Основные гельминтозы кур и борьба с ними

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Акрамов, К. (2022). Основные гельминтозы кур и борьба с ними. in Library, 22(2), 382–384. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/33656
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Аннотация

В статье представлен обзор и анализ литературы о распространенности основных гельминтозов кур (простагонимоз, аскаридоз, гетерацидоз и др.), распространенности и интенсивности инвазии среди кур.

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Volume: 05, 2022

http://sjii.indexedresearch.org

Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity

382

Main Chelmintosis of Chickens and Their Fight against Them

Akramov Komiljon Shuhrat o‘g‘li

Basic doctoral student Veterinary Research Institute


Abstract:

This article provides a review and analysis of the literature on the prevalence of

major helminthiasis in chickens (prostagonimosis, ascariasis, heteracidosis, etc.), the extent and
intensity of invasion among chickens.

Keywords:

prostagonimosis, ascaridosis, heteracidosis, synamosis, retinosis, invasiveness,

invasive intensity, helminthiascopy, helmintholarvoscopy, sedimentation, flotation.

Introduction.

It is known that various diseases of chickens and other species of poultry,

including helminthiasis, are a serious obstacle to the development of poultry farming and the full
satisfaction of the population's demand for products such as meat, eggs, and they cause
significant economic damage.

In particular, changes in the shape and industry of poultry farms in recent years, changes in their
natural resistance to regional diseases, storage conditions (on land and in nets) and other factors
have led to diseases, including helminthiasis, their prevalence and epizootiology. These changes
require the improvement of treatment and prevention methods, the development of new, system
of measures in line with current conditions and the development of cost-effective methods of
prevention.

The main stages of research in this area are, first of all, the identification of the main
helminthiasis of chickens, analysis of the dynamics of damage depending on storage conditions,
development of special and general methods of prevention of helminthiasis and development of
modern measures to combat helminthiasis in chickens. research such as output.

Today, helminthiasis is widespread in many countries around the world, in particular, the
existing agricultural animals in the country, parasitizing poultry, causing significant economic
damage to these areas of the livestock industry. The only helminths present in chickens are the
laying of eggs, the retardation of young birds in growth and development, the reduction of meat
productivity, as well as the decrease of the animal's resistance to infectious diseases, the
formation of a "gateway to infection" due to mechanical injuries caused by helminths. in poultry
farms, it leads to an increase in economic costs in households. Therefore, the development of
cost-effective methods of new modern measures to prevent and combat helminthiasis is a
pressing issue not only in our country, but also around the world.

Literature review.

The species composition and prevalence of helminthiasis in livestock and

poultry in different geographical and climatic regions of the world have been determined.

Helminthiasis is a disease that significantly reduces the productivity of animals and poultry.
Helminthiasis feeds on food, blood, and tissues found in various internal organs and tissues of
birds, mainly in the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, poultry farms suffer significant economic
losses. [2, 6]


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Volume: 05, 2022

http://sjii.indexedresearch.org

Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity

383

Violation of storage and feeding conditions of birds (humidity, cold, humid air, unsanitary, poor
nutrition, especially lack of vitamins in the feed, etc.) has been shown to reduce the div's
resistance and allow the disease to occur and spread. [4]

The most common helminthiasis of chickens is now recognized as ascariasis and heterocytosis.
The epizootiology, pathogenesis, and clinical manifestations of these diseases have been studied
by veterinarians around the world, and prevention measures have been developed. One of the
most important and new problems of helminthology today is the study of associative diseases, as
several species of helminths parasitize the div of birds at the same time. [3]

Prostogonimosis

is a disease caused by parasitism of the ovaries of chickens and other birds and

trematodes of the Prosthogonimus genus in the factory sac, in which the hen lays liquid eggs
without forming a shell.

Prostogonimosis is a biohelminth whose intermediate hosts are aquatic mollusks and additional
hosts are dragonflies. Poultry are infected with pathogens by consuming infected dragonflies.
The disease is most common in adult birds. In addition to the general clinical signs,
prostagonimosis is characterized by thin or shelled eggs (white fluid flows from the clavicle). If
not treated in time, the birds will die within 2 months.

