Condition and Dynamic of the Incidence Rate of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Republic of Uzbekistan

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Янгиева N., & Ризаев Z. (2021). Condition and Dynamic of the Incidence Rate of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Republic of Uzbekistan. in Library, 21(1), 226–234. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/13920
Нодира Янгиева, Ташкентский государственный стоматологический институт

кандидат медицинских наук, доцент кафедры «Офтальмология с курсом гинекологии»

Жасур Ризаев, Самаркандский государственный медицинский институт

доктор медицинских наук, профессор, ректор

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Аннотация

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative, progressive disease of the  macular  region  of  the  retina,  which  is  the  leading  cause  of  central  vision  loss  in  older  people  in developed countries.  Purpose of the study. to study the incidence rates of AMD in the Republic of Uzbekistan in the context of regions.  Material and methods: based on the data of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, data from the reporting documentation of the Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center  for  Eye  Microsurgery,  a  retrospective  analysis  of  the  dynamics  of  indicators  of  general  and primary morbidity of AMD for the period from 2010 to 2019 in the context of regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the city of Tashkent was carried out and statistical methods.  Research  results.Аnalysis  of  the overall morbidity showed that relative to 2010, the indicators had some downward trend - in 2011 - 15.09, in 2012 - 14.73, but since 2013 they have been growing and in 2019 increased by 7.25 per 100 thousand population relative to 2010 (from 16.30 to 23.55 per 100 thousand population). An analysis of the primary incidence of AMD indicates that the rates are steadily growing from 3.60 in 2010 to 8.38 per 100 thousand population in 2019 (by 4.78).  Conclusions.  For  the  first  time,  the  indicators  of  the  incidence  of  AMD  in  the  Republic  of Uzbekistan for a 10 year period are presented, which indicate a high level, in comparison with developed countries, a growth trend and uneven numbers in the regions, which requires organizational and other decisions.

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226

Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

Condition and Dynamic of the Incidence Rate of Age-Related

Macular Degeneration in Republic of Uzbekistan

Yangiyeva N. P

1

., Rizayev J. A

2

.

1

Tashkent State Dental Institute, Department of Ophthalmology with a course of gynecology

2

Samarkand State Medical Institute, Republic of Uzbekistan, city of Samarkand

Address: Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Tashkent State Dental Institute; phone number (+99893)

1841200; Email: Yangiyeva.nodira.1968@gmail.com

Yangiyeva Nodira Rakhimova - Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the

Department of "Ophthalmology with a course of gynecology" of the Tashkent State Dental Institute

Rizayev Zhasur Alimzhanovich - Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Rector of the Samarkand

State Medical Institute


Annotation.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative, progressive disease of

the macular region of the retina, which is the leading cause of central vision loss in older people in
developed countries.

Purpose of the study

. to study the incidence rates of AMD in the Republic of Uzbekistan in the

context of regions.

Material and methods:

based on the data of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan,

data from the reporting documentation of the Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical
Center for Eye Microsurgery, a retrospective analysis of the dynamics of indicators of general and
primary morbidity of AMD for the period from 2010 to 2019 in the context of regions of the Republic of
Uzbekistan and the city of Tashkent was carried out and statistical methods.

Research results.

Аnalysis of the overall morbidity showed that relative to 2010, the indicators

had some downward trend - in 2011 - 15.09, in 2012 - 14.73, but since 2013 they have been growing and
in 2019 increased by 7.25 per 100 thousand population relative to 2010 (from 16.30 to 23.55 per 100
thousand population). An analysis of the primary incidence of AMD indicates that the rates are steadily
growing from 3.60 in 2010 to 8.38 per 100 thousand population in 2019 (by 4.78).

Conclusions.

For the first time, the indicators of the incidence of AMD in the Republic of

Uzbekistan for a 10 year period are presented, which indicate a high level, in comparison with developed
countries, a growth trend and uneven numbers in the regions, which requires organizational and other
decisions.

Key words:

age-related macular degeneration, general morbidity, primary morbidity.

Relevance.

