Понятие неблагополучной семьи и ее социальная опасность

Журнал:
Выпуск:
CC BY f
32-36
14
7
Поделиться
Расулев, А., & Муродов, А. (2021). Понятие неблагополучной семьи и ее социальная опасность. in Library, 21(1), 32–36. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/9128
0
Цитаты
Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

В статье даны понятие сфмьи, находящийся в социально опасном положении и предложения и и реком её социальная опасность, ендации по предупреждение правонарушений, совершаемых в семейно-бытовой сфере, а также их причины и услрвий, факторы, порождающие нездорового климата в семье.

Похожие статьи


background image

Жамият

ва

инновациялар

Общество

и

инновации

Society and innovations

Journal home page:

https://inscience.uz/index.php/socinov/index

The concept of a dysfunctional family and its social danger

Abdulaziz RASULEV

1

, Alisher MURODOV

2


Tashkent State University of Law

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

Article history:

Received January 2021
Received in revised form
15 January 2021
Accepted 20 January 2021
Available online
01 February 2021

The article gives the concept of a family in a socially

dangerous position and its social danger, offers and
recommendations for the prevention of offenses committed in
the family and domestic sphere as well as their causes and
conditions, factors causing an unhealthy family climate.

2181-

1415/© 2021 in Science LLC.

This is an open access article under the Attribution 4.0 International
(CC BY 4.0) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.ru)

Keywords:

family in a socially
dangerous situation,
antisocial behavior,
offender,
victim,
crime situation.

SUMMARY

In the national legislation of all countries of the world, special

importance is attached to ensuring human rights and freedoms,
in particular, the protection of human life, health, honor and
dignity from various criminal attacks. The Universal Declaration

of Human Rights recognizes that «Recognition of the inherent

dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of
the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace

in the world». In many States, numerous cases of ill

-treatment

and violence against women, children and the elderly have been
observed in recent years within the framework of family and
domestic relations. In particular, every year 38% of women, up
to 1.5 billion children are exposed to various types of violence
and abuse in the family, while in Europe every fifth child is
subjected to sexual violence. Currently, the world pays special
attention to the creation of an effective system of early warning
of offenses in the field of family and domestic relations, the

1

DSc., professor, Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan , Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

E-mail:

rasuleff@mail.ru

2

PhD in Law, Deputy Head of the Department of Crime Prevention of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.


background image

Жамият ва инновациялар –

Общество и инновации –

Society and innovations

Issue

2

№ 1

(2021) / ISSN 2181-1415

33

provision of social and legal assistance to those affected by it, and
the implementation of effective preventive work in this direction.

Нотинч оила тушунчаси ва унинг ижтимоий хавфи

АННОТАЦИЯ

Калит сўзлар:

ижтимоий жиҳатдан
хавфли аҳволда бўлган
оила,

ғайриижтимоий

хулқ

-

атвор,

ҳуқуқбузар

,

жабрланувчи шахс,

криминоген вазият.

Мақолада ижтимоий жиҳатдан хавфли аҳволда бўлган

оила тушунчаси ва унинг ижтимоий хавфи, оилада носоғлом
муҳитни келтириб чиқарувчи омиллар, уларнинг сабаб ва
шароитлари ҳамда оила турмуш доирасида содир
этиладиган

ҳуқуқбузарликларнинг

олдини

олишга

қаратилган таклиф ва тавсиялар билдирилган.

Понятие неблагополучной семьи и ее социальная
опасность

АННОТАЦИЯ

Ключевые

-

слова

:

семья,

находящийся в социально
опасном положение,

антисоциальное
поведение,

правонарушитель,
потерпевший,

криминогенная ситуация.

В статье даны понятие семьи, находящийся в социально

опасном

положении

и

её

социальная

опасность,

предложения и и рекомендации по предупреждение
правонарушений, совершаемых в семейно

-

бытовой сфере, а

также их причины и условий, факторы, порождающие
нездорового климата в семье.

In our country, in order to increase the legal consciousness and culture of the

population, improve the interaction of State bodies and civil society institutions, large-
scale reforms are being implemented to prevent offenses. The action strategy for the five
priority areas of development of the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2017-2021 provides for

such urgent tasks as «increasing the responsibility of parents in controlling the behavior

of children from disadvantaged families, unorganized youth, unemployed people who have

fallen under the influence of «mass culture», preven

ting poverty, alcohol consumption, and

others». Because the moral qualities, upbringing and other characteristics of each person

are formed in the family. Naturally, the influence of the social environment in the family on
criminal behavior in the formation of personality is of great importance and the role of the
family in its formation as an offender or in the formation of a full-fledged person.

