Возможности для развития паломничества туризм на территории Республики Узбекистан

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Ешиниязов , Б. ., & Искендеров, А. (2024). Возможности для развития паломничества туризм на территории Республики Узбекистан. in Library, 3(3), 1–6. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/24518
Бердинияз Ешиниязов , Нукусский государственный педагогический институт
Студент 2 курса
Алишер Искендеров, Нукусский государственный педагогический институт
Старший преподаватель кафедры методики преподавания географии
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Аннотация

Ayni paytda dunyoda globallashuv davrida davom etayotgan barcha sohalarda o‘zaro integratsiya jarayonlari turizm sohasini yanada rivojlantirishga turtki bo‘lmoqda. Ziyorat turizmi turizmning boshqa sohalari qatori alohida ahamiyatga ega bo‘lib, barcha xalqlarning ma’naviy va moddiy madaniyatini rivojlantirishga xizmat qiladi. Shu bois dunyoning barcha davlatlari ushbu sohani rivojlantirish uchun barcha imkoniyatlardan foydalanmoqda

Похожие статьи


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OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PILGRIMAGE

TOURISM ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Iskenderov Alisher Bazarbaevich

Nukus State Pedagogical Institute

Senior lecturer at the Department of geography teaching methodology

Искендеров Алишер Базарбаевич

Нукусский Государственный Педагогический Институт

Старший преподаватель кафедры методики преподавания географии

Eshiniyazov Berdiniyaz Ansatbay ulı

Nukus State Pedagogical Institute 2nd Stage Student

Эшиниязов Бердинияз Ансатбай улы

Студент 2 курса Нукусского Государственного Педагогического

Института

Annotation:

Currently, the processes of mutual integration in all spheres,

which are ongoing in the era of globalization in the world, give impetus to the

further development of the tourism sector. Pilgrimage tourism, along with other

areas of tourism, is of particular importance and serves the development of the

spiritual and material culture of all peoples. Therefore, all countries of the world

are using all opportunities to develop this industry.

Аннотация:

В настоящее время процессы взаимной интеграции во

всех сферах, которые продолжаются в эпоху глобализации в мире, придают

импульс дальнейшему развитию туристического сектора. Паломнический

туризм, наряду с другими направлениями туризма, имеет особое значение и

служит развитию духовной и материальной культуры всех народов.

Поэтому все страны мира используют все возможности для развития этой

отрасли.

Keywords:

tourism, pilgrimage tourism, cultural and spiritual relations,

objects of cultural heritage.


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"Экономика и социум" №9(112) 2023 www.iupr.ru

Ключевые слова:

туризм, паломнический туризм, культурные и

духовные связи, объекты культурного наследия.

Introduction

Our state has always been the center of intersection of many cultures and

civilizations, where various religions were promoted, which is why extremely

unique monuments belonging to the religions of Islam, Buddhism and Christianity

are preserved in our country. In this regard, measures have been implemented to

form the flow of domestic and foreign pilgrims and tourists and create the

necessary conditions for them, to widely promote the tourism potential of the

Republic.

MAIN PART

Pilgrimage tourism has gone through a lot of periods in its field and has

become one of the most profitable areas of Tourism today. The word pilgrimage,

translated from Arabic, means a journey, a journey. In the language of Turkic

peoples, it represents visiting local shrines for a religious purpose. Translated from

Latin palmarius, palmovnik is a palm (tree of victory) derived from the word for

carrying the palm variety.

Theoretical issues of religious and pilgrimage tourism, its development and

territorial peculiarities have been studied by many economists, geographers and

historical scholars. Including from foreign scientists in this matter K.Griffin,

G.Wilkinson, D.H.Olsen, N.Neilson, R.Raj, S.Singh, S.Nolan, W.Wang, K.Huang,

J.S.Chen, H.Okhovat, L.E.Hudman, M.L.Nolan, R.Eid, R.H.Research by scholars

such as Jackson has explored issues of pilgrimage tourism.

Nowadays, in Uzbekistan, the emphasis on historical and cultural objects,

sacred steps has increased, and special attention has begun to be paid to the

development of pilgrimage tourism. There are a total of 8,210 cultural heritage

sites in our republic as of 1 January 2023, of which 7,827 are publicly owned and

383 are privately owned.


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Currently, there are more than 10 major centers of pilgrimage tourism in the

world, among which the presence of Central Asian countries with high Islamic

values, opportunities for the development of this network in our country

indicates the size.

On the basis of pilgrimage tourism and views on shrines, holy steps and

shrines are mainly divided into three types.

