Uzbek State World Languages University
The problems of philology
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
SOME METHODS OF TEACHING
IN THE SITUATIONAL CONDITIONS
The article analyses the game method, as a
method of teaching consecutive interpretation
of senior students of a language university. At
present, the role of the interpreter as an intercultural
intermediary is growing, that implies the mastery
of students’ skills in interpretation activities in
various communication situations. The exercises-
games presented in the article allow teachers to
model different types of interpretation situations
in the classroom and promote the willingness
of future interpreters to carry out interpretation
activities in real conditions of intercultural
The relevance of the purposeful formation
of students' skills in consecutive interpreting is
caused, on the one hand, by increased requirements
for professional training of an interpreter in the
context of reforming the teaching of foreign
languages at universities and, on the other hand,
insufficiently systematic teaching this important
type of interpreting activity to students. In order
to increase the effectiveness of teaching students
of a language university consecutive interpreting
(CI), it is necessary to use various exercises that
take into account the psychological characteristics
of undertaking interpreting activities. As the
practitioners of interpreting claim, the specifics
of an interpreter’s work is that (s)he often has to
deal with subject areas that (s)he is far from due
to his/her humanitarian linguistic education. That
is why specialists in the field of interpretation
training recommend constant expanding their
horizons, trying to learn as much as possible
special terminology associated with various
industries and scientific knowledge. The methods
ВАЗИЯТЛИ ШАРОИТДА КЕТМА-КЕТ
ТАРЖИМАГА ЎРГАТИШНИНГ АЙРИМ
Мақолада ОТМ юқори курс талабаларига
кетма-кет таржимани ўргатиш методик усули
сифатида ўйин методи таҳлилга тортилади.
Ҳозирда интермаданий воситачи сифатида
таржимоннинг роли ортиб бормоқда, бу эса
талабаларнинг турли мулоқот вазиятларида
таржима қила олиш маҳоратларини эгаллаш
ларини назарда тутади. Мақолада келтирил
ган ўйин-машқлар ўқитувчиларга аудиторияда
турли вазиятларни моделлаштиришга имкон
беради ва натижада бўлажак таржимонларнинг
реал шароитларда маданиятлараро мулоқотни
амалга ошириш малакаларининг шакллани
Талабаларнинг кетма-кет таржима қилиш
малакасини мақсадли шакллантиришнинг
долзарблиги бир томондан, университетларда
хорижий тилларни ўқитишни ислоҳ қилиш
шароитида таржимоннинг касбий тайёргар
лигига бўлган талабларнинг ортиши ва бошқа
томондан, талабаларга ушбу муҳим таржима
қилиш фаолиятини етарлича тизимли равиш
да ўргатиш билан боғлиқлигида кўринади.
Тил ўқитиладиган ОТМ талабаларига кетма-
кет таржима қилишни ўргатиш самарадор
лигини ошириш учун таржима қилишнинг
психологик хусусиятларини ҳисобга олувчи
турли машқлардан фойдаланиш лозим. Тар
жимоннинг ўзига хос хусусияти шундаки, у
ўз соҳасини яхши билиши билан биргалик
да бошқа соҳалардан ҳам хабардор бўлиши
керак. Мақолада тавсих этилаётган методик
усуллар таржимон мутахассислиги талабала
рига кетма-кет таржима бўйича кўникма ва
малакаларни эгалашларига ёрдам беради.
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
described in the article contribute to the process
of developing students’ skills and expanding their
theory of translation, interpreter, game methods,
conference interpreting, learning process, teaching
interpretation, native speakers, speech activity,
bilingualism, business game.
кетма-кет таржима, тар
жима назарияси, таржимон, ўйин усуллари,
анжуманлар таржимаси, ўқув жараёни, таржи
мага ўқитиш, тил соҳиблари, нутқ фаолияти,
билингвизм, ишбилармонлик ўйинлари.
The subject of the theory of interpretation training seems to be one of the most
important disciplines during the work of an interpreter. In daily work, one has to
deal with the question of choosing an interpretation method for adequate message
transmission, stylistic coloring, and emotional features of the text. For the quality
performance of their work, interpreters need both in-depth knowledge in the field of
translation theory and excellent practical skills. This article focuses on some transla
tion training methods and exercises to improve translation skills. The game method
of teaching consecutive translation is more detailed described in this paper; exercises
for learning are considered.
In the process of organizing CI training, it is necessary to be guided by the goals
that are achieved through practical training with the help of exercises. The aim of our
methodology is the formation of the interpretation competence of a consecutive inter
preter; therefore, the set of exercises used in the learning process should be aimed at
developing and improving all the components of this competency.
When learning CI through exercises, certain speech skills are also mastered.
We mean the actions of perceiving and processing the message that is, listening in
a source language and the actions for formulating and generating translated text in a
target language that is, speaking in one’s native language.
In the light of the new education paradigm, oriented to the principles of the
Bologna process, the global goal of training interpreters is to form a professional com
petence of a specialist in the process of developing his/her potential and disclosing
personal resources. A professional competence is interpreted as a hierarchical system
of interacting and complementary competencies.
Among the key professional competences of an interpreter, the new Federal
State Educational Standard distinguishes knowledge of the methodology to be pre
pared for the interpretation. Within this article, we will consider the specifics of the
work on conducting effective preparation for the interpretation situation, as well as
focusing on the organization of training for this activity in the educational process.
Thus, by interpreting we mean types of professional interpretation, providing
for verbal (sound or sign) transmission of an oral message from one language to an
other (Alikina, 2010).
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
The program for training of bachelors of linguistics in the "Translation Criti
cal Studies" profile involves mastering such types as sight translation and consecu
tive interpretation, each of which is characterized by a number of temporal, spatial,
technical, stylistic, and substantive features. The focus of our research interest is on
consecutive interpretation as a form of interpreting conference at breaks, which is an
interpretation of dialogue at major international meetings using two or more foreign
According to D. Gile's definition, conference interpreting involves replacing a
speech of a high formal and conceptual level in the source language with a speech in
the target language of the corresponding level and integrity (Gile, 1995).
As for the spatio-temporal organization of the work of an interpreter, it is char
acterized by the “here and now” formula; however, the success of the interpretation
process is largely determined by the effectiveness of the preliminary training. Accord
ing to J. Choi (Choi, 2005), this aspect of the interpretation profession is fundamental,
but often underestimated, and sometimes causing confusion on the part of the custom
er. Nevertheless, as far back as 1952, J. Herbert, the author of the first textbook on in
terpretation, wrote, that preliminary training was evidence of the professionalism and
integrity of the interpreter (Herbert, 2001). It is the preparatory work that helps ensure
high quality interpretation: “Preparation is half the battle. When you are prepared,
even if you do not understand the phrase or paragraph, you will always know what
is at stake, and you can find a wording that fits well with the context ”(Walter,2001).
In order to achieve a decent level of training, as J. Choi rightly observes (Choi,
2005), an interpreter is required to have a high level of “intellectual curiosity” that
would encourage him/her to be interested in various fields of knowledge necessary
in professional practice. The developed motivation to replenish thematic knowledge
should be complemented by the extensive general culture of an interpreter, which can
facilitate the process of preparing for the interpretation.
Despite the fact that simultaneous interpretation is recognized as the most stress
ful type of interpretation, in the process of performing other types of interpretation an
interpreter also experiences powerful psychological pressure. In a situation of consec
utive interpretation, stressful and “energy-consuming” factors are a long time in pub
lic, a high level of formality, the amount of information received for perception (up to
7 minutes), high information richness, a detailed statement in the target language, and
dependence on the sound of the speaker's speech (tempo, volume, emphasis), the need
to adapt to the speaker's pauses, standing work, simultaneous performance of various
actions (listening and writing fixation, reading notes and speaking phenomenon), lags
in the record due to the search for a suitable character or abbreviation, the use of a
microphone (Choi, 2005).
As noted in the experimental studies of D. Gile (Gile, 1995a), even profession
als with great experience and excellent reputation have difficulties, not only when
translating technical, information-rich messages with a high pace of speech, but also
when translating relatively simple presentations on general topics. One of the causes
of these problems is the insufficiently arrenged preparations for the interpretation.
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
When planning any lesson, a particular difficulty is the problem of selecting
means and teaching methods that are adequate to the subject being studied. Teaching
methods are “ways of joint activities of teachers and students aimed at solving learn
ing problems” (Vinogradov, 2001).
