy, which has significantly changed British post-war society, then the
university is (or has been) a great testing ground for studying it,” 6 D writes. The
Lodge, like many of his colleagues in the university workshop, is a family he first
graduated from. The increase in the number of universities in the UK in the 60s and
70s increased more social mobility and the permeability of caste barriers that
separated “high school science priests” from ordinary dead. Added to this were the
consequences of the sexual revolution and women’s struggle for equality, which also
helped radically renew university life. Ian Carter, Ancient Arrogance Culture: In the
post-war years, British university prose, comparing the two national types of
university prose, reflects American class contradictions to a much lesser extent. it can
touch on more diverse issues without linking them to class problems. The topic of
comparing British and American university systems was central to D. Lodge’s novel
Academic Exchange (Variable Place: The Story of Two Cities, 1975). His novel “The
Nice Work” was later built on a comparison of the realities of British universities and
the realities of British industrial production, and in fact reflects a unique synthesis of


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university and industrial novels. The same contradictory two-voice principle
underlies his latest university novel, Thinking... (2001), in which the image of a
teacher of literary skill is compared to that of a professor of cognitive psychology, i.e.,
the humanities and natural sciences.

In general, the genre of university prose in the UK has declined in recent

decades, according to many literary critics. His tones are changing: for example, the
intonation of Michael Frank’s novel This Trick (1989) is characterized by anger and
irony. Young writers (Julian Varne, Ian Makyuan, Martin Amis) have no interest in
university topics at all. Howard Jacobson began his writing career with the university
novel "Behind the Coming" (1983), a type of legion that aspired to the idea of
campus in a world that was characterized by the disappearance of English university
novels of the 70s and 80s, and his contribution to the genre – "already a parody. a
parody of something, because my campus is not a campus at all in the usual sense of
the word. ” Jacobson believes that the fear of elitism in British society ended
university prose. "As English prose becomes more and more democratized, and we
become more and more afraid in our works of offending someone's feelings or
embarrassing someone, the end of university romance comes." Unga A. S. Bayet also
added that modern universities are in a deep recession, experiencing periods of staff
reductions, lack of funding, constant inspections and excessive bureaucracy.

References:

1.

AbdullayevaNabiyaIdrisovna. (2021). Skills of discovering students'

psychological character in the world and Uzbek literature. Philosophical Readings,
XIII(4), 619–625. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5083298

2.

Abdullayeva N.I. (2020).Students portrait and its features in English literature.

Journal/X. Multidisciplinary Peer reviewed journal.6.Issue 4

3.

Abdullayeva, N. I. (2019). Description and explanation material and spiritual

view of students'character in the world literaturte. in european research: innovation in
science, education and technology (pp. 29-31).

4.

Sulaymonova, D. A. (2019). The main aspects of the formation of lexical

skills of students of technical universities.

International scientific review,(LXIV)

.

5.

Sulaymonova, D. A. (2017). Slovarnaya rabota-vazhnyy faktor ovladeniya

russkim yazykom v uzbekskoy auditorii.

Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal"

Internauka". M., 2017

, (9 (13)), 30.

6.

Davlatova M.H.(2020).International Journal of Advanced Science and

Technology Linguistic-Cognitive And Semantic Features Of Effective Constructions
Of English And Uzbek LanguagesVol. 29, No. 8, (2020), pp.3572

7.

Davlatova

M.H.5.LEXICO

SEMANTIC

STRUCTURE

AND

ITS

ANALYSIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF VERBS -JournalNX-A Multidisciplinary Peer
Reviewed Journal, Volume6, ISSUE 6, Apr.-2020Page No.: 189-192

8.

Fattoeva, Z. R. (2016). PHONETICS AS A BRANCH OF LINGUISTIC.

Ученый XXI века, (6-1), 48-50.

9.

Фаттоева, З. Р. (2015). Problems of phonosemantics in modern English.

Молодойученый, (11), 1699-1701.


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Globallashuv davrida tilshunoslik va adabiyotshunoslik taraqqiyoti hamda ta’lim texnologiyalari

175

10.

Sulaymonova, D. H. (2019). Innovative and intensive teaching methods of

foreign languages. in european research: innovation in science, education and
technology (pp. 68-70).

11.

Xamzayevna, SulaymanovaDilnoza (2021)Web of Scientist: International

Scientific Research Journal, Volume 2, Issue 5, P531-534

12.

SULAYMONOVA, DilnozaHamzayevna (2021). Ways of using innovative

methods in teaching English. E-Conference Globe, P 179-183

13.

Qahramonovna, S. S. (2020). Teaching foreign language using information

and communication technology in pedagogical and psychological aspects.
International Engineering Journal for Research & Development, 5(8), 5-5.

14.

Sharopova, S. K. (2018). Peculiarities of article omission in modern english

language. Теория и практика современной науки, (4), 594-596.

Библиографические ссылки

AbdullayevaNabiyaldrisovna. (2021). Skills of discovering students' psychological character in the world and Uzbek literature. Philosophical Readings, XIII(4), 619-625. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5083298

Abdullayeva N.I. (2020).Students portrait and its features in English literature. Joumal/X. Multidisciplinary Peer reviewed journal.6.Issue 4

Abdullayeva, N. I. (2019). Description and explanation material and spiritual view of studcnts'charactcr in the world literaturtc. in curopcan research: innovation in science, education and technology (pp. 29-31).

Sulaymonova, D. A. (2019). The main aspects of the formation of lexical skills of students of technical universities. International scientific review, (LXIV).

Sulaymonova, D. A. (2017). Slovamaya rabota-vazhnyy faktor ovladcniya russkim yazykom v uzbekskoy auditorii. Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal" Internauka". M., 2017, (9 (13)), 30.

Davlatova M.H.(2020).International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Linguistic-Cognitive And Semantic Features Of Effective Constructions Of English And Uzbek LanguagesVoL 29, No. 8, (2020), pp.3572

Davlatova M.H.5.LEXICO SEMANTIC STRUCTURE AND ITS ANALYSIS ON THE EXAMPLE OF VERBS -JoumalNX-A Multidisciplinary Peer Reviewed Journal, Volumc6, ISSUE 6, Apr.-2020Pagc No.: 189-192

Fattoeva, Z. R. (2016). PHONETICS AS A BRANCH OF LINGUISTIC. Ученый XXI века, (6-1), 48-50.

Фаттоева, 3. P. (2015). Problems of phonosemantics in modern English. Молодойученый, (11), 1699-1701.

Sulaymonova, D. H. (2019). Innovative and intensive teaching methods of foreign languages, in europcan research: innovation in science, education and technology (pp. 68-70).

Xamzayevna, SulaymanovaDilnoza (2021)Wcb of Scientist: International Scientific Research Journal, Volume 2, Issue 5, P531-534

SULAYMONOVA, DilnozaHamzayevna (2021). Ways of using innovative methods in teaching English. E-Confercncc Globe, P 179-183

Qahramonovna, S. S. (2020). Teaching foreign language using information and communication technology in pedagogical and psychological aspects. International Engineering Journal for Research & Development, 5(8), 5-5.

Sharopova, S. K. (2018). Peculiarities of article omission in modem cnglish language. Теория и практика современной науки, (4), 594-596.

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