Some Thoughts On The Evolution Of Approaches To The Concept Of Human Capital

inLibrary
Google Scholar
Журнал:
Выпуск:
CC BY f
144-150
37

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.
Поделиться
Содиржонов, М. (2023). Some Thoughts On The Evolution Of Approaches To The Concept Of Human Capital . in Library, 20(3), 144–150. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/22309
Мухриддин Содиржонов, Наманганский государственный университет

Ijtimoiy fanlar kafedrasi dotsenti, sotsiologiya fanlari bo'yicha falsafa doktori(PhD)

Crossref
Сrossref
Scopus
Scopus

Аннотация

В статье представлен анализ исследований и научно-теоретических решений и предложений зарубежных исследователей в области изучения процессов развития человеческого капитала. Даны комментарии к концептуальным взглядам экономистов и социологов на развитие человеческого капитала.

Похожие статьи


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

144

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

ABSTRACT

The article presents an analysis of research and scientific-theoretical solutions and proposals of
foreign researchers in the field of studying the processes of human capital development. Comments
on the conceptual views of economists and sociologists on the development of human capital are
given.

KEYWORDS

Human capital, labor, sociology, economics, society, innovation, education, health, ability,
investment.



INTRODUCTION

The main factor in the development of
modern

society

is

education,

health,

professionalism, creativity, as well as the
scientific and innovative development of
information, technologies.
Every social phenomenon in society arises as
an element of the social system, and human
capital becomes its main object. Human
capital - requires constant development and

investment, thereby forming various sectors
and indicators of society. To date, a number of
books, scientific papers and dissertations have
been written on the concept of human capital.
All of them are doing research to create more
opportunities for people, to make life easier,
and to find answers to questions about when
everything will be fine.

Some Thoughts On The Evolution Of Approaches To The
Concept Of Human Capital

Muhriddin Mahamadaminovich Sodirjonov

Researcher, Namangan State University, Uzbekistan

Journal

Website:

http://usajournalshub.c
om/index,php/t
ajssei

Copyright:

Original

content from this work
may be used under the
terms of the creative
commons

attributes

4.0 licence.


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

145

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

Improving human capital is one of the most
important scientific and practical issues in the
study of socio-economic and political relations
in the country.
From the second half of the twentieth
century, attitudes toward human capital and
education

began

to

change

radically.

Theoretical and practical aspects of human
capital development were first studied by
foreign economists - scientists A.Smith,
T.Shults,

G.Becker,

E.Denison,

R.Solou,

S.Fisher [1]. According to T. Schultz [2], it
allows for a consistent distribution of capital:
human capital and material capital [3.45]. G.

Becker [4], one of the theorists of human
capital, was the first to apply the concept of
human capital at the micro level.

THE MAIN FINDINGS AND RESULTS


A. Smith emphasizes the importance of
human capital in the process of upbringing a
person, developing his ability to work, as well
as his specialization for the benefit of society
[5]. We believe that human capital was
measured by the ability to work to create new
value from the point of view of the time.

Views of economists on human capital

Economists

Economic views of economists on human capital

The uniqueness of economic
views

A. Smith
(1723-1790)

The increase in production depends primarily on the
capacity of the employee, and then on the fact that
the employee is armed with tools.

Particular attention is paid
to

the

individual

characteristics of people,
and this factor is associated
with labor productivity.

T. Shults
(1902-1998)

Improving the well-being of the poor depends on
knowledge, not on land or technology.

People’s level of education
depends on their income
level.

E. Denison
(1915-1992)

The cost factor of human capital is not a primary
factor, but their resulting quality indicators are one
of the key factors of economic growth.

Emphasis is placed on the
efficiency of human capital
development expenditures.

G. Becker
(1930-2014)

General education is equally beneficial for all firms
and increases the productivity of workers, while
special education serves to increase the productivity
of the firm that provides training, which is superior
to other forms of training. In a competitive
environment, the level of wages is determined by
high productivity and applies to the entire firm.
Therefore, the firm is not in favor of pure “general
education” overhead.

