Влияние диеты на здоровье полости у детей

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Абдиримова, Г., & Разакова, Н. (2022). Влияние диеты на здоровье полости у детей. Актуальные вопросы профилактики стоматологических заболеваний и детской стоматологии, 1(01), 5–8. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/dentistry-disease/article/view/14925
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Аннотация

Качество и химический состав пищевых продуктов оказывают огромное влияние на здоровье человека, в частности, на здоровье полости рта. В данной статье проводится сравнение состояния твердых тканей зубов, уровня гигиены и здоровья десен у детей с разной системой питания. В исследовании приняли участие 98 детей в возрасте 6- 12 лет, которые были разделены на две группы в зависимости от принципов питания в их семьях. Уровень здоровья полости рта оценивали по следующим показателям: интенсивность кариеса, индекс гигиены Федорова-Володкиной и индекс РМА. В результате проведенных исследований мы пришли к выводу, что уровень гигиены, кариесрезистентность эмали, состояние десен у детей из семей, родители которых придерживаются принципов правильного питания, значительно лучше.


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THE EFFECT OF DIET ON ORAL HEALTH IN CHILDREN

Abdirimova G.I. Razakova N.B.

Tashkent State Dental Institute, Uzbekistan

Abstract: The quality and chemical composition of food products have a

huge impact on human health, in particular on oral health. This article compares
the condition of the hard tissues of the teeth, the level of hygiene and the health
of the gums in children with different nutrition systems. The study involved 98
children aged 6-12 years, who were divided into two groups depending on the
principles of nutrition in their families. The level of oral health was assessed by
the following indices: the intensity of caries, the Fedorov-Volodkina hygiene index
and the PMA index.As a result of our research, we came to the conclusion that the
level of hygiene, enamel caries resistance and gum condition in children from
families whose parents adhere to the principles of proper nutrition is much
better.

Keywords: nutrition, dental health, caries intensity, Fedorov-Volodkina

hygiene index, PMA index.

Аннотация: Качество и химический состав пищевых продуктов

оказывают огромное влияние на здоровье человека, в частности, на
здоровье полости рта. В данной статье проводится сравнение состояния
твердых тканей зубов, уровня гигиены и здоровья десен у детей с разной
системой питания. В исследовании приняли участие 98 детей в возрасте 6

-

12 лет, которые были разделены на две группы в зависимости от
принципов питания в их семьях. Уровень здоровья полости рта оценивали
по следующим показателям: интенсивность кариеса, индекс гигиены
Федорова

-

Володкиной и индекс РМА. В результате проведенных

исследований

мы

пришли

к

выводу,

что

уровень

гигиены,

кариесрезистентность эмали, состояние десен у детей из семей, родители
которых придерживаются принципов правильного питания, значительно
лучше.

Ключевые слова:

питание, здоровье зубов, интенсивность кариеса,

гигиенический индекс Федорова

-

Володкиной, индекс РМА.


Relevance: The factors contributing to the occurrence of carious lesions of

the teeth are diverse [2].In modern society, there are unfavorable trends related
to nutrition, a modern person includes a lot of carbohydrates in his diet that have
a high caries potential, and children are no exception [1,4,14]. The condition of
the hard tissues of the teeth, gums, the rate of plaque formation, and the
stimulation of salivation depend on the nature of food [3,5]. Therefore, the
problem of studying the effect of carbohydrate foods on oral health is relevant.

Purpose: To determine the level of hygiene, the tendency to caries and gum

inflammation in children with different diets.


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Materials and methods of research: The study involved 98 children aged 6-

12 years: group 1 is 49 children from families where parents do not adhere to the
principles of proper nutrition (control group); group 2 is 49 children whose
parents adhere to the principles of proper nutrition and vaccinate their children
(observation group). The condition of the oral cavity tissues was assessed using
the PMA index (papillary - marginal - alveolar), which makes it possible to assess
the inflammatory process in the gum. To assess the incidence of dental caries, we
used indicators of the prevalence and intensity of caries - KPU + kp (carious,
sealed, removed).

