Правовые аспекты повышения эффективности деятельности представительных органов государственной власти на местах Республики Узбекистан

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Исраилова, З. (2024). Правовые аспекты повышения эффективности деятельности представительных органов государственной власти на местах Республики Узбекистан. in Library, 20(2), 208–211. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/28313
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Аннотация

The article considers the legal aspects of the activities of representative bodies of state power in the field, analyzes a number of objective and subjective indicators for assessing the effectiveness of this activity.

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208

УДК

34

ISRAILOVA Z.S.

PhD student,

Academy of State Governance under the President of Republic of Uzbekistan

Annotation:

The article considers the legal aspects

of the activities of representative bodies of state power in the field,

analyzes a number of objective and subjective indicators

for assessing the effectiveness of this activity.

Key words:

representative bodies of state power in the field, efficiency, decentralization,

efficiency improvement factor, evaluation criteria.

LEGAL ASPECTS OF INCREASING EFFICIENCY

OF ACTIVITIES OF REPRESENTATIVE BODIES OF STATE AUTHORITIES

IN PLACES IN REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Around the world, the local representative government is a vital div of representative

democracy. Whatever the country's customs, their role remains unchanged: to represent the people

and ensure the formation of state policy by those citizens whose fate it affects. Effective

representative local government bodies create policies and laws that meet the needs of citizens and

support sustainable and equitable development.

In the framework of the

“Concept

on Administrative Reforms of the Republic of

Uzbekistan”,

it

was indicated that a superficial assessment of the mechanism of activity of local authorities, which

in most cases does not reflect the real situation on the field [1].

Evaluation of the activities of representative bodies of state power presents considerable

difficulties for researchers who are interested in the possibility of an objective and correct

designation of the quality of a representative div of state power in the field using the criteria and

parameters of the evaluated object. Assessing the effectiveness of Kengashes of people's deputies is

difficult, but in certain cases it is very possible.

For this, it is necessary that the representative bodies of state power in the field as a whole as an

object of evaluation understand only what it is, namely, the type of management activity of this

div, carried out within the rigidly defined legal boundaries of the exercise of specific powers.

The main goal of this article is to search for the main factors affecting the effectiveness of the

Kengash of people's deputies, legal and organizational aspects of increasing the local government

representative div. In practice, this problem has not been investigated. The lack of scientific

research on the basics of evaluating the effectiveness of the representative div of state power in

the field and the activities of deputies can be explained primarily by the complexity of this problem

for state and social administration. The main reasons for the difficulties in assessing the

performance of the representative div, in our opinion, should include the following: this is an

insufficient opportunity for material incentives for high results; weak level of development of

regulations with a clear statement of rights and obligations; lack of simple and clear methods for the

current assessment of performance.

The widespread use of the term "efficiency" in various fields of human activity and at all levels

of government indicates its universality and ambiguity. However, we have to admit that in our

country so far no effective mechanisms have been developed for assessing the activities of bodies

and officials of representative bodies of state power in the field, and no single universal system of


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209

relevant criteria and indicators has been created. First of all, the essence of the term

“efficiency”

should be clarified. The concept of "effectiveness" is derived from the Latin "effect" (effectus), i.e.

the impact of one phenomenon, process on another, resulting in a stable, definite result [2].

Accordingly, effectiveness means efficiency, effectiveness, but not any, but pre - planned, targeted,

leading to the necessary results. Along with the effectiveness of the goal of achievement, one can

single out the effectiveness of power according to its purpose - the degree of preservation and

development of society, which is the highest goal and integral function of any power. It is by this

criterion that society evaluates the effectiveness of political and legal power. The effectiveness of

the activity of a representative div is understood as a measure of the implementation of goals,

objectives and plans, showing what specific impact they had on the development of social activity

of citizens, their knowledge, feelings, beliefs, practical behavior and activities. In this case,

effectiveness is evidence of what real successes have been achieved, informing the population in

organizing economic, social, legal, cultural and other tasks.

To date, the reform approved by presidential decree Sh. Mirziyoyeva, suggests improving the

institutional and legal framework for the activities of government bodies as well as representative

bodies of state power in the field, achieving the effectiveness of the executive bodies is especially

important.

Let's look at a number of factors affecting the performance of representative bodies of state

power in the field. First of all, quality is affected by the composition of elected officials and

members of elected bodies. Today, the practice of the local executive div actively includes reports

on the work done to the population and deputies of representative bodies. However, the deputies

themselves do not always clearly establish the procedure for assessing the quality of their work.

Their reports to voters are usually formal.

There is essentially no control over the performance of deputy duties, and such a measure as

recalling a deputy does not work in practice. The situation, in our opinion, can be changed by

regulating the activities of people's representatives at all levels. To determine the effectiveness of

the activity of a representative government div, it is necessary to collect and analyze a variety of

information about the real, practical state of the object and the

deputy’s

influence on it, as well as

the content of the work being done by the deputy, the means, forms and methods, and about the

actual results of the impact, about the conditions and factors, determining effectiveness.

One of the main features of a representative div of state power, along with electivity for a

certain term of office, is collegial decision - making. All members of the representative div are

equal, the activities of deputies are carried out in two main areas - in the representative div and in

the constituency. This duality of functions should also, in our opinion, be taken into account when

determining and evaluating the effectiveness of a representative div.

The following main factors affecting the performance of representative bodies of state power are

their composition and method of formation, the collegial nature of decision - making. All factors

can be divided into internal and external. We determined the legal effectiveness of the activity of

representative bodies of state power as the degree of satisfaction through their law - making

activities of the livelihood needs of regions, districts and cities, the level of organization of

interaction with voters, the political party and the self - government div of citizens who

nominated him as a candidate for deputy.