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a degenerative, progressive disease of the macular

region of the retina, which is the leading cause of central vision loss in the elderly in developed countries [5,8]. In
the structure of low vision, AMD ranks second and, as a rule, is accompanied by bilateral lesions (both eyes are
affected in 60% of cases) [3,7]. According to the WHO, the prevalence of this pathology is 300 per 100 thousand
population, 25-30 million people in the world suffer from AMD. Over the age of 40, 25–40% of the population fall
ill [2,4,8]. Among people over 60 years old, this pathology is detected in 58% [5,6]. The problem of the
development of AMD is becoming more and more urgent due to the increase in elderly people among the


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227

Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

population, as well as due to the "rejuvenation" of the disease. In Russia, more than 100 thousand people are
diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration annually, of which 20% of patients progress to the “wet” (or
“neovascular”) form [1,3].

The economic consequences of the development of neovascular AMD are significant for patients, their

families and the healthcare system (reduced quality of life, loss of independence, disability). The assessment of
economic losses from disability of the population can be carried out by analyzing the indicators of morbidity and
disability in a given disease.

Unfortunately, in the available domestic literature there is not even mention of the prevalence (incidence)

and disability of AMD in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The absence of such indicators in publications shows an
insufficient and scientifically grounded approach to the organization of ophthalmological care for the population
for the prevention, early detection of AMD, as well as the provision of high-quality medical and diagnostic care for
patients with AMD.

Purpose of the study.

To study the indicators and dynamics of the incidence of AMD in the Republic of

Uzbekistan in the context of regions over a 10-year period

.

Materials and research methods.

Based on the data of the statistical department and statistical collections

of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, data from the reporting documentation of the Republican
Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center for Eye Microsurgery, we carried out a retrospective analysis of
the dynamics of indicators of the general and primary morbidity of AMD for the period from 2010 to 2019 in the
context of the regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the city By copying and statistical methods.

Results

analysis of the overall incidence showed that relative to 2010, the indicators had a slight

downward trend - in 2011 - 15.09, in 2012 - 14.73, but since 2013 they have been growing and in 2019
increased by 7.25 per 100 thousand population relative to 2010 (from 16.30 to 23.55 per 100 thousand
population) (Table 1, Figure 1).

It was revealed that the indicators of general morbidity are uneven in the territory of Uzbe kistan.

In 2010, based on the identified incidence, the leading regions were the Republic of

Karakalpakstan - 55.88, Samarkand - 38.83 and Fergana regions - 14.25 per 100 thousand of the adult
population.

High registration of confirmed cases of AMD in 2011 is noted in the Samarkand region - 37.94,

in the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 25.58 and in the city of Tashkent - 16.16 per 100 thousand of the
adult population.










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Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

Table 1. Indicators of general morbidity in the Republic of Uzbekistan for the period from 2010 to

2019. in the context of areas.

TOTAL AMD INCIDENCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

(per 100 thousand population)

Of t

h

e ye

ar

Re

p

u

b

li

c of

Karakal

p

ak

st

an

And

ijan

re

gion

B

u

k

h

ar

a

re

gion

J

izz

ak

re

gion

Navoi r

egion

Nam

an

gan

re

gion

S

amar

k

an

d

re

gion

S

irdarya

re

gion

S

u

rk

h

a

n

d

ar

ya

re

gion

Kash

k

ad

ar

ya

re

gion

Fe

rgan

a

re

gion

Kh

or

ez

m

re

gion

T

ash

k

en

t

re

gion

T

ash

k

en

t c

ity

T

ot

al:

201

0

55,8

8

14,5

9

8,50

9,85

11,5

1

5,3

6

38,8

3

13,7

2

11,4

7 9,37

14,2

5

1,79

11,0

6

12,1

3

16,3

0

201

1

25,5

8

15,4

2

8,43

10,4

6 9,85

5,4

6

37,9

4

13,8

9

11,2

6 7,53

15,3

3

1,37

14,8

2

16,1

6

15,0

9

201

2

17,6

0

12,2

0

7,67

8,85

14,3

0

5,9

5

39,2

0

12,4

4

10,5

0

13,2

1

17,2

5

1,90

12,0

2

13,1

6

14,7

3

201

3

14,6

6

13,8

9

10,8

1

6,80

13,0

6

6,9

5

40,4

9

11,3

2 9,51

12,3

6

17,6

3

2,24

15,8

8

17,3

0

15,5

6

201

4

24,8

2

14,4

4

11,0

5

10,3

5

14,4

3

5,6

7

41,2

4

14,1

4 9,10 9,26

17,7

8

1,48

11,5

6

12,6

7

15,3

3

201

5

27,1

1

15,2

9

10,4

2

10,8

0

13,3

6

5,0

5

43,6

7

14,5

4 9,24 5,41

19,2

5

1,98

14,1

4

15,5

6

16,0

2

201

6

11,5

6

15,3

9

17,0

8

11,1

3

11,4

2

4,1

5

45,7

9

14,0

4 9,58

17,7

5

21,0

0

1,66

12,8

8

14,2

1

16,8

0

201

7

17,8

8

14,6

8

16,0

0

11,6

1 9,44

5,5

4

47,5

4

14,8

2

13,2

0 5,80

20,1

1

3,26

18,2

7

20,1

7

17,3

8

201

8

78,4

1

15,4

4

7,40

12,3

4 8,66

4,3

8

47,7

8

14,6

5

12,3

7

18,4

0

20,8

4

2,63

21,3

3

23,3

0

22,1

1

201

9

87,4

3

14,6

4

6,05

14,0

5 7,80

5,0

1

50,9

9

25,1

9

13,8

2

10,7

4

24,1

4

2,23

27,1

2

29,0

8

23,5

5

Figure 1. Indicators of general and primary incidence of age-related macular degeneration

in the Republic of Uzbekistan (per 100 thousand population).

0.00

10.00

20.00

30.00

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

16.30

15.09

14.73

15.56

15.33

16.02

16.80

17.38

22.11

23.55

3.60

3.47

3.30

4.62

3.69

4.30

5.54

5.16

6.82

8.38

Общая заболеваемость

Первичная заболеваемость


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229

Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

The registered cases of morbidity in 2012 show that the tendency of 2010 continues: Samarkand

region - 39.20, Republic of Karakalpakstan - 17.60, then Fergana region - 17.25 per 100 thousand of
the adult population.

In 2013, the overall incidence of AMD remains relatively at the same level, with a slight increase

in the incidence, the leading positions are the same regions: Samarkand region - 40.49, Fergana region
- 17.63, Tashkent city - 17.30 per 100 thousand adults population.

The two-year period of incidence of 2014-2015, retains a tendency to increase the incidence in

the same regions of the Republic, in the Samarkand region 41.24 - 43.67, the Republic of
Karakalpakstan - 24.82 - 27.11, in the Fergana region - 17.78 - 19.25 per 100 thousand of the adult
population.

Analysis of data for 2016 shows that the highest overall incidence of AMD is recorded in the

Samarkand region - 45.79, in the Fergana region - 21.00, in the Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions -
17.08 and 17.75, respectively, per 100 thousand of the adult population.

The highest registration for 2017 is noted in the Samarkand region - 47.54, in the Fergana region

- 20.11, in the city of Tashkent - 20.17 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

For 2018, the highest incidence is observed in the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 78.41, then in the

Samarkand region - 47.78, then in the city of Tashkent - 23.30 per 100 thousand of the adult
population.

In 2019, a record jump is observed - the peak registration in the Republic of Karakalpakstan is

87.43, in the Samarkand region - 50.99, in the city of Tashkent - 29.08 per 100 thousand of the adult
population.

The results show consistently high rates of general AMD morbidity, more than 14 per 100

thousand of the population in the Fergana region and more than 37 per 100 thousand of the population
in the Samarkand region, over a ten-year period. Very high in the Republic of Karakalpakstan,
especially in 2010 (55.88), in 2018 (78.41) and 2019 (87.43) per 100 thousand population.

According to the results of a retrospective analysis of statistical data, consistently low rates are

observed in the Khorezm region and do not exceed 3.26 per 100 thousand population (2017).

In addition to the overall incidence, we analyzed the primary incidence of AMD for the period

from 2010 to 2019 in the context of the regions of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the city of Tashkent.
The data indicate that the rates are growing steadily from 3.60 in 2010 to 8.38 per 100 thousand
population in 2019 (by 4.78) (Table 2, Figure 1).