People’s

professionalism

and level of specialization
are considered to be the
main factors of competitive
advantage.

S.Fisher (1943)

The ability that can bring income to a person is
human capital. Human capital is classified as innate
ability, talent, as well as learned (acquired).

The role and importance of
internal

(innate)

and

external (lifelong) factors in
the formation of human
capital are highlighted.


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

146

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

According to S.Voronina’s interpretation of
human capital, the level of health of the
population is a particularly important issue,
which is the basis of socio-economic
development in any country. It is the level of
health of the population that forms human
capital [6. 141].
I.V. Ilinsky believes that human capital consists
of educational capital, health capital and
cultural capital [7. 127].
The principle of a functional approach should
be taken into account for a broader analysis of
the composition of human capital. The
methodological principle of the functional
approach requires that the phenomenon be
considered not only in terms of its internal
structure, but also in terms of its functional
purpose, the ultimate use purpose.
According to the Russian economist S.A.
Dyatlov, according to this principle, human
capital is a certain reserve of health,
knowledge, skills and abilities, motivation,
formed as a result of investment and
accumulated by man. When this reserve is
used in a certain sphere of social production, it
helps to increase labor productivity and
production efficiency, which in turn affects
the increase in wages (income) of the
individual [8. 72].
V.T. Smirnov and I.V. Skoblyakova argue that
human capital should be valued at the level of
an individual, an individual enterprise or a
group of enterprises [9].
The theory, scientific and practical aspects of
“human capital” in our country, the
development of human capital in Uzbekistan
in a market economy and the improvement of
its investment practices, the mechanism and
support for strong social policy were
developed by Uzbek economists, L.M.
Toshpolatova,

N.

Abdullaeva,

Q.X.

Abdurahmanov [10.542], Problems related to
the improvement of marketing services in the

market of educational services A.V Vakhabov,
Sh.Sh.Shodmonov,

H.P.

Researched

by

Abdulkasimov, T.T Juraev, S.S Gulomov, E.G
Nabiev, G.N Akhunova, M.H Saidov, A.S
Kucharov, K.S Alimdjanov, M. Saidov, A.O
Ergashev, G.S Kasimova and A.H Eshboev [11].
Human capital has also been studied from a
social point of view by M. Bekmurodov [12],
M. Kuronov [13], A. Umarov, U. Hayitov, M.
Abdujabbarova and others.
The history of world economics the economic
literature states that until the beginning of the
twentieth century, physical capital, ie the
means of production, material resources
played a key role in the production process. By
the middle of the twentieth century, the rapid
development of science and technology has
brought knowledge, research, and human
potential to the forefront. Direct man has
become the driving force of economic
development. The category of “human
capital” began to form in economics. Its
emergence was a response to the demands of
economics and life of economics and related
sciences.
An in-depth study of the pace of development
of society and the economy, as well as the
intellectual potential accumulated by man and
him, has become a vital necessity.
In the social sciences of the Western world in
general, human capital is not interpreted as a
great opportunity to improve the spiritual and
moral condition of society, to create
prosperity, to mobilize people for creative
work. In the process of work, a person does
not have the opportunity to understand
himself as an integral part of the community,
society, as well as a person who consciously
benefits those around him.
Human capital is a set of human qualities. It
means his ability to work in society and in the
institution, his position in production, which is
a source of income for himselfs.


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

147

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

Human capital is a resource that shapes
human beings as they develop all areas of
society and the country.
Resources or resources accumulated in a
person are a certain level of health, skills,
experience, potential, acquired knowledge
and profession, ability to work, and similar
human characteristics.

The following arguments are identified as
evidence:

-

It takes the form of basic capital because
of a person’s ability in society. The
richness of a person’s abilities and
position in life, his personality, is a natural
human skill. These features cannot be
taken or sold in isolation.

-

The qualities of a person's creativity are
the qualities that enable him to achieve
great material and spiritual benefits in the
future.

-

Human’s creative ability is not only
material, but also spiritual, social and
spiritual.

