Development of institutional models of intellectual property rights protection in foreign countries

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Zufarova, S. (2022). Development of institutional models of intellectual property rights protection in foreign countries. The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology, 4(03), 31–40. https://doi.org/10.37547/tajpslc/Volume04Issue03-06
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Abstract

The article provides an overview of the key institutional models for the protection of intellectual property rights in foreign countries. Three basic models of protection are justified in this articles. Special aspects of the activities of authorized administrative and law enforcement authorities of foreign countries to protect intellectual property are reviewed in this article. Recommendations for improving the institutional system for the protection of intellectual property rights in the Republic of Uzbekistan were developed based on the analysis.

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31

Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

ABSTRACT

The article provides an overview of the key institutional models for the protection of intellectual property rights in
foreign countries. Three basic models of protection are justified in this articles. Special aspects of the activities of
authorized administrative and law enforcement authorities of foreign countries to protect intellectual property are
reviewed in this article. Recommendations for improving the institutional system for the protection of intellectual
property rights in the Republic of Uzbekistan were developed based on the analysis.



KEYWORDS

Protection of intellectual property rights, institutional models for protecting intellectual property rights, activities of
authorized administrative and law enforcement agencies of foreign countries to protect intellectual property rights.

INTRODUCTION

Intellectual property is the product of the human
intelligence, the result of creativity, which is protected
by law.

Protection of intellectual property rights takes on
increasing importance in the context of the

globalization of the world economy and the growth of
international trade.

Legal protection of intellectual property acquires
special relevance in the context of the formation of a
modern infrastructure of market economy in

Research Article


DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONAL MODELS OF INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY RIGHTS PROTECTION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES


Submission Date:

February 27, 2022,

Accepted Date:

March 17, 2022,

Published Date:

March 29, 2022

|

Crossref doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajpslc/Volume04Issue03-06

Zufarova Sh. M.

Applicant, Academy of the General Prosecutor's Office Republic of Uzbekistan

Journal

Website:

https://theamericanjou
rnals.com/index.php/ta
jpslc

Copyright:

Original

content from this work
may be used under the
terms of the creative
commons

attributes

4.0 licence.


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32

Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

Uzbekistan and the integration of our country into the
world community.

Thus, according to the World Intellectual Property
Organization (WIPO) report in 2020, the number of
international patent applications, despite the COVID-19
pandemic, grew by 4% and amounted to 275,900
applications, reaching an all-time high, despite a
projected 3.5% decline in global GDP.

1

China (68,720 applications, +16.1% annual growth rate)
remained the largest user of WIPO's international
patent system (PCT) in the world and got ahead of the
US (59,230 applications, +3%), Japan (50,520
applications, - 4.1%), the Republic of Korea (20,060
applications, +5.2%) and Germany (18,643 applications,
-3.7%).

Undoubtedly, the institute of intellectual property is
being transformed in the light of new socio-economic
and informational realities, which certainly requires the
establishment of appropriate effective institutions to
ensure the protection of intellectual property rights.

The analysis found that, depending on the method of
protection of intellectual property objects, researchers
distinguish jurisdictional and non-jurisdictional ways of

1

International patent filings via WIPO, March 2, 2021,

PR/2021/874.
https://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2021/article_00
02.html

2

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual property in the

European Union: searching for coherence // Constructing
European intellectual property: achievements and new
perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23;

Seville

C.

European Union Intellectual Property Law and Policy. 2nd

ed. –Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2016. 584 p.;
Neznamov А.V. Concepts of "method", "means", "form of
rights protection" and their interaction // Arbitration and
Civil Procedure. - 2013. - № 5. - С. 4.; Sorokin Y. A. The concept
of method of protection of civil rights. Classification of

protection (Geiger Ch., Thomas L., Pila J., Seville C.,
Neznamov A.V., Sorokin Y.A., etc.)

2

.

According to well-known experts Ch. Geiger and L.
Thomas jurisdictional method involves various
government agencies, including

judicial protection

.

Based on the consequences that led to the violation of
intellectual property rights, an appropriate method of
protection can be chosen.

3

According to the European researcher C.Seville

nonjurisdictional way of protection

is the least

expensive, but also less effective. Often after an
infringer is notified of an infringement, the copyright
holder is forced to sue in court as a result of the
infringer

ignoring

the

infringer's

notice

of

infringement.

