Methodology of teaching terms of geographical objects in english

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Исакулова, Н. (2024). Methodology of teaching terms of geographical objects in english. in Library, 21(4), 38081–38088. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/34864
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Аннотация

This article describes the methodology of teaching geographical terms in English. The terminology of each field of knowledge is based on the conceptual connections of professional knowledge. Also, the characteristics, diversity of species, meaning, application, tendencies of toponyms related to geographical objects areconsidered. Methods of teaching terms in the educational process are analyzed. “Blitz-survey”, “Classification table”, “Cluster” methods were used in teaching terms related to  geographicalobjects in English.

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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
ISSN 2651-4451 | e-ISSN 2651-446X

www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

38081

METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING TERMS OF GEOGRAPHICAL

OBJECTS IN ENGLISH

Nilufar Isakulova

Doctor of Pedagogical sciences, Professor

The Uzbek State University of World Languages

Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Abstract:

This article describes the methodology of teaching geographical

terms in English. The terminology of each field of knowledge is based on the
conceptual connections of professional knowledge. Also, the characteristics,
diversity of species, meaning, application, tendencies of toponyms related to
geographical objects are considered. Methods of teaching terms in the educational
process are analyzed. “Blitz-survey”, “Classification table”, “Cluster” methods
were used in teaching terms related to geographical objects in English.

Key words:

geographical objects, terms, terminology, sectoral terminology,

professionally oriented texts, teaching methods, interactive methods, "Blitz-
survey" method, "Classification table" method, "Cluster" method, toponym.

Introduction

The terminology of each field of knowledge is based on the conceptual

connections of professional knowledge. Terminology as a set of systematic terms

thus limits and verbally corrects the system of concepts in a particular field of

knowledge. It also focuses on the analysis of the answer to the question of what are

toponyms. This terminological unit often appears in our lives, but we may not be

aware of its proper use.

The main results and findings

Geographical objects - are integral and relatively stable products of the Earth,

whether present or in the past, and characterized by a specific location, of natural

or artificial origin. In the article we will consider the features, diversity of species,

meaning, application, tendencies of toponyms related to geographical objects.

There are many different classes of toponyms related to geographical objects (see

Table 1):




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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
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www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

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Table 1.

Classes of toponyms [10]

Classes of
toponyms

Terminological units

1.

Oronyms

names calling mountains

2.

Speleonyms

language units called caves

3.

Ladies

used to name restricted locations. They differ in natural and
administrative burials

4.

Urbanonyms

names for inner-city objects

5.

Agronomy

square names

6.

Godonyms

street names

7.

Doronims

names that represent communication paths

8.

Oykonimlar

place names

9.

Commons

names of rural-type settlements

10. Astonyms

signs of cities

11. Hydronyms

names of hydrological objects, including the concepts of potamony,
limnonym, oceanonym, pelagonim and gelanym

Geographical objects are divided into two major groups: natural and man-

made. Natural geographic features include mountains, plains, seas, and rivers.

Man-made geographical objects include cities, bridges, factories, canals. Working

with field terms is an important part of the learning process and should be done

continuously at all stages of learners ’learning. These are terminological works that

form the basis for the formation of specialist language and other professional and

communicative competencies.

A study is required to compile, systematize the names of various

geographical, historical, entographic objects of the country, to classify the names

of geographical objects. Dictionaries in different languages help to study the names

of geographical objects around the world. Including, "Dictionary of modern

geographical names", "Dictionary of geological terms on-line", "Wonders of

nature: reference book", "Towns and sites: Encyclopedic reference book",

"Geographical dictionary of Internet resource", " prirode i zashchite

okrujayushchey sredy ”and others in 4-5 languages [2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9].


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The following methods of teaching the following terms are recommended in

the learning process:

1.

With the explanation, the teacher introduces the term, writes it on the

board or shows it on the screen, and students correct it in notebooks, the term is

explained orally or in writing (for this purpose students are offered a special

dictionary-notebook). The technique of pronouncing the term aloud several times

allows you to practice its correct pronunciation.

2.

The method of determining the semantics and etymology of a term is

especially important in the study of the term of origin in a foreign language.