-

For the formation of creative ability in a
person,

society

must

attract

the

necessary

requirements

for

each

individual. It must be spent. (Every
individual must pay attention to himself in
the investment for the formation of
human capital, not only the individual,
but also society, the state must take
certain measures.

Typically, the elements of human capital
include:

Educational capital, based on general and
specialized knowledge,

Preparatory capital in the production
process

(degree,

skill,

production

experience);

Health capital;

Acquiring income-generating, growth-
generating,

economically

relevant

information.

The following indicators can be used to assess
human capital on an individual basis:

-

Structure

of

organization

and

management of human resources;

-

Satisfaction with life, the level of
gratitude;

-

Level of education;

-

Profession, experience;

-

High spirituality and culture;

-

Time and cost of education;

-

Health, prevention;

-

Activity, ability and talent;

Human capital is a social factor that has a
significant impact on the country’s innovation.
The following properties of human capital can
be distinguished:
First, human capital is inseparable from its
owner - an enterprise worker or a resident of
the region;
Second, the major part of the human capital
(which is why it is sometimes called the health
capital), which includes the physiological
characteristics and natural abilities of man, is
inherited from generation to generation; the
other part in the form of knowledge, skills,
and competencies is bestowed as a result of
the aspirations of the individual and society;
Thirdly, human capital, like other capital, can
be used in the field of social production and is
one of the most important factors in
increasing its efficiency;
Fourth, human capital is used by its owner for
the purpose of making a profit, so the
increase in income justifies the fact that
individuals increase their intellectual power
through the acquisition of knowledge and
skills.
The main aspects of human capital are defined
as follows:

I.

Sources of a certain level of knowledge,
skills, and different levels of production
qualities and human potential formed in
the process of investing in a person;


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

148

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

II.

Based on the accumulated knowledge, a
person develops slowly and develops
himself in one or another area of
development in society.

III.

Based on the accumulated skills, a person
achieves a balanced wealth, and in the
form of a monthly salary, he and the
society’s national income is created.

IV.

By investing in it, the society is
coordinated to ensure the growth of
income, its acquisition of new knowledge,
skills and experience in the future.

Human capital is a set of human qualities. It
means his ability to work in society and in the
institution, his position in production, which is
a source of income for himselfs. Human
capital is a resource that shapes human beings
as they develop all areas of society and the
country. Resources or resources accumulated
in a person are a certain level of health, skills,
experience, potential, acquired knowledge
and profession, ability to work, and similar
human characteristics.
Socio-economic development - human capital
can be achieved only through the formation of
knowledge, skills, qualities, abilities and skills
that provide personal and social well-being.
Education is a key factor in shaping human
capital. People are choosing to get a quality
education and a modern career. Indeed, the
process of globalization is fueling the need for
technological

skills

and

developing

opportunities to increase the importance of
human capital.



CONCLUSION


Unfortunately, today for many people this
opportunity is not considered sufficient for
the full development or realization of their
abilities and talents. Even in developed

countries, one fifth of young people cannot
complete secondary school, which seriously
limits

their

opportunities

for

further

employment. This failure often leads to
certain communities separating them from
the economic and social flow.
Globalization is a complex and controversial
phenomenon that encompasses a wide range
of social, political, cultural and economic
spheres, and has led to the disappearance of a
simple truth in the nature of trends: national
boundaries. Signs of globalization can be seen
everywhere - the rapid spread of technology is
permeating

the

processes

of

cultural

universalization.
Poverty doesn’t just mean, no money; which
means a shortage.
Knowledge enables the use of existing
opportunities in society, while skills provide
social development and economic growth.
This phenomenon requires constant funding
for education.
This was once a decisive factor for success. It
is important to work in factories, to be
comfortable and close to a natural place for
boat or train stations.
Human capital is the level of personal, social
and economic well-being at which a person
possesses knowledge, skills and abilities.
Every developed country has paid special
attention to the cost of education in the first
place. The list goes on and on, with the United
States, Germany, Japan, Singapore and more.
As a result of the development of mass
education around the United States, large-
scale economic growth was achieved in the
late 19th century.
In recent years, the “Asian Tiger” is
considered a priority policy of the state for
quality education on the basis of socio-
economic prosperity of Singapore and Korea.
Long before children go to school, they begin
to develop. Since childhood, every parent
strives to constantly improve the knowledge


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

149

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

and skills of his child. They recognize the
importance of paying special attention to
improving their reproductive status and
intellectual potential. Investing in children's
health and education helps them to develop
human capital. Economists have proven that
spending or investing in education at a young
age is justified, and various theoretical and
practical studies have been developed.

