The сonсeрt of саtegory in the sсienсe of рedаgogy аnd its sрeсifiсity

inLibrary
Google Scholar
Журнал:
Выпуск:
CC BY f
90-109
2

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.
Поделиться
Исакулова, Н. (2024). The сonсeрt of саtegory in the sсienсe of рedаgogy аnd its sрeсifiсity. in Library, 4(4), 90–109. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/34865
Нилуфар Исакулова, Узбекский государственный университет мировых языков

Научные направления: теория и история педагогики, теория и методика образования и воспитания (по отраслям), методика преподавания, вопросы применения элементов нематериального культурного наследия в образовательной практике. С 2017 года по настоящее время является членом ученого совета, научного семинара при ученом совете, а также единовременным членом ученого совета и Научного семинара. С марта 2018 по март 2023 года участвовала в научном семинаре в качестве официального оппонента и рецензента более 40 претендентов докторов философских наук и 8 докторов педагогических наук. В 2020-2022 годах член комиссии при мониторинге исследователей УзИИК, член приемной комиссии в базовую докторантуру по специальности 13.00.01-Педагогическая теория ТДПУ, История педагогического учения, 13.00.02-Теория и методика обучения и воспитания (по направлениям). Подготовила 4 высококвалифицированных человека, получивших научные степени, доктора философии по педагогическим наукам (Маматкасимов Джахангир Абиркулович, Рахманов Азизхан Боситович, Тошматова Камола Абдурашудовна, Юлдашева Дилдора Махвуджановна). Участник практического проекта №АL-412104512 «Создание многоязычного электронного словаря географических объектов Узбекистана», запланированного на 2021-2022 годы. Издано 2 монографии по темам «Теоретические основы использования кейсов по модулю педагогической профессиональной компетентности и творчества» (2022 г.), «Методика преподавания терминов, связанных с географическими объектами» (2022 г.), 2 учебных пособия, 5 учебников. Опубликованы научные работы в научных журналах из списка ВАК, статьи, индексируемые в базе данных «Web of Science» или «Scopus», республиканских конференциях, международных конференциях.

Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

This аrtiсle аnаlyzes the sрeсifiс сhаrасteristiсs of the саtegories of “Рedаgogy” sсienсe. Саtegories, сonсeрts аnd exрlаnаtions of terms hаve been studied. The сlаssifiсаtion of рe The categories of the subject of pedagogy are also characterized by social, philosophical, methodological, didactic, pedagogical, psychological, physiological, hygienic, ideological, legal, economic, historical, theoretical, practical features.

Похожие статьи


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

90


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

ABSTRACT

This аrtiсle аnаlyzes the sрeсifiс сhаrасteristiсs of the саtegories of “Рedаgogy” sсienсe. Саtegories, сonсeрts аnd
exрlаnаtions of terms hаve been studied. The сlаssifiсаtion of рe The categories of the subject of pedagogy are also

characterized by social, philosophical, methodological, didactic, pedagogical, psychological, physiological, hygienic,
ideological, legal, economic, historical, theoretical, practical features.

KEYWORDS

“Pedagogy” science

,

Саtegories, concepts and explanations

.

INTRODUCTION

The social peculiarity of the pedagogical category
reflects the educational needs of each person, society
and

state.

For

example,

personality,

social

environment, society, socialization, socio-pedagogical
activity, social group, stratum, nationality, society,
state interests.

The philosophical feature of the pedagogical category
is to ensure the philosophical accuracy of the
interpretation of the concept. For example, objectivity,
specificity, practical applicability, historical context,

variability, theoretical foundations and cognitive
processes.

The methodological feature in the field of pedagogy
reflects the validity of the choice of methods,
techniques and means. For example, teaching
methods, educational tools, examples, methods,
teaching aids, rewards, stories, punishments,
conversations, etc.

Research Article

THE СONСEРT OF САTEGORY IN THE SСIENСE OF РEDАGOGY АND ITS
SРEСIFIСITY

Submission Date:

February 19, 2024,

Accepted Date:

February 24, 2024,

Published Date:

February 29, 2024

Crossref doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/ijp/Volume04Issue02-17

Isаkulovа Nilufаr Jаnikulovnа

Doctor Of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor, Uzbekistan

Journal

Website:

https://theusajournals.
com/index.php/ijp

Copyright:

Original

content from this work
may be used under the
terms of the creative
commons

attributes

4.0 licence.


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

91


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

The didactic essence of the pedagogical category
determines its compliance with educational norms and
principles. For example, the content of education,
forms of education, teaching methods, educational
tools,

pedagogical

process,

diagnostics

and

monitoring.

The psychological nature of the pedagogical category
is

based

on

scientific

conclusions

and

recommendations of psychological science. For
example, motive, image, personality, experience,
action, communication and relationships.

The physiological characteristics of the pedagogical
category is to take into account the physiological
characteristics of students of different ages, such as
childhood, student period, adolescence, working age,
old age, gerontology, anthropology, etc.

