Society and innovations
01 (2020) / ISSN 2181-1415
the norms providing for liability in the field of information technologies, taking into
account technological progress, including the expansion of the categories of crimes related
to cybercrime .
If we look at these figures on a global scale, accord
ing to the website «Internet world
stats», there are 4,833,521,806 Internet users in the world as of the first half of 2020, which
is 62% of the World's population (the World's population is 7,796,949,710 people), more
than half of them live in developing countries. The world's largest Internet audience has
been held by China for five years. As of July 2020, the number of Internet users in China
was 854 million. The top 10 countries by the number of Internet users, except China,
560 million, the United States
313 million, Indonesia
171 million, Brazil
149 million, Nigeria
126 million, Japan
118 million, Russia
116 million, Bangladesh
94 million, Mexico
88 million .
This massive use of the information space and the virtualization of human relations
not only in the Republic of Uzbekistan, but also around the world leads to a parallel
increase in cybercrime.
This article will generalize the determinants (causes and conditions, the identity of
the offender) and measures to prevent crimes in the field of information technology and
In solving the tasks set in this article, general scientific and special methods of
scientific knowledge were used: system, specific-sociological, comparative-legal,
analytical, quantitative analysis (content analysis), logical-legal, etc.
The analysis of the norms of the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan and a
number of foreign countries, some international acts, doctrinal works, scientific articles in
the field of criminal law and criminology was used as an empirical basis.
In particular, the study used statistical data from the Ministry for the development
of information technologies and communications of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
authoritative Internet portals «Internet world stats», Statista, etc.
Together, all these methods made it possible to ensure the reliability and validity of
the research results in a scientific article to a certain extent.
RESULTS OF THE STUDY OF DETERMINANTS
The problem of the causes of crime is one of the central problems in the science of
criminology and crime prevention. The causal complex of crime includes its causes and
conditions, which together constitute the factors of crime. Causes are socio-psychological
determinants that directly generate and reproduce criminality and crimes as their natural
consequence; conditions are social phenomena that do not themselves generate
criminality and crimes, but contribute to, facilitate, and intensify the formation and action
of the cause [7, p.167-168].
The analysis of criminological science in Uzbekistan, in particular, the scientific
works of such domestic scientists as K.Abdurasulova [8, p. 179-181], M.Rustambayev [9, p.
98-100], R.Kabulov [10, p. 23-27] indicates the following reasons that contribute to the
Commission of these types of crimes, namely:
* insufficient email protection;
* negligence in the work of ICT users;