Экономический ущерб в результате трихофии в Узбекистане

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Усмонова, Х. (2021). Экономический ущерб в результате трихофии в Узбекистане. in Library, 21(2), 26–28. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/30377
Хадича Усмонова, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт

Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт, Научно-исследовательская лаборатория туберкулеза, участник проекта, аспирант

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Аннотация

В статье рассмотрен процент экономического ущерба, причиняемого трихофитией крупному рогатому скоту, в зависимости от сезона. Описание распространения гриба трихофитии у крупного рогатого скота за период исследования.

Похожие статьи


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NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

JournalNX- A Multidisciplinary Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN No:

2581 - 4230

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 7, July. -2021

26 |

P a g e

ECONOMIC DAMAGE AS A RESULT OF TRICHOPHY IN UZBEKISTAN

H. J. Usmonova

PhD, Independent Candidate

Veterinary Research Institute

ABSTRACT:

This article examines the percentage

of

economic

damage

caused

by

trichophytosis in cattle, depending on the
season. Description of the distribution of
trichophytia fungus in cattle over the course
of the study.

Keywords: Cattle, fungus, microbe, pit,
disinfection, Samarkand region, months,
epizootology, damage percentages.

INTRODUCTION:

Currently,

the

demand

for

the

development of pedigree cattle breeding in the
Republic is growing. Livestock is an important
sector of agriculture in our country and plays
an important role in meeting the needs of our
people in livestock products.

For this reason, pedigree cattle

imported from abroad are kept in quarantine
for 40 days. The goal is to prevent various
infectious diseases from spreading to other
regions. Unfortunately, due to non-compliance
with quarantine rules on some farms, various
infectious and trichophytic diseases are also
developing. Despite the implementation of
veterinary measures, the incidence of
trichophytosis (tetanus) in such cattle is
increasing year by year. Given that so far no
interregional

scientific

conclusions

on

trichophytosis in cattle have been obtained in
veterinary practice, the main purpose of our
study was to study the epizootiology of
trichophytosis in cattle.



LEVEL OF STUDY OF THE PROBLEM:

Long-term observations show that the

prevalence of Trichophetonverrcosum fungi
can vary significantly. This is due to the wider
development of international relations and the
increase in animal exports. In Uzbekistan in the
1970s Sh. T. Rasulov noted that trichophytosis
of cattle is more common in the winter months,
mainly in calves under one year of age. The
disease began mainly in calves in August-
September, with a high incidence of
trichophytia in autumn and winter and a low
incidence in early spring, according to an
analysis of the literature.

D. I. Saidaliev, X. J. Usmanova's research

has shown that trichophytia has been reported
in cattle of the population at different ages,
from 18-day-old calves to 3-4-year-old cattle.

Our research shows that the disease was

more prevalent during 2018, mainly in the fall
and winter seasons. In 2019, in the spring and
summer, damage was observed in the form of
coins. In 2018-2019, cattle of different ages
were more prone to coin-like forms of
trichophytia, mainly in October in the fall,
December in the winter, and March-April in the
spring.


MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The research was conducted in October,

December, March, April, August 2018-2019
among the animals of the farm "Grant Farim"
located in the village EsavoyPastdargom
district of Samarkand region. Animals were
diagnosed by laboratory examination of the
fungus itself or its feathers under a microscope,
taking into account the clinical sign of the
disease, epizootiological data, age, type of


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NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

JournalNX- A Multidisciplinary Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN No:

2581 - 4230

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 7, July. -2021

27 |

P a g e

disease during life, and what type of fungus it
has.

Samples for testing are taken from the

wound site of each infected animal. Samples of
damaged wool-epidermis shavings are placed
in a petri dish and 5 g of 10% sodium
hydroxide solution is placed inside. After 20-30
minutes, drop a drop of 50% glycerin on the
glass of the microscope and collect 6-10 hairs
on it, cover it with a thin cover and look under
a microscope.











In

the

picture,

the

fungus

Trichophetonverrcosum

has

artospores

around and inside the hairs.