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Let's pay attention to another factor, that is, the decentralization of the state div in the field.

The Strategy of Actions adopted on the initiative of the Head of State in five priority areas for

the development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017 - 2021. involves

“reforming

the system of

public administration and public service through the decentralization of public administration,

increasing the level of professional training, material and social security of public servants, as well

as phasing out state regulation of the

economy”

[3].

Decentralization. This term has firmly entered the life of democratically developed and

developing states. Decentralization is the transfer of management functions from central authorities

to local authorities, expanding the terms of reference of subordinate management bodies at the

expense of higher ones [4].

In Uzbekistan, an active process of reforming the public administration system continues. Much

attention is paid to issues of decentralization, the state executive div, as well as representative

power in the field.

The incompleteness of the process of separation of powers is especially clearly visible at the

local level. For instance:

Firstly, a clear distribution of powers between the Kengashes of people's deputies and khokims

of the corresponding levels of power has not yet been spelled out in legislation. Both the

Constitution and the Law on Local Government in Localities only describe the powers of local

government bodies, without defining which of these powers are exercised by the Kengash and

which by the khokim. In addition, the conditions for the organizational and resource support of the

activities of Kengashes are not defined by law. In fact, only khokims have real political,

organizational, and material resources.

Secondly, despite the election of local Kengashes of people's deputies, the management of their

activities is carried out by the head of the local executive power - the khokim. Thus, at the local

level, the hokim is the sole leader of both representative and executive authorities, which limits

independence in exercising the powers of local councils of people's deputies.

Thirdly, the role of local Kengashes of deputies is very low in questions of putting forward

problems and making appropriate decisions on them, since everything is decided by the

hokim’s

organizational control group. The development of market relations and civil society institutions

leads to the fact that the possibilities of a centralized state influence on the economy and social life

of society are reduced. The concept of further deepening democratic reforms and the formation of

civil society in the country gave a powerful impetus to further increase the efficiency of the

parliament and local representative bodies, including their oversight functions.

Decentralization and strengthening the role of regions are needed. It is also very important that

along with the expansion of functions and powers, there should be an increase in the efficiency of

the local authorities. And for this, it is necessary to create effective mechanisms of checks and

balances for local authorities, which ensure the accountability of government bodies and local self -

government for residents of the respective territories, which cannot be achieved without further

development and improvement of democratic institutions and mechanisms.

In particular, neither the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, nor other legislative acts

precisely determine the range of issues subject to exclusive regulation at the level of laws.

There is a need to reduce the functions and powers of the state apparatus, as well as to delegate

the powers of central government bodies down to local government bodies, citizens' self -

government bodies, other civil society institutions, and the private sector. For local authorities, it is


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very important for local and local authorities to establish feedback mechanisms with the public in

order to receive signals about existing shortcomings and generate new ideas for solving urgent

problems. The creation and legislative consolidation of a system of constant reporting of deputies,

khokims to the population, including through the media, is very important.

Bibliographic list

1. Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of 08.09.1017 on the approval of the

concept of administrative reform in the Republic of Uzbekistan

2. Dictionaries and encyclopedias in the Academic. http: // dic.academic.ru

3. The action strategy in five priority areas of the development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in

2017 - 2021. Appendix to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of February 7,

2017 // www.lex.uz.

4.https: // dic.academic.ru

5. Mirziyoyev Sh.M. Ensuring the rule of law and human interests is a guarantee of the

development of the country and the well - being of the people. Report at the solemn meeting

dedicated to the 24th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

(Electronic resource) http: // www.press - service.uz

6. Kasimova A. A. The principle of separation of powers and the relationship of the central

government bodies // Young scientist. - 2017. - No. 15. - S. 258 - 260

©

ISRAILOVA Z.S.

УДК

34.096

М.В.

Медведева

студентка

2

курса

ЮУрГУ,

Г.

Челябинск,

РФ

Научный

руководитель:

И.П.

Пушкарев

канд.

юр.

наук,

доцент

ЮУрГУ,

Г.

Челябинск,

РФ

ОСОБЕННОСТИ

ПРАВОВОГО

РЕГУЛИРОВАНИЯ

НЕСОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ

(БАНКРОТСТВА)

КРЕДИТНЫХ

ОРГАНИЗАЦИЙ

Аннотация

В

данной

статье

анализируются

вопросы,

связанные

с

несостоятельностью

(банкротством)

кредитных

организаций.

Целью

исследования

являются

особенности

правового

регулирования.

В

данной

работе

были

применены

общенаучные

методы:

анализ

и

обобщение

материалов

исследования.

Ключевые

слова

Банкротство,

кредитная

организация,

правовое

регулирование,

процедуры

банкротства,

мораторий

Библиографические ссылки

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of 08.09.1017 on the approval of the concept of administrative reform in the Republic of Uzbekistan

Dictionaries and encyclopedias in the Academic. http: // dic.academic.ru

The action strategy in five priority areas of the development of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017 - 2021. Appendix to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan of February 7, 2017 // www.lex.uz.

https: // dic.academic.ru

Mirziyoyev Sh.M. Ensuring the rule of law and human interests is a guarantee of the development of the country and the well - being of the people. Report at the solemn meeting dedicated to the 24th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. (Electronic resource) http: // www.press - service.uz

Kasimova A. A. The principle of separation of powers and the relationship of the central government bodies // Young scientist. - 2017. - No. 15. - S. 258 - 260

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