The hygienic feature of the pedagogical category is to
take into account the requirements of health care in
the educational process, including a healthy lifestyle,
hygienic education, cleanliness, medicine, physiology,
ergonomics, environmental aspects, humanism and
friendship ba.

The ideological peculiarity of this pedagogical category
is manifested in the introduction of the principles of
national independence for their implementation. This
includes ideology, idea, ideological principles, creative
and destructive ideas, and various aspects of human
thinking.

The economic nature of the pedagogy category
corresponds to the findings of educational
management and marketing research, including
economic behavior, culture, system, market economy,
education, frugality and family income.

The historical nature of the category of pedagogy,
taking into account the formation of its specific roots,
is important for determining further development
paths, including generation, historical vandalism,
population, society, country, state, historical research
and analysis.

The technological feature of the pedagogical category
relates to the organization, design and technology of
the educational process, including pedagogical
technology, design, planning, stages of technology,
innovative technology logic, classification, educational
project and case technology.

These categories emdiv the experience and activities
of many generations of human society. If there were
no concepts and categories that reflect the results of
knowledge, then today we would not have knowledge.
Pedagogical categories are universal structures of
thinking that reflect the general connections,
properties and relationships that exist in educational
processes. The study of the categories of pedagogical
science allows us to determine the essential properties
and connections of science. The following suggestions
should be taken into account during the training
process:

understanding the content of categories of pedagogy;

use of classifications of categories of pedagogy;

search and creation of new categories of pedagogy.
The categories of the subject of pedagogy are also
characterized by social, philosophical, methodological,
didactic, pedagogical, psychological, physiological,
hygienic, ideological, legal, economic, historical,
theoretical, practical features .


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

92


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

The social peculiarity of the pedagogical category
reflects the educational needs of each person, society
and

state.

For

example,

personality,

social

environment, society, socialization, socio-pedagogical
activity, social group, stratum, nationality, society,
state interests.

The philosophical feature of the pedagogical category
is to ensure the philosophical accuracy of the
interpretation of the concept. For example, objectivity,
specificity, practical applicability, historical context,
variability, theoretical foundations and cognitive
processes.

The methodological feature in the field of pedagogy
reflects the validity of the choice of methods,
techniques and means. For example, teaching
methods, educational tools, examples, methods,
teaching aids, rewards, stories, punishments,
conversations, etc.

The didactic essence of the pedagogical category
determines its compliance with educational norms and
principles. For example, the content of education,
forms of education, teaching methods, educational
tools,

pedagogical

process,

diagnostics

and

monitoring.

The psychological nature of the pedagogical category
is

based

on

scientific

conclusions

and

recommendations of psychological science. For
example, motive, image, personality, experience,
action, communication and relationships.

The physiological characteristics of the pedagogical
category is to take into account the physiological
characteristics of students of different ages, such as
childhood, student period, adolescence, working age,
old age, gerontology, anthropology, etc.

The hygienic feature of the pedagogical category is to
take into account the requirements of health care in
the educational process, including a healthy lifestyle,
hygienic education, cleanliness, medicine, physiology,
ergonomics, environmental aspects, humanism and
friendship ba.

The ideological peculiarity of this pedagogical category
is manifested in the introduction of the principles of
national independence for their implementation. This
includes ideology, idea, ideological principles, creative
and destructive ideas, and various aspects of human
thinking.

The economic nature of the pedagogy category
corresponds to the findings of educational
management and marketing research, including
economic behavior, culture, system, market economy,
education, frugality and family income.

The historical nature of the category of pedagogy,
taking into account the formation of its specific roots,
is important for determining further development
paths, including generation, historical vandalism,
population, society, country, state, historical research
and analysis.

The technological feature of the pedagogical category
relates to the organization, design and technology of
the educational process, including pedagogical
technology, design, planning, stages of technology,
innovative technology logic, classification, educational
project and case technology.

These categories emdiv the experience and activities
of many generations of human society. If there were
no concepts and categories that reflect the results of
knowledge, then today we would not have knowledge.
Pedagogical categories are universal structures of


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

93


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

thinking that reflect the general connections,
properties and relationships that exist in educational
processes. The study of the categories of pedagogical
science allows us to determine the essential properties
and connections of science. The following suggestions
should be taken into account during the training
process:

understanding the content of categories of pedagogy;

use of classifications of categories of pedagogy;

search and creation of new categories of pedagogy.
The categories of the subject of pedagogy are also
characterized by social, philosophical, methodological,
didactic, pedagogical, psychological, physiological,
hygienic, ideological, legal, economic, historical,
theoretical, practical features .

The social peculiarity of the pedagogical category
reflects the educational needs of each person, society
and

state.

For

example,

personality,

social

environment, society, socialization, socio-pedagogical
activity, social group, stratum, nationality, society,
state interests.

The philosophical feature of the pedagogical category
is to ensure the philosophical accuracy of the
interpretation of the concept. For example, objectivity,
specificity, practical applicability, historical context,
variability, theoretical foundations and cognitive
processes.

The methodological feature in the field of pedagogy
reflects the validity of the choice of methods,
techniques and means. For example, teaching
methods, educational tools, examples, methods,
teaching aids, rewards, stories, punishments,
conversations, etc.