These are:

- Shrines of international importance;

- Shrines of Republican significance;

- Shrines of local importance

Our country is characterized by a wealth of tourist resources. In Central

Asia, in particular in our homeland, great saints, scientists, living and buried steps,

pilgrimage sites, as well as many tourists are attracted. The burial sites and graves

of many saints are being reconstructed and restored to their original state. From our

geniuses known all over the world, many dear saints like Imam al-Bukhari,

Gijdivani, Bahawiddin Naqshbandi, Imam al-Moturidi, Mahmudi a'zam, Zangiota,

Sheikh Hovand Tohur, the mausoleums of imams are being transformed into

places where Muslim people can visit and eat spiritually. The transformation of the

Imam Al-Bukhari complex into an important shrine is of international importance,

and in the Muslim world the shrine is an important and significant pilgrimage site.

Imam al-Bukhari, one of the famous allomas of the Muslim world, was born

in Bukhara on July 21, 810, died in 870 in the village of Khartang, 25 km from

Samarkand (now Chelak District of Samarkand province), and was buried there.

However, this place remained unattended for centuries, but after the independence

of our state, reconstruction of the complex was carried out. On April 29, 1997, the

government of the Republic of Uzbekistan decided to celebrate the 1225th

anniversary of the birth of Imam al-Bukhari according to the Hijri lunar calendar.

Visiting tourism facilities:

On the territory of Uzbekistan, like other religions, there are many sacred

places of Islamic culture and its Sufi flow. The most valuable monuments are


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"Экономика и социум" №9(112) 2023 www.iupr.ru

recognized as UNESCO World Heritage sites. Among them, the city of Bukhara,

called Bukharoyi-Sharif, which means blessed Bukhara in the Islamic world, the

city of Samarkand with many priceless monuments, the city of Shahrisabz, which

is considered the homeland of Amir Temur, whose cities have an ancient and rich

history and have undergone significant changes throughout their lives. Currently,

there are more than 10 holy and venerated Christian and Muslim places, shrines in

Uzbekistan.

According to research, shrines were classified according to their socio-

spiritual significance into the following 4 species:

1. Shrines of saints and scribes calling on people to be brought up in the

spirit of patriotism, valor, courage. That is, visitors to such shrines strive to

emdiv in themselves the feelings of courage and courage and such qualities of the

scribes. (e.g. Najmiddin Kubro, Amir Temur, Pahlavon Makhmud, Mirzo

Ulughbek, Mukhammad Rakhim Khan Feruz etc.;

2. Shrines of Ulama that serve to ensure the feelings of justice, happiness,

hard work, kindness in people. People who visit such shrines strive to emdiv in

themselves such noble feelings as Sahawat, mehr murwat, hard work in our past

ancestors (for example, Bakhovuddin Naqshband, Qaffol Shoshiy, Khoja Akhrori

Wali, Khoja Mukhammad Porso, Ahmad Yugnaki, etc.;

3. Shrines of saints who call people to religious faith, religious morality and

devotion, fidelity to spirituality and enlightenment (Imam al-Bukhari, Imam al-

Moturidi, Sheikh Hovandi Toxur, Ahmad Yassawi, Imam at-Termiziy, Hakim at-

Termiziy, Abul Muin an-Nasafi, Hazrati Imam (Hasti Imam), Zangi Ota,

Makhdumi a'zam, etc.;

4. Shrines of saints who call people to science and enlightenment. That is, in

the elevation of such virtuous Saints to the rank of Saint, striving for science,

tireless work lies, therefore, in pilgrims, striving for knowledge, attitude to work,

respect for science and enlightenment are formed. (Abu Ali Ibn Sina,

Burkhoniddin al-Marginani, Abu Bakr al-Khwarazmi, Musa al-Khwarazmi,

Ahmad al-Farghani, etc.


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Conclusion

The fact that the development of pilgrimage tourism in the Republic of

Uzbekistan is directly related to the way and life of the population is caused by

many factors. Especially in recent times, the increase in the influx of domestic and

foreign tourists is associated with shambarshas with religious and pilgrimage

tourism. The main factor in pilgrimage tourism depends on historical and modern

monuments in the Republic. It is necessary to carry out restoration work with this

occasion in bold pictures.

In order to train qualified specialists in the tourism industry, it is necessary

to carry out the following work in educational institutions and, together with

foreign specialists, increase the directions of joint education. It is necessary to

create geographical maps on this tourism in the form of an atlas in accordance with

the world template criteria and in the leading public foreign languages.

REFERENCES

1. Egamberdiev F., Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZMNIŃ RAWAJLANIWINDAǴI

GEOGRAFIYALÍQ KÓRSETKISHLER //INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES.

– 2022. – Т. 1. – №. 21. – С. 247-250.

2. Egamberdiev F. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ

GEOGRAFIYALÍQ TIYKARLARÍ //INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES. –

2022. – Т. 1. – №. 21. – С. 243-246.

3. Iskenderov A. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. ÓZBEKSTAN AYMAǴINDA

TURIZMNIŃ JAŃA TÚRLERINIŃ RAWAJLANÍWÍ //Educational Research in

Universal Sciences. – 2023. – Т. 2. – №. 6. – С. 217-220.

4. Iskenderov A. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZMDI RAWAJLANDÍRÍWDA

TURIZM-REKREACIYALÍQ RESURSLARDÍŃ ÁHMIYETI //Educational

Research in Universal Sciences. – 2023. – Т. 2. – №. 6. – С. 212-216.

5.

Iskenderov

A.B.,

Saliev

E.P.,

Eshiniyazov.B.A.

GEOGRAFIYA

SABAQLARINDA TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ ÚYRENILIWI//Aniq va tabiiy

fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari. – 2023. С.125-128.


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"Экономика и социум" №9(112) 2023 www.iupr.ru

6. Iskenderov A.B., Uzaqbaev Q.K., Sharibaev A.m., Djanabaev I.B. “Turizm hám

rekreaciyalıq geografiya” páninen oqıw-metodikalıq qollanba. Nókis- 2019, 128

bet.

7. uli Eshiniyazov, B. A., uli Saliyev, E. P., & Egamberdiev, F. B. (2023).

TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ ILIMIY TIYKARLARINIŃ ÚYRENILIWI.

Educational Research in Universal Sciences

,

2

(4), 821-825.

8. Eshiniyazov.B.A. ÓZBEKSTAN EKONOMIKALIQ HÁM SOCIALLIQ

GEOGRAFIYASIN

ÚYRENIWDE

TURIZMDI

RAWAJLANDIRIW

MÁSELELERI//Aniq va tabiiy fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari.

– 2023. С.128- 131.

9. Orziqulov Bahrom Xolmuradovich. O’zbekistonda ziyorat turizmini

rivojlantirishning ijtimoiy-ma’naviy asoslari// Falsafa fanlari bo‘yicha falsafa

doktori (PHD) dissertatsiyasi. – Toshkent-2023.

10.

Ешиниязов

Б.А.

КОРАКАЛПОҒИСТОНДА

САНОАТНИНГ

РИВОЖЛАНИШИДА МИНЕРАЛ РЕСУРСЛАРИНИГНГ АХАМИЯАТИ//

Aniq va tabiiy fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari. – 2023. С.134-

137.

Библиографические ссылки

Egamberdiev F., Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZMNIŃ RAWAJLANIWINDAǴI GEOGRAFIYALÍQ KÓRSETKISHLER //INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES. – 2022. – Т. 1. – №. 21. – С. 247-250.

Egamberdiev F. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ GEOGRAFIYALÍQ TIYKARLARÍ //INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES. – 2022. – Т. 1. – №. 21. – С. 243-246.

Iskenderov A. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. ÓZBEKSTAN AYMAǴINDA TURIZMNIŃ JAŃA TÚRLERINIŃ RAWAJLANÍWÍ //Educational Research in Universal Sciences. – 2023. – Т. 2. – №. 6. – С. 217-220.

Iskenderov A. B., ulı Eshiniyazov B. A. TURIZMDI RAWAJLANDÍRÍWDA TURIZM-REKREACIYALÍQ RESURSLARDÍŃ ÁHMIYETI //Educational Research in Universal Sciences. – 2023. – Т. 2. – №. 6. – С. 212-216.

Iskenderov A.B., Saliev E.P., Eshiniyazov.B.A. GEOGRAFIYA SABAQLARINDA TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ ÚYRENILIWI//Aniq va tabiiy fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari. – 2023. С.125-128.

Iskenderov A.B., Uzaqbaev Q.K., Sharibaev A.m., Djanabaev I.B. “Turizm hám rekreaciyalıq geografiya” páninen oqıw-metodikalıq qollanba. Nókis- 2019, 128 bet.

uli Eshiniyazov, B. A., uli Saliyev, E. P., & Egamberdiev, F. B. (2023). TURIZM TARAWLARINIŃ ILIMIY TIYKARLARINIŃ ÚYRENILIWI. Educational Research in Universal Sciences, 2(4), 821-825.

Eshiniyazov.B.A. ÓZBEKSTAN EKONOMIKALIQ HÁM SOCIALLIQ GEOGRAFIYASIN ÚYRENIWDE TURIZMDI RAWAJLANDIRIW MÁSELELERI//Aniq va tabiiy fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari. – 2023. С.128- 131.

Orziqulov Bahrom Xolmuradovich. O’zbekistonda ziyorat turizmini rivojlantirishning ijtimoiy-ma’naviy asoslari// Falsafa fanlari bo‘yicha falsafa doktori (PHD) dissertatsiyasi. – Toshkent-2023.

Ешиниязов Б.А. КОРАКАЛПОҒИСТОНДА САНОАТНИНГ РИВОЖЛАНИШИДА МИНЕРАЛ РЕСУРСЛАРИНИГНГ АХАМИЯАТИ // Aniq va tabiiy fanlarni masofaviy oıqitishning dolzarb masalalari. – 2023. С.134-137.

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