4

In this case, in the general opinion of experts, the
jurisdictional mode of protection is characterized by
the presence of specially authorized bodies, which
include: courts of general and special jurisdiction, other
bodies (permanent and ad hoc arbitration courts)
entrusted with judicial power.

5

Non-jurisdictional method involves the protection of
the interests of the entitled person, whose right is

methods of protection of civil rights // "Black holes" in the
Russian legislation. - 2007. - № 5. - 114 p.

3

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual property in the

European Union: searching for coherence // Constructing
European intellectual property: achievements and new
perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23; Thomas L.
Arbitration of Intellectual Property Disputes, 37 ASA Bulletin
2/2019, pp. 289-304.

4

Seville C.

European Union Intellectual Property Law and

Policy. 2nd ed. –Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar,
2016. 584 p.

5

Civil law: textbook / ed. A. P. Sergeeva, Yu. K. Tolstoy. M.,

1996. Part 1. 268 p.


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Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

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7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

violated or challenged, without recourse to state and
other authorized bodies

.6

At the same time, Article 12 of the Convention for the
Protection of Industrial Property (Paris, 1883) provides
for the establishment of a special government div to
ensure the protection of intellectual property).

7

Our analysis has shown that as of the beginning of
2021, 193 WIPO member countries have established
various mechanisms and methods of intellectual
property protection,

8

involving a wide range of

instruments of protection of intellectual property
rights (civil, administrative and criminal legal
protection).

9

It should be noted that the formation of the relevant
authorized bodies has a three-hundred-year history.
For example, the Patent Office of the French Republic
was established in 1791.

10

Similar bodies were later

established in several other countries (British Patent
Office (1852),

11

Swedish Patent and Registration Board

6

ib.

7

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property

of

March

20,

1883.

(official

translation)

https://wipolex.wipo.int/ru/text/379398

8

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Official website. – URL: https://www.wipo.int/members/en/

9

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Adjudicating

intellectual property disputes. An ICC report on specialised
IP jurisdictions worldwide, 2016. – URL: https://www.ccpit-
patent.com.cn/sites/default/files/files/education/ICC%20Spe
cialised%20IP%20Jurisdictions%20EN.pdf

10

Institut national de la propriété industrielle. – URL:

https://www.inpi.fr/fr

11

Intellectual

property

office

in

UK

URL:

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/intellectual-
property-office

12

Patent – och registreringsverket (en. The Swedish Patent

and Registration Office). – URL: https://www.prv.se/sv/

(1855),

12

German Patent and Trademark Office (1877),

13

Japan Patent Office (1885),

14

Patent Office of the

Republic of Poland (1918),

15

US Patent and Trademark

Office (1975),

16

Spanish Patent and Trademark Office

(1991),

17

Korean Intellectual Property Office (1997).

18

In the professional literature, the formation of
institutional models for the protection of intellectual
property rights has been discussed for the past 150
years.

19

They are conventionally divided into the Anglo-Saxon
and Romano-Germanic systems for the protection of
intellectual property rights. This is due to the
difference in legal regulation and protection of
intellectual property in continental Europe and the
countries of the British Commonwealth.

At the same time in the countries of case law (Australia,
Canada, USA, UK) great attention is paid to the
fundamental principles

20

(generally binding nature;

absence of any normative act of general nature, no

13

Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (DPMA) The German

Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA). – URL:
https://www.dpma.de/

14

Japan Patent Office https://www.jpo.go.jp/

15

Patent Office of the Republic of Poland – URL:

https://uprp.gov.pl/pl

16

The United States Patent and Trademark Office

(USPTO). – URL: https://www.uspto.gov

17

Spanish Patent and Trademark Office O.A. – URL:

http://www.oepm.es

18

Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO). – URL:

https://kipo.go.kr

19

Baldwin, P. (2014). The Battle between Anglo-American

Copyright and European Authors’ Rights. In The Copyright
Wars: Three Centuries of Trans-Atlantic Battle (pp. 14-52).
PRINCETON;

OXFORD:

Princeton

University

Press.

doi:10.2307/j.ctt6wq0z2.4

20

Malysheva A.V. Case law: Aspects of Anglo-Saxon and

Continental Law // Youth and Science: Proceedings of the IX
All-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference of Students,
Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists with


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Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

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7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

division of law into private and public law, the courts
take into account the earlier decisions and follow
them) of use and protection of intellectual property
rights.

The countries of continental Europe (France, Germany,
Spain, and Sweden) pay attention to the development
of formalized legal regulations (the Patent Act of the
Federal Republic of Germany, 1981,

21

the Intellectual

Property Code, 1992).