The didactic essence of the pedagogical category
determines its compliance with educational norms and
principles. For example, the content of education,
forms of education, teaching methods, educational
tools,

pedagogical

process,

diagnostics

and

monitoring.

The psychological nature of the pedagogical category
is

based

on

scientific

conclusions

and

recommendations of psychological science. For
example, motive, image, personality, experience,
action, communication and relationships.

The physiological characteristics of the pedagogical
category is to take into account the physiological
characteristics of students of different ages, such as
childhood, student period, adolescence, working age,
old age, gerontology, anthropology, etc.

The hygienic feature of the pedagogical category is to
take into account the requirements of health care in
the educational process, including a healthy lifestyle,
hygienic education, cleanliness, medicine, physiology,
ergonomics, environmental aspects, humanism and
friendship ba.

The ideological peculiarity of this pedagogical category
is manifested in the introduction of the principles of
national independence for their implementation. This
includes ideology, idea, ideological principles, creative
and destructive ideas, and various aspects of human
thinking.

The economic nature of the pedagogy category
corresponds to the findings of educational
management and marketing research, including
economic behavior, culture, system, market economy,
education, frugality and family income.


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

94


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

The historical nature of the category of pedagogy,
taking into account the formation of its specific roots,
is important for determining further development
paths, including generation, historical vandalism,
population, society, country, state, historical research
and analysis.

The technological feature of the pedagogical category
relates to the organization, design and technology of
the educational process, including pedagogical
technology, design, planning, stages of technology,
innovative technology logic, classification, educational
project and case technology.

These categories emdiv the experience and activities
of many generations of human society. If there were
no concepts and categories that reflect the results of
knowledge, then today we would not have knowledge.
Pedagogical categories are universal structures of
thinking that reflect the general connections,
properties and relationships that exist in educational
processes. The study of the categories of pedagogical
science allows us to determine the essential properties
and connections of science. The following suggestions
should be taken into account during the training
process:

understanding the content of categories of pedagogy;

use of classifications of categories of pedagogy;

search and creation of new categories of

pedagogy.dаgogiс саtegories is given. Рedаgogiсаl
саtegories аre divided into theoretiсаl саtegories,
emрiriсаl

саtegories,

intersubjeсt

саtegories,

integrаtive саtegories, interdisсiрlinаry саtegories,
generаl саtegories.

Key words: саtegory, сonсeрt, term, theoretiсаl
саtegories,

emрiriсаl

саtegories,

intersubjeсt

саtegories, integrаtive саtegories, interdisсiрlinаry
саtegories, generаl саtegories.

Currently, the concept of “pedagogy” relates to the

entire system of pedagogical sciences, in which
categories occupy a central place. Meanwhile, the
analysis of the categories of pedagogy requires a
preliminary clear definition of their definitions.

Category (translated from Greek “indication”,
“evidence”, “concept”) is a basic concept in pedagogy

and reflects the features, content of pedagogical
processes, the relationship between the individual and
society, the individual and the group, the individual and
the collective tive, education and upbringing, spiritual,
moral, aesthetic, economic and environmental aspects
of pedagogical science [3, p. 27].

The basis of pedagogy, like any other science, is a set
of categories and concepts that define its subject.

About the “concept” it is said that this is “a form of

thought that generally reflects objects and

phenomena by fixing their essential properties.” Thus,

in pedagogical science, the concept denotes a form of
scientific knowledge that reveals the essence of a
cognizable object and phenomenon (relating to the
pedagogical process) and has the form of a law, rule,
conclusion, generalization [5].

According to Kh. Ibraimov, M. Kuranov, pedagogy is a
humanities science that studies the problems of
upbringing and education, systematizing knowledge
about the relationship between society and the
individual. Pedagogy also deals with general issues of
modern science and methodology: history and
development of science; basic concepts of science; its


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

95


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

basic concepts; current problems of modern science
[3, p. 27].

In the educational and methodological complex in the

discipline “General Pedagogy”, created by A. Askarov,

Z. Akhrorova, E. Ruzimatov, Sh. Sadykova, U. Sodikov,
pedagogy is considered as a branch of science that
studies the holistic process of learning and nutrition.
Since pedagogical science focuses on two important
aspects of personal development - its teaching and
upbringing, didactics (learning theory) and upbringing
theory are its important components. The object of
pedagogical science is considered to be a holistic
pedagogical process. The subject of pedagogical
science is: the educational process, its content,
patterns, principles, forms, methods and means [2, p.
21-22].

The concept of a category is general and fundamental;
it serves as a reflection of the most significant
properties, connections and relationships of any real
phenomenon. The formulation of a concept means the
definition of its main general and specific essential
features. Pedagogy combines many concepts and
categories expressed in terms. Let us recall that a term
is a word that gives a precise definition of a concept. In
scientific terminology, accuracy, unambiguity, brevity,
certainty and consistency are adhered to. However,
this cannot be said about all pedagogical terminology,
which is constantly updated, supplemented and
clarified, achieving perfection [5].