When teaching interpretation, the most effective methods are the following:
• reproductive methods (business role-playing games);
• research methods (independent work of students, work with reference books);
• perceptual methods (video lessons, meetings with representatives of Russian-
• logical methods (“language exercises”, “case study” or analysis of certain situ
Interpretation differs from other types of speech activity not only in the sense
that it is carried out in conditions of bilingualism. The use of a foreign language vo
cabulary in various forms of speech activity creates the need for students to enhance
knowledge, facilitates the process of "entering" into professional activity, and pro
vides opportunities for mastering the specialty in more complex models of production
In the learning process, all knowledge is reproduced. The necessary strength
of assimilation is ensured by repeated revision of knowledge. Students' reproductive
activities must necessarily be combined with creative activities. Business relations
always require a creative approach to their implementation.
A business game is a form of reconstructing the objective and social content of
a future professional activity of a specialist, modeling the relation systems that are
characteristics of this activity, modeling professional problems, real contradictions
and difficulties experienced in typical professional problem situations.
Often, in practical classes of a foreign language, such a technique of indepen
dent work of students is used as working with a text. The same technique is very ap
propriate and effective in teaching interpretation.
You can work with a text at the lesson as follows:
Students quickly look through the text to get the direction on the correct per
ception of the content of the text during subsequent reading. Viewing time is 3-5
minutes. Then proceed to a special type of a text interpretation under the guidance
of a teacher: students perform interpretation aloud; during the interpretation process,
the connections of words, their subordination or primacy and interaction based on
certain external attributes are automatically detected. With such an interpretation, a
student can predict words previously unknown to him/her, based on the syntactic and
logical-semantic relations of the text. The whole process of mental operations takes
place “openly”, which makes it possible to immediately correct the reader’s incorrect
actions. Working on the text, students learn to determine the topic of the text by key
words and fragments, master the techniques of the so-called “compression” of the
text, generalization of the content. Independent work with this approach is aimed at
expanding the vocabulary, which is ensured by its intensive repeatability both in ad
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
ditional texts and in lexical and grammar exercises. All tasks involve the active use
of language tools. This way, students are trained to extract, synthesize and analyze
professionally relevant information.
Thus, one of the most effective ways to implement an independent form of or
ganization of educational activity is differentiated individual tasks that free students
from mechanical work and can significantly increase the amount of effective indepen
dent work with less time.
Perceptual methods are methods of organizing and implementing the sensory
perception of educational material. A video lesson is one of the perceptual methods.
During such lessons, interpretation skills are developed. After viewing a small part of
the text, students translate it. Errors are immediately indicated and discussed, and the
interpretation is corrected. Thus, each student can try himself/herself as an interpreter.
It should be noted that video-clips or excerpts from them should be selected on a
professional topic. While watching video-clips, active comprehensive training is car
ried out, namely: memory training, language-to-language switching training, tempo
training, and vocabulary work.
The video method includes educational and upbringing functions, which is due
to the high efficiency of the impact of visual images. The information presented in a
visual form is the most accessible for perception; it is absorbed more easily and faster.
Meetings with representatives of English-speaking countries are undoubtedly
an effective method in the process of teaching interpretation. During such meetings,
students have an opportunity to communicate with native speakers, can join their
culture and traditions. Such meetings help students to overcome the language bar
rier, adapt more quickly to different communicative situations, and make the right
decisions in a timely manner. And also such meetings force students to activate their
vocabulary both on everyday topics and on professional ones.
We attributed to logical methods, language exercises of pre-interpretation and
interpretation nature, providing the formation of interpretation skills. This set should
include exercises to overcome interpretation difficulties, to compare different inter
pretation options and analyze interpretation errors, to rephrase and interpret the source
text and the text of the interpretation, to translate oral and written speech. The es
sence of the exercises, during which interpretation correspondences are introduced
and fixed, is reduced to the fact that on the material of the same texts containing the
most common vocabulary, various types of interpretation and retelling are performed
as many times as necessary for a sufficiently solid assimilation of interlanguage cor
respondences. Monotony is overcome by setting a different task each time.
Without properly organized exercises, it is impossible to master educational and
Another method that should be attributed to the group of logical methods is
a “case study” or analysis of a specific situation. The method of analyzing a spe
cific situation should be combined with the reproductive method, i.e. by the role-play
method, after which there is a discussion of students' work done, errors are analyzed,
the corresponding conclusions are made, or with the perceptive method, when after
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
watching the video material, a discussion with analysis of the specific situation also
takes place. Thus, students learn from their own and others' mistakes.
Game method as a method of teaching consecutive interpretation
Recently, in many areas of science there has been a restructuring of practical
and working methods, in particular, various kinds of games are becoming more wide
spread (Alekseeva, 2004). The game method is sometimes used when learning con
secutive interpreting. The lesson simulates the situation of interpretation: for exam
ple, an interview or a conversation between two foreigners through an interpreter. As
"speakers" for training native speakers are usually involved. To control the interpreta
tion process, at least two teachers must participate in the lesson. The topic and key
issues, as well as issues that will be discussed in “negotiations” or “interviews,” are
prepared in advance. Such classes are extremely useful for developing interpretation
behavior, interpretation tactics and didactic as a model of the communication situa
tion through the interpreter: you can really feel the consequences of the interpreter’s
mistakes and observe what their result may be. However, in interpreter training sys
tems, this method is not often used, since it requires large teaching costs. And if the
interpreter was able to participate in several such classes – his/her happiness. This will
facilitate his/her entry into professional activities.
The training possibilities of using the game method have been known for a long
time. Many scholars involved in teaching foreign languages rightly drew attention to
the effectiveness of using the game method (Bao, 2015). This is due to the fact that the
game manifests itself especially fully, and sometimes unexpectedly, of the ability of
any person. The psychological mechanisms of game activity are based on the funda
mental needs of the individual in self-expression, self-affirmation, self-determination,
self-regulation and self-realization.
In human practice, gaming activity performs the following functions:
• diagnostic (identification of deviations from normative behavior, self-knowl
edge during the game);
• game therapy (overcoming various difficulties encountered in other types of
• self-realization (manifestation of abilities and hidden opportunities);
• interethnic communication (assimilation of the same sociocultural values for
• socialization (inclusion in the system of public relations).
The game method in teaching consecutive interpretation is used in the following
1) as an independent method for the development of a certain topic;
2) as elements (sometimes very significant) of some other methods.
The game always involves certain stresses of emotional and mental forces, as
well as decision-making skills. The desire to solve these issues exacerbates the mental
activity of the players. A positive fact is that a student also speaks a foreign language.
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It follows from this that the game method is fraught with rich learning opportunities.
A feature of the game method is that everyone in the game is equal. It is feasible
for almost every student, even one who does not have sufficiently strong knowledge
of the language. Moreover, a student who is weak in language training may become
the first in the game: resourcefulness and quick wit here are sometimes more impor
tant than knowledge in the subject. A sense of equality, an atmosphere of enthusiasm
and joy, a sense of feasibility of tasks – all this makes it possible for a student to
overcome the shyness that interferes with freely using the words of a foreign language
in speech, the fear of mistakes is reduced, and has a beneficial effect on learning out
comes. Language material is imperceptibly assimilated, and at the same time a feeling
of satisfaction arises, a student can already speak along with everyone.
The objectives of the game method in teaching consecutive interpreting
The use of the game learning method contributes to the achievement of impor
tant methodological goals, such as:
• creating a student’s psychological readiness for a verbal communication;
• ensuring the natural need for their repeated language material;
• student training in choosing the right speech option, which is a preparation for
situational spontaneity of speech in general.
The implementation of gaming techniques and situations occurs in the main
• the didactic goal is set to students in the form of a game task;
• educational activities are subject to the rules of the game;
• educational material is used as its means; an element of competition is intro
duced into educational activity, which translates the didactic task into a game one;
• successful completion of the didactic task is associated with the game result.
Types of games
The place and role of the game method in the educational process, the combina
tion of game elements and teachings, largely depend on the teacher's understanding of
the functions and classifications of various kinds of games.
Games are divided by type/activity into: 1) physical (motor); 2) intellectual
(mental); 3) labour; 4) social; 5) psychological.
By the nature of the pedagogical process, the following groups of games are
1) educational, training, controlling, generalizing;
2) cognitive, educational, developing;
3) reproductive, productive, creative;
4) communicative, diagnostic, career guidance, psycho-technical.
By the nature of the game’s technique, the games can be divided into: 1) subject,
2) story, 3) role-playing, 4) business, 5) imitation; 6) dramatization games.
The specificity of the game learning method is largely determined by the gam
ing environment: they distinguish between games with and without objects, table-
room, on-site, computer, as well as with various means of transportation.
