Экогенез эктопаразитов сельскохозяйственных животных

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Рахимов, М., Пулатов, Ф., Исмоилов, А., & Болтаев, Д. (2022). Экогенез эктопаразитов сельскохозяйственных животных. in Library, 22(1), 165–167. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/33801
Мухамад Рахимов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт

Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт, старший научный сотрудник лаборатории акарологии и арахноэнтомологии, доктор философии ветеринарных наук

Ф Пулатов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт
Candidate of Veterinary Science
А Исмоилов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт
student
Д Болтаев, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт
student
Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

В статье представлены сведения об экогенезе вредных эктопаразитов, распространенных в сельском хозяйстве и в сферах животноводства.


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Volume 6| March, 2022 ISSN: 2795-7624

Eurasian Medical Research Periodical

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| 165

Introduction.

Transmissible parasitic

diseases spread through blood-sucking insects

and ticks among humans and animals are

extremely dangerous, the risk of multiple
outbreaks of diseases, such as (human and

camel distemper, tick-borne encephalitis,

termites, dropsy, ephemeral, hemorrhagic

fever, tularemia, relapsing fever, anthrax, Zico ,
Dengue, Lumpy Dermatitis, Rickettsiosis and

others). Significant ecological successions

occur in their distribution - there is a threat of

new epizootic dangers.

In recent years, as a result of increased

anthropogenic

factors,

anomalous

and

technogenic pressures on nature, serious

bioecological shifts and successions have
occurred, as a result of which there is an

increase in the migration of harmful and

beneficial

species

into

biocenoses

(zoocenoses),

biodiversity

is

disturbed,

atypically, persistently, mutantly, resistant bio-

pathogens, exogenous populations, a new
faunistic situation is emerging. Cases of

previously

reduced or

lost especially

dangerous transmissible and natural foci of

diseases have been registered. Prevention of
such diseases requires further improvement of

pest control and disinfection measures against

blood-sucking insects (Insecta) and ticks

(Ixodidae),

which

are

their

specific

distributors, it is necessary to study and apply

new phyto-, pyrethroid, biological methods and

means that are harmless to the environment,

human and animal organisms.

Therefore, the study of ecogenesis

(migration, prognosis, pheno-terms, and

Ecogenesis of ectoparasites of

agricultural animals.

Pulatov F.S.

Candidate of Veterinary Science,

Rakhimov M.Yu.,

Doctoral students, B.F.Saifiddinov, student of the Samarkand

Institute of Veterinary Medicine.

Veterinary Research Institute

E-mail: nivi@vetgov.uz

Ismoilov A.Sh

Doctoral students, B.F.Saifiddinov, student of the Samarkand

Institute of Veterinary Medicine.

Veterinary Research Institute

E-mail: nivi@vetgov.uz

Boltaev D.M.

Doctoral students, B.F.Saifiddinov, student of the Samarkand

Institute of Veterinary Medicine.

Veterinary Research Institute

E-mail: nivi@vetgov.uz

AB

S

T

RAC

T

The article presents information on the ekogenesis of harmful ektoparasites common

among agricultural and in the areas of animal husbandry.

Keywords:

Ekogenes,

е

cotone, ecotope, ecology, zoophile, synanthropus,

parasite, insects, bovicola, mite, desinsection, systematization.


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Volume 6| March, 2022 ISSN: 2795-7624

Eurasian Medical Research Periodical

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others) of parasitic insects living in the div of

agricultural animals (parasitic), and parasitic

and vector-borne diseases caused by blood-

sucking ticks belonging to the Ixodes family,
and it is also important to create new harmless

methods and biochemical means of dealing

with them.

Purpose of the study.

To study the

ecogenesis of parasitic and vector-borne

diseases (migration, prognosis, pheno-terms,

and others) caused by parasitic blood-sucking

and tick-borne insects living in the div of
agricultural animals, and to develop new

harmless methods and biochemical means to

combat them.

Materials and research methodology.

These

bioecological,

phenological,

entomological, acarological, morphological,

parasitological,

migratory,

sanitary,

toxicogenic, therapeutic, preventive, economic,

microbiological and other studies are accepted
in modern bio-methodology and veterinary

medical sciences (E. Odum, A.N. Severtsev ,

V.N.Sukachev, K.Villi, Dete, Yaroslav Weiser,

Herbert Ross, Paul De Bach, G.Ya.Bei-Bienko,
V.A.Dogel,

A.A.Shtakelberg,

L.S.Zimin,

E

.N.Pavlovsky,

Dermenova-Ukhova,

A.S.Monchadsky,

Yu.S.Balashova,

V.N.Beklemisheva, K.P.Andreev, N.I.Agrinsky,
V.V.Yakhontov, P.A. Petrishchev, G.V. Gulyaev,

A.M.

Dubitsky,

A.A.

Nepoklonov,

A.

Ruzimuradov and other scientists) were

carried out with the help of special teaching
aids, tables and identifiers.

Research results.