Pedagogical categories are understood as basic
pedagogical concepts that represent scientific
generalizations. These are the most general and
meaningful concepts that reflect the essence of

science and its certain characteristics. In every science,
categories play an important role, permeating all
scientific knowledge and combining them into a
holistic system. In the field of pedagogy, there are
many aspects to describe its conceptual and
categorical apparatus. It should be noted that at the
center of all pedagogical knowledge is the personality,
or more precisely, the processes influencing its
development [4].

In the scientific literature there are various definitions
of pedagogical categories and concepts (Table 1). The
category denotes a judgment, a definition. The
categories include the most capacious and general
concepts that reflect the essence of science, its
established and typical properties. In any science,
categories play a leading role, permeating all scientific
knowledge and, as it were, linking it into an integral
system. A concept is a form of scientific knowledge
that reflects an objective being in things and
phenomena, fixed by special terms [6].

In the explanatory dictionary of the Uzbek language,

the concept of “category” has the following meanings:

1. A general concept denoting the most important
properties and connections of objects and phenomena
in the material world. For example, the category of
time, the category of causality.

2. Unity of objects, phenomena, type, genus, group of
persons, levels with the commonality of certain
characteristics.

3. In scientific terminology

a concept denoting types

of objects or their general characteristics [10, p. 332].


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

96


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

Table 1

Various definitions of pedagogical categories and concepts

Pedagogical

categories

Scientists

BEZRUKOVA

V.S.

KHARLAMOV

I.F.

BABANSKY Y.K.

ILINA T.A.

Podlasy I.P.

SELIVANOV

V.S.

Parenting

This is the

process

of

transferring

experience

from

one

generation to

another and

its

assimilation,

ensuring

human

development.

In a broader

sense,

this

concept covers

mastery of the

entire complex

of

social

experience,

including

knowledge,

methods

of

creative activity

and

social

relationships. In

a narrow sense,

it involves the

formation

of

ideal

social,

moral

and

aesthetic

relations.

In a broader

context,

this

phenomenon is

a process and

result

of

personality

development in

conditions

of

targeted

training

and

education. In a

narrow

pedagogical

sense, this is a

process and the

result

of

a

purposeful

influence on the

development of

an individual.

In a broader

context,

it

covers

the

impact of all

social forces.

In a narrow

sense, it is

synonymous

with

educational

work.

Educational

work is a

specially

organized

pedagogical

activity

outside

of

school hours,

aimed

at

developing

certain

Purposeful and

organized

process

of

personality

formation

The process

of purposeful

personality

formation


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

97


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

personality

traits

in

students.

Education

this

is

a

specially

organized

system

of

external

conditions

created

in

society

for

human

development

mastery

of

memory,

methods

of

creative activity,

worldview ideas

The process and

result

of

students

mastering

a

system

of

scientific

knowledge and

cognitive skills,

forming

a

worldview

on

its basis and

developing

their

creative

abilities.

The process

and result of

not

only

learning, but

also

self-

education, as

well

as

exposure to

the media, as

a result of

which

a

person

acquires and

develops

The result of

learning in the

literal sense is

the formation

of

complete

ideas about the

subjects being

studied.

Education is a

complex

of

systematized

knowledge,

abilities, skills

and ways of

This is the

process and

result of the

assimilation

of

systematized

knowledge,

skills

and

abilities, the

acquisition of

certain

cultural

baggage.


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

98


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

Teaching plays a

fundamental

role

in

the

implementation

of education.

cognitive

skills.

thinking

that

the

learner

masters.

Training

the process of

direct

transmission

and reception

of

the

experience of

generations in

the

interaction of

the

teacher

and students

a

purposeful

process

of

interaction

between

teacher

and

students

A purposeful

process

of

interaction

between

a

teacher and a

student,

within

the

framework of

which

education,

upbringing

and human

development

are

carried

out.

A

specially

organized,

purposeful and

managed

process

of

interaction

between

teachers

and

students,

aimed

at

mastering

knowledge,

skills, abilities,

shaping

a

worldview,

developing the

intellectual

strength

and

potential

of

students,

consolidating

self-education

skills

in

A

mutual

process

of

joint,

purposeful

activities

of

students and

teachers

to

acquire

systematized

knowledge,

skills

and

abilities.


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

99


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

accordance

with the goals.

Development

This

phenomenon

is an objective

process

of

internal

sequential

dynamics,

accompanied

by

quantitative

and

qualitative

changes in the

physical and

spiritual

Development is

the relationship

between

quantitative and

qualitative

changes

occurring

in

human

consciousness,

internal

dynamics

that

covers

both

quantitative and

qualitative

transformations.

The formation

of personality is

a

complex

process

influenced

by

external

and

internal factors,

which can be

controlled

or

uncontrollable,

social

or

natural.

This

process

includes

mental,

The extensive

process

of

formation

and

development

of

personality

under

the

influence of

external and

internal

factors

becomes

important,

and training

the

process

and result of

quantitative

and qualitative

changes in the

human div


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

100


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

forces of a

person.

physical

and

general aspects.

and

education

play

a

fundamental

role in this

process.

Formation

acts as a result

of

personality

development

and means its

formation,

transformation

of a set of

properties

The formation

of personality is

the process and

result of its

development,

formed under

the influence of

education and

upbringing.

The unique

nature

of

personality

development

in the course

of its life and

the impact of

special

educational

influences.

The process of

formation of an

individual as a

social

being

under

the

influence of all

possible

factors,

including

environmental,

social,

economic,

ideological,

psychological

and others.

Categories in the explanatory dictionary of philosophy

(translated

from

Greek

“category”

-

sign,

interpretation) represent an extremely important
perception for philosophical thinking of the general
aspects

inherent

in

change,

development,

interconnection and inextricable connection in the
world; the most general concepts that form the basis
of cognition, denoting identity, similarity and

difference, stability and variability of objects and
phenomena. It is known that each science differs from
another depending on the nature of its object of study
and the specifics of the system used in it. And the
system of concepts indicates the stages of formation
and development of each science [9, p. 193].


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

101


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

Scientific categories are general, fundamental
concepts that express the forms and organizational
principles of scientific thinking. A system of scientific
categories or categorical structure is a network of
basic concepts of scientific thinking, their stable
configuration and relationship in which changes in
some elements lead to changes in others [7].

From the above definitions it is clear that the category
is perceived as a concept, a term. The meaning of

“concept” has found its expression in the explanatory

dictionary of the Uzbek language as follows:

1. A general concept that generally reflects logically
isolated,

essential

features,

connections

and

relationships of objects and phenomena; form of
thinking. For example, the concept of categories of
words, the concept of matter.

2. In general, this is an idea of objects, phenomena,
understanding. For example, new people of a new time

come to the village and.. they bring a new name, a new
understanding (P. Tursun, Teacher).

3. Level of consciousness. For example, political
consciousness.

4. The level of knowledge and imagination of a person.
For example, a person with a low level of
understanding [11].

The word term (from the Latin terminus - limit) should
be understood as a word or phrase that is a clear and
stable expression of a certain concept specific to the
field of science, technology, profession. For example,
botanical terms, jewelry terms, etc. [11, p. 222].

Among the key pedagogical categories are: education,
training, upbringing, development, socialization,
pedagogical system, educational process, pedagogical
activity, pedagogical interaction, pedagogical task,
educational technology (Fig. 1) [4].

Rice. 1. Categories of pedagogy

In addition, among the key categories of pedagogy, such aspects as upbringing, knowledge, skills, abilities,
information, mastery, personality traits, evolution, pedagogical work, educational process, cognition, training,
teaching and educational methods, principles, etc. are highlighted (Fig. 2):

education

upbringing

development

socialization

pedagogical

system

educational

process

pedagogical

activity

pedagogical

interaction

pedagogical

task

educational

technology


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

102


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

Рис.2. Pedagogical categories

So, the category denotes the most important
properties of objects and phenomena in science, the
concept is the logical isolated essential characteristics
of objects and phenomena, and the term is a specific
expression of a certain concept inherent in a particular
professional field. Basic terms in the field of pedagogy,
reflecting scientific generalizations, are also commonly
called pedagogical categories. These categories
include upbringing, training and education. In addition,
in the field of our science, general scientific terms such
as development and formation are widely used [1].

The categorical apparatus of pedagogy is divided into
four groups:

1. Philosophical categories: These categories reflect the
most complete features and connections, features and
properties of reality. They contribute to the
understanding and reflection of the patterns and
trends in the development of pedagogy itself and that
part of reality that it studies.

2. General scientific categories: These categories are
common to many individual sciences, but differ from
philosophical categories.

3. Particular scientific categories: Personal concepts
within the framework of pedagogy.

Parenting

is the process of

developing mental maturity based

on the knowledge acquired by the

younger generation - expresses

the goal of forming a worldview,

human beliefs, duty and

responsibility, moral qualities

inherent in the people of our

society

Knowledge

is the

connection between the

parts that make up a

single whole, arising from

their internal

contradictions

Proficiency

is a component of

skill that is the ability to perform

specific parts of an action

incredibly quickly, accurately

and purposefully, and is a set of

actions that arise from repeated

repetitions of exercises

Skills -

the ability to

apply knowledge and

skills in different

situations

Information

is a div of

knowledge acquired and

systematized as a result of

upbringing, acquired skills

and abilities, in the process of

forming a worldview

Mastery

is the reliable, creative

use of various skills, as well as a

high level of professional skills

development and the absolute

goal of professional training

Personality -

awareness of oneself

as a member of society and the

objectivity of mental activity,

formed under the influence of the

biological, social environment and

targeted education in

communication

The pedagogical

environment

is a

complex of interpersonal

relationships built in

accordance with

educational goals

Activity

- an action aimed at

achieving a goal that meets

individual, group, national or

universal needs


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

103


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

4. Categories borrowed from other sciences: Terms
brought from other areas of science [4] (Table 2):

table 2

Categorical apparatus of pedagogy

Philosophical

categories

General scientific categories

Private scientific

Categories

borrowed from

other sciences:

psychology

Socialization,

concept,

being,

phenomenon,

universal,

individual,

dilemma, source,

consequence,

potential, reality,

quality, quantity,

being, awareness,

law,

regularity,

practice, etc.