Research results. When analyzing the data of the Fedorov - Volodkina

hygiene index, it was found that in children from group 2 (observation group), a
good hygiene index corresponding to 1.1-1.5 points was determined in 66.6% of
children, a satisfactory hygiene index, respectively, 1.6-2.0 points was established
in 25% of children, an unsatisfactory hygiene index corresponding to 2.1-2.5
points was observed in 8.3% of the subjects. Poor and very poor oral hygiene
index, corresponding to 2.6 - 3.4, and 3.5-5.0 points, were not detected in
representatives of this group. As for the indicators of the Fedorov - Volodkina
index in children from group 1 (control group), they differ somewhat: indicators
indicating a good state of oral hygiene were determined in 61% of cases, 18.8%
had a satisfactory indicator of oral hygiene, unsatisfactory hygienic condition was
observed in 15.3%, poor condition was noted in 4.9% of children, a very poor level
of hygiene in this group of children was not detected.

Drawing. 1 Comparison of the hygiene index in children 1 and 2.


When analyzing the data on the PMA index, the following results were

obtained: 86.3% of children from group 2 (observation group) had no gum
inflammation, the remaining 13.7% had minor inflammation (up to 20% of the
total number of teeth), which, according to the evaluation criterion, corresponds
to a mild degree of gingivitis. A slightly different picture was observed in children
of group 1 (control group): the absence of an inflammatory process in the gum
tissues was observed in 76.8% of children, 19.3% of the subjects from this group
had a mild degree of gingivitis, 3.9% of children had an average degree of
gingivitis severity.


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7

Drawing. 2 Comparison of gingival inflammation in children of groups 1 and 2.


The indicators of the prevalence and intensity of caries were as follows: in

children of the 2nd group (observation group), the prevalence of caries was
47.9%, which indicates an average level. The intensity was as follows: a low caries
intensity index (1.2 - 2.6) was set at 30.1%, average intensity indicators were
recorded in 52.1%, caries intensity index 4.5 - 6.5, which corresponds to a high
level of lesion, was observed in 17.8% of children. Analyzing the results of the 1st
group (control group), there is a tendency to increase the prevalence and
intensity of caries compared to the 2nd group. The prevalence of dental caries in
this group was 64 % . Regarding the intensity, the indicators are as follows: low
intensity of caries was detected in 12.7%, the average level was 67.2%, a high
intensity indicator was observed in 14.5% of children, 5.4% were children who
had an intensity index of 6, 6 and higher, which correspondsto a very high level.

Drawing. 3. Comparison of caries intensity among children of groups 1 and 2.


Conclusion. The PMA index shows that the condition of the gum tissues in

children from group 2 is slightly better compared to group 1, and as one of the
factors, this is influenced by the diet. A five-time meal, taking into account the 2nd
breakfast (fruit) and afternoon snack (cottage cheese, 0 20 40 60 80 100 there is
no inflammation mild stpen medium degree group 1 group 2 0 20 40 60 80 low
medium high very high group1 group2 142 cheesecakes), by children whose
parents adhere to the principles of proper nutrition, helps to eliminate "snacking",
during which the diet of children from families with a conventional food system,
there were products harmful to teeth, such as sweet carbonated drinks, a variety
of sticky sweets, etc. According to the research results, the indicators of the


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intensity and prevalence of caries indicate an increase in the incidence rate in
children of the 1st group compared with the 2nd.


References
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1987.

p.125.

2.

Kobiyasova I.V.Clinical aspects of prevention and treatment of caries of

temporary and permanent teeth in children and adolescents.Handbook for
students and dentists / Kobiyasova I.V., Savushkina N.A. - St. Petersburg, 2007.

P.50.

3.

Platonov V.N.Preservation and strengthening of human health - a priority

direction of modern healthcare // Sports medicine. - 2006. - No. 2. - P.3-14.

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2000.

P.384.

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Suntsov V.G.Dental prevention in children. - M:med.book, 2001. - P.344.

6.

Даминова, Ш., et al. "Study of the influence of obesity in parentals on

teething in children of the first year of life who are exclusively breastfeeded." in
Library 22.1 (2022): 86-88.

7.

Даминова, Ш., Маткулиева, С., Назирова, С., & Абдиримова, Г. (2021).

Микробиологические и иммунологические показатели эффективности
лечении детей больных вирусным гепатитом «С».

in Library, 21(2), 134

139.

извлечено от

https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/14500

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Исаходжаева, Х.,

et al

. "ВЛИЯНИЕ ГЕСТАЦИОННОГО ВОЗРАСТА И

МАССЫ

ТЕЛА

НОВОРОЖДЕННОГО

НА

ПРОРЕЗЫВАНИЕ

ЗУБОВ."

Stomatologiya 1.1 (82) (2021): 40-42.

9.

Разакова, Н., Г. Абдиримова,

and

М. Кодирова. "Влияние воды в

бассейне на

pH

слюны у детей." Медицина и инновации 1.1 (2021): 49

-52.

10.

Хасанова, Л., and М. Юнусходжаева. "Опыт применения препарата

биоплант для лечения пародонтита." Stomatologiya 1.2 (71) (2018): 22

-24.

TAYANCH HARAKAT IA

ZOLARIDA NUQSONIBO

LGAN BOLALARNING

OG

IZBO

SHLIG

I BIOLOGIYASI

А

bdullaevJ.R.

Toshkent davlat stomatologiya institute

Maktab yoshidagi bolalar salomatligining yomonlashish iirsiyat, ijtimoiy-

ekologik, ta'lim va tibbiy-tashkiliy muammolar, atrof-muhitomillari bilan
kuchaygan turli xil kelib chiqadigan omillarning kompleksta'sirinatijasidir.
Mushak-skelet tizimining patologiyasi va tishlarning paydo bo'lishi o'rtasida aniq
bog'liqlik o'rnatildi. Tayanch-harakat tizimi patologiyasi bo'lgan bolalarda tish
kariyesi va deformatsiyasining tarqalishi somatik jihatdan sog'lom bolalarga
qaraganda ancha yuqori. Maktab o'quvchilarini kompleks tibbiy ko'rikdan

Библиографические ссылки

Brekhman I.I. Introduction to valeology - the science of health. - L.:Nauka, 1987. – p.125.

Kobiyasova I.V.Clinical aspects of prevention and treatment of caries of temporary and permanent teeth in children and adolescents.Handbook for students and dentists / Kobiyasova I.V., Savushkina N.A. - St. Petersburg, 2007. – P.50.

Platonov V.N.Preservation and strengthening of human health - a priority direction of modern healthcare // Sports medicine. - 2006. - No. 2. - P.3-14.

Shatalova G.S.Human health and healing nutrition. - Rostov N/D: Phoenix, 2000. – P.384.

Suntsov V.G.Dental prevention in children. - M:med.book, 2001. - P.344.

Даминова, Ш., et al. "Study of the influence of obesity in parentals on teething in children of the first year of life who are exclusively breastfeeded." in Library 22.1 (2022): 86-88.

Даминова, Ш., Маткулиева, С., Назирова, С., & Абдиримова, Г. (2021). Микробиологические и иммунологические показатели эффективности лечении детей больных вирусным гепатитом «С». in Library, 21(2), 134–139. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/14500

Исаходжаева, Х., et al. "ВЛИЯНИЕ ГЕСТАЦИОННОГО ВОЗРАСТА И МАССЫ ТЕЛА НОВОРОЖДЕННОГО НА ПРОРЕЗЫВАНИЕ ЗУБОВ." Stomatologiya 1.1 (82) (2021): 40-42.

Разакова, Н., Г. Абдиримова, and М. Кодирова. "Влияние воды в бассейне на pH слюны у детей." Медицина и инновации 1.1 (2021): 49-52.

Хасанова, Л., and М. Юнусходжаева. "Опыт применения препарата биоплант для лечения пародонтита." Stomatologiya 1.2 (71) (2018): 22-24.

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