Эффективность обучения скоростной тренировке юных волейболов игроки

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Болтаев, З., Машарипов, Р., Курбанбаев, А., & Тухтапулатов, Ш. (2024). Эффективность обучения скоростной тренировке юных волейболов игроки. in Library, 1(2), 256–259. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/30506
Зайниддин Болтаев, Узбекско-Финляндский педагогический институт

Заведующий учебно-методическим отделом Узбекско-Финляндского педагогического института, кандидат педагогических наук, профессор

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Аннотация

В данной статье речь идет об эффективности развития волейболистами скорости в результате бега на 30 и 60 метров.


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Science and Education in Karakalpakstan. 2023 №2/2 ISSN 2181-9203

256

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING SPEED TRAINING TO YOUNG VOLLEYBALL

PLAYERS

Masharipov R.R.

1

, Kurbanbaev A.D.

1

, Boltayev Z.B.

2

, Tuxtapulatov Sh.N.

2

1

Karakalpak State University named after Berdakh,

2

Samarkand State Institute of Foreign Languages

Summary: This article focuses on the effectiveness of volleyball players in developing speed

as a result of running 30 and 60 meters.

Keywords: Volleyball, sports, occupation, physical quality, rapidity, exercise, development,

preparation.


We know that the physical qualities of a person are formed since birth. However, the extent to

which these qualities are formed in his childhood, his ability to master simple or complex
movements, depends not only on the environment in which he grows up but also on the means by
which a child develops certain qualities. [1]

At the same time, the role of each physical quality in the performance of this action will vary

depending on the type, direction, also purpose of the action. However, the integral importance of
these physical qualities in different occupations or sports has its own share. In any case, it is often the
case that researchers believe that the predominance of certain physical qualities in all movement
activities is immediately apparent.

Achieving high results in contemporary sports practice relies on the capacity of the athlete to

maintain high quality and productive performance over a long time. [2]

The duration of competitions in various sports is determined by the rules of international

competitions. The longer an athlete is able to maintain or increase his or her performance in terms of
quality and efficiency during these competitions, the more likely he or she is to “laugh” at success. In
other words, the degree to which the quality and efficiency of workability are maintained for a
greater or lesser period of time is determined by how well the types of general and specific
endurance qualities have developed.

The problems of development of technical and tactical elements in sports games by leading

specialists of the Republic of Uzbekistan experienced foreign teachers, many scientists have been
solved in many scientific and methodological literature. L.R. Hayrapetyans (2006), A.A.Pulatov
(2012), Sh.X.Isroilov (2014), Z.B. Boltaev (2019), including foreign scientists VMZatsiorskiy
(1995), LPMatvyev (1997), VN Sokolov (1999), David Lavallee, John Kremer (2004), Edmunds J.,
Ntoumani N (2006), V.Ya. Ignatova, AV Ignatiev A.A.Ignatev (2015), Yu.D.Zheleznyak (2018)
conducted scientific research.

The aim of research:

to study the effectiveness of speed development in volleyball players.

Speed attributes are the ability to exhibit high or very high voltages while maintaining the

amplitude of motion in a short period of time. [3] Speed is seen as a special ability in determining
speed, and they are closely related. In the experiment, a 30- to 60-meter run test was used to
determine the qualities of speed. The results obtained in the experimental and control groups in the
30.60-meter run were as follows.

During volleyball training, the maximum speed training is used in a relatively small amount

and lasts for 3-7 minutes.


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Exercises for students take about 5-13 seconds. Exercises are performed at a high speed, rest

is recommended after the race.

In order to achieve positive results in the training of agility, various instantaneous signals,

short distances, and other speed-improving exercises are used. At the same time, the cyclic load lasts
for 10 seconds, and this load reaches 10 seconds when the anaerobic energy sources in the div,
mainly creatine phosphate glycogen, work at high speed in the div.

In the course of the study, the load norms for teaching speed exercises to their students were

determined (Table 1).