Exclusivity,

structure,

role,

component,

optimality,

state,

institution,

representation,

template, assumption, level, etc.

Pedagogical activity, education

system,

upbringing,

educational

process,

self-

education,

self-education,

teaching

activity,

learning

process, teaching (upbringing)

methodology,

educational

materials,

educational

situation, teacher, student,

teacher, student and other

relevant terms.

Perception,

assimilation,

intellectual

development,

memorization, skill,

mastery, cybernetics

- feedback, dynamic

system.

Let us present the classification of categories of
pedagogy as follows:

theoretical categories;

empirical categories;

historical categories;

interdisciplinary categories;

integrative categories;

cross-industry categories;

common categories.

Theoretical categories include such concepts as
personality,

activity,

pedagogical

environment,

pedagogical systems, upbringing, education and
training. Empirical categories consist of knowledge,
abilities, skills, education, development, socialization,
educational technology, self-education, self-education,
self-

study. Historical categories include such as “new


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

104


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

teach

ing methods”, “teacher”, “talim tashkiloti”,

“student/pupil”,

“astronomy”.

Interdisciplinary

categories

include

education

(“philosophy”,

“pedagogy”, “psychology”, “history”), personality
(“philosophy”, “pedagogy”, “psychology”), activity
(“pedagogy”, “psychology”), training (“pedagogy”,
“psychology”,

“methodology”)

and

others.

Integrative categories are defined as categories of
disciplines, as well as modules of the category of
pedagogy. For example, categories such as education,
upbringing, personality, play, learning are present in

“Theory and History of Pedagogy”, “General
Pedagogy”,

“Children’s

Pedagogy”,

“Special

Pedagogy” and other pedagogical disciplines. Inter

-

industry categories are understood as categories that
are used in different industries. For example, the
categories of information, skills, and activities are used
in the field of medicine, technology, and art. Common
categories used in everyday life are represented by
pedagogical terms such as knowledge, learning
processes and the like.

As the categories of pedagogical sciences develop and
industries increase, the formation of categories is
observed as follows:

formation of the content of other categories arising
from one category;

assignment categories;

vocabulary categories.

Let us give the following examples of the formation of
the content of categories from one to another:

Personal categories include pupil, teacher, student,
member of society, citizen, leader, student, social
worker, etc.;

From the categories of skills, pedagogical skills,
professional skills, etc. are distinguished;

categories of activities include teaching activities,
gaming activities, educational activities, labor
activities, creative activities, practical activities, etc.;

The categories of environment include the pedagogical
environment, the social environment, the natural
environment, the environment of students, the
environment of teachers, etc.

The categories of assignment are: mastery, innovation,
modernization, education management, creativity,
competence, society, blended learning, case study,
webinars, moderator, tutor, supervisor, facilitation,
technology assessment.

Vocabulary categories include the educational process,
pedagogical

activity,

educational

technology,

pedagogical technologies, educational management,
pedagogical skill, professional knowledge, pedagogical
system, pedagogical task, principles education,
principles of education, forms of education, types of
education, etc. Based on the analysis of educational
literature We came to the conclusion that the
categories of each object represent a particular feature
in relation to the general. In pedagogy there are also
general and specific characteristics of categories, for
example, consider the category of education (Table 3):

Table 3

G

eneral and specific characteristics of the category “Education”


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

105


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

General characteristics of the

category

Science/field

Specific characteristics of the

category

Education is a process conducted

under the guidance of specially

trained

people,

which

equips

students with knowledge, abilities

and skills, develops knowledge,

abilities, structures the worldview of

students

Deaf pedagogy

Educational - studies the features

of the development of deaf or

hard of hearing children, develops

the fundamentals of the structure

of a special educational process,

procedures for organizing special

educational institutions

Oligophrenopedagogy

Education - develops issues of

teaching

mentally

retarded

children

Typhlopedagogy

Education - develops issues of

training, education of blind and

visually impaired children and

their preparation for work

Analysis of categories for the following modules of science “General Pedagogy” (Table 4):

Table 4

Categories of modules “General pedagogy”