22

At the same time, according to the classification of the
National Intellectual Property Office of the PRC, there
are three models of protection defined by the types of
intellectual property objects - "four-in-one", "three-in-
one", as well as the model of "separate
management".

23

In

the "four-in-one" model

patents, industrial designs,

trademarks and copyright issues are managed by a
single administrative div. Such a model is developed
in 40 countries (including Canada, the Russian
Federation, and the United Kingdom).

The "three-in-one" model

prescribes that patents,

industrial designs, and trademarks are managed by an
authorized div, while copyright issues are regulated
by another independent div.

This model has been

adopted in about 100 countries (including France,
Germany, Japan, and the United States).

participation of international specialists, dedicated to the
385th anniversary of Krasnoyarsk [Electronic resource]. -
Krasnoyarsk: Siberian Federal University, 2013. – URL:
http://conf.sfu-kras.ru/sites/mn2013/section114.html

21

Mirskikh I.Y. Features of legal regulation and protection of

intellectual property in foreign countries. Priority scientific
directions: from theory to practice. 2016. № 21. 265-269 pp.

22

Le service public de la diffusion du droit français

(Légifrance).

URL

:

The "separate-administration" model

is applied to

systems in which patents, trademarks, and copyright
issues are handled by several authorized administrative
bodies. This model operates in about 30 countries
(including Egypt, Greece, Pakistan, and the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia).

It should be noted that, depending on the presence of
a

binding

component,

models

combining

administrative and law enforcement approaches to the
protection of intellectual property rights have recently
been increasingly adopted in a number of countries.
This kind of models operate in about 130 countries
(PRC, Armenia, Uzbekistan, and Switzerland). In
addition to the authorized administrative bodies of the
system, they also involve law enforcement agencies
(customs, internal affairs, financial institutions, tax
police, security agencies, etc.).

Thus, depending on the approaches to the protection
of intellectual property rights and ways to protect
them, it would be appropriate to classify modern
concepts into

disaggregated, integrated, unified

models

.

The first model is the disaggregated model for the
protection of intellectual property rights

(Egypt,

Greece, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia).

For example, the

Hellenic Copyright Organization

(HCO)

is the competent national authority in the field

of copyright protection. At the same time, the function

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/id/LEGISCTA0000061
61665/

23

World Intellectual Property Report Intellectual Property

Basics: A Q&A for Students. China National Intellectual
Property Administration (CNIPA). Publication year:
2019.

URL:

https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_1056.p
df


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Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

to protect patents has been assigned to the

Hellenic

Industrial Property Organization (OBI).

24

In addition, a special Committee for the Notification of
Infringement of Copyright and Related Rights on the
Internet, which allows aggrieved copyright holders to
obtain prompt removal or restriction of unauthorized
distribution of their works or other protected content
on the Internet without suspending and influencing
their claims in relevant disputes in the courts has been
established in Greece.

25

The Greek Administrative Committee on Trademarks

26

is also a quite successful example of a div that
undertakes administrative measures within the
framework of the national intellectual property
protection system.

The Greek legislative div has

analyzed the performance of existing systems in order
to create a special model that emphasizes a national
approach and national needs.

In 2012, the

Coordinating Authority for Market

Supervision and the Fight Against Illicit Trade
(SYKEAAP)

, consisting of representatives from the

public and private sectors, was established under the
supervision of the Greek Ministry of Economy and
Development. The main goal of activity is to combat
violations of intellectual property rights. SYKEAAP
coordinates its activities, collects intelligence and

24

Patent Office Hellenic Industrial Property Organization

(HIPO). – URL: http://www.obi.gr/el/

25

The Hellenic Copyright Organization (OPI). – URL:

https://opi.gr/images/library/nomothesia/ethniki/nomoi/aiti
ologiki_4481.pdf.

26

Trademark Office General Secretariat of Commerce &

Consumer’s Protection, Ministry of Development &
Investments. – URL: http://www.obi.gr/el/

27

Greek Ministry of the Economy and Development.The

Coordinating Authority for Market Supervision and the Fight

cooperates with all competent national and law
enforcement agencies.

27

The second model

includes an

integrated approach to

the protection of intellectual property rights

(France,

Germany, Japan, the United States, etc.).

For example, in France, the

National Institute of

Industrial Property (INPI)

deals with patents, industrial

designs and trademarks.

28

The Superior Council for Ownership of Literary and
Artistic Works

under the General Secretariat of the

Ministry of Culture

deals with copyright

issues

.29

The French National Institute of Industrial Property

is

a public institution under the supervision of the
Ministry of Economy, Industry and Digital Technology.

The Institute actively participates in the development
and implementation of state policy in the field of
industrial property protection and combating
counterfeit products.

30

Apart from the direct registration of trademarks,
service marks, and the granting of patents, the
Institute provides the following services: free access to
its own databases (trademarks, inventions, legal status
information and national court decisions); issuance of
licenses for commercial access to databases; fee-based
services for searching and tracking industrial property
litigation; online submission of applications; a special

Against

Illicit

Trade

(SYKEAAP).

URL:

http://www.mindev.gov.gr/sykeaap/

28

L’Institut national de la propriété industrielle – URL :

https://www.inpi.fr/fr

29

Conseil supérieur de la propriété littéraire et artistique

https://www.culture.gouv.fr/

30

L'Institut national de la propriété industrielle. –

URL :https://www.inpi.fr/fr


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Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

service is the issuance of the "Envelopes Soleau",

31

which is not a direct confirmation of the rights of the
right holder, but gives the author the opportunity to
confirm the date of creation of the intellectual
property object and the authenticity of authorship.

The Institute protects inventions, utility certificates,
industrial designs, trademarks, selection inventions,
circuit layout designs, copyright and related rights.

The basis for the legal regulation of trademarks in
France is the Seventh Book of the Code of Intellectual
Property (Code de la propriété intellectuelle, CPI),

32

in

addition to regulatory provisions contained in the
French Civil Code (Code civil),

33

Commercial Code

(Code de commerce),

34

Civil Procedure Code (Code de

procédure civile)

35

and Criminal Code (Code pénal)

36

as

well as in the European Union directives.

According to Article L.711-1 CPI, trademarks are
graphically represented symbols (marks), purpose of
which is to distinguish the goods or services of one
legal entity from those of another. However, a
trademark can be represented in all forms of
designations: words, combinations of words,
surnames and geographic names, pseudonyms,
letters, numbers, abbreviations; sound signs - sounds
and musical phrases; figurative signs - stickers, logos,

31

La

solution

de

l'enveloppe

Soleau.

https://www.inpi.fr/fr/proteger-vos-creations/lenveloppe-
soleau/enveloppe-soleau.

32

Code de la propriété intellectuelle. Livre VII: Marques de

fabrique, de commerce ou de service et autres
signes distinctifs. URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/code
s/section_lc/LEGITEXT000006069414/LEGISCTA0000061333
36/#LEGISCTA000039381535

33

Code

civil.

URL:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT00
0006070721
34 Code de commerce. – URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.
fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000005634379?tab_selection=al

color tones, etc. The provision of Article L.715-1 CPI
defines the availability of collective trademarks. A
collective trademark can be used by anyone who
complies with the rules of use issued by the owner of
the registered trademark.

37

The third (unified) model of protection and
enforcement of intellectual property rights can
include models in which the protection of intellectual
property rights is carried out comprehensively.

In

some 80 countries, a single administrative div
manages the defending a patent, industrial design,
trademark and copyright. This model is used by
Canada, the Russian Federation and the United
Kingdom, among others.

For example,

the Canadian Intellectual Property Office

(CIPO),

as Canada's designated agency for innovation,

science and economic development, is also in charge of
protecting intellectual property rights.

38

The legal

framework for intellectual property protection in
Canada is based on 4 self-executing laws (Copyright

l&searchField=ALL&query=code+de+commerce&page=1&in
it=true
35

Code

de

procédure

civile.

URL:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT00
0006070716/
36 Code pénal. – URL:https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes
/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000006070719/2021-01-23/

37

Timofeeva A.V.. Legal regulation of trademarks in

European countries (by the example of France). Economics.
Law. Society. Vol. 5, No. 2 (22), 2020. p. 45

38

Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO). – URL: http

://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-
internetopic.nsf/eng/home


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Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

Acts, 1985)

39

- Patent Law (1985),

40

Trademarks Act

(1985),

41

Anti-Counterfeiting Act (2014),

42

, Integrated

Circuit Topography Act (1990),

43

etc.

In the United Kingdom,

the Intellectual Property

Office

44

is responsible for accepting applications and

registering patents, trademarks and industrial designs,
and is also responsible for copyright protection.

The legal basis for the protection of intellectual
property rights is constituted by 4 laws of direct action
(“On registered industrial designs” of 1949,

45

“On

copyright” of 1988,

46

“Patent Law” of 1977,

47

“On

trademarks” as amended in 1994

48

).

Based on the above, it should be assumed that there is
a unified model for the protection of intellectual
property rights in Uzbekistan. Since the protection of
rights to patents, industrial designs, trademarks and
copyrights is carried out by the Intellectual Property
Agency

49

under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic

of Uzbekistan, the Agency is the authorized div of
state administration, which carries out a unified state
policy in the field of protection and defense of
intellectual property rights.

50

39

Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42) (as amended up to

June 17, 2019) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-
42/Index.html

40

Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4) (as amended up to March

25,

2020)

https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-

4/index.html

41

Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13) (as amended up to

June 18, 2019) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/t-13/

42

Combating Counterfeit Products Act (S.C. 2014, c. 32)

https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/annualstatutes/2014_32/

43

Integrated Circuit Topography Act (S.C. 1990, c. 37)

https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/I-14.6/

44

Intellectual Property Office. – URL: http://www.ipo.gov.uk

45

The

Registered

Designs

Act

1949

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploa
ds/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957357/Registered
-Designs-Act-1949.pdf

The Agency coordinates the activities of the bodies in
charge, such as the General Prosecutor's Office, the
Department for Combating Economic Crimes under the
General Prosecutor's Office, the State Customs
Committee, the State Tax Committee, the Ministry of
Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, Border Troops
of the State Security Service, the Antimonopoly
Committee, the State Inspection "Uzkomnazorat," and
the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan.

Based on the

information

above, it is proposed to:

1.

Develop the National Strategy of the Republic of
Uzbekistan in the field of intellectual property
development in cooperation with WIPO.

2.

Codify legislation in this sphere based on
experience of other countries, in particular France
(1992) and the Philippines (1998).

3.

Include in the Code of Administrative Responsibility
a number of norms aimed at strengthening
sanctions of the relevant articles on infringement of
intellectual property rights, as well as supplement
the Civil Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan with a
norm defining the minimum level of moral and
material damage, at which a civil liability is imposed.

46

The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploa
ds/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957583/Copyright-
designs-and-patents-act-1988.pdf

47

The Patents Act 1977 https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-

patent-act-1977

48

The

Trade

Marks

Act

1994

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploa
ds/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957352/unofficial-
trade-marks-act-1994.pdf

49

Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

No. 4168 of 02.08.2019 "On measures to improve public
administration in the field of intellectual property."

50

Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

№4380 of 01.07.2019 "On measures to organize the activities
of the Intellectual Property Agency under the Ministry of
Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan".


background image

38

Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

4.

Supplement the Criminal Code of the Republic of
Uzbekistan

with

norms

that

strengthens

responsibility for violations of copyright and related
rights, as well as the illegal use of someone else's
trademark, service mark, appellation of origin or
trade name.

5.

Introduce corporate liability for legal entities,
moreover provide amendments and additions to
the laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On
Inventions, Utility Models and Industrial Designs",
"On Trademarks, Service Marks and Appellations of
Origin of Goods", and "On Brand Names"; together
with appropriate amendments to laws on the full
protection of copyright and related rights in
information

and

communication

networks,

including audiovisual works and phonograms.

6.

Adopt a Resolution of the Supreme Court of the
Republic of Uzbekistan aimed at strengthening the
protection of intellectual property rights, and
providing the Courts with the right to decide on the
destruction and removal of counterfeit products, as
well as on compulsory blocking of websites of
organizations that violate the rights of authors and
copyright holders.

REFERENCES

1.

International patent filings via WIPO, March 2,
2021,

PR/2021/874.

https://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2
021/article_0002.html

2.

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual
property in the European Union: searching for
coherence

//

Constructing

European

intellectual property: achievements and new
perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23;

Seville C. European Union Intellectual Property
Law and Policy. 2nd ed. –Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2016. 584 p.;
Neznamov А.V. Concepts of "method",
"means", "form of rights protection" and their
interaction // Arbitration and Civil Procedure. -
2013. - № 5. - С. 4.; Sorokin Y. A. The concept of
method of protection of civil rights.
Classification of methods of protection of civil
rights // "Black holes" in the Russian legislation.
- 2007. - № 5. - 114 p.

3.

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual
property in the European Union: searching for
coherence

//

Constructing

European

intellectual property: achievements and new
perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23;
Thomas L. Arbitration of Intellectual Property
Disputes, 37 ASA Bulletin 2/2019, pp. 289-304.

4.

Seville C. European Union Intellectual Property
Law and Policy. 2nd ed. –Cheltenham;
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2016. 584 p.

5.

Civil law: textbook / ed. A. P. Sergeeva, Yu. K.
Tolstoy. M., 1996. Part 1. 268 p.

6.

ib.

7.

Paris Convention for the Protection of
Industrial Property of March 20, 1883. (official
translation)
https://wipolex.wipo.int/ru/text/379398

8.

The World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO).

Official

website.

URL:

https://www.wipo.int/members/en/

9.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
Adjudicating intellectual property disputes. An
ICC report on specialised IP jurisdictions
worldwide, 2016. – URL: https://www.ccpit-
patent.com.cn/sites/default/files/files/educatio
n/ICC%20Specialised%20IP%20Jurisdictions%20E
N.pdf


background image

39

Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

10.

Institut national de la propriété industrielle. –
URL: https://www.inpi.fr/fr

11.

Intellectual property office in UK – URL:
https://www.gov.uk/government/organisation
s/intellectual-property-office

12.

Patent – och registreringsverket (en. The
Swedish Patent and Registration Office). –
URL: https://www.prv.se/sv/

13.

Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (DPMA)
The German Patent and Trade Mark Office
(DPMA). – URL: https://www.dpma.de/

14.

Japan Patent Office https://www.jpo.go.jp/

15.

Patent Office of the Republic of Poland – URL:
https://uprp.gov.pl/pl

16.

The United States Patent and Trademark Office
(USPTO). – URL: https://www.uspto.gov

17.

Spanish Patent and Trademark Office O.A. –
URL: http://www.oepm.es

18.

Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO). –
URL: https://kipo.go.kr

19.

Baldwin, P. (2014). The Battle between Anglo-
American Copyright and European Authors’
Rights. In The Copyright Wars: Three Centuries
of

Trans-Atlantic

Battle

(pp.

14-52).

PRINCETON; OXFORD: Princeton University
Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt6wq0z2.4

20.

Malysheva A.V. Case law: Aspects of Anglo-
Saxon and Continental Law // Youth and
Science: Proceedings of the IX All-Russian
Scientific and Technical Conference of
Students, Postgraduate Students and Young
Scientists with participation of international
specialists, dedicated to the 385th anniversary
of Krasnoyarsk [Electronic resource]. -
Krasnoyarsk: Siberian Federal University, 2013.

URL:

http://conf.sfu-

kras.ru/sites/mn2013/section114.html

21.

Mirskikh I.Y. Features of legal regulation and
protection of intellectual property in foreign
countries. Priority scientific directions: from
theory to practice. 2016. № 21. 265-269 pp.

22.

Le service public de la diffusion du droit
français

(Légifrance).

URL

:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/id/LEGIS
CTA000006161665/

23.

World Intellectual Property Report Intellectual
Property Basics: A Q&A for Students. China
National Intellectual Property Administration
(CNIPA). Publication year: 2019. – URL:
https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo
_pub_1056.pdf

24.

Patent Office Hellenic Industrial Property
Organization

(HIPO).

URL:

http://www.obi.gr/el/

25.

The Hellenic Copyright Organization (OPI). –
URL:
https://opi.gr/images/library/nomothesia/ethni
ki/nomoi/aitiologiki_4481.pdf.

26.

Trademark Office General Secretariat of
Commerce & Consumer’s Protection, Ministry
of Development & Investments. – URL:
http://www.obi.gr/el/

27.

Greek Ministry of the Economy and
Development.The Coordinating Authority for
Market Supervision and the Fight Against Illicit
Trade

(SYKEAAP).

URL:

http://www.mindev.gov.gr/sykeaap/

28.

L’Institut national de la propriété industrielle –
URL : https://www.inpi.fr/fr

29.

Conseil supérieur de la propriété littéraire et
artistique https://www.culture.gouv.fr/

30.

L'Institut national de la propriété industrielle. –
URL :https://www.inpi.fr/fr

31.

La

solution

de

l'enveloppe

Soleau.

https://www.inpi.fr/fr/proteger-vos-


background image

40

Volume 04 Issue 03-2022


The American Journal of Political Science Law and Criminology
(ISSN

2693-0803)

VOLUME

04

I

SSUE

03

Pages:

31-40

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2020:

5.

