Speaking competencies in a foreign language psychologicalpedagogical and development linguvodidactic properties

CC BY f
208-210
3
2
Поделиться
Бобокулов F. ., Холмуминов F. ., & Мамаекубова S. . (2022). Speaking competencies in a foreign language psychologicalpedagogical and development linguvodidactic properties. Анализ актуальных проблем, инноваций, традиций, решений и художественной литературы в преподавании иностранных языков, 1(01), 208–210. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/analysis-problem/article/view/12922
Фаррух Бобокулов, Самаркандский государственный институт иностранных языков

Студент

Фахриддин Холмуминов, Самаркандский государственный институт иностранных языков

Студент

Шахло Мамаекубова, Самаркандский государственный институт иностранных языков

Научный руководитель

0
Цитаты
Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

The task of the Strategy for the Further Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan is to “nurture independent-minded, strong-willed, loyal youth, deepen democratic reforms and increase their social activism in the development of civil society.” Expanding the independent thinking capacity of future English language teachers requires active, inquisitive and up-to-date coherence in our developing country
as a result of radical reforms

Похожие статьи


background image

208

7.

Using English for Specific Purposes Skills in an English for General Purposes Classroom: Email as a

Genre Nicholas Delgrego 351-364 p
8.

KUSHBAKOVA, M., Zarina, R. U. Z. I. M. U. R. O. D. O. V. A., & Shahram, A. S. L. O. N. O. V.

(2020). Innovative Methods and Ways to Teach and Learn Foreign Language. ECLSS Online 2020a, 146.
9.

Ахмеджанова, Н., & Аслонов, Ш. (2020). Семантические типы предикатов и фазовая членимость

глагольного действия. Интернаука,(12-1), 27-29.

10.

Yusuf, A. (2022). LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE

GASTRONOMIC TERMS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES. ILM-FAN TARAQQIYOTIDA
ZAMONAVIY QARASHLAR: MUAMMO VA YECHIMLAR, 197-199.
11.

Eshchanov, B., Odilov, B., & Khakimov, O. (2019, October). Residential electricity demand in

Uzbekistan. In

Energy Resources of the Caspian and Central Asia: Regional and Global Outlook, 4th IAEE

Eurasian Conference, October 17-19, 2019

. International Association for Energy Economics.

12.

Аззамов, Ю. Р. (2022). ТЕРМИНЛАР ТАРЖИМАСИНИНГ НАЗАРИЙ АСОСЛАРИ. Oriental

renaissance: Innovative, educational, natural and social sciences, 2(Special Issue 24), 518-531.

SPEAKING COMPETENCIES IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE PSYCHOLOGICAL-

PEDAGOGICAL AND DEVELOPMENT LINGUVODIDACTIC PROPERTIES

Farruh Bobokulov,

Fakhriddin Kholmuminov

Students of Samarkand state institute of foreign languages

Scientific supervisor: Mamayoqubova Shakhlo Oblaqulovna

Annotation: The task of the Strategy for the Further Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan is to

“nurture independent-minded, strong-willed, loyal youth, deepen democratic reforms and increase their
social activism in the development of civil society.” Expanding the independent thinking capacity of future
English language teachers requires active, inquisitive and up-to-date coherence in our developing country
as a result of radical reforms.

Keywords:

reform, change, language teaching, pedagogical, psychological, educational.

Introduction

: Therefore, in teaching, the scholars of the East have noted their scientific views on

important aspects of the process of independent thinking, expression, and speech, and the scientific aspect of
speech has been explained in detail in dictionaries, textbooks, and manuals. According to Farobi, when it
comes to how to teach and learn, how to express, express, ask, and answer (thought), the first of these
sciences is the science of language, which names bodies, that is, substances and accidents. The second
science is grammar. It teaches how to arrange the names given to objects and how to construct wise words
and speech that describe the location of substance and accident and the consequences. The third science is
logic. He teaches how to place sentences according to logical figures to draw certain conclusions. With these
conclusions, we learn what is not known and judge what is right and what is wrong”. It is a good idea to give
students a reasoning based on the science of logic.

Therefore, they activate the vocabulary in their memory through their speech. In the "Explanatory

Dictionary of the Uzbek language" "speech" "the use of language in the process of expression and exchange
of ideas; is the process by which a speaker uses language tools and is a product of that process”. In society,
the way people communicate with each other takes place directly through speech. The use of language in
speech enhances speech. The Pedagogical Encyclopedic Dictionary defines speech as "a form of human
communication through language, which is not only a means of expression but also a basic mechanism of
thinking." Using language tools effectively in the process of expressing themselves, they develop the ability
to compose a speech based on the knowledge and skills they have acquired. Speech development is also
determined by the degree of improvement in existing forms of speech.

In the textbook "Introduction to the theory of linguistics" by A. A. Abduazizov, "Speech - covers all

aspects of the use of language and its symbols. Novels, short stories, stories, novels, etc. prepared for reading
in written form. These tools for the development of speech have a positive effect on the student's mental
development, as well as on the ability to think independently and express themselves freely through a
creative approach. The views expressed in the manual "Methods of teaching the mother tongue", prepared
under the leadership of M. Kadyrov, are relevant. “Oral speech is a normal conversational speech, which is
more about tone and various gestures. It uses almost no complex grammar. Written speech is the process of


background image

209

combining letters and words according to a certain pattern, punctuation, differentiating, and grammatically
clear and understandable sentences”. The process of composing an oral speech is easier than the process of
composing a written speech. Written discourse involves the need for the learner to put into practice the
knowledge they have acquired.

Indeed, oral assignments are an important tool in developing and developing speech. The opinion of T.

Ziyodova is important here: "In order to develop students 'writing skills, the principles of interdisciplinary
and interdisciplinary coherence, continuity and continuity must be strictly adhered to, with the emphasis on
increasing and enriching students' vocabulary, teaching them how to use language, and practicing written
expression."

The perfection, clarity, purity and logic of speech are solved by the high level of mastery of the

linguistics department and the use of words and morphological devices. “The lexicology and grammar of the
language play a special role in the methodology of speech development, writes S. P. Redozubov. Lexicology
is the study of words, and grammar is the study of the change of word forms and their connection in speech.
The richer the students' vocabulary, the more developed their speech”. Students will be able to use
grammatical rules in the lexicology department of linguistics independently in both oral and written speech,
using synonyms, conjunctions, antonyms, paronyms, synonyms, polysemous words and phraseological
combinations of words that correspond to the meaning of the text. Depending on the form and meaning of
the words, the types and meanings of the fixed compounds are determined in the sentences in the text.

It is no secret that speaking and listening are two closely related components of the phenomenon of

oral speech. Speech is a type of speech activity through which (along with listening) oral communication
takes place. E. I. Passov Listening is a specific and independent type of speech activity, which is considered
to be incorrectly passive. As evidence, he cites V. F. Satinov's view that "listening is an active process, as it
is focused on understanding, recognizing and comprehending new speech messages each time, involving a
creative combination of skills and the active use of a correspondingly changing situation."

Before talking about the psychological and pedagogical features of oral speech teaching, it is

necessary to describe speech and listening as types of speech activities. Speaking and listening, by the nature
of communication, are directly verbal. According to I. Zimnyaya, these types of speech activities in humans
are formed in the process of ontogeny and are ways of communicating with other people. However, this
approach is not expected to be repeated for foreign language teaching. These two types of speech activity
differ primarily in the role they play in the communication process. Speech acts as an initiative process that
stimulates the reactive (response) processes of listening and reading.

Accordingly, according to the direction of the speech movement performed by the person, speech is a

productive type of speech activity, that is, a person produces a speech message, and listening, on the
contrary, is a receptive type of speech activity. Speech therapy involves speech-audio-motor analyzers that
generate speech-to-speech and speech-motor programming. Listening has an auditory analyzer. It is known
that speech has both oral and written forms. Oral speech exists only in the unit of time in which the speaker
is speaking, and the speech ends when this process is over. However, the excitement of speech can be stored
in the listener's mind for a period of time and can affect his behavior.

REFERENCES:

1.

Alaudinova Dilnoza, Ways to overcome communicative difficulties in English, 2021/1/4, Teacher. 88-
91 p.

2.

Jumayeva, Mukarrama Bekzodovna (2022). OLIY TA’LIMDA INNOVATSION USUL VA VOSITALAR.
Oriental renaissance: Innovative, educational, natural and social sciences, 2 (Special Issue 20), 214-
226. doi: 10.24412/2181-1784-2022-20-214-226

3.