Module

Name of modules

Module categories

1-module

General pedagogy -

theory of education and

upbringing

pedagogy, pedagogical branches, knowledge, abilities, skills,

pedagogical system, methods of scientific and pedagogical

research, education system, modernization, teaching staff,

education management


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

106


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

2-module

Education theory

education, education process, types of education, methods of

education and goals of the educational process, principles of

education

3-module

Theory of education

education, educational process, acquisition of knowledge,

lesson, academic discipline, principles of education, types of

education, form of education, methods of education

4-module

Sphere of practical

activity of social

pedagogy

social rehabilitation, social adaptation, society, social

protection, orphan child, physical disability, mental

retardation, mental retardation

5-module

Pedagogical correction

pedagogical diagnostics, structural diagnostics, system

diagnostics, correction, compensation, family education,

rehabilitation, inclusive education, children with special

educational needs

6-module

The concept of

deviation

deviation, rehabilitation, social rehabilitation, modern

prevention, personal prevention, public prevention, medical

prevention

7-module

Pedagogical

professional

competence and

pedagogical skill

pedagogical skill, professional knowledge, pedagogical

system, pedagogical task, competence

8-module

Educational innovations innovation,

innovation,

educational

technologies,

pedagogical technologies, modern education, innovative

education, interactive education, traditional education,

principles of pedagogical technologies, innovative activities


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

107


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

9-module

Personality-oriented

educational

technologies

innovative education, collaborative learning, interactive

learning, distance learning, problem-based learning, project-

based learning, computer learning, developmental learning,

differentiated learning, modular learning, individual new

learning, self-education, programmed learning, gaming

technologies

10-module

Pedagogy of creative

thinking

creativity, creative orientation, erudition, reflection,

classification, periodization

11-module

Advanced foreign

experience

credit-modular system, blended learning, case study,

webinar lessons, heuristic methods, master classes, distance

learning,

moderator,

tutor,

supervisor,

facilitation,

assessment technologies, RIRLS, TIMSS, RISA, TALIS

The categories of the subject of pedagogy are also
characterized by social, philosophical, methodological,
didactic, pedagogical, psychological, physiological,
hygienic, ideological, legal, economic, historical,
theoretical, practical features.

The social peculiarity of the pedagogical category
reflects the educational needs of each person, society
and

state.

For

example,

personality,

social

environment, society, socialization, socio-pedagogical
activity, social group, stratum, nationality, society,
state interests.

The philosophical feature of the pedagogical category
is to ensure the philosophical accuracy of the
interpretation of the concept. For example, objectivity,
specificity, practical applicability, historical context,

variability, theoretical foundations and cognitive
processes.

The methodological feature in the field of pedagogy
reflects the validity of the choice of methods,
techniques and means. For example, teaching
methods, educational tools, examples, methods,
teaching aids, rewards, stories, punishments,
conversations, etc.

The didactic essence of the pedagogical category
determines its compliance with educational norms and
principles. For example, the content of education,
forms of education, teaching methods, educational
tools,

pedagogical

process,

diagnostics

and

monitoring.

The psychological nature of the pedagogical category
is

based

on

scientific

conclusions

and


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

108


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

recommendations of psychological science. For
example, motive, image, personality, experience,
action, communication and relationships.

The physiological characteristics of the pedagogical
category is to take into account the physiological
characteristics of students of different ages, such as
childhood, student period, adolescence, working age,
old age, gerontology, anthropology, etc.

The hygienic feature of the pedagogical category is to
take into account the requirements of health care in
the educational process, including a healthy lifestyle,
hygienic education, cleanliness, medicine, physiology,
ergonomics, environmental aspects, humanism and
friendship ba.

The ideological peculiarity of this pedagogical category
is manifested in the introduction of the principles of
national independence for their implementation. This
includes ideology, idea, ideological principles, creative
and destructive ideas, and various aspects of human
thinking.

The economic nature of the pedagogy category
corresponds to the findings of educational
management and marketing research, including
economic behavior, culture, system, market economy,
education, frugality and family income.

The historical nature of the category of pedagogy,
taking into account the formation of its specific roots,
is important for determining further development
paths, including generation, historical vandalism,
population, society, country, state, historical research
and analysis.

The technological feature of the pedagogical category
relates to the organization, design and technology of

the educational process, including pedagogical
technology, design, planning, stages of technology,
innovative technology logic, classification, educational
project and case technology.

These categories emdiv the experience and activities
of many generations of human society. If there were
no concepts and categories that reflect the results of
knowledge, then today we would not have knowledge.
Pedagogical categories are universal structures of
thinking that reflect the general connections,
properties and relationships that exist in educational
processes. The study of the categories of pedagogical
science allows us to determine the essential properties
and connections of science. The following suggestions
should be taken into account during the training
process:

understanding the content of categories of pedagogy;

use of classifications of categories of pedagogy;

search and creation of new categories of pedagogy.

REFERENCES

1.

4. Педагoгические категoрии. [Электрoнный
ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа: URL: 4.

Педагoгические категoрии. (studfile.net).

(15.11.2023).

2.

Ас

қ

ар

o

в

А

.,

Ахр

o

р

o

ва

З

.,

Рўзимат

o

в

Э

.,

Садик

o

ва

Ш

.,

С

o

дик

o

в

У

.

“Умумий

педаг

o

гика” фани бўйича ЎУМ. –

Тoшкент,

2018.

374 б.

3.

Ибраимoв

Х.,

Қ

ур

o

н

o

в

М

.

Умумий

педаг

o

гика

.

Дарслик

.

Т

.:

Са

ҳҳ

o

ф

, 2023.

416

б

.

Б

. 27.

4.

Категoриальный

аппарат

педагoгики.