Repetition of speed exercises and rest

T/R

Yugurish

masofalari

Repetition and rest

1

rests/d

2

rests/d

3

rests/d

4

rests/d

5

Rest s/d

1

Running 30

meters low start

(class 1-2) 30

1

25

2

30

3

40

-

-

-

-

2

Running 30

meters low start

(class 3-4) 30

1

30

2

35

3

40

4

50

-

-

3

Running from a

low start of 60

meters (1-2

classes) 26

1

1-3

2

2-3

3

2-3

-

-

-

-

4

Running from a

low start of 60
meters (grades

3-4) 26

1

1-4

2

2-4

3

2-5

4

3-5

-

-

In the 30 m low start, each exercise was followed by exercise technique, results, and external

signs of fatigue, and the rest between repetitions were prolonged with each repetition. When the
students moved to the fourth after the third repetition, severe shortness of breath due to external signs
of fatigue, technical errors occurred and the result decreased, and the students, in this case, had the
fourth. A runner was spotted as he advanced to fifth. Thus, 3 repetitions for students and 4 repetitions
for students were determined as optimal criteria for the development of speed qualities. Excessive
exercise exhausts the div, and continuing to do so leads to the development of speed endurance
qualities.

Performance of speed exercises in students aged 5-13 seconds, repeated 2-3 times, rest in the

interval between repetitions 20-40 seconds, duration of exercises in students 3-4 grades 6-10
seconds, 4 times repeated, resting in the repetition interval 30-50 seconds.

In choosing the exercises, we used exercises that were not technically complicated, that could

fully focus the students' attention on the speed of the exercise (running at a maximum speed of 30-60
meters), as well as sudden signals.

For students, running 60 distances was standardized to develop speed-endurance qualities,

with the number of repetitions set to 2-3, and the rest set to 1.5-3.0 minutes between repetitions.
After the 3 rd performance, the respiratory rate changed, there was shortness of breath, left and right
deviations were felt in the elements of the technique, and on this basis, norm was set.

Indicators of the development of speed qualities of primary school students (running from a

low start to 30.60 meters, seconds) before and after the experiment was recorded in Tables 2-3. Table
2.


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Table 2

Coaches Z.Boltayev, Sh.Tokhtapulatov and R.Tokhtapulatov experimental rapid training of volleyball

students of the elementary training group (running from a low start to 30.60 meters, seconds)

Tests

Gen

d

er

n

Exprime

nt group

X±m

Control

group

X±m

t

P

n

Expriment

group

X±m

Control

group

X±m

t

P

1.

Running

30 m

distance

(seconds)

B

12

7,101±0,06

7,021±0,10

0,80

<0,05

14

6,901±0,15

6,803±0,15

0,5

<0,05

G

18

7,201±0,10

7,103±0,14

0,59

<0,05

16

7,202±0,32

7,010±0,15

0,56

<0,05

2.

Running

60 m

distance

(seconds)

B

12

13,1±0,1

13,2±0,1

0,71

>0,1

14

13,1±0,15

13,8±0,15

0,72

>0,1

G

18

13,2±0,2

13,3±0,3

0,71

>0,1

16

13,2±0,32

13,1±0,15

0,56

>0,1

Table 3

Coaches Z.Boltayev, Sh.Tukhtapulatov and R.Tukhtapulatov experimental quick training of elementary school

volleyball students (running from a low start to 30.60 meters, seconds

The ability (time) of primary school students to perform speed exercises decreased from 0.2

seconds to 0.6 seconds per year.

While the difference in boys' results in the 30-meter sprint was 0.2 seconds between the ages

of, the difference between grades II-III increased by 0.3 seconds or 1 percent. between grades III-IV,
it is 0.6 seconds. In girls, it is 0.1; 0.3; Equal to 0.5 seconds. These figures show that the results of
boys and girls in performing speed exercises among primary school students do not differ much from
each other.

