In modern society, diseases of the oral cavity are of humanitarian, socio - economic significance. Today, tooth decay and periodontal disease remain the most common dental disease not only among adults, but also among younger populations around the world. According to recent epidemiological studies conducted on healthy children, the incidence of dental pathology is high, with the prevalence of caries among healthy age groups 12-15 years old is 63.3-83 years, 4% and 81.7-88.7%, intensity 3.02 -3.75 and 4.6-5.73, and the prevalence of periodontal tissue diseases in the group of healthy 12-year-old children ranged from 37.8% to 50%, in the 15-year-old group of children it ranged from 57.7% to 84, 7%. The prevalence of caries is also high in children with mental retardation of preschool and school age, while the intensity of caries is higher in children aged 13–18 years with mild mental retardation (MAD). These indicators increase with age and depend on the severity of the underlying disease.
We carried out a program for the prevention of dental diseases in children with disabilities, however, most of them were focused on children with mild and moderate mental retardation, where not only the degree of mental retardation was taken into account, but also teaching them oral care skills, the degree of socialization and the child's diet.
Avraamova, O. G. Organization and implementation of the preventive direction in the system of school dentistry in organized children's groups/ O. G. Avraamova, S. V. Zapadaeva, S. S. Shevchenko // Materials of the XX All-Russian scientific and practical conference "Dentistry of the XXI century". - M., 2008. - p. 245-247.
Afanasyeva, L. R. The state of hard tooth tissues in children with intellectual development disorders and assessment of the level of dental care/ L. R. Afanasyeva // Modern dentistry. - 2000. -№2. - C. 22 -24.
Analysis of the parameters of the oral cavity of children with disabilities/ D. Bugarcic, A. Legovic, T. Skrinjaric etc. // Stomatology-2006. - No. 3. - p. 57-60.
Periodontal diseases with a rapidly progressing course: clinic, diagnosis: lecture on periodontology. - 2014. - URL.: http://www.studfiles.ru/preview/1469946
Yatsyk, G. V. Methodological aspects of diagnosis and treatment of regurgitation and RVOT syndrome / G. V. Yatsyk, A. I. Belyaeva. - M: SCIENTIFIC CENTER OF CHILD HEALTHCARE OF RAMS. 2003. 16 p.
Al-Ahmad,A.PrevalenceofCandidaalbicans and Candida dubliniensis in caries-free and caries-active children in relation to the oral microbiota-a clinical study/ A. Al-Ahmad, TM. Auschill, R. Dakhel //ClinOrallnvestig. - 2016. - Vol. 20, №8. - Р. 1963-1971.
Al-Maweri, SA. Oral Health Survey of 6-14-Year-Old Children with Disabilities Attending Special Schools Yemen. SA. Al-Maweri, S. Zimmer // J ClinPediatr Dent. - 2015. - Ш.39, №3. - Р. 272-6.
Altun, C. Oral health status of disabled individuals attending special schools/ C.Altun, G.Guven, O.M. Akgun //Eur. J. Dent. - 2010. - Ш.4. - Р. 361-366.
Ameer, N. Oral hygiene and periodontal status of teenagers with special needs in the district of Nalgonda, India/ N.Ameer, R. Palaparthi, M. Neerudu // J. Indian Soc. Periodontal.-2012.-Vol.16,№3.- Р.421-425.
Ausavarungnirun, R. Association of dental and periodontal disease with chronic kidney disease in patients of a single, tertiary care centre in Thailand/ R. Ausavarungnirun, S. Wisetsin, N. Rongkiettechakornet al///BMJ Open. - 2016 -Vol. 27, №6(7). - URL.: doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011836.
Baldeo, C. A case of disseminated intravascular coagulation secondary to Acinetobacter lwoffii and Acinetobacterbaumannii bacteremia/ C. Baldeo, C. Isache, C. Baldeo // IDCases. - 2015. - Vol. 5, № 2. - Р. 70-1.
Benachinmardi, KK.Microbial flora in chronic periodontitis: study at a tertiary health care center from north Karnataka/ KK. Benachinmardi, J. Nagamoti, S. Kothiwale //J. Lab Physicians. - 2015. - Vol. 7, №1. - Р. 49-54.
Costa, AA. Influence of Different Intellectual Disability Levels on Caries and Periodontal Disease/ AA. Costa, Â. Della Bona, MS. Trentin // Braz Dent J. -2016. - Vol.27, №1. - Р. 52-5.
Chapple, IL Interaction of lifestyle, behaviour or systemic diseases with dental caries and periodontal diseases: consensus report of group 2 of the joint EFP/ORCA workshop on the boundaries between caries and periodontal diseases/ IL. Chapple, P. Bouchard, MG.Cagettiet al. // J. ClinicalPeriodontology. - 2017. -Vol.44, № 18. - Р. 39-51.