[Электрoнный ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа:


background image

Volume 04 Issue 02-2024

109


International Journal of Pedagogics
(ISSN

2771-2281)

VOLUME

04

ISSUE

02

P

AGES

:

90-109

SJIF

I

MPACT

FACTOR

(2021:

5.

705

)

(2022:

5.

705

)

(2023:

6.

676

)

OCLC

1121105677















































Publisher:

Oscar Publishing Services

Servi

URL: Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики
(sрrаvoсhniсk.ru). (15.11.2023).

5.

Oснoвные категoрии педагoгики: виды и
oсoбеннoсти. [Электрoнный ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа: URL: Oснoвные категoрии
педагoгики:

виды

и

oсoбеннoсти

(solnсesvet.ru).

6.

Педагoгические

категoрии

и

пoнятия.

[

Электрoнный ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа:

URL:Педагoгические категoрии и пoнятия

-

Педагoгика

-

KаzEdu.сom. (15.11.2023).

7.

Прирoда научных категoрий. [Электрoнный
ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа: URL:Читать

oнлайн

«Филoсoфия

науки.

Учебнoе

пoсoбие», Ирина Петрoвна Никитина –

Литрес, страница 2 (litres.ru). (15.11.2023).

8.

Тема 2. Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики.
[Электрoнный ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа:

URL: Тема 2. Категoриальный аппарат
педагoгики (studfile.net). (15.11.2023).

9.

Фалсафа

қ

o

мусий

лу

ғ

ат

.

Т

o

шкент

:

Шар

қ

,

2004.

492

б

.

10.

Ўзбек тилининг изo

ҳ

ли

лу

ғ

ати

. 80

дан

o

рти

қ

сўз

ва

сўз

бирикмаси

.

К

.

Т

o

шкент

:

Ўзбекист

o

н

миллий

энцикл

o

педияси

.

479

б

.

11.

Ўзбек тилининг изo

ҳ

ли

лу

ғ

ати

. 80

дан

o

рти

қ

сўз

ва

сўз

бирикмаси

.

Т

.

Т

o

шкент

:

Ўзбекист

o

н

миллий

энцикл

o

педияси

.

321

б

.

Библиографические ссылки

4. Педагoгические категoрии. [Электрoнный ресурс]. – Режим дoступа: URL: 4. Педагoгические категoрии. (studfile.net). (15.11.2023).

Асқарoв А., Ахрoрoва З., Рўзиматoв Э., Садикoва Ш., Сoдикoв У. “Умумий педагoгика” фани бўйича ЎУМ. – Тoшкент, 2018. – 374 б.

Ибраимoв Х., Қурoнoв М. Умумий педагoгика. Дарслик. – Т.: Саҳҳoф, 2023. – 416 б. – Б. 27.

Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики. [Электрoнный ресурс]. – Режим дoступа: URL: Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики (sрrаvoсhniсk.ru). (15.11.2023).

Oснoвные категoрии педагoгики: виды и oсoбеннoсти. [Электрoнный ресурс]. –

Режим дoступа: URL: Oснoвные категoрии педагoгики: виды и oсoбеннoсти (solnсesvet.ru).

Педагoгические категoрии и пoнятия. [Электрoнный ресурс]. – Режим дoступа: URL:Педагoгические категoрии и пoнятия - Педагoгика - KаzEdu.сom. (15.11.2023).

Прирoда научных категoрий. [Электрoнный ресурс]. – Режим дoступа: URL:Читать

oнлайн «Филoсoфия науки. Учебнoе пoсoбие», Ирина Петрoвна Никитина – Литрес, страница 2 (litres.ru). (15.11.2023).

Тема 2. Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики. [Электрoнный ресурс]. – Режим дoступа:

URL: Тема 2. Категoриальный аппарат педагoгики (studfile.net). (15.11.2023).

Фалсафа қoмусий луғат. – Тoшкент: Шарқ, 2004. – 492 б.

Ўзбек тилининг изoҳли луғати. 80 дан oртиқ сўз ва сўз бирикмаси. К. – Тoшкент:

Ўзбекистoн миллий энциклoпедияси. – 479 б.

Ўзбек тилининг изoҳли луғати. 80 дан oртиқ сўз ва сўз бирикмаси. Т. – Тoшкент: Ўзбекистoн миллий энциклoпедияси. – 321 б.

inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана АСТ - Архитектура, строительство, транспорт Open Journal System - Престиж вашего журнала в международных базах данных inDesigner - Разработка сайта - создание сайтов под ключ в веб студии Iqtisodiy taraqqiyot va tahlil - ilmiy elektron jurnali yuridik va jismoniy shaxslarning in-Academy - Innovative Academy RSC MENC LEGIS - Адвокатское бюро SPORT-SCIENCE - Актуальные проблемы спортивной науки GLOTEC - Внедрение цифровых технологий в организации MuviPoisk - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Мультибрендовый онлайн шоп METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды SMARTY - Увеличение продаж вашей компании ELECARS - Электромобили в Ташкенте, Узбекистане CHINA MOTORS - Купи автомобиль своей мечты! PROKAT24 - Прокат и аренда строительных инструментов