REFERENCES

1.

Smith A. Research on the nature and
causes of the wealth of nations. Moscow:
Eksmo. 2007. –p. 684// Shultz T. Human
Capital in the International Encyclopedia
of the Social Sciences. N.Y. 1968. vol. 6 //
Becker G. Human Capital. NY: Columbia
University Press. 1964. // Denison E.
“Analysis of US economic growth from
1929 to 1969” (Accounting for United
States Economic Growth. 1929-69, 1974. -
p. 576) // Solou R. Policy of Full
Employment. 1962. -p. 638 // Fisher S;
Dornbusch R; Schmalenzi R. Economic
theory. Moscow: Unity, 2002. –p. 378

2.

Theodore William Schultz (April 30, 1902,
Arlington: February 26, 1998. Ivanston,
USA) was an American economist who
was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize for his
research on economic development in
developing countries. Major works: Food
for the World (1945); Transformation of
Traditional Agriculture (1964).

3.

Shultz T. Human Capital, family planning
and their etfects on population growth //
American Economic Review. 1994. May. –
p. 45.

4.

Gary Stanley Becker (born December 2,
1930) is an American economist who won
the 1992 Nobel Prize for “applying the
field of microeconomic analysis to a
number of human characteristics” Major
works:

The

Economic

Theory

of

Discrimination (1957), Human Capital
(1964), Economic Theory (1971).

5.

Smith A.An Inquiry into the Nature and
Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book2 of
the

Nature,

Accumulation,

and

Employment of Stock. London: 1776.

6.

Voronina S.Yu. Economic foundations of
the

functioning

of

autonomous

institutions in the field of health services:
diss. Ph.D. St. Petersburg: SP GEMU.
2014. –p. 141.

7.

Ilyinsky I.V. Investing in the Future:
Education in Investment Reproduction.
SPb: SPbUEF, 1996. -p. 127.

8.

Dyatlov S.A. Human Capital Theory:
Textbook. SPb: SPbUEF. 1996. -p. 72.

9.

Smirnov

V.T;

Skoblyakova

I.V.

Classification and types of human capital
in an innovative economy. SPb: Prospect,
2001. - p. 2003.

10.

Toshplatova L.M. Human development:
textbook / number of authors 2nd
edition. Tashkent: UWED, UNDP. 2011. -
pp. 357-363 // Abdullaeva N. Human
development: textbook / number of
authors 2nd edition. Tashkent: UWED,
UNDP. 2011. -pp. 11-48 // Human
development. Textbook. prof. Edited by
Q.H Abdurahmanov. Tashkent: Economy.
2013. –p. 542.

11.

Vakhabov A.V; Imamov E; Soleev A;
Tulyakhodzhaeva M; Khusanova N.
Higher education in Central Asia.
Modernization tasks. Tashkent: 2007. -p.
214; Shodmonov Sh.Sh. Economic theory.
Tashkent: 2002. –p. 240. Abdulqosimov
H.P. The human factor in the emerging
market economy and ways to activate it
Tashkent: TMI. 2005. –p. 196; S. S.
Gulomov

Education

in

Uzbekistan,

today's day. Moscow: Alma-mater, 2001 .;
Nabiev E. The sphere of services in
national reproduction: abstract of a
doc.of economic sciences. Tashkent:


background image

The USA Journals Volume 02 Issue 08-2020

150

The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations
(ISSN

2689-100x)

Published:

August 14, 2020 |

Pages:

144-150

Doi:

https://doi.org/10.37547/tajssei/Volume02Issue08-21



I

MPACT

F

ACTOR

2020:

5.