Scientific studies

were carried out on the ecogenesis of

pathogenic mites and insects found in farm

animals in various areas of livestock farms, in
personal subsidiary farms of the population of

Taylak, Urgut, Ishtikhan, Pasdargom, Payaryk
and Dzhambay districts of the Samarkand

region and in laboratory animals in vivariums
of the Research Institute of Veterinary

Medicine. In total, 704 cattle, 117 sheep, 12

goats, 2 dogs and other animals were subjected

to parasitological research, which revealed the
following pathogenic mites and insects and

their parasitic diseases in livestock farms:

Types

of

animal
s

Types

of

common

parasites

Names of diagnosed

parasitic diseases

In

catt

le:

Hyalomma

anatolicum

Xialommosis acarosi

s

Hyalomma

plumbeum

Xialommosis acarosi

s

Hyalomma

detritum

Xialommosis acarosi

s

Rhipicephal

us bursa

Ripicephalosi

s

acarosi

s

Rhipicephal
us turanicus

Ripicephalosi
s

acarosi
s

Dermacento
r

marginatus

Dermacentor
osis

acarosi
s

H.euristernu
s

Hematopinos
is

entomo
sis

Bovicola

bovis

Bovicolosis

entomo

sis

In

She

ep:

Bovicola

ovis

Bovicolosis

entomo

sis

Psoroptes
ovis

Psoroptosis

acarosi
s

Sarcoptes

ovis

Sarcoptosis

acarosi

s

Rhipicephal

us bursa

Ripicephalosi

s

acarosi

s

In
goa

ts:

Bovicola
caprae

Bovicolosis

entomo
sis

Rhipicephal
us bursa

Ripicephalosi
s

acarosi
s

In

dog

s:

Trichodecte

s canis

Trichodectos

is

entomo

sis

Rh.

turanicus

Ripicephalosi

s

acarosi

s

white
mouse

Alloderman
yssus

sunguineus

Allodermanis
sosis

acarosi
s


It has been established that parasitosis

of 17 nosological species predominates, mainly

among agricultural and laboratory animals. Of

these, acarosis and entomosis diseases were


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Volume 6| March, 2022 ISSN: 2795-7624

Eurasian Medical Research Periodical

www.geniusjournals.org

Page

| 167

most

common,

such

as

bovicolosis,

linognathosis, psoroptosis, ripicephalosis, and

chialommosis.

Entomotic

diseases

of

animals

(bovicolas, trichodectes and others) are

observed throughout the year, mainly in

November-May, forms of ixodid tick nymphs

that cause acariasis are also found in winter, in
May-August there is an increase in

predominantly the form of nymphs and adults.

The beginning of tick migration was observed

among cattle and small ruminants of
ectoparasites, as well as pathogens (specific)

carriers of human and animal vector-borne

diseases Hyalomma plumbeum, Hyalomma
anatolicum,

Hyalomma

detritum,

Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus turanicus

at the end of March.

With the help of entomological traps

(gauze traps), 2946 specimens of sinbovial and

zoophilic mosquitoes, which parasitize and
greatly disturb cattle in livestock farms, were

caught, and in laboratory conditions, using

identification tables and microscopes (MBS),

their species (species, class, category, family,
generation). As a result, it was established that

they belong to 3 families of Diptera and 16

species belonging to 7 generations. These

include 8 species of species such as Lyperosia
titillans, Lyperosia irritans, Fannia canicularis,

Stomoxys calcitrans, Musca domestica, M.

automnalis, M.d. vicina, M. tempestiva vicina,

M. tempestiva - dominant species of veterinary-
sanitary, epizootic significance - 5 species of

subdominant species and 3 rare species were

found. Of these, 12 species have been

scientifically identified as mechanical carriers

of infectious and parasitic diseases.

Сonclusions

1. Among agricultural and laboratory

animals (cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, white mice
and others), 17 nosological (taxon) species of

dominant ecto- and endoparasites have been

identified, with the most widespread

entomoses in November-May, and acarosis
diseases are observed in May -August.

2. Among cattle, sheep and goats,

bovicoliosis, hematopinosis, linognathosis,

entomosis and ripicephalosis, hyalommosis,

alveonazosis, acarosis are more often formed;

in dogs, trichodecosis, ripicephalosis and in

laboratory

animals

-

white

mice,

allodermanisosis, which are formed as the
main pathogenic pathogens of sanitary

importance.

3. In total, 2946 specimens of sinbovil

and zoophilous insects were seized from cattle
on livestock farms, it was found that they

belong to 16 species belonging to 3 families

and 7 genera of the Diptera family.


References.

1.

Abuladze

K.I.,

Demidov

N.V.,

Nepoklonov A.A., Nikolsky S.N.,
Pavlov

N.V.,

Stepanov

A.V.

Parasitology and invasion diseases of

farm

animals.

Moscow,

"Agropromizdat", 1990.

2.

Blagoveshchensky D.I. Key to lice

(Mallophaga) domestic animals.
Fauna of the USSR. M., - L.:

Publishing House of the Academy of

Sciences of the USSR, 1940, pp. 22-

45.

3.

Ganiev I.M., Aliverdiev A.A. "Atlas of

ixodoid ticks", M. "Kolos", 1968, 110-

111 p.

4.

Ruzimurodov A. Laws of evolution
and zoo-bio-diversity. Publishing

house of the State Enterprise

“Zarafshon”. Samarkand, 2008.

5.

Ruzimurodov

A.

Biological

parasitism. Livestock optimization.

Publishing house of the State

Enterprise “Zarafshon”. Samarkand,

2010, 157 p.

Библиографические ссылки

Abuladze K.I., Demidov N.V., Nepoklonov A.A., Nikolsky S.N., Pavlov N.V., Stepanov A.V. Parasitology and invasion diseases of farm animals. Moscow, "Agropromizdat", 1990.

Blagoveshchensky D.I. Key to lice (Mallophaga) domestic animals. Fauna of the USSR. M., - L.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1940, pp. 22-45.

Ganiev I.M., Aliverdiev A.A. "Atlas of ixodoid ticks", M. "Kolos", 1968, 110-111 p.

Ruzimurodov A. Laws of evolution and zoo-bio-diversity. Publishing house of the State Enterprise “Zarafshon”. Samarkand, 2008.

Ruzimurodov A. Biological parasitism. Livestock optimization. Publishing house of the State Enterprise “Zarafshon”. Samarkand, 2010, 157 p.

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