453

)

(2021:

5.

952

)

(2022:

6.

215

)

OCLC

1176274523

METADATA

IF

7.659















































Publisher:

The USA Journals

creations/lenveloppe-soleau/enveloppe-
soleau.

32.

Code de la propriété intellectuelle. Livre VII:
Marques de fabrique, de commerce ou de
service et autres signes distinctifs. URL:
https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/section
_lc/LEGITEXT000006069414/LEGISCTA000006
133336/#LEGISCTA000039381535

33.

Code

civil.

URL:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc
/LEGITEXT000006070721

34.

Code

de

commerce.

URL:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc
/LEGITEXT000005634379?tab_selection=all&s
earchField=ALL&query=code+de+commerce&
page=1&init=true

35.

Code

de

procédure

civile.

URL:

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc
/LEGITEXT000006070716/

36.

Code

pénal.

URL:https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/tex
te_lc/LEGITEXT000006070719/2021-01-23/

37.

Timofeeva A.V.. Legal regulation of trademarks
in European countries (by the example of
France). Economics. Law. Society. Vol. 5, No. 2
(22), 2020. p. 45

38.

Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO). –
URL: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-
internetopic.nsf/eng/home

39.

Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42) (as
amended up to June 17, 2019) https://laws-
lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/Index.html

40.

Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4) (as amended up
to

March

25,

2020)

https://laws-

lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-4/index.html

41.

Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13) (as
amended up to June 18, 2019) https://laws-
lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/t-13/

42.

Combating Counterfeit Products Act (S.C. 2014,
c.

32)

https://laws-

lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/annualstatutes/2014_32/

43.

Integrated Circuit Topography Act (S.C. 1990, c.
37)

https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/I-

14.6/

44.

Intellectual

Property

Office.

URL:

http://www.ipo.gov.uk

45.

The

Registered

Designs

Act

1949

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/gover
nment/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_d
ata/file/957357/Registered-Designs-Act-
1949.pdf

46.

The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/gover
nment/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_d
ata/file/957583/Copyright-designs-and-
patents-act-1988.pdf

47.

The

Patents

Act

1977

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-patent-act-
1977

48.

The

Trade

Marks

Act

1994

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/gover
nment/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_d
ata/file/957352/unofficial-trade-marks-act-
1994.pdf

49.

Resolution of the President of the Republic of
Uzbekistan No. 4168 of 02.08.2019 "On
measures to improve public administration in
the field of intellectual property."

50.

Resolution of the President of the Republic of
Uzbekistan №4380 of 01.07.2019 "On
measures to organize the activities of the
Intellectual Property Agency under the
Ministry of Justice of the Republic of
Uzbekistan".

References

International patent filings via WIPO, March 2, 2021, PR/2021/874. https://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2021/article_0002.html

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual property in the European Union: searching for coherence // Constructing European intellectual property: achievements and new perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23; Seville C. European Union Intellectual Property Law and Policy. 2nd ed. –Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2016. 584 p.; Neznamov А.V. Concepts of "method", "means", "form of rights protection" and their interaction // Arbitration and Civil Procedure. - 2013. - № 5. - С. 4.; Sorokin Y. A. The concept of method of protection of civil rights. Classification of methods of protection of civil rights // "Black holes" in the Russian legislation. - 2007. - № 5. - 114 p.

Geiger Ch. The construction of intellectual property in the European Union: searching for coherence // Constructing European intellectual property: achievements and new perspectives / ed. by Ch. Geiger. – Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2013. P. 5–23; Thomas L. Arbitration of Intellectual Property Disputes, 37 ASA Bulletin 2/2019, pp. 289-304.

Seville C. European Union Intellectual Property Law and Policy. 2nd ed. –Cheltenham; Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2016. 584 p.

Civil law: textbook / ed. A. P. Sergeeva, Yu. K. Tolstoy. M., 1996. Part 1. 268 p.

ib.