Maxmudjonov Ibroximjon, & Jumayeva Mukarrama. (2022). HOZIRGI KUN YOSHLARINI IJTIMOIY
MUNOSABATLARGA KIRISHISHIDA CHET TILLARINI O’RGATILISHI VA UNING AHAMIYATI.
Involta

Scientific

Journal,

1(5),

178–182.

Retrieved

from

https://involta.uz/index.php/iv/article/view/119

4.

Mukarrama Bekzodovna Jumayeva (2021). INTERACTIVE METHODS USED IN PRIMARY
SCHOOLS. Scientific progress, 2 (4), 881-885.

5.

Rustamovna, Alaudinova D. "Technology of Teaching Languages." JournalNX, 2020, pp. 180-183.

6.

KUSHBAKOVA, M., Zarina, R. U. Z. I. M. U. R. O. D. O. V. A., & Shahram, A. S. L. O. N. O. V. (2020).
Innovative Methods and Ways to Teach and Learn Foreign Language. ECLSS Online 2020a, 146.

7.

Ахмеджанова, Н., & Аслонов, Ш. (2020). Семантические типы предикатов и фазовая членимость
глагольного действия. Интернаука,(12-1), 27-29.

8.

Yusuf, A. (2022). LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GASTRONOMIC
TERMS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES. ILM-FAN TARAQQIYOTIDA ZAMONAVIY


background image

210

QARASHLAR: MUAMMO VA YECHIMLAR, 197-199.

9.

Eshchanov, B., Odilov, B., & Khakimov, O. (2019, October). Residential electricity demand in Uzbekistan.
In

Energy Resources of the Caspian and Central Asia: Regional and Global Outlook, 4th IAEE Eurasian

Conference, October 17-19, 2019

. International Association for Energy Economics.

10.

Аззамов, Ю. Р. (2022). ТЕРМИНЛАР ТАРЖИМАСИНИНГ НАЗАРИЙ АСОСЛАРИ. Oriental
renaissance: Innovative, educational, natural and social sciences, 2(Special Issue 24), 518-531.

GRAMMATICAL CATEGORIES OF ADJECTIVES IN NEW ENGLISH

Mamirova Noila Bahtiyorovna

A teacher of school № 40 in Jambay

Abstract:

In this article we analyze an adjective is a word that defines, qualifies or modifies the

meaning of a noun, or more rarely of a pronoun. It expresses a quality or attribute of the word it qualifies.

Key words:

substantive, conjunction, descriptive words, comparative adjective

Many English words belong to more than one part of speech. Thus

hope, love, sleep,

etc., may be

nouns as well as verbs;

chief; general, vegetable, etc.,

may be nouns as well as adjectives;

clean, dead, wide,

etc.,

are adjectives as well as adverbs;

while

may be either a noun, a verb or a conjunction;

since

may be an

adverb, a preposition, or a conjunction; adjectives as well as verbs. The examples are as follows:

They like

black shoes,

the word

black

is an adjective

,

and in the sentence:

They black their shoes once a week,

the

word

black

here is a

verb.

So it is not so easy to say whether a word is an adjective just by looking at it in an

isolation or form. It should be understood that an adjective is a word which is used with a noun or pronoun to
describe the animate or inanimate things designated by the noun or pronoun. In other words, an adjective is a
word which functions as a modifier to describe a noun or other substantive and traditionally, an adjective has
been considered as a part of speech and used to denote word classes. An adjective has some characteristics
such as follows:

1.

It can freely occur in attributive position as a pre-modifier of a noun, for example: a beautiful park,

naughty boys. 2. It can occur alone after a verb as a subject complement, e.g.: The car is beautiful. My father
looks old.

3.

It can be preceded by very and other intensifying words, for example: The car is very beautiful.

4.

It can take comparative and superlative forms whether it is inflectionally or by the addition of pre-

modifier, e.g.: happy, happier, the happiest, and beautiful, more beautiful, the most beautiful.

5.

