Сomplex sentences

Нарзикулов, Ф., Турсунполатов, Б., & Мама``ёкубова, Ш. (2022). Сomplex sentences. Анализ актуальных проблем, инноваций, традиций, решений и художественной литературы в преподавании иностранных языков, 1(01), 250–251. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/analysis-problem/article/view/12947
Шахло Мама``ёкубова, Самаркандский государственный институт иностранных языков

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In this article, a compound sentence is formed by adding one or more subordinate clauses and or relative pronouns to the main (independent) following sentence. The point is simple. In simple sentences there is only one sentence (group of verbs). It is said that complex sentences consist of several sentences

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In this article, a compound sentence is formed by adding one or more subordinate clauses

and or relative pronouns to the main (independent) following sentence. The point is simple. In simple
sentences there is only one sentence (group of verbs). It is said that complex sentences consist of several

Key words:

Complete, distinction, subordinate, improve

A complex sentence is a sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent paragraph. It

works best when you need to afford more information to explain or modify your sentence’s main point. Why
are they called “complex?” Complex sentences are different from simple sentences, but share some
similarities with amalgamate sentences. Does that seem complex? Don’t worry; they’re easy to use once you
understand how they work, which we analyze fully below. We talk about simple vs. complex sentences,
independent vs. dependent clauses, and give plenty of complex-sentence examples.

Complex sentences are one of the four types of sentences based on structure (simple, complex,

compound, and compound-complex). Their distinction is that they contain a dependent clause; only complex
sentences and complex-compound sentences have them.

Dependent clauses, also known as collateral clauses, are clauses that cannot stand alone as a complete

sentence. Without an independent clause, a dependent clause is just a sentence fragment.

Incorrect: When I grow up
Correct: When I grow up, I’ll use complete sentences.
One of the most common types of complex sentences are conditional sentences, which discuss fanciful

situations, often using an if-then structure. In conditional sentences, one clause is true only if both clauses are

“If you’re always trying to be normal, you will never know how amazing you can be.” Maya Angelou
Independent vs. dependent clauses: What’s the difference?
The key to using complex sentences is understanding the difference between independent and

dependent clauses. Firstly, independent clauses are complete sentences on their own, but dependent clauses
are not. Still, both clauses contain a subject and a verb, so why is one a complete sentence but not the other?

The short answer is that dependent clauses always start with subordinating conjunctions. In a way,

these subordinating conjunctions turn independent clauses into dependent ones.

You’re probably already familiar with some common subordinating conjunctions, such as because,

since, if, until, when, even though, in case, while, now that, and certain uses of the prepositions before and
after. There are quite a few less common subordinating conjunctions, so we recommend studying the above
list until you can recognize them on your own.

With a subordinating conjunction, a clause becomes a description of another clause. In this way,

dependent clauses change the meaning of independent clauses. Consider this example of an independent

You cannot leave the school.
That sounds scary! Alone, this independent clause means that you must remain at school for all time.

Now, let’s add a dependent clause to make a complex sentence that clarifies things further:

You cannot leave the school until the bell rings.
See how the dependent clause changes the meaning of the main point?
Simple vs. complex sentences
The difference between simple and complex sentences is easier to explain. Simple sentences are any

sentence with only one independent clause. Any sentence with more than one clause including complex
sentences cannot be simple sentences.

Interestingly, you can sometimes combine two simple sentences to create one complex sentence, as

long as you add a subordinate conjunction.

Simple sentences:
Troy ate a giant cookie. He got a stomach ache.
Complex sentence:
After Troy ate a giant cookie, he got a stomach ache.

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How to make a complex sentence?
Although conditional sentences get complicated, complex sentences in general have fairly easy

grammar rules. As long as you’re using the right subordinate conjunction, you only have to worry about
commas in complex sentences.

Whether or not to use a comma depends on which clause comes first:
If the dependent clause comes first, place a comma right before the independent clause.
If the independent clause comes first, no comma is needed.
Here’s a couple of complex sentence examples to illustrate:
When Thanos attacked the Earth, where were the Eternals?
Where were the Eternals when Thanos attacked the Earth?
Complex sentence examples
Here are some complex sentence examples from famous writers to help you understand how they

work. We’ve underlined the subordinate conjunction in each.

“If the path is beautiful, let us not ask where it leads.” Anatole France
“It is an ironic habit of human beings to run faster when they have lost their way.” Rollo May
“Don’t pray when it rains if you don’t pray when the sun shines.” Satchel Paige
“It doesn’t matter how slowly you go as long as you don’t stop.” Confucius
“Because things are the way they are things will not stay the way they are.” Bertolt Brecht
Tips for writing complex sentences
Once you get the hang of subordinate conjunctions and dependent clauses, complex sentences don’t

seem so complex after all. You can even improve them using the same exact tips on how to write better

If you’d still like assistance, you can always download Grammarly to ensure your writing is correct.

Grammarly offers features that not only point out mistakes, but also suggest better word choices and
recommend phrasing to improve clarity. Get Grammarly today and see how your writing improves.

Acomplex sentence is formed by adding one or more subordinate (dependent) clauses to the main

(independent) clause using conjunctions and/or relative pronouns. A clause is a simple sentence. Simple
sentences contain only one clause (verb group). Complex sentences contain more than one clause (verb
group). In technical, scientific and mathematical writing the logical relationship between the items that the
conjunctions connect is not made explicit and introduces comprehension complications. These writing genres
bring the challenging elements of unfamiliar vocabulary including jargon and technical words, lexically
dense sentences and an element of ‘guessing’ or interpreting the data in relation to the task. For many
students the concepts or subject matter are unfamiliar and therefore problematic.











доцент З.М.Базаров,

магистрант A.М.Муртазаева


Хоҳиш-истак категорияси масаласи мамлакатимиз ва хориж тилшунолигида мураккаб ва кам

ўрганилган соҳалардан биридир. Ушбу тадқиқотда инглиз тилидаги хоҳиш-истак категориясини
ифода этувчи тилнинг турли қатламларига оид воситаларини аниқлаш ва уларнинг социолингвистик
хусусиятларини тадқиқ этишга харакат қилинди.

Тадқиқот жараёнида кенг қамровли тил материали, хусусан хоҳиш маъносига эга турли лексик-

грамматик разрядларга оид сўзлардан келиб чиқилди. Материал ўз ичига лексикографик манбалар,
инглиз ва америкалик ёзувчиларининг бадиий, публицистик, илмий-техник асарларидан танлаб
олинган мисол ва намуналарни қамраб олади.

Тадқиқот натижаларининг назарий ва амалий аҳамияти.

Диссертация ҳар бир босқичида

тизимли ёндашувга асосланади; истак-хоҳиш категориясининг категориал хусусиятлари аниқланган.

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