Knowing the origin of the term, it is necessary to connect its semantic meaning

with the translation into the native language. For example, in an independent

analysis of the terms "biocentrism" and "anthropocentrism", learners find that they

are complex words composed of Greek and Latin words: in the first case, they are

bios (life) and centrum (center), in the second - anthropos (person) and centrum (

center). In addition, students independently compare the concept of “ecology” with

terms, which has a positive effect on the memorization of not only terms but also

concepts. It is an analytical and synthetic method of terminological work.

3.

The same terms are used in different learning situations when learning

new material or at other stages of the classroom system: raising problematic issues

that have been announced by the teacher, noted, used in practical work, and

independently expressed by students.

This method can be used when working with foreign terms of two or more

words, for example, when creating problematic issues and situations in practical

exercises. For example, students are given the concepts of "environmental crisis"

and "environmental disaster." “Ecology” (translated from Greek as “home,

dwelling, dwelling”), “crisis” (biosphere and the state of the environment that

threatens man), and “disaster” (translated from Greek as “overthrow, overthrow,

death ”- an event that occurred as a result of a natural or man-made emergency,

resulting in the death of people or irreparable consequences in the history of the


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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
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www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

38084

object). After discussing and mastering the terms, the teacher suggests linking the

concepts of “environmental crisis” and “environmental disaster” based on the

terms. Learners will also be asked to discuss: what actions of the world community

can bring humanity out of the ecological crisis?

4.

An effective way to work with terms at the stage of consolidating students’

knowledge is to create a cluster. Cluster is a graphical method of systematizing

material by separating semantic units of text. The blocks contain brief information,

the arrows indicate the cause-and-effect relationship. Cluster: involves separating

the semantic units of a text and its graphic design into a cluster. This is important

in the text you are working with:

1. Highlight a basic semantic unit in the form of a keyword or phrase

(topic).

2. Explain the semantic units (information terms) associated with a

keyword.

3. Identify terms with the ideas and facts in the information being

studied.

5. Comparative tables help to systematize terms and draw parallels between

events, happenings, or facts [1].

Time

Joy

Description

Designation

Online training of sectoral terms is as follows:

1) presentation of new vocabulary;

2) automation of lexical skills;

3) organization of repetition of the studied terms and control of students [5].

Popular platforms for the organization of distance learning in the teaching of

industry terms will also be selected (Table 2).):




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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
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www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

38085



Table 2.

Platforms that organize distance learning

Platforms

Functions of platforms

1.

Zoom

the most popular platform for organizing audio and video
conferences

2.

Moodle

an e-learning system that includes a range of tasks to teach students

3.

Google Classroom

Google online service to organize distance learning

4.

CORE

An online platform for creating, developing and delivering course
materials

5.

Coursera

the largest online portal for various training programs

Traditionally, in the methodological literature it is common to distinguish

three stages of work with professionally oriented text: pre-text, intra-text and 3)

post-text. It is advisable to recommend the following tasks for the above-mentioned

stages of working with professionally oriented texts ( Table 3)):

Table 3.

A system of assignments for working with professionally oriented text

Stages of

working with

professionally

oriented texts

The purpose of the

stages

Assignment system

1.

received the

text

to

understand

the

communicative
component

of

the

presented material, to
understand

the

linguistic and socio-
cultural difficulties

1) identify the main theme of the text
in the picture;
2) find synonyms;
3) find antonyms

2.

in the text

determine the level of
comprehension of the
text

1) read the text, choose the appropriate
picture;
2) read the text and answer questions;
3) fill in the cognitive map after
reading the text;
4) find the title of each paragraph of the
text;
5) express the main content of the text
in one sentence;
6) read the text and divide it into parts;
7) find a synonymous sentence within
the text;


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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
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www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

38086

8) find a generalizing sentence in the
text

3.

after the text

identify the text of primary
and secondary information

1) give examples from the text
confirming that it is a term ...;
2) explain why ...;
3) explain the reason ...;
4) fill in the gaps in the sentences;
5) add the beginning / end of a
sentence;
6) description

Conclusion

The method of "Blitz-survey" was used in teaching terms related to

geographical objects:

Grop’s

estim

ation

Grop’s

m

istak

e

Cor

re

ct

an

swe

r

Pe

rson

ali

ty

m

istak

e

Pe

rson

ali

ty

estim

ation

The terms

The terms

7

Type of

settlements

atlas,

climate,

hemisphere,

latitude, longitude, map, temperature

6

Geographical

points

(volcanic)

eruption,

conflagration,

earthquake, fire, flood, hurricane,
tornado / twister, tsunami

5

Types of land

bay,

beach,

coast,

continent,

estuary, gulf, island, peninsula

4

Water resources

canal, lake, ocean, ocean current,
pool / pond, river, sea, spring,
stream

3

Beach, coasts

desert, equator, forest, highlands,
jungle,

lowlands,

oasis,

swamp,

tropics, tundra

2

Cataclysms

cape, cliff, glacier, hill, mountain,
mountain range / mountain chain, pass,
peak, plain, plateau, summit, valley,
volcano

1

Others

area, capital, city, country, district,
region, state, town, village

The names of geographical objects beginning with the article are studied on the

basis of the method of "Classification table":

Cardinal

points

Poles, hemispheres

Regions

Countries

the North
the South
the East
the West

the North Pole
the South Pole

the Far East
the north of
Canada
the Middle

the Philippines
the Netherlands
the United States of
America


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the Western
Hemisphere / the
western hemisphere

the Highlands

the United Arab Emirates
the Baltic States

The "Cluster" method is used to study the terms related to geographical

objects (

oceans,

straits

,

seas

,

rivers

,

canals

/

channels

,

currents

):

References:

1. 5 effective techniques of terminological work. Electronic resource: 5

effective methods of terminological work - EduNeo Date of access: 11/17/2021.

2. Geographical directory. Electronic resource: http://www.rui-tur.ru. Date

of access: 13.10.2021.

3. Cities and capitals: Encyclopedic reference book. Electronic resource:

http://www.bibliotekar.ru/encGoroda/. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

4. Catalog of Internet resources about nature and environmental protection.

Electronic resource: http://www.priroda.ru/list/ Date of access: 13.10.2021.

5. Miloserdova E.M. Methods of teaching professional terminology in the

context of distance learning // Bulletin of the Tambov University. Series:

Humanities 2021. - T. 26. - No. 193. - P. 120-125.

Water

resources

oceans

rivers

straits

seas

oceans

oceans


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Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation; 32(3)
ISSN 2651-4451 | e-ISSN 2651-446X

www.turkjphysiotherrehabil.org

38088

6. Dictionary of modern geographical names. Electronic resource:

http://www.igras.ru/index.php?r=169. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

7. Dictionary of geological terms on-line. Electronic resource:

http://dic.academic.ru/contents.nsf/geolog/. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

8.

Dictionary

of

geographical

terms.

Electronic

resource:

http://www.glossary.ru/cgi-bin/gl_paph.cgi?R4uu4Prgtlyg!Hlsr9). Date of access:

13.10.2021.

9. Terminology. Electronic resource: Terminology - Wikipedia

(wikipedia.org). Date of access: 13.10.2021.

10. What are place names? Meaning, origin, examples. Electronic resource:

https://www.syl.ru/article/369486/chto-takoe-toponimyi-znachenie-proishojdenie-

primeryi

.

Библиографические ссылки

5 effective techniques of terminological work. Electronic resource: 5 effective methods of terminological work - EduNeo Date of access: 11/17/2021.

Geographical directory. Electronic resource: http://www.rui-tur.ru. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Cities and capitals: Encyclopedic reference book. Electronic resource: http://www.bibliotekar.ru/encGoroda/. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Catalog of Internet resources about nature and environmental protection. Electronic resource: http://www.priroda.ru/list/ Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Miloserdova E.M. Methods of teaching professional terminology in the context of distance learning // Bulletin of the Tambov University. Series: Humanities 2021. - T. 26. - No. 193. - P. 120-125.

Dictionary of modern geographical names. Electronic resource: http://www.igras.ru/index.php?r=169. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Dictionary of geological terms on-line. Electronic resource: http://dic.academic.ru/contents.nsf/geolog/. Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Dictionary of geographical terms. Electronic resource: http://www.glossary.ru/cgi-bin/gl_paph.cgi?R4uu4Prgtlyg!Hlsr9). Date of access: 13.10.2021.

Terminology. Electronic resource: Terminology - Wikipedia (wikipedia.org). Date of access: 13.10.2021.

What are place names? Meaning, origin, examples. Electronic resource: https://www.syl.ru/article/369486/chto-takoe-toponimyi-znachenie-proishojdenie-primeryi.

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