Most of

adjectives can be added with –ly to form adverbs, e.g.: happy - happily, beautiful -beautifully. However, not
every adjective has these characteristics. A word can be considered as an adjective when it can function as an
attribute or predicate and it cannot function as a direct object. Descriptive words are the prototypical
modifiers. Descriptive words are moreover one of the foremost troublesome categories to classify, since they
share numerous characteristics of either things or verbs. Descriptive words, being less well-established as a
category, are a more likely target for alter. Descriptive words in English have two unmistakable capacities:
they can be predicative (as within the beat is important) or attributive (as in modern verse). Within the
previous case they are closer to the verbal conclusion of the continuum, because beside the copula verb they
frame the verbal state, and within the last-mentioned case they may (but require not) be closer to the
ostensible conclusion of the cline. There are different formal implies of recognizing between these two
functions: it may be done by position, by pitch or stretch, or by emphasis. Within the history of English,
there have been vital changes. which is able be the most theme of discourse here

OLD ENGLISH ADJECTIVE

The period of the Ancient English is from 450 to 1150 and it is now and then portrayed as the period

of full intonations, since amid most of this period the endings of the thing, the descriptive word, and the verb
are protected more or less whole. An imperative include feature highlight of the Germanic dialects is the
improvement of a twofold declension of the descriptive word: one, the solid declension; and the other is the
powerless one. The solid declension is utilized when the descriptive word alone must bear the essential
burden of demonstrating the development of the thing, and the powerless or non-distinctive descriptive word,
or a possessive has as of now performed the office of case, number and sex sign. The Ancient English
descriptive word has three sexual orientations: manly, female and impartial. It too has the same cases as on:
nominative, genitive, dative, with the expansion of an instrumental within the manly and impartial solitary. It
is necessary to mention only such distinctive endings as the masculine accusative singular

-ne,

the feminine

genitive and dative

-re

, and the genitive plural

-ra

as illustrations of this point. In the sense that this

Библиографические ссылки

Alaudinova Dilnoza, Ways to overcome communicative difficulties in English, 2021/1/4, Teacher. 88-91 p.

Jumayeva, Mukarrama Bekzodovna (2022). OLIY TA 'LIMDA INNOVA TS1ON USUL VA V0S1TALAR. Oriental renaissance: Innovative, educational, natural and social sciences, 2 (Special Issue 20), 214-226. doi: 10.24412/2181-1784-2022-20-214-226

Maxmudjonov Ibroximjon, & Jumayeva Mukarrama. (2022). HOZIRG1 KUN YOSHLAR1NIIJT1M0IY

MUNOSABATLARGA KIR1SHISH1DA CHET T1LLAR1N1 ORGAT1L1SHI VA UNING AHAMIYATI. Involta Scientific Journal, 1(5), 178-182. Retrieved from

https://involta. uz/index.php/iv/article/view/119

Mukarrama Bekzodovna Jumayeva (2021). INTERACTIVE METHODS USED IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Scientific progress, 2 (4), 881-885.

Rustamovna, Alaudinova D. "Technology of Teaching Languages." JournalNX, 2020, pp. 180-183.

KUSHBAKOVA, M., Zarina, R. U. Z. I. M. U. R. O. D. О. V. A., & Shahram, A. S. L. O. N. О. V. (2020). Innovative Methods and Ways to Teach and Learn Foreign Language. ECLSS Online 2020a, 146.

Ахмеджанова, H., & Аслонов, Ш. (2020). Семантические типы предикатов и фазовая членимость глагольного действия. Интернаука,(12-1), 27-29.

Yusuf. А. (2022). LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GASTRONOMIC TERMS IN ENGLISH AND UZBEK LANGUAGES. ILM-FAN TARAQQ1YOTIDA ZAMONAVIYQARASHLAR: MUAMMO VA YECHIMLAR, 197-199.

Eshchanov, B., Odilov, B., & Khakimov, O. (2019, October). Residential electricity demand in Uzbekistan. In Energy Resources of the Caspian and Central Asia: Regional and Global Outlook, 4th IAEE Eurasian Conference, October 17-19, 2019. International Association for Energy Economics.

Аззамов, Ю. P. (2022). ТЕРМИНЛАР ТАРЖИМАСИНИНГ HАЗАРИЙ АСОСЛАРИ. Oriental renaissance: Innovative, educational, natural and social sciences, 2(Special Issue 24), 518-531.

Hepagreen - восстановление нормальной работы печени Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Maksimus - Натуральный продукт, для бодрости и энергии Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Avicenna’s Lab inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации Gulyamov - Гулямов Саид Саидахрарович MUVI24 - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Интернет-аптека >METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг All.Tube - Смотрите онлайн видео бесплатно в хорошем качестве Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды UMAR PROEKT - Комплексное проектирование UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана