Эффективность дельтаметрина в борьбе с эктопаразитами

inLibrary
Google Scholar
Журнал:
Выпуск:
CC BY f
305-306
0

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.
Поделиться
Пулотов, Ф., & Ракхимов, М. (2019). Эффективность дельтаметрина в борьбе с эктопаразитами. in Library, 19(3), 305–306. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/33233
Фахридин Пулотов, Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт

Ветеринарный научно-исследовательский институт, заведующий лабораторией арахноэнтомологии и акарологии, старший научный сотрудник, доктор философских наук по ветеринарным наукам

Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

В статье рассматриваются доминирующие эктопаразиты крупного рогатого скота (H. anatolicum, H. plumbeum, Rh. Bursa, B. bovis), приведены данные об эффективности 0,015%-ной эмульсии дельтаметрина.

Похожие статьи


background image

~ 305 ~

ISSN Print:

2394-7500

ISSN Online:

2394-5869

Impact Factor:

5.2

IJAR 2019; 5(10): 305-306
www.allresearchjournal.com
Received: 03-08-2019
Accepted: 06-09-2019

Rakhimov

М

Yu

Scientific-Research Veterinary
Institute, Uzbekistan

Pulatov FA

Scientific-Research Veterinary
Institute, Uzbekistan












































Corresponding Author:

Rakhimov

М

Yu

Scientific-Research Veterinary
Institute, Uzbekistan

Effectiveness of deltamethrin against ectoparasites

Rakhimov М Yu and Pulatov FA

Abstract

The article studies the phenogram and the effectiveness of a 0.015% deltamethrin emulsion against
dominant ectoparasites (

H. anatolicum, H. plumbeum

, Rh. Bursa, B. bovis) of cattle.

Keywords:

Fauna, migration, dynamics, dominants, transmissive, vector, acaricide, drug, emulsion

Introduction

The study of the parasitoid activity of pyrethroid preparations against blood sucking ticks,
which are considered ecto- and endoparasitosis and specific Vector distributors that are safe
in regard to the environment, human and animal organisms, beneficial fauna and flora and
that are in the current situation is being expected to migrate (spread out), immigrate (to pass
from abroad) in the conditions of Uzbekistan zoocenosis, including zoobiocenosis (ecotop,
ecoton, farm, private, private assistant) and other cattle breeding enterprises and creating the
technology of localization of their the most effective, profitable and safe types and applying
them in practice are the priority issues.
Due to the increase in migration of animals, the spread of ectoparasites is expanding. New
biopathogenic ectoparasites spreading dangerous vector-borne diseases appear on farms. In
this regard, cattle and sheep farms are experiencing more damage. In contrast, this
complicates the problems facing veterinary science and practice. Therefore, one of the most
important tasks facing veterinary science and practice is to combat the ectoparasites, which
are widespread in the livestock farms and have major economic losses.


The purpose of research:

Study Ing the fauna and the seasonal migration of parasitic

ectoparasites in private livestock, cattle and livestock farms. Determining the effectiveness of
new insectoaccharide drugs.


The method of reaerch:

The picked types of ectoparasites were examined by the

archenoentomology laboratory in microscopic and morphosistematic checks, using manuals
and diagnostic tables, including "Atlas of ixodic ticks", "The determinant of arthropods
harmful to human health" and other special literature.


The result of the research:

The research works were carried out in cattle of individual

farms of ecotones and ecotopes of Tailak, Jomboy, Urgut, Payariq districts of the Samarkand
region.
In January-March, when ecotopes examined 153 heads of private herds living in private
farms, 143 of them were found to be infected with bovicola bovis (junior) ectoparasites, it
makes 93.4 percent.
In April, 49 heads of cattle were tested for breeding cattle ectoparasites and 23 parasitic
cannabis were found. Essentially, species belonging to Hyalomma (H. anatolicum, H.
plumbeum, H. detritus), Rhipicephalus (Rh., bursa, Rh. turanicus) were found. 35 cases of
bovicolosis (Bovicola bovis) have been diagnosed (table 1).




I n t er na t io n a l J o u rna l o f App l ie d Re s e a r c h 2 0 1 9 ; 5 (1 0 ): 3 0 5 -3 0 6


background image

~ 306 ~

International Journal of Applied Research

http://www.allresearchjournal.com

Table 1:

Seasonal phenogramm of ectoparasites of cattle

Found

Ectoparasit types

By months (ekz.)

I-III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XII

Hyalomma anatolicum

-

+

++

++

++

++

+

+

-

-

H. plumbeum

-

-

++

++

++

++

+

+

-

-

H. detritum

+

+

++

++

++

-

-

-

-

Rhipicephalus bursa

-

+

++

++

++

++

+

+

-

-

Rh. turanicus

-

-

-

+

++

++

+

-

-

-

Haemaphysalis sulcatа

-

-

+

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

H. punctata

-

-

+

++

++

+

+

-

-

-

Dermacentormarginatus

-

+

++

++

++

++

+

+

-

-

Bovicola bovis

++++

++++

++++

++++

+++

+++

++

++

+++

+++

Note:

+ -pcs, ++ - dozens, +++ - Hundreds, ++++ - thousands.