Diagnosis can be made by sequential washing of feces samples and detection of parasitic eggs by
Sherbovich's methods, as well as complete helminthological dissection of the dead bird.

Alben Forte, one of the most effective trematosides in treatment, has a good effect. [2, 5]

Ascaridosis

is a helminthic disease caused by the parasitism of Ascaridiagalli nematodes in the

small intestine of chickens, turkeys, geese, turkeys and other birds. Ascarids are biohelminths
that develop in a simple way, and their hosts are earthworms. Ascariasis mainly affects young
birds - chickens and birds aged 8-10 months. The disease is rare in adult birds, but they are
invasive and spread parasitic eggs. Eggs that fall to the ground in the div of earthworms In
winter, the invasive eggs enter the div of birds and cause disease as a result of the consumption
by the birds of worms that come to the surface after rain in the spring. After 7-8 days of damage
to birds, general clinical signs appear (feathers fluttering, chicken wings fluttering, weight loss,
crown whitening, anemia, diarrhea, runny nose, etc.).

Diagnosis is made by examining fecal samples using the Fulleborn or Darling methods, such as
ascarid eggs and small intestine rupture.

Piperazine, Febtal, Albendazole (according to the instructions) are effective for treatment. [1, 3,
5]

Heteracidosis

is a helminthic disease characterized by the appearance of common clinical signs

such as ascariasis in the appendix of chickens and other birds by the nematodes
Heterakisgallinarum. Reservoirs are also the hosts of heteracidosis. Diagnosis and treatment are
the same as for the diagnosis and treatment of ascariasis. In almost all cases, the combination of
ascariasis and heteracidosis is the basis for joint treatment and prevention. [1, 3, 6]

To prevent the birds from becoming infected with helminths, it is important to keep them in
cages and ensure that they do not come into contact with their litter. Chickens should be cleaned
of manure every 5-7 days, biothermal disinfection of manure, replacement of bedding,
disinfection and disinsection should be carried out frequently. It is recommended that deworming
be carried out on a regular basis. [2, 5]


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Volume: 05, 2022

http://sjii.indexedresearch.org

Spanish Journal of Innovation and Integrity

384

References:

1.

A.Oripov, R.Davlatov, N.Yuldashev "Veterinary helminthology" textbook. Tashkent, 2016.
198-201 p.

2.

A. Aripov "Modern strategies, methods and tools to combat helminthiasis." // Journal of
Veterinary Medicine. №11. Tashkent, 2021. 17-19 p.

3.

V.Kibakin «Osnovnyehelmintozykurimeryborby s nimi v usloviyax Altayskogokrayai
Vostochnoy Sibiri» avtoref. D.v.n. Tyumen, 2005

4.

F.Ch.Ksavera "Parasitosis in the development and treatment of medical and prophylactic
measures in the conditions of peasant farms of the Krasnodar Krai" Diss. k.v.n. Krasnodar,
2021.

5.

M.Sh.Akbaev, Methods of diagnosis of helminthiasis in birds / M.Sh. Akbaev // Sb. nauchn.
trudov. izd-vo MGAVM i B. - Moscow. - 1999. - p.36- 41.

6.

Encyclopedia of domestic poultry farming, Kharkiv Belgorod 2010.

Библиографические ссылки

A.Oripov, R.Davlatov, N.Yuldashev "Veterinary helminthology" textbook. Tashkent, 2016. 198-201 p.

A. Aripov "Modern strategies, methods and tools to combat helminthiasis." // Journal of Veterinary Medicine. №11. Tashkent, 2021. 17-19 p.

V.Kibakin «Osnovnyehelmintozykurimeryborby s nimi v usloviyax Altayskogokrayai Vostochnoy Sibiri» avtoref. D.v.n. Tyumen, 2005

F.Ch.Ksavera "Parasitosis in the development and treatment of medical and prophylactic measures in the conditions of peasant farms of the Krasnodar Krai" Diss. k.v.n. Krasnodar, 2021.

M.Sh.Akbaev, Methods of diagnosis of helminthiasis in birds / M.Sh. Akbaev // Sb. nauchn. trudov. izd-vo MGAVM i B. - Moscow. - 1999. - p.36- 41.

Encyclopedia of domestic poultry farming, Kharkiv Belgorod 2010.

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