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of March 20, 1883. (official translation) https://wipolex.wipo.int/ru/text/379398

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Official website. – URL: https://www.wipo.int/members/en/

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Adjudicating intellectual property disputes. An ICC report on specialised IP jurisdictions worldwide, 2016. – URL: https://www.ccpit-patent.com.cn/sites/default/files/files/education/ICC%20Specialised%20IP%20Jurisdictions%20EN.pdf

Institut national de la propriété industrielle. – URL: https://www.inpi.fr/fr

Intellectual property office in UK – URL: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/intellectual-property-office

Patent – och registreringsverket (en. The Swedish Patent and Registration Office). – URL: https://www.prv.se/sv/

Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (DPMA) The German Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA). – URL: https://www.dpma.de/

Japan Patent Office https://www.jpo.go.jp/

Patent Office of the Republic of Poland – URL: https://uprp.gov.pl/pl

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). – URL: https://www.uspto.gov

Spanish Patent and Trademark Office O.A. – URL: http://www.oepm.es

Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO). – URL: https://kipo.go.kr

Baldwin, P. (2014). The Battle between Anglo-American Copyright and European Authors’ Rights. In The Copyright Wars: Three Centuries of Trans-Atlantic Battle (pp. 14-52). PRINCETON; OXFORD: Princeton University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt6wq0z2.4

Malysheva A.V. Case law: Aspects of Anglo-Saxon and Continental Law // Youth and Science: Proceedings of the IX All-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference of Students, Postgraduate Students and Young Scientists with participation of international specialists, dedicated to the 385th anniversary of Krasnoyarsk [Electronic resource]. - Krasnoyarsk: Siberian Federal University, 2013. – URL: http://conf.sfu-kras.ru/sites/mn2013/section114.html

Mirskikh I.Y. Features of legal regulation and protection of intellectual property in foreign countries. Priority scientific directions: from theory to practice. 2016. № 21. 265-269 pp.

Le service public de la diffusion du droit français (Légifrance). – URL : https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/id/LEGISCTA000006161665/

World Intellectual Property Report Intellectual Property Basics: A Q&A for Students. China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA). Publication year: 2019. – URL: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_1056.pdf

Patent Office Hellenic Industrial Property Organization (HIPO). – URL: http://www.obi.gr/el/

The Hellenic Copyright Organization (OPI). – URL: https://opi.gr/images/library/nomothesia/ethniki/nomoi/aitiologiki_4481.pdf.

Trademark Office General Secretariat of Commerce & Consumer’s Protection, Ministry of Development & Investments. – URL: http://www.obi.gr/el/

Greek Ministry of the Economy and Development.The Coordinating Authority for Market Supervision and the Fight Against Illicit Trade (SYKEAAP). – URL: http://www.mindev.gov.gr/sykeaap/

L’Institut national de la propriété industrielle – URL : https://www.inpi.fr/fr

Conseil supérieur de la propriété littéraire et artistique https://www.culture.gouv.fr/

L'Institut national de la propriété industrielle. – URL :https://www.inpi.fr/fr

La solution de l'enveloppe Soleau. https://www.inpi.fr/fr/proteger-vos-creations/lenveloppe-soleau/enveloppe-soleau.

Code de la propriété intellectuelle. Livre VII: Marques de fabrique, de commerce ou de service et autres signes distinctifs. URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/section_lc/LEGITEXT000006069414/LEGISCTA000006133336/#LEGISCTA000039381535

Code civil. – URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000006070721

Code de commerce. – URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000005634379?tab_selection=all&searchField=ALL&query=code+de+commerce&page=1&init=true

Code de procédure civile. – URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000006070716/

Code pénal. – URL:https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/codes/texte_lc/LEGITEXT000006070719/2021-01-23/

Timofeeva A.V.. Legal regulation of trademarks in European countries (by the example of France). Economics. Law. Society. Vol. 5, No. 2 (22), 2020. p. 45

Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO). – URL: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/cipointernet-internetopic.nsf/eng/home

Copyright Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-42) (as amended up to June 17, 2019) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-42/Index.html

Patent Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. P-4) (as amended up to March 25, 2020) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-4/index.html

Trademarks Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. T-13) (as amended up to June 18, 2019) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/t-13/

Combating Counterfeit Products Act (S.C. 2014, c. 32) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/annualstatutes/2014_32/

Integrated Circuit Topography Act (S.C. 1990, c. 37) https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/I-14.6/

Intellectual Property Office. – URL: http://www.ipo.gov.uk

The Registered Designs Act 1949 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957357/Registered-Designs-Act-1949.pdf

The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957583/Copyright-designs-and-patents-act-1988.pdf

The Patents Act 1977 https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-patent-act-1977

The Trade Marks Act 1994 https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/957352/unofficial-trade-marks-act-1994.pdf

Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 4168 of 02.08.2019 "On measures to improve public administration in the field of intellectual property."

Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan №4380 of 01.07.2019 "On measures to organize the activities of the Intellectual Property Agency under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan".

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