According to the literature analysis, the average performance of boys and girls in 30-meter

run was 7.6-8.7 seconds, 6.9-7.1 seconds, 6.6-8 seconds. 6.9 seconds, according to our data, 7.1-7.2;
6.9–7.2; 6.6–6.7; 6.0–6.4 seconds. There is no difference between the quality of speed in the students
of the experimental elementary group. When analyzing the results of boys running from a distance of
less than 60 meters, children in the control group were 0.1 seconds higher (0.8 percent), which was
not statistically significant (t = 0.71, R>). 0.1),

Post-experimental results:

If before the experiment there was no statistical difference (R>

0.05) in the results of running 30 meters between students of I-IV control and experimental groups,
then after the experiment a statistical difference was observed between children. When analyzing the

Tests

Ge

n

d

er

n

Expri

ment

group

X±m

Control

group

X±m

t

P

n

Exprime

nt group

X±m

Control

group

X±m

t

P

1.

Running

30 m

distance

(seconds)

B

12

7,0+0,

08

5,7+0,1

2

10,07

<0,05

14

6,6+0,24

5,3+0,20

4,9

<0,05

G

18

7,1+0,

32

6,4+0,1

5

23,33

<0,05

16

6,7+0,35

5,4+0,24

3,10

<0,05

2.

Running

60 m

distance

(seconds)

B

12

12,4+0

,1

12,7+0,

1

5,00

>0,00

1

14

12,6+0,2

12,3+0,20

4,9

>0,001

G

18

12,5+0

,2

12,4+0,

1

0,45

>0,1

16

12,7+0,3

12,4+0,24

0,40

>0,01


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259

boys' post-experimental results in the 60-meter low start, they improved by 0.7 seconds (6.9 percent)
in the I – II class experimental groups and differed statistically ( t = 5.00, R> 0.001). In the control
groups, the improvement was 0.1 seconds (0.86 percent) and did not differ statistically. 8 percent)
control group is high, which is not statistically significant (t = 0.45, R> 0.1).

The control group was 0.1 s (0.8 percent) higher, which was not statistically significant (t =

4.09, R> 0.001). When the performance of the boys in the sub-60-meter dash was analyzed in the
control group, there was a statistical difference of 0.6 seconds (5.6 percent) compared to 0.1 seconds
(0.8 percent) in the boys. . ) is higher than the control group, which is not statistically significant (t =
2, 72 R> 0.01). Analysis of the results of the Rapid-Strength Qualities shows that there is a higher
difference in older children for physiological reasons. It is at this age that the tendency to develop
agility develops, and aging occurs at different times in different children. These laws affect the
physical fitness of students.

References:

1. Jeleznyak Yu.D., Petrov P.K. Osnovy nauchno-metodicheskoy deyatelnosti v fizicheskoy kulture i

sporte. Ucheb. posobie dlya stud. VUZov. –M .: “Academy”, 2002.

2. Pulatov A.A. Methodology of formation of speed-strength qualities of young volleyball players.

Methodical manual. –T., 2008.

3. Ayrapetyants L.R., Pulatov A.A. Volleyball Theory and Methodology // Textbook for Higher Education

Institutions. –T .: “Science and Technology”, 2012.

4. Boltaev.Z.B Volleyball Textbook for higher education institutions.
-SamSU Publishing House 2020.

Rezyume: Ushbu maqolada voleybolchilarning 30 va 60 metrga yugurish natijasida tezlikni

rivojlantirishdagi samaradorligi haqida so'z boradi.

Резюме: В данной статье речь пойдет об эффективности волейболистов в развитии

скорости в результате бега на 30 и 60 метров.


Kalit so'zlar: Voleybol, sport, mashg'ulot, jismoniy sifat, tezkorlik, mashq, rivojlanish,

tayyorgarlik.

Ключевые слова: волейбол, спорт, занятие, физические качества, быстрота,

упражнение, развитие, подготовка.














Библиографические ссылки

Jeleznyak Yu.D., Petrov P.K. Osnovy nauchno-metodicheskoy deyatelnosti v fizicheskoy kulture i sporte. Ucheb. posobie dlya stud. VUZov. –M .: “Academy”, 2002.

Pulatov A.A. Methodology of formation of speed-strength qualities of young volleyball players. Methodical manual. –T., 2008.

Ayrapetyants L.R., Pulatov A.A. Volleyball Theory and Methodology // Textbook for Higher Education Institutions. –T .: “Science and Technology”, 2012.

Boltaev.Z.B Volleyball Textbook for higher education institutions.-SamSU Publishing House 2020.

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