During the inspections in the conditions of breeders, ecotone
and ecotopes of of Tailak, Urgut, Jomboy, Payariq districts
of

Samarkand

region,

the

Ectoparasites

such

as

Haemaphysalis (H. sulcata, H.punctata) and Dermacentor
marginalus genera were identified as the main pathogen
species of zooparasites in cattle.
The ectoparasites' extensiveness and intensity vary
according to the season, climatic and economic conditions
of the farm, livestock breeding grounds, and many other
environmental factors. High humidity and comfortable
temperatures in the building, the shortage of sunlight in the
winter months, long fur, poor nutrition and keeping them in
dense create favorable conditions for the development and

rapid spread of ectoparasites. As a result of epizootogical
investigations, it was defined that the level of appearance of
ectoparasites on the div of cattle depends on the culture of
livestock and the condition of the farm and the sanitary
condition of the animals.
The testing experiments with the use of 5% of Deltamethrin
produced in China in the form of a 0.015% solution was
carried out against such ectoparasites as Hyalomma
anatolium, H. rlumbeum, Rhipicephalus bursa and Bovicola
bovis at different doses in the form of sprinkling. The
experiments were performed in 72 infected cows in
spontaneously (table 2).

Table 2:

Results of the 5% deltamethrin drug test

Preparation

Concentration (percent)

Cattle type

Number

(head)

Type of parasite

Doze

Extense

Effectivness (percent)

1.

0,015

Cattle

23

Hyalomma anatoliсum

,

Rh. bursa

500ml/b s.e. 1,5ml/b FTM

In 2 days

90%

2.

0,015

Cattle

20

H. anatoliсum

Bovicolabovis

600ml/b s.e. 1,8ml/b

FTM

In 2 days

100%

3.

0,015

Cattle

17

H.anatoliсum,

H. рlumbeum

, Rh. bursa

1,5l/b s.e. 4,5 ml/b FTM

In 1 day

100%

4.

0,015

Cattle

22

Bovicola bovis

H.anatoliсum

1,5l/b s.e. 4,5 ml/b

FTM

In 1 day

100%

The processed cattle was observed for 3 days. The
temperature while applying the drug was 20 + 280

0

C.

During the observations, no negative changes were observed
in the physiological condition of processed cattle (cows).


Conclusion

1.

In the conditions of breeders, ecotone and ecotopes of
of Tailak, Urgut, Jomboy, Payariq districts of
Samarkand region such type of wool ticks as - Bovicola
bovis, ixodic ticks - Hyalomma (H. anatolicum, H.
plumbeum, H. detritum), Rhipicephalus (Rh. bursa, Rh.
turanicus), Haemaphysalis (H. sulcatа, H.punctata),
Dermacentor marginatus are formed as the main
pathogenic agents in the div of the cattle.

2.

It was found out that deltamethrine preparation has
100% parasitocidial properties against ectoparasites
(Bovicola bovis, H. anatolisum, H. plumbeum,
Rhipicephalus bursa) when it was administered at a
dose of 0.015% emulsion of 600-1500 ml /per head.


References

1.

Blagoveshinskiy DI. Determinant of fur ticks
(Mallophaga) of domestic animals. USSR fauna. M.-L.:
edition. AN USSR, 1940.

2.

Buklemishev VN. The determinant of arthropods
harmful to human health.. State Publishing House of
Medical Literature, Medgiz. Moscow, 1958.

3.

Agrinskiy NI. Insects and mites, which are harmful to
agricultural animals. Moscow, 1962.

4.

Ruzimuradov A. Biological parasitism. Optimization of
cattle breeding. Samarkand: GP. Zarafshan, 2010

Библиографические ссылки

Blagoveshinskiy DI. Determinant of fur ticks (Mallophaga) of domestic animals. USSR fauna. M.-L.: edition. AN USSR, 1940.

Buklemishev VN. The determinant of arthropods harmful to human health.. State Publishing House of Medical Literature, Medgiz. Moscow, 1958.

Agrinskiy NI. Insects and mites, which are harmful to agricultural animals. Moscow, 1962.

Ruzimuradov A. Biological parasitism. Optimization of cattle breeding. Samarkand: GP. Zarafshan, 2010

inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана АСТ - Архитектура, строительство, транспорт Open Journal System - Престиж вашего журнала в международных базах данных inDesigner - Разработка сайта - создание сайтов под ключ в веб студии Iqtisodiy taraqqiyot va tahlil - ilmiy elektron jurnali yuridik va jismoniy shaxslarning in-Academy - Innovative Academy RSC MENC LEGIS - Адвокатское бюро SPORT-SCIENCE - Актуальные проблемы спортивной науки GLOTEC - Внедрение цифровых технологий в организации MuviPoisk - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Мультибрендовый онлайн шоп METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды SMARTY - Увеличение продаж вашей компании ELECARS - Электромобили в Ташкенте, Узбекистане CHINA MOTORS - Купи автомобиль своей мечты! PROKAT24 - Прокат и аренда строительных инструментов