If we consider the game in terms of a target orientation, then in this case we can
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
divide the games into:
1. Didactic, which is used to expand one's horizons and cognitive activity, they
form certain skills necessary for practical activities, in the course of their implementa
tion, general educational skills and work skills are developed.
2. Educators who instill independence, will, cooperation, collectivism, sociabil
ity and communicativeness, form certain approaches and positions, moral, aesthetic
3. Developing, which develop the motivation of educational activity, attention,
memory, speech, thinking, imagination, creativity, empathy, reflection, the ability to
compare, contrast, find analogues, optimal solutions.
4. Socializing, introducing to the norms and values of society, adapting to the
conditions of a certain environment, teaching communication.
The place of the game in the lesson and the time allotted to the game depend on
a number of factors: the preparation of students, the material studied the specific goals
and conditions of the lesson, etc. Games can be grammar, lexical, phonetic, spelling
ones. All of them contribute to the formation of speech skills.
Training students to use grammatical structures, which requires their repetition,
tires students with their uniformity, and the effort spent often does not bring quick
satisfaction. The use of game teaching methods will help to make boring work more
interesting and exciting.
Quality control of interpretation activity is carried out during exercises-games
(listening to student translations during reading, translation). In addition, students re
cord their translations on the recorder. Materials are used to verify, analyze, compare
and process the results of experimental training.
In accordance with the peculiarities of the CI implementation, it seems to us
necessary to identify the stages of mastering the CI and sections of exercises to achieve
certain goals at various stages.
Advanced CI training should be preceded by an introductory theoretical les
son, the purpose of which is to acqunint students with brief information about the
psycholinguistic features of CI and its components, psychophysiological skills (stress
resistance, loudness and clarity of speech, good memory, clear perception of hearing).
Here we demonstrate how to achieve the main goal of the course – the implementa
tion of CI at an advanced level, i.e., exercises to teach CI and methods for assessing
students' performance of exercises.
The same game can be used at different stages of the lesson. But it all depends
on the specific working conditions of a teacher, his/her temperament and creative abil
ities. It should be noted that with all the attractiveness and effectiveness of the game
method, it is necessary to observe a sense of proportion; otherwise the games will tire
students and lose the freshness of the emotional impact. The success of using games
depends on the atmosphere of the necessary verbal communication that a teacher cre
ates in the classroom. It is important that students become accustomed to such com
munication, get carried away and become participants in this process together with
a teacher. Confidence and ease of communication between a teacher and students,
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
arising due to the general gaming atmosphere, makes students have serious conversa
tions, discuss any real situations, since a foreign language lesson is not only a game.
Experience convinces that the use of the game-based learning method contributes to
the development of cognitive activity of students in language learning.
It is necessary to stop on a role-playing game. Role play is used to solve com
plex tasks of assimilation of new material, consolidation and development of creative
abilities, as well as for the formation of general educational skills. It provides an op
portunity for students to understand and study the teaching material; different posi
The structure of the game as a process includes:
a) the roles assumed by the players;
b) game actions as a means of undertaking these roles;
c) game use of objects, i.e. replacement of real things with a game, conditional;
d) real relations between the players;
d) the plot (content) – the area of reality, conditionally perceived in the game.
The teacher’s task is to select the necessary situations-illustrations and situa
tions-problems on a specific material, prepare didactic material: task cards for each,
select groups of students and assign roles, set a task by which students should express
their point of view, think over expected answers and remarks, show interest and atten
tion to students during the game.
The listed games are aimed at developing the ability to carry out CI with a spe
cific combination of actions and operations and the ability to distribute attention (the
ability to make decisions and make speeches in TL without the active participation of
The role-playing technology consists of the following steps:
1. Stage of preparation. Preparation of a role-playing game begins with the de
velopment of a scenario – a conditional display of a situation and an object. Then a
game plan is drawn up. The teacher should have a general description of the game
procedure and clearly present the features of the characters.
2. Stage of explanation. At this stage, the game is being introduced, the orienta
tion of the participants, the definition of the operating mode, the wording of the main
purpose of the lesson, and it is also necessary to justify the statement of the problem
and the choice of a situation. Issued in advance prepared packages of necessary ma
terials, instructions, rules. If necessary, students seek help from the teacher for further
clarification. The teacher should set students on the fact that they can’t be passive
about the game, violate the rules and ethics of behavior.
3. Stage of the process of the game. At this stage, students play the situation they
have proposed, performing certain roles.
4. The stage of analysis and generalization. At the end of the game, the teacher
together with students conducts a generalization, i.e. students exchange opinions on
what, in their opinion, has turned out, and on what else it is worth working. In conclu
sion, the teacher notes the results achieved, notes the mistakes, formulates the final
result of the lesson. In the analysis, attention is drawn to the correspondence of the
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
used simulation with the corresponding area of the real situation.
Pros and cons of the game method
The significance of the sight translation for mastering the skills of simultaneous
interpretation and for real interpretation practice seems to us obvious. Sight transla
tion helps the brain tune into “multitasking”: one section is busy searching for infor
mation, another is predicting and so on. In other words, students learn to distribute
attention between several tasks, as happens with simultaneous interpretation. Predic
tion in sight translation is usually understood as predicting the author’s thoughts. But
at the same time there is a risk of guessing incorrectly, the risk of error, as well as the
risk that completing the interpretation before the speaker is silent, will become a habit.
In fact, forecasting provides an interpreter with a margin of time to optimize both the
forecasting process itself and the processes of analysis, understanding of the text, and
phrase construction. This is a complex mechanism that deserves more detailed con
sideration. Sight translation allows students to develop the necessary speed of reaction
when searching for an equivalent from a “working” vocabulary, teaches them to clear
ly formulate a thought (choosing a suitable synonym, skillfully structuring a phrase).
If a sight translation is recorded, then this makes it possible to listen to oneself,
gradually getting used to one’s own voice, which is extremely important for current
self-control (for repetition, poor diction, reservations, etc.). In addition, regular les
sons of sight translation increase the endurance of a future interpreter.
It is important to put students in real interpretation situations in the learning
process, which require the ability to quickly find information in the text, viewing it
vertically or diagonally, noting for themselves fragments containing precision infor
mation, such as a quote or numbers.
It seems that the sight translation combines the maximum of principles that
are important for an interpreter; the list is not exhaustive and can easily be supple
mented. Students who successfully cope with the sight translation usually do not have
problems with simultaneous interpretation. Some interpreters regularly perform it for
training, preparing for the conference, or just before entering the booth.
Although sight translation is still rarely used in training sessions, this is a very
useful exercise for future interpreters at all stages of training. A thoughtful, compre
hensive approach to this discipline will allow a teacher to deepen its subject con
tent and pass on his/her professional experience to students, while improving his/her
The subject of the theory of translation training seems to be one of the most
important disciplines during the work of a interpreter. In daily work, one has to deal
with a question of choosing a translation method for adequate message transmission,
stylistic coloring, and emotional features of the text. For the quality performance of
their work, interpreters need both in-depth knowledge in the field of translation theory
and excellent practical skills.
In this article we analyzed the concept of interpretation, its basic principles,
2019 Vol. 31 No. 4
teaching methods and types. In more detail in this paper the most effective methods
of teaching consecutive interpretation are described, game methods for teaching in
terpretation and types of games are considered. The game method as an independent
method of teaching interpretation was formed relatively recently. Often, the method
is positioned only as an effective exercise in teaching interpretation. The term “game
method” is understood to mean the type of activity in the conditions of situations
aimed at recreation and assimilation of social experiences in which self-management
by behavior develops and improves. Some interpreters of international organizations
(for example, the UN, WB) find the game method useful for enhancing skills and ac
celerating the pace of work.
There are different opinions about the game method of teaching consecutive
interpretation. Some teachers consider the game method of teaching interpretation
effective, they believe that exercises should be close to the realities of interpretation
activity. Others are adherents of classical teaching methods.
The significance of the game method for mastering consecutive interpreting
skills and for real interpretation practice seems to us obvious. The game method helps
the students navigate in an unfamiliar situation, increases students’ motivation and
gives them more confidence in their work.
Although the game method is still rarely used in training sessions, it is a very
useful exercise for future interpreters at all stages of training. A thoughtful, compre
hensive approach to this method will allow a teacher to deepen a subject content and
pass on his/her professional experience to students, while improving his/her qualifica
1. Alekseeva, I.S. Vvedenie v perevodovedenie. / I.S.Alekseeva.– SPb.: Filologicheskij fakultet
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