In order to ensure the rights and freedoms of the individual in our country, reliable

protection from various threats and attacks, in particular, the efficient organization of
crime prevention within the family or domestic relations established the Republican

scientific and practical research center «Oila», the women's Committee of Uzbekistan, the

National centre for human rights of the Republic of Uzbekistan, local authorities and

special institutions with them, such as «conciliation Commission», «Union of

Youth of

Uzbekistan». However, despite the measures taken in this direction, 28.6% of


background image

Жамият ва инновациялар –

Общество и инновации –

Society and innovations

Issue

2

№ 1

(2021) / ISSN 2181-1415

34

premeditated murders, 24.5% of intentional bodily injuries, 12.0% of insults, 6.1% of
hooliganism occur precisely within the framework of family and domestic relations. When
studying the reasons for the commission of these crimes and the conditions that allow
them, it became known that an unhealthy socio-psychological situation in the family leads
to various conflicts and quarrels in the family, as well as, as a result, to the commission of
crimes that pose a danger to human life and health.

It should be noted that in order to increase the effectiveness of crime prevention in

the field of family and household life, first of all, the study and scientific analysis of the
causes and conditions of committing this type of crime, allowing them to continue, plays
an important role in the development of systematic comprehensive preventive measures

to prevent their commission. After all, «Making decisions about stability, peace and

tranquility in society, unconditional respect for human rights and freedoms is an important
condition for achieving the goals set for large-scale reforms aimed at further socio-
economic development of the country, improving the well-being of the population, and

building a democratic state based on the rule of law» [8].

A family in a socially dangerous situation is understood as a family that evades or

improperly fulfills its duties to provide, raise and educate minors by parents or persons
replacing them, or has a negative impact on their behavior or leads to ill-treatment [6].

The importance of the family in the spiritual formation of the individual lies in the

fact that the basis of the human personality is built in the family. A person receives in the
family exactly the first knowledge and ideas about the surrounding world, the norms of
morality about good and evil, an educational lesson. One of the main directions of
improving the spiritual environment in the family is education in the family. As noted by

the great thinker Abdullah Avloni in this respect: «Education is a matter of life, or death, or
salvation, or destruction, or happiness, or disaster for us» [1].

An unhealthy social environment in the family negatively affects not only the

behavior of children raised in the family, but also the behavior of family members that
contradicts ethics, and the process of social relations that arise between them. According
to the study, 40-45% of minors who have committed antisocial behavior live in unhealthy
families, where parents were involved in drunkenness, systematic quarrels and conflicts.
This suggests that people who live in an unhealthy family are almost different in behavior
than others. This, in turn, gives rise to the crime situation, when the family occur in a
variety of conflicts. The factors that cause family conflicts are related to each other, and the
factors that cause these conflicts manifest themselves in different forms [2].

When studying the causal conditions of crimes committed within the framework of

family relations, it became known that their origin is influenced by the following factors:
a) unhealthy moral and psychological environment in the family; b) weakness or
impotence of moral and moral education in the family; c) abnormal behavior of a member
(members)family; d) material insufficiency and difficulties in the family; e) alcohol
intoxication of a family member (s); f) unjustified jealousy, infidelity of a man or woman;
g) undesirable interference of others in the life of young families and early marriage.

The main part of the causes and conditions analyzed above are negative

relationships and an unhealthy social environment in the family. After all, the correction
of negative relations in the family from a criminological point of view consists of a system
of preventive measures aimed at preventing not only crimes in the family, but also all other
criminal acts by influencing the family [3].


background image

Жамият ва инновациялар –

Общество и инновации –

Society and innovations

Issue

2

№ 1

(2021) / ISSN 2181-1415

35

The formation of an unhealthy environment in the family is manifested in close

connection with the following factors: a) the impact of external negative factors on the
family environment; b) the lack of recognition of national traditions and values in the
family, moral and pedagogical weakness; c) the tendency of family members to use alcohol,
drugs or tobacco products; d) the presence of constant quarrels and conflicts between
family members, etc. [5].

The analysis shows that as a result of offenses committed within the framework of

family life, national traditions and values are not recognized, moral and pedagogical
weakness in the family, as well as an unhealthy spiritual atmosphere in the family have a
negative impact [7]. In order to avoid such unpleasant situations, first of all, it is necessary
to form a healthy spiritual environment in the family in order to achieve its complete and
perfect stability and strength in the family.

As the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. M. Mirziyoyev noted: «We should

never forget one truth: a child left without the attention of parents, society, brings only
anxiety to the family, instead of joy and benefit. Therefore, raising children and working

with young people should remain the most important and urgent task for us» [4]. To do

this, first of all, it is necessary to improve the moral spirit in the family, to educate minors
in the spirit of national traditions and customs, to increase the responsibility of parents in
this direction, to eliminate the factors that have a negative impact on the family
environment. Because of the unhealthy situation in the family, quarrels, abnormal social
relations between family members are the main source of the formation of moral
negativity of the individual.