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Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

Table 2. Indicators of primary incidence of age-related macular degeneration in the Republic of

Uzbekistan for the period from 2010 to 2019. in the context of areas.

PRIMARY INCIDENCE OF AMD IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

(per 100 thousand population)

Of t

h

e ye

ar

Re

p

u

b

li

c of

Karakal

p

ak

st

an

And

ijan

re

gion

B

u

k

h

ar

a

re

gion

J

izz

ak

re

gion

Navoi r

egion

Nam

an

gan

re

gion

S

amar

k

an

d

re

gion

S

irdarya

re

gion

S

u

rk

h

a

n

d

ar

ya

re

gion

Kash

k

ad

ar

ya

re

gion

Fe

rgan

a

re

gion

Kh

or

ez

m

re

gion

T

ash

k

en

t

re

gion

T

ash

k

en

t c

ity

T

ot

al:

201

0

9,44

4,1

2

2,05

2,33 8,45

1,9

5

3,8

8

2,9

4

0,5

8

2,1

0

4,26

1,28 4,25 4,65

3,6

0

201

1

2,74

4,8

3

1,66

2,49 7,33

1,4

3

4,1

0

3,1

6

0,7

4

3,6

0

4,58

0,69 4,88 5,31

3,4

7

201

2

5,14

2,9

5

2,87

1,60

12,7

1

1,6

5

3,8

5

2,5

7

0,8

1

0,4

7

5,03

0,98 4,38 4,81

3,3

0

201

3

4,50

4,3

5

2,25

1,33 9,79

2,1

1

5,3

5

2,9

3

0,5

8

0,7

4

5,29

1,09

10,7

6

11,7

0

4,6

2

201

4

3,69

4,6

0

1,76

2,53

10,7

6

1,8

8

5,5

7

2,7

5

1,4

7

1,7

6

5,34

0,71 4,40 4,85

3,6

9

201

5

2,27

4,8

6

2,63

2,88 2,41

1,2

9

5,7

2

3,8

6

0,4

7

1,2

2

5,75

1,11 9,72

10,7

1

4,3

0

201

6

4,13

4,7

1

3,20

2,51 4,42

1,0

4

5,2

2

3,2

9

1,4

9

6,5

1

9,33

0,97

10,8

4

11,9

9

5,5

4

201

7

1,27

6,0

4

5,48

3,00 2,55

1,5

5

4,7

6

3,1

1

0,9

7

1,4

9

8,81

2,14

11,4

5

12,6

2

5,1

6

201

8

6,47

4,9

8

3,33

1,86 1,55

1,2

8

5,1

4

2,7

9

1,2

5

7,6

4

9,74

1,81

17,0

0

18,5

8

6,8

2

201

9

27,3

3

4,9

9

2,79

3,11 1,85

1,0

2

5,3

2

6,6

3

1,1

7

3,1

7 10,10

1,85

21,5

6

23,1

3

8,3

8

It was revealed that the indicators of primary morbidity are uneven in the territory of Uzbekistan.

For 2010, the largest is registered in the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 9.44, then in the Navoi

region - 8.45, then in the city of Tashkent - 4.65, in the Fergana and Tashkent regions - 4.26 and 4.25,
respectively, and Andijan region - 4.12 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

In 2011, high rates are noted in the Navoi region - 7.33, then in the city of Tashkent - 5.31, then

in the Tashkent and Andijan regions - 4.88 and 4.83, respectively, in the Fergana region - 4.58 and
Samarkand region - 4.10 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

An analysis of indicators for 2012 showed that the highest figures were in the Navoi region -

12.71, then in the Republic of Karakalpakstan - 5.14, then in the Fergana region - 5.03 per 100
thousand population.

For 2013, the highest primary morbidity is recorded in the city of Tashkent - 11.70 and Tashkent

region - 10.76, then in Navoi region - 9.79, then in Samarkand and Fergana regions - 5.35 and 5.29,


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231

Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

respectively, per 100 thousand the adult population.

