Fourth - the Cabinet of Ministers will take measures to formalize
relevant agreements with foreign investors for the implementation of
selected promising projects and approve the “roadmap” for control
over its implementation. It is clear from this meeting that the main
directions for 2019 have been set and now it is necessary to solve the
problems and solve tasks quickly and thoroughly.
PhD, Professor, Department of Economic Theory,
National University of Uzbekistan
Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Undergraduate National University of Uzbekistan
ASPECTS FOR IMPROVING THE REGIONAL
MECHANISM FOR CREATING NEW JOB VACANCIES
IN THE REGIONS OF UZBEKISTAN
Creating new job vacancies is a natural process of economic
development. Continuous improvement of production, the constant
implementation of scientific and technological innovations in practice
in the form of proactive reproduction, the creation of new job vacancies
through advanced structural transformations are being carried out.
Without creating new job vacancies, the optimal employment structure
will not be formed, and labor productivity will not increase.
With the transition of Uzbekistan to a market economy, the
conditions for creating new job vacancies have changed dramatically.
The emergence of diverse forms of ownership, expansion and
modernization of existing enterprises have created jobs that meet
modern requirements. The results of such development give results
in the regions.
This shows, on the one hand, the real potential for investment in
job creation. As a result, employers are expanding their opportunities
to expand, modernize and reconstruct their production facilities.
In addition, various investment and other programs to create
new and existing jobs in the regions are focused on specific strategic
goals and are based on economic ideas that serve the socio-economic
development of the regions.
Based on the foregoing, improving the regional mechanism for
creating and retaining jobs is one of the main tasks of our time, and
what elements should be included in this mechanism and their resume.
All directions of creating new jobs and maintaining existing
jobs are associated with two investments: 1) indirect and 2) direct.
Maintaining existing jobs, such as creating new job vacancies, is
also an important area of employment. Maintaining existing jobs
is important for the following reasons: 1) creating jobs is more
expensive than maintaining existing jobs; 2) for the economy of
the region it is strategically important to maintain existing jobs;
consequently, maintaining existing jobs has the same effect as
creating new jobs.
An in-depth qualitative analysis of the existing potential in the
regions, key factors and sources of sustainable development, as well
as levels of economic and social development in the regions will
Assessment of the demographic situation in the region, the level of
solving the problems of employment of the able-bodied population;
A critical analysis of the level of economic development of regions,
branches and sectors of the economy, an assessment of the complexity
and balance of regional development, the effectiveness of using the
created economic potential;
Assessment of the development of market infrastructure, transport
networks and engineering and communication systems (energy, heat
supply, natural gas and drinking water);
Analysis of living standards, the level of development of social
infrastructure and services.
Uzbekistan has accumulated sufficient experience in developing a
development strategy for a specific country, which contributes to the
formation of regional development throughout the country.
Achieving the ultimate development goal in the provinces of the
republic implies the achievement of peculiar goals, determined by the
resource potential, capable of further development of the region.
Social goal: creating conditions for sustainable development of
human development and welfare through the use of regional resource
potential, preservation and development of cultural potential.
Economic goal: the formation of the reproductive potential of the
regional economy, ensuring sustainable economic growth, sustainable
employment and the growth of its income, the creation of new job
vacancies in accordance with the growth of labor resources.
Institutional goal: creating favorable conditions for the sustainable
development of the region, the formation of the necessary state and
The environmental goal is to maintain the ecological balance in the
region, creating conditions for the deployment of productive forces.
In the process of developing this strategy, a thorough and
comprehensive analysis of international experience in the development
and regulation of territories was carried out. The experience of
many countries shows that the existing interregional differentiation
intensifies in the context of economic growth and vice versa. The
success of a regional development strategy directly depends on
the choice of regional policy measures at the national level. The
employment program is implemented as part of a comprehensive
program based on regional policy objectives.
The section “The mechanism of organizational and economic
management of the implementation of the employment program”
includes: firstly, the program management system at various levels;
secondly, a set of measures to improve and coordinate economic
norms; thirdly, methods and forms of resource allocation and problem
management; Fourth, the forms and methods of monitoring the
implementation of program tasks.
The main stages of the organization of program development and
management are based on the sequential distribution of units: the
definition of goals and key tasks; Development of methodological
and model tools for analysis and forecasting; collection and analysis
of statistical, marketing and sociological data; creating software
packages; finalize and approve the program; Creation of organizational,
economic and legal mechanisms for the implementation of the
In our opinion, the above indicates that further improvement of the
methodology of employment programs in the regions of the country
should be devoted to the development and analysis of one of the main
components of these programs - prognosis and forecasting the natural
rate of population growth. It is advisable to evaluate the effectiveness
of the program based on the dynamics of the difference between
supply and demand for labor, employment and unemployment. In this
regard, it is important to use both regional employment programs and
social partnership mechanisms at the regional and local levels.
The job creation program is the result of indicators reflecting the
general needs of the population for a given period of time, the structure
of jobs available in the economy, as well as the quantity and quality
of additional jobs needed to meet the needs of effective employment.
This program is an instrument for implementing state policy in the
field of employment and aims to coordinate the quantitative and
qualitative efforts of state bodies to create job vacancies.
To create new job vacancies and improve living standards in the
Republic of Uzbekistan, it is necessary to do the following:
1. To expand the measures to stimulate self-employment and the
development of private enterprise.
2. To implement the measures aimed at the development of
entrepreneurship of citizens in the labor market, including programs
aimed at training, training and retraining of employed labor resources.
Е.А. Петрова, А.А. Денисова. Развитие системы управления регионом в услови-
ях становления «экономики знаний». ISSN 1998-992X. Вестн. Волгогр. гос. ун-та. Сер.
3, Экон. Экол. 2012. № 1 (20).С.66-74.
3. To definition the objects for organizing public works and
involving the unemployed in them.
4. To determine the main indicators of the socio-economic
development of the republic and regularly review demographic
5. To develop measures to address specific issues of job creation in
every large enterprise and in every region of the country.
6. To provide each district with material and financial resources
for the implementation of program activities.
7. To monitor the implementation of program goals at each
enterprise in the regions.
Ёджу техника институти Ҳалқаро ҳамкорлик бўлим бошлиғи,
МАҲАЛЛИЙ БЮДЖЕТЛАРДА ЎРТА МУДДАТЛИ
БЮДЖЕТЛАШТИРИШНИ ТАШКИЛ ЭТИШ
Маълумки, маҳаллий бюджетлар давлат бюджетида муҳим
таркибий қисмни ташкил этади ҳамда маҳаллий ҳокимият ор-
ганларининг фаолият кўрсатишларида асосий молиявий манба
бўлиб хизмат қилади. Бугунги кунда мамлакат иқтисодиётида
рўй бераётган туб ўзгаришлар ижтимоий-иктисодий яратувчи-
лик руҳида маҳаллий бюджетларни бошқариш, маҳаллий бюд-
жетларнинг хукуқ ва мажбуриятларининг бажарилишини кайта
кўриб чиқишга алоҳида эътибор берилмоқда.
Жумладан, Ўзбекистон Республикаси Конститутциясининг
100-моддасига кўра маҳаллий ҳокимият органлари қонуний-
ликни, ҳуқуқий-тартиботни ва фуқароларнинг хавфсизлигини