525

Tashkent State University. 1994. –p. 36.;
Akhunova G.K Marketing activities in the
market of educational services and its
improvement:

author's

ref.

i.f.d.

Tashkent: TDIU. – p. 46.; Saidov M.X.
Economics, investment and marketing of
higher education: Tashkent: Finance,
2002. –p. 332.; Kucharov A.S. Improving
the organizational and economic factors
of management in the training of highly
educated professionals for the business
sector: i.f.d. abstracts. Tashkent: TDTU,
2006. –p. 40.; Alimdjanov K.S. National
training program of the Republic of
Uzbekistan and issues of its financial
support: i.f.n. diss. Abstract. Tashkent:
TDIU, 2004 –p. 23 .; Ergashev A.O.
Improving the basics of economic
management of the education system
(on the example of secondary special,
professional system): - i.f.n. abstract
Tashkent: TDTU, 2006. –p. 24.; Qosimov
G. The role of budget policy in the
development of socio-cultural spheres:
i.f.n. diss. Abstracts. Tashkent: TDTU,
2001. -p. 25.; Eshboev A.X. The impact of
the

education

system

on

the

development of the national economy
during the transition to market relations:
i.f.n. diss. abstracts. Tashkent: National
University of Uzbekistan, 2008. –p. 25.

12.

Bekmurodov M.M. Human capital is a
factor

of

development.

Tashkent:

“Manaviyat”. 2015

13.

Kuronov M. Human capital is the spiritual
capital of the economy. Interaction of the
family, Continuing education institutions,
Neigborhood and law enforcement
agencies in the prevention of juvenile
delinquency and neglect Materials of the
Republican scientific-practical conference
April 18-19 Gulistan: 2014. –pp. 22-26

14.

Yusupalieva D. K; Sodirzhonov M.
M.(2017). Mass media in Uzbekistan:

development trends, dynamics and
prospects. Modern Science, (1), -pp. 23-
25.

Библиографические ссылки

Smith A. Research on the nature and causes of the wealth of nations. Moscow: Eksmo. 2007. –p. 684// Shultz T. Human Capital in the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. N.Y. 1968. vol. 6 // Becker G. Human Capital. NY: Columbia University Press. 1964. // Denison E. “Analysis of US economic growth from 1929 to 1969” (Accounting for United States Economic Growth. 1929-69, 1974. -p. 576) // Solou R. Policy of Full Employment. 1962. -p. 638 // Fisher S; Dornbusch R; Schmalenzi R. Economic theory. Moscow: Unity, 2002. –p. 378

Theodore William Schultz (April 30, 1902, Arlington: February 26, 1998. Ivanston, USA) was an American economist who was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize for his research on economic development in developing countries. Major works: Food for the World (1945); Transformation of Traditional Agriculture (1964).

Shultz T. Human Capital, family planning and their etfects on population growth // American Economic Review. 1994. May. –p. 45.

Gary Stanley Becker (born December 2, 1930) is an American economist who won the 1992 Nobel Prize for “applying the field of microeconomic analysis to a number of human characteristics” Major works: The Economic Theory of Discrimination (1957), Human Capital (1964), Economic Theory (1971).

Smith A.An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Book2 of the Nature, Accumulation, and Employment of Stock. London: 1776.

Voronina S.Yu. Economic foundations of the functioning of autonomous institutions in the field of health services: diss. Ph.D. St. Petersburg: SP GEMU. 2014. –p. 141.

Ilyinsky I.V. Investing in the Future: Education in Investment Reproduction. SPb: SPbUEF, 1996. -p. 127.

Dyatlov S.A. Human Capital Theory: Textbook. SPb: SPbUEF. 1996. -p. 72.

Smirnov V.T; Skoblyakova I.V. Classification and types of human capital in an innovative economy. SPb: Prospect, 2001. - p. 2003.

Toshplatova L.M. Human development: textbook / number of authors 2nd edition. Tashkent: UWED, UNDP. 2011. -pp. 357-363 // Abdullaeva N. Human development: textbook / number of authors 2nd edition. Tashkent: UWED, UNDP. 2011. -pp. 11-48 // Human development. Textbook. prof. Edited by Q.H Abdurahmanov. Tashkent: Economy. 2013. –p. 542.

Vakhabov A.V; Imamov E; Soleev A; Tulyakhodzhaeva M; Khusanova N. Higher education in Central Asia. Modernizatio tasks. Tashkent: 2007. -p. 214; Shodmonov Sh.Sh. Economic theory. Tashkent: 2002. –p. 240. Abdulqosimov H.P. The human factor in the emerging market economy and ways to activate it Tashkent: TMI. 2005. –p. 196; S. S. Gulomov Education in Uzbekistan, today's day. Moscow: Alma-mater, 2001 .; Nabiev E. The sphere of services in national reproduction: abstract of a doc.of economic sciences. Tashkent: Tashkent State University. 1994. –p. 36.; Akhunova G.K Marketing activities in the market of educational services and its improvement: author's ref. i.f.d. Tashkent: TDIU. – p. 46.; Saidov M.X. Economics, investment and marketing of higher education: Tashkent: Finance, 2002. –p. 332.; Kucharov A.S. Improving the organizational and economic factors of management in the training of highly educated professionals for the business sector: i.f.d. abstracts. Tashkent: TDTU, 2006. –p. 40.; Alimdjanov K.S. National training program of the Republic of Uzbekistan and issues of its financial support: i.f.n. diss. Abstract. Tashkent: TDIU, 2004 –p. 23 .; Ergashev A.O. Improving the basics of economic management of the education system (on the example of secondary special, professional system): - i.f.n. abstract Tashkent: TDTU, 2006. –p. 24.; Qosimov G. The role of budget policy in the development of socio-cultural spheres: i.f.n. diss. Abstracts. Tashkent: TDTU, 2001. -p. 25.; Eshboev A.X. The impact of the education system on the development of the national economy during the transition to market relations: i.f.n. diss. abstracts. Tashkent: National University of Uzbekistan, 2008. –p. 25.

Bekmurodov M.M. Human capital is a factor of development. Tashkent: “Manaviyat”. 2015

Kuronov M. Human capital is the spiritual capital of the economy. Interaction of the family, Continuing education institutions, Neigborhood and law enforcement agencies in the prevention of juvenile delinquency and neglect Materials of the Republican scientific-practical conference April 18-19 Gulistan: 2014. –pp. 22-26

Yusupalieva D. K; Sodirzhonov M. M.(2017). Mass media in Uzbekistan: development trends, dynamics and prospects. Modern Science, (1), -pp. 23-25.

inLibrary — это научная электронная библиотека inConference - научно-практические конференции inScience - Журнал Общество и инновации UACD - Антикоррупционный дайджест Узбекистана UZDA - Ассоциации стоматологов Узбекистана АСТ - Архитектура, строительство, транспорт Open Journal System - Престиж вашего журнала в международных базах данных inDesigner - Разработка сайта - создание сайтов под ключ в веб студии Iqtisodiy taraqqiyot va tahlil - ilmiy elektron jurnali yuridik va jismoniy shaxslarning in-Academy - Innovative Academy RSC MENC LEGIS - Адвокатское бюро SPORT-SCIENCE - Актуальные проблемы спортивной науки GLOTEC - Внедрение цифровых технологий в организации MuviPoisk - Смотрите фильмы онлайн, большая коллекция, новинки кинопроката Megatorg - Доска объявлений Megatorg.net: сайт бесплатных частных объявлений Skinormil - Космецевтика активного действия Pils - Мультибрендовый онлайн шоп METAMED - Фармацевтическая компания с полным спектром услуг Dexaflu - от симптомов гриппа и простуды SMARTY - Увеличение продаж вашей компании ELECARS - Электромобили в Ташкенте, Узбекистане CHINA MOTORS - Купи автомобиль своей мечты! PROKAT24 - Прокат и аренда строительных инструментов