THE RESULTS OF THE INSPECTION AND
THEIR ANALYSIS:

Research on the selected topic was

conducted on farms in Samarkand region,
Pastdargom, Jambay, Payarik districts. At the
GraentFarim farm, 33 Simmental cattle
imported from Poland were inspected. The
animals were brought in late August. From
September to October, the animals were left in
the fields during the rainy season, when they
were kept in outdoor pastures, which caused
various diseases due to high humidity, lack of
feed, lack of closed barn buildings, and lack of
disinfection. Trichophytosis was observed on
the farm in November, December, and January.
As a result, daily milking in such cows resulted
in a short reduction of 1-2 liters and div

weight by 15-20%, and the farm suffered
significant economic losses.

Table 1. Carrying out group treatment work

among animals

G

roups

N

um

be

r

A

ve

ra

ge

w

eig

ht

durin

g

th

e

dis

eas

e/

kg

(in

1

an

im

al

)

Treatment

period

Medicines

Recovery

day

A

ve

ra

ge

w

eig

ht

af

te

r

re

co

ve

ry

/kg

(in

1

an

im

al

)

I

10

418

15

Ivermiktin

Achlorinated

iodine

Levamikol

ointment

10

448

II

10

396

15

Butasol

Ivermiktin

15

396

III

10

485

15

Butasol

Ivermiktin

A

chlorinated

iodine

Levamikol

ointment

5

540

It is known from experience that the

method we used in group 3 is effective and the
treatment duration is 5 days, the productivity
is high.

In these cattle, the cattle were

disinfected twice with supermethrin and
chlorine mixtures, and butasol vitamin and
ivermectin

were

injected

to

treat

Trichophetonverrcosum

disease. A mixture

of adnachloriskiy and levamikol ointment was
applied to the outer surface twice a day. The
disease was cured in 5 days and productivity
increased.


CONCLUSIONS

:

Trichophytia is more common among

livestock during the winter. The fact that
animal shelters are infested with pathogenic
spores, the lack of vitamins A and B in the feed
is the cause of trichophytosis in calves.
Prolonged failure to clean animal shelters can
lead to the development of trichophytia fungus
due to the shedding of fur due to friction of the


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NOVATEUR PUBLICATIONS

JournalNX- A Multidisciplinary Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN No:

2581 - 4230

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 7, July. -2021

28 |

P a g e

animals against the walls and the entry of
microbes into the injured skin.

In the treatment of butasol 10 g

intramuscularly,

ivermiktin

8

g

intramuscularly, a mixture of iodine chloride
and levamicol ointment is applied to the wound
surface 3 times a day.


REFERENCES:

1)

Карабоев

Д.

К

.

К

вапросу

эпизоотологии Парамфистаматозаовщ
в Гурьевской области Каз. ССР. В КН: К
материалы науч. Произконф по
проблемыигельментологии,
посвещенной 85-летию аход. К.И.

Скрабина . Самарканд – Тайлак: 1963 ,
стр – 47.

2)

А. А. Поляков, Ветеринарная санитария
// Москва 1979, стр.3-5, 65, 66, 163

3)

Салимов

Х.С.,

Қамбаров

А.А.

“Эпизоотология” Дарслик., С. 2016, 86,
96 бетлар

4)

Илмий мақолалар тўплами, Самарқанд
2002, 2-жилд, 125-127 б.

5)

Салимов Б.С. Трематодоз ва сестодоз
касалликлари

қўзғатувчиларининг

ривожланишида

ва

тарқалишида

экологик омилларнинг ахамияти.//
Республика илмий-амалий конф. Илмий
мақолалар тўплами. 2 қисм Самарқанд,
2009, 3-7 бетлар.

Библиографические ссылки

Карабоев Д. К . К вапросу эпизоотологии Парамфистаматозаовщ в Гурьевской области Каз. ССР. В КН: К материалы науч. Произконф по проблемыигельментологии, посвещенной 85-летию аход. К.И. Скрабина . Самарканд – Тайлак: 1963 , стр – 47.

А. А. Поляков, Ветеринарная санитария // Москва 1979, стр.3-5, 65, 66, 163

Салимов Х.С., Қамбаров А.А. “Эпизоотология” Дарслик., С. 2016, 86, 96 бетлар

Илмий мақолалар тўплами, Самарқанд 2002, 2-жилд, 125-127 б.

Салимов Б.С. Трематодоз ва сестодоз касалликлари қўзғатувчиларининг ривожланишида ва тарқалишида экологик омилларнинг ахамияти.// Республика илмий-амалий конф. Илмий мақолалар тўплами. 2 қисм Самарқанд, 2009, 3-7 бетлар.

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