In 2014, in the Navoi region - 10.76, then in the Samarkand region - 5.57, then in the Fergana

region - 5.34, in the city of Tashkent - 4.85 and Andijan region - 4.60 per 100 thousand of the adult
population.

The indicators of 2015 indicate that the highest primary morbidity is recorded in the city of

Tashkent - 10.71, then in the Tashkent region - 9.72, then in the Fergana region - 5.75, in the
Samarkand region - 5.72 and in the Andijan region - 4. 86 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

For 2016, the largest is registered in the city of Tashkent - 11.99 and in the Tashkent region -

10.84, then in the Fergana region - 9.33, then in the Kashkadarya region - 6.51 per 100 thousand of the
adult population.

The indicators of 2017 made it possible to establish that the highest incidence is recorded in the

city of Tashkent - 12.62 and in the Tashkent region - 11.45, then in the Fergana region - 8.81, then in
the Andijan region - 6.04 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

For 2018 - in the city of Tashkent - 18.58 and in the Tashkent region - 17.00, then in the Fergana

region - 9.74, then in the Kashkadarya region - 7.64 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

The data for 2019 indicate a record high registration of primary morbidity in the Republic of

Karakalpakstan - 27.33, in the city of Tashkent - 23.13 and in the Tashkent region - 21.56, then in the
Fergana region - 10.10 per 100 thousand of the adult population.

The results show consistently high rates of primary morbidity of AMD, more than 10 per 100

thousand of the population in the city of Tashkent, more than 4 in Andijan, Fergana and Samarkand
regions, over a ten-year period. Very high in the city of Tashkent and the Tashkent region, especially in
2018 (18.58 and 17.00) and 2019 (23.13 and 21.56), as well as in the Republic of Karakalpakstan in
2019 - 27.33 per 100 thousand population ...

Stably low rates are observed in the Khorezm region and do not exceed 2.14 (2017), also in the

Surkhandarya region - do not exceed 1.49 per 100 thousand population (2016).

In the city of Tashkent, the overall incidence increased from 12.13 in 2010 to 29.08 in 2019 (by

16.95) per 100 thousand population. Special growth begins in 2016. The primary incidence is also
growing: from 4.65 in 2010 to 23.13 in 2019 (by 18.48) per 100 thousand population, which indicates a
significant increase in the primary incidence. Perhaps this is due to the increase in the number of
specialized private clinics with modern equipment in the city of Tashkent and with a good detectability
of AMD (Figure 2).


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Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

Figure 2. Indicators of general and primary morbidity in the city of Tashkent for the period

from 2010 to 2019.

Conclusions:

1. For the first time, an analysis of statistical data and dynamics of the incidence of AMD in the

Republic of Uzbekistan for the period 2010-2019 was carried out, which showed that for 2019 the total
incidence is 23.55, and the primary incidence is 8.38 per 100 thousand of the adult population. In
comparison with the literature data, these indicators are quite high.

2. Indicators of general and primary morbidity in the regions of the republic indicate an upward

trend and vary significantly, which requires further study of the reasons for such a difference by
conducting large, regional, properly organized epidemiological population studies.

3. This circumstance necessitates the improvement of measures to provide medical care to the

population with AMD.

4. The information obtained during the research can be used for the rational organization of high -

quality medical care for the population.

References:

1. Bikbov M., Fayzrakhmanov R., Kazakbaeva G., Jonas J.B. Ural Eye and Medical
Study: description of study design and methodology. Ophthalmic epidemiology. 2018; 25 (3): 187-198.
DOI: 10.1080 / 09286586.2017.1384504.
2. Gilmanshin T.R. Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration in the Republic of Bashkortostan
(clinical and statistical analysis according to The Ural Eye and Medical Study). Ophthalmology. 2019.
No. 16 (1S). Pp. 137-141.

0.00

5.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

25.00

30.00

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Общая заболеваемость

Впервые выявленные


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Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

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3. Kazakbaeva G., Bikbova G., Fayzrakhmanov R., Uzyanbaeva Y., Zainullin R., Jonas J.B. Axial length
and its associations in a Russian population: The Ural Eye and Medical Study. Investigative
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Vol. 113. P. 735-745.
5. Flaxman SR, Bourne RR, Resnikoff S, et al. Global causes of blindness and distance vision impairment
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9. Bazarova D. Some problems of counteracting crimes related to laundering of illegal proceeds in
Uzbekistan Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems. Volume 11, Issue 7, 2019,
Pages 873-885
10. Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Ibragimova, G., Abdurakhmanova, S., & Abdiev, N. (2020). Competent
model of Practice-oriented education of students of the construction profile. Journal of Critical Reviews.
Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd.

https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.04.85

11. Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Musurmanova, A., & Aripjanova, M. (2020). Methods of training of
teachers of university on advanced training courses. Journal of Critical Reviews. Innovare Academics
Sciences Pvt. Ltd.

https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.05.85

12. Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Salomova, R., & Jumanazarova, Z. (2020). Use of economic and
geographical methods of agricultural development. Journal of Critical Reviews. Innovare Academics
Sciences Pvt. Ltd.

https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.05.84

13. Isakov, A., Tukhtamishev, B., & Choriev, R. (2020). Method for calculating and evaluating the total
energy capacity of cotton fiber. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 614(1),
012006
14. Davirov, A., Tursunov, O., Kodirov, D., Baratov, D., & Tursunov, A. (2020). Criteria for the
existence of established modes of power systems. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental
Science, 2020, 614(1), 012039
15. Obidov, B., Choriev, R., Vokhidov, O., & Rajabov, M. (2020). Experimental studies of horizontal
flow effects in the presence of cavitation on erosion-free dampers. IOP Conference Series: Materials
Science and Engineering, 883(1), 012051
16. Khasanov, B., Choriev, R., Vatin, N., & Mirzaev, T. (2020). The extraction of the water-air phase
through a single filtration hole. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2020, 883(1),
012206
17. Shokhrud F. Fayziev The problem of social stigma during a pandemic caused by COVID-19
International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 29, No. 7, (2020), pp. 660-664

http://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/13965/7188

18

.

Fayziyev Shokhrud Farmonovich Medical law and features of legal relations arising in the provision

of medical services. International journal of pharmaceutical research Volume 11, Issue 3, July - Sept,


background image


234

Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN:1583-6258, Vol. 25, Issue 1, 2021, Pages. 226 - 234
Received 15 December 2020; Accepted 05 January 2021.

http://annalsofrscb.ro

2019

P.

1197-1200

doi:10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.03.088

http://www.ijpronline.com/ViewArticleDetail.aspx?ID=11016

19. Bryanskaya Elena, Fayziev Shokhrud, Altunina Anna, Matiukha Alena Topical Issues of an Expert
Report in the Process of Proving in a Criminal Examination. International Journal of Engineering and
Advanced Technology (IJEAT) ISSN: 2249 – 8958, Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 5345-5349 DOI:
10.35940/ijeat.A2946.109119

https://www.ijeat.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v9i1/A2946109119.pdf

20. Fayziev Shokhrud (2019) Legal Aspects of Transplantology in the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, ISSN: 0976-2779, Vol: 10, Issue: 2, Page: 44-47
doi:10.5530/srp.2019.2.08

http://www.sysrevpharm.org//fulltext/196-1575419211.pdf?1586863081

21. Tulaganova, G.Some issues of observance of international legal norms of fight against legalization of
criminal incomes in the Republic of UzbekistanJournal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control
Systems
12(2 Special Issue), с. 143-155

Библиографические ссылки

Bikbov M., Fayzrakhmanov R., Kazakbaeva G., Jonas J.B. Ural Eye and Medical

Study: description of study design and methodology. Ophthalmic epidemiology. 2018; 25 (3): 187-198. DOI: 10.1080/09286586.2017.1384504.

Gilmanshin T.R. Epidemiology of age-related macular degeneration in the Republic of Bashkortostan (clinical and statistical analysis according to The Ural Eye and Medical Study). Ophthalmology. 2019. No. 16 (IS). Pp. 137-141.

Kazakbaeva G., Bikbova G., Fayzrakhmanov R., Uzyanbaeva Y., Zainullin R., Jonas J.B. Axial length and its associations in a Russian population: The Ural Eye and Medical Study. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 2018. Vol. 59 (9). P. 3373.

Epidemiologic dcr altcrsbcdingtcn Makuladcgcncration / C. Brandl [et al] // Ophthalmologe. 2016. Vol. 113. P. 735-745.

Flaxman SR, Bourne RR, Resnikoff S, et al. Global causes of blindness and distance vision impairment 1990-2020: a systematic review and mcta-analysis. Lancet Global Health. 2017. Vol.5 (12). R. 1221-34.

Jonas J.B., Cheung C.M., Panda-Jonas S. Updates on the Epidemiology of Age-

Related Macular Degeneration. The Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology. 2017. Vol. 6 (6). R. 493-497. DOI: 10.22608 / APO.2017251.

Wong T., Hyman L. Population-based studies in ophthalmology. American Journal of Ophthalmology 2008; 146: 656-663. DOI: 10.1016 / j.ajo.2008.07.048

WHO [webpage on the Internet] Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment. Priority Eye Diseases. 2017. https://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/ index7.html (access date: 03.05.2018).

Bazarova D. Some problems of counteracting crimes related to laundering of illegal proceeds in Uzbekistan Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems. Volume 11, Issue 7, 2019, Pages 873-885

Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Ibragimova, G., Abdurakhmanova, S., & Abdiev, N. (2020). Competent model of Practice-oriented education of students of the construction profile. Journal of Critical Reviews. Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. https://doi.Org/10.31838/jcr.07.04.85

Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Musurmanova, A., & Aripjanova, M. (2020). Methods of training of teachers of university on advanced training courses. Journal of Critical Reviews. Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. https://doi.Org/l0.31838/jcr.07.05.85

Ismailova, Z., Choriev, R., Salomova, R., & Jumanazarova, Z. (2020). Use of economic and geographical methods of agricultural development. Journal of Critical Reviews. Innovare Academics Sciences Pvt. Ltd. https://doi.org/l 0,31838/jcr.07.05.84

Isakov, A., Tukhtamishev, B., & Choriev, R. (2020). Method for calculating and evaluating the total energy capacity of cotton fiber. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 614(1), 012006

Davirov, A., Tursunov, O., Kodirov, D., Baratov, D., & Tursunov, A. (2020). Criteria for the existence of established modes of power systems. IOP Conference Scries: Earth and Environmental Science, 2020, 614(1), 012039

Obidov, B., Choriev, R., Vokhidov, O., & Rajabov, M. (2020). Experimental studies of horizontal flow effects in the presence of cavitation on erosion-free dampers. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 883(1), 012051

Khasanov, B., Choriev, R., Vatin, N., & Mirzaev, T. (2020). The extraction of the water-air phase through a single filtration hole. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2020, 883(1), 012206

Shokhrud F. Fayziev The problem of social stigma during a pandemic caused by COVID-19 International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 29, No. 7, (2020), pp. 660-664 http://sersc.org/ioumals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/13965/7188

Fayziyev Shokhrud Farmonovich Medical law and features of legal relations arising in the provision of medical services. International journal of pharmaceutical research Volume 11, Issue 3, July - Sept, 2019 Р. 1197-1200 doi: 10.31838/ijpr/2019.11.03.088 http://www.ijpronline.com/ViewArticleDetail.aspx?ID=l 1016

Bryanskaya Elena, Fayziev Shokhrud, Altunina Anna, Matiukha Alena Topical Issues of an Expert Report in the Process of Proving in a Criminal Examination. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology (IJEAT) ISSN: 2249 - 8958, Volume-9 Issue-1, October 2019 5345-5349 DOI: 10.35940/ijeat.A2946.109119 https://www.iieat.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v9i 1 /А2946109119.pdf

Fayziev Shokhrud (2019) Legal Aspects of Transplantology in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, ISSN: 0976-2779, Vol: 10, Issue: 2, Page: 44-47 doi: 10.5530/srp.2019.2.08 http://www.sysrevpharm.Org//fulltext/196-1575419211 .pdf? 1586863081

Tulaganova, G.Some issues of observance of international legal norms of fight against legalization of criminal incomes in the Republic of UzbckistanJoumal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems 12(2 Special Issue), c. 143-155

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