For the purposes of prevention of offenses in the sphere of domestic life, it is

advisable to take the following preventive measures: first, to identify families in a socially
dangerous situation, living in the administrative districts that provide them with social,
legal and moral support, to organize educational work of persons likely to commit
offenses; second, to develop measures aimed at conducting social surveys among
individuals who are victims of violence within the family and domestic life, the purpose of
which is hidden, and eliminating the latency of these acts; third, to ensure the effective
organization of the activities of rehabilitation and adaptation centers for persons affected
by violence in connection with family conflicts; fourth, to introduce the practice of
preparing and regularly showing videos, videos, advertising and other works of art in the
media about the causes and conditions, social risks, negative consequences of offenses in
the sphere of family life, factors leading to family divorce, as well as their prevention;
fifthly, the involvement in the family of persons with rich life experience, in order to timely
identify persons who have committed illegal behavior within the framework of morality,
contrary to national values and customs, and take appropriate measures of educational
influence on them; sixth, conducting an in-depth study of the causes and conditions that
contribute to the commission of offenses in the sphere of life of each family, the
implementation of preventive measures aimed at their further study, analysis and
prevention is important.


References
1.

Avloniy A. Turkish gulistan or morality. -

T., “O’qituvchi”, 1992. –

B. 14.

2.

Kolmakova O.S. Crimes infringing on the rights of the child in the sphere of family

relations: aftoref. diss. can. jurid. sciences.

M., 2015.

S. 15.


background image

Жамият ва инновациялар –

Общество и инновации –

Society and innovations

Issue

2

№ 1

(2021) / ISSN 2181-1415

36

3.

Lutfullaev Sh. Bees in the prevention and prevention of domestic crime and juvenile

delinquency // Reforms in the system of crime prevention in Uzbekistan: results and
prospects: Proceedings of the Republican scientific-practical conference. - T .: Academy of the
Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 2015. - B. 98.

4.

Mirziyoev Sh.M. We will build our great future together with our brave and noble

people.

T., 2017.

B. 135.

5.

Murodov A.Sh. Improving the activity of internal affairs bodies for the prevention of

offenses related to domestic violence: Dissertation of the Doctor of Philosophy (Phd) in
jurisprudence. -T., 2019. -S. 72.

6.

Collection of legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan. - T., 2010. - No. 8.2-m.

7.

Tlyumbetov R.G. Crimes against the family: criminal law and criminological aspects:

aftoref. diss. can. jurid. sciences.

M., 2015.

S. 12.

8. Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated April 10, 2017 No. UP-

5005 "On measures to radically increase the efficiency of the internal affairs bodies,
strengthen their responsibility in ensuring public order, reliable protection of the rights,
freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens."

Библиографические ссылки

Avloniy A. Turkish gulistan or morality. -T., "O’qituvchi", 1992. -B. 14.

Kolmakova O.S. Crimes infringing on the rights of the child in the sphere of family relations: aftoref. diss. can. jurid. sciences. -M., 2015. -S. 15.

Lutfullaev Sh. Bees in the prevention and prevention of domestic crime and juvenile delinquency // Reforms in the system of crime prevention in Uzbekistan: results and prospects: Proceedings of the Republican scientific-practical conference. - T.: Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 2015. - B. 98.

Mirziyoev Sh.M. We will build our great future together with our brave and noble people. -T., 2017. -B. 135.

Murodov A.Sh. Improving the activity of internal affairs bodies for the prevention of offenses related to domestic violence: Dissertation of the Doctor of Philosophy (Phd) in jurisprudence. -T., 2019. -S. 72.

Collection of legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan. - T., 2010. - No. 8.2-m.

Tlyumbetov R.G. Crimes against the family: criminal law and criminological aspects: aftoref. diss. can. jurid. sciences. -M., 2015. -S. 12.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated April 10, 2017 No. UP-5005 "On measures to radically increase the efficiency of the internal affairs bodies, strengthen their responsibility in ensuring public order, reliable protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens."

Hepagreen - восстановление нормальной работы печени Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Androgard — препарат для настоящих мужчин Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Byutivit - Натуральный продукт для женщин любого возраста Maksimus - Натуральный продукт, для бодрости и энергии Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Lactovita - Номер один в естественном улучшении иммунитета Avicenna’s Lab inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации Gulyamov - Гулямов Саид Саидахрарович MUVI24 - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Интернет-аптека >METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг All.Tube - Смотрите онлайн видео бесплатно в хорошем качестве Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды UMAR PROEKT - Комплексное проектирование UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана