Английский язык

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Курганов A. (2021). Английский язык. in Library, 21(1), 1–231. извлечено от https://inlibrary.uz/index.php/archive/article/view/12394
Анвар Курганов, Академия МВД Республики Узбекистан

Начальник кафедры узбекского языка и иностранных языков МВД Республики Узбекистан

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Аннотация

Основной целью данного учебного пособия является развитие у сотрудников правоохранительных органов способности общаться и обмениваться идеями на английском языке на основе базовых знаний и навыков фонетики и грамматики английского языка. Учебник содержит тексты по предметной области и задания, связанные с содержанием текстов, данных для аналитического чтения.
Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов и курсантов семейных образовательных учреждений, входящих в систему МВД.

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20


3. a) I never want to know the truth.
b) I never wanted to know the truth.

4. a) I think they should arrest all the thieves.
b) I think they should arrest this thief.

5. a) Have you started to do it?
b) Have you started doing it?

Task 8

. Listen to the dialogue and then choose the best answer.

1. When was Karen robbed?

a) two years ago

b) two weeks ago

c) two days ago

2. The thieves took.

a) all the money

b) nothing valuable

c) a few valuable
things

3. Why wasn't anydiv arrested?

a) Because there
was not enough
evidence

b) Because there were
no fingerprints

c) Because there
were no suspects

4. Who was the eye witness?

a) a girl

b) an elderly lady

c) there was no eye
witness

5. Who owns a red Volvo?

a) Karen's husband

b) Karen

c) Karen's son

Task 9

. Listen to the sentences and fill in the gaps.

1. The police _______ the murderers.
2. Detective Smith _______ the case.
3. Who is the main _______?
4. Why don't you _______ it?
5. We found a lot of _______.
6. She is my _______.

O‘ZBEKISTON RESPUBLIKASI ICHKI ISHLAR VAZIRLIGI

AKADEMIYA








A.M.KURGANOV




INGLIZ TILI

O‘quv qo‘llanma











TOSHKENT – 2021


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2

UO‘K 811.111:343.125(075)(575.1)

O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Oliy va o‘rta maxsus ta’lim vazirligining

2020 yil 07 dekabrdagi 648-sonli buyrug‘iga asosan tavsiya etilgan.

Taqrizchilar:

IIV Akademiyasi Huquqbuzarliklar profilaktikasi kafedrasi dotsenti

Yuridik fanlar bo‘yich falsafa doktori (PhD)

S. B. Kho‘jakulov

O‘zbekiston davlat jahon tillari universiteti ingliz tilini o‘qitish

metodikasi kafedrasi dotsenti, filologiya fanlari doktori (DcS)

О. S. Akhmedov

S-19 Kurganov A.M.

Ingliz tili. O‘quv qo‘llanma

– T.: O‘zbekiston Respublikasi IIV

Akademiyasi, 2021. 240 bet.


Mazkur o‘quv qo‘llanmaning asosiy maqsadi ingliz tili fonetikasi va

grammatikasiga oid asosiy bilim va ko‘nikmalarga suyangan holda
huquqni muhofaza qilish idoralari xodimlarining ingliz tilida muloqot
qilish va fikr almashish ko‘nikmalarni rivojlantirishdan iborat. O‘quv
qo‘llanma tahliliy o‘qish uchun berilgan sohaviy mavzulardagi matnlar
hamda matnlarning mazmuniga aloqador topshriqlarni o‘z ichiga olgan.

O‘quv qo‘llanma IIV tizimiga qarashli oily o‘quv yurtlarining

tinglovch va kursantlariga mo‘ljallangan.




UO‘K 811.111:343.125(075)(575.1)

© O‘zbekiston Respublikasi IIV Akademiyasi, 2021.

19

WRITING

Task 5

. Complete the table using nouns or verbs when it is necessary.

CRIME

CRIMINAL

VERB


shoplifting

murderer

kidnap

burglar

smuggling

steal

Task 6

. Fill in the text with suitable words.


When a (1) …………… is committed, someone (2) …………… it to the
police. The police carry out an (3) …………… and try to (4) ……………
the criminal. They (5) …………… the victim and witnesses. They collect
(6) …………… and (7) …………… buildings. They interview any
suspects. Finally they (8) …………… someone and (9) …………… him or
her. Later they (10) …………… this prison with a crime.

LISTENING

Task 7

. Circle the sentence that you hear.

1. a) He's got a nice flat.

b) She's got a nice flat.

2. a) Do you like reading books?
b) Would you like to read a book?

Word bank:

arrest, crime, search, charge, reports, evidence, investigation,

interview, question, catch


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18

Mrs.Wilson:

One of them was tall and well-built. He had a beard and

long hair. The second was quite short and thin. I think he had a
moustache... Yes, I'm sure he had a moustache.

Policeman:

Could you tell us exactly what happened

later?

Mrs.Wilson:

They were talking or rather arguing for

some time when suddenly a third man appeared.
He was wearing black clothes and carrying a
large bag. I couldn't see what was in the bag
because it was too far away to see. But I'm sure
there were other things from my neighbours' house.

Policeman:

So you thought they had stolen all those things from your

neighbours' house.

Mrs.Wilson:

Yes, of course. They looked suspicious and it was too late

to move furniture from one house to another. Besides, I haven’t
heard that my neighbours are moving out.

Policeman:

What did you do later?

Mrs.Wilson:

I quickly went to my room and phoned the police. But

there is something that terrifies me.

Policeman:

What is it, Mrs.Wilson?

Mrs.Wilson:

I think that just before I left the window the man in black

clothes looked straight at me. I’m sure he noticed me standing in
the window.

Policeman:

There is nothing to worry about, Mrs.Wilson. We caught

the three men who broke into your neighbours' house yesterday.
And your evidence is very helpful to our investigation.

Mrs.Wilson:

Oh, I'm so happy I could help you. Now I know how fast

the police work and how safe we all are.

Task 4.

Translate and remember the useful expressions.

Could you tell us what exactly
happened then?
I phoned the police.
It was getting dark.
There is nothing to worry about.
They looked suspicious.

What were you doing yesterday
at 7 p.m.?
Your evidence is very helpful.

3

SO‘Z BOSHI

Ushbu

o‘quv

qo‘llanma

O‘zbekiston

Respublikasi

IIV

Akademiyasida ingliz tilini o‘rganayotgan kursantlar, shuningdek
amaliyot xodimlariga mo‘ljallangan. O‘quv qo‘llanmani yaratishdan
asosiy maqsad kursantlarlarning inglizcha so‘z boyligini oshirish va erkin
og‘zaki muloqat ko‘nikmalarini rivojlantirishdan iborat. Bundan tashqari,
mazkur o‘quv qo‘llanma kursantlarga bo‘lajak kasblariga aloqador
original matnlar mazmunini tushunish va ulardan kerakli ma’lumotlarni
ajratib olish, berilgan mavzular bo‘yicha fikr bildirish kabi amallarni
bajarishni o‘rganishga yaqindan yordam beradi.

O‘quv qo‘llanmadan o‘rin olgan grammatik material avvalgi

bosqichlarda o‘tilgan mavzularni takrorlash va ularni qo‘llash
ko‘nikmalarini rivojlantirishni nazarda tutadi. Leksik materialning asosiy
qismi yangi bo‘lib, unda mutaxassislik tiliga xos so‘z va iboralar hamda
ularning yasalish usullari va modellariga ham o‘rin berilgan.

O‘quv qo‘llanmada berilgan matn va topshriqlar kursantlarni

inglizcha og‘zaki nutqning turli ko‘rinishlariga o‘rgatish maqsadidan
kelib chiqib tanlab olingan. Matnlar, og‘zaki va yozma shakllarda
bajariladigan topshiriqlar hamda boshqa ijodiy ishlar uchun berilgan
vazifalarning mazmuni va hajmi O‘zbekiston Respublikasi IIV
Akademiyasi kursantlari uchun ishlab chiqilgan “Xorijiy til fan dasturi”
asosida belgilangan. Ular orasidan

Police And Crime, Crime Prevention,

Interview, Disturbing The Peace, Investigation Of Crime, Police
Operations, Computer Crime, Road Traffic Accident, Fingerprints

va

kursantlarni bo‘lajak kasblariga yo‘naltiradigan boshqa mavzulardagi
matnlar o‘rin olgan. Har bir matndan keyin mavzuga oid faol so‘z va
iboralarning inglizcha izohli lug‘ati keltirilgan.

Har bir mavzu uchun bir nechtadan topshiriqlar berilgan bo‘lib, ular

kursantlarning o‘qish va tinglash yo‘li bilan olgan ma’lumotlarini ingliz
tilida og‘zaki bayon qilish, berilgan savollarga javob berish, o‘rtaga
tashlangan masala yuzasidan o‘z shaxsiy fikrlarini ifoda etish va
munozaraga kirishish kabi ko‘nikmalarini hosil qilish va rivojlantirish
uchun xizmat qiladi.

O‘quv qo‘llanmada muayyan kamchiliklarga yo‘l qo‘yilgan bo‘lishi

ehtimoldan xoli emas. Shu boisdan muallif ushbu o‘quv qo‘llanma
yuzasidan bildirilgan tanqidiy fikr-mulohazalar va takliflarni mamnuniyat
bilan qabul qiladi va kelgusi ishlarida ulardan foydalanadi.


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4

UNIT 1

MY SPECIALITY

Get ready!

Before you read the passage, talk about these questions.

1. What specialities does the Academy of MIA train?

2. What is your speciality and what are its tasks?

VOCABULARY

Task 1. Listen to new words and phrases then copy out them.

detect

– discover or investigate (a

crime or its perpetrators)

detective

– a person, especially a

police officer, whose occupation
is to investigate and solve crimes

detective activity

– detective work

detection

– the work of a detective

in investigating a crime

investigate

– carry out a

systematic or formal inquiry to
discover and examine the facts
of (an incident, allegation, etc.)
so as to establish the truth

investigator

– a detective

investigation

– the action of

investigating something or
someone; formal or systematic
examination or research

crime

– an action or omission

which constitutes an offence and
is punishable by law

criminal

– 1.a person who has

committed a crime; 2.

relating

to crime

criminality

criminal nature;

crime

act

– a thing done; a deed

commit

– perpetrate or carry out (a

mistake, crime, or immoral act)

prevent

– keep (something) from

happening; stop (someone) from
doing something

primary

– earliest in time or

order

technique

a way of carrying out

a particular task

solve –

disclose

solution

– disclosure

master

– acquire complete

knowledge or skill in (a subject,
technique, or art)

Active words:

speciality, train, the organs of internal affairs, lawyer,

an operative worker, investigator, forensic expert, crime prevention
inspector, a dog-guide, special means, Criminal Investigation
Department (CID), crime scene

17

LISTENING

Task 3.

Listen to the dialogue and answer the following questions

then act it by roles.

Questions:

1. What made Mrs.Wilson walk to the window?
2. Why Mrs.Wilson thought that home is being robbed?
3. How many robbers there were?
4. What have terrified Mrs.Wilson?

BURGLARY

Policeman:

All right, Mrs.Wilson, tell us where you were yesterday at 7

o'clock in the evening.

Mrs.Wilson:

I was sitting at home and reading a book when suddenly I

heard some strange noises outside my house.

Policeman:

What did you do then?

Mrs.Wilson:

I got up, walked to the window, looked

through it and saw two strange men carrying a
television.

Policeman:

Was it dark outside?

Mrs.Wilson:

It was getting dark but they were stand-

ing under a street lamp and talking nervously.

Policeman:

Can you describe them?


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16

smuggling – kontrabanda
theft

o‘girlik, kissavurlik


Criminals

burglar – bosqinchi
kidnapper – odam o‘g‘risi
murderer – qotil
shoplifter – do‘kon o‘g‘risi
smuggler – kontrabandachi
thief – o‘g‘ri

Committing a crime

to break into – buzib kirmoq
to kidnap – odam o‘g‘irlamoq
to kill someone – kimnidir o‘ldirmoq
to murder someone – kimnidir o‘ldirmoq
to rob someone – kimnidir tunamoq
to shoplift – do‘konlarni tunamoq
to smuggle – kontrabanda bilan shug‘ullanmoq
to steal – o‘g‘irlamoq


READING

Task 2.

Read the given words. Then divide them into three groups.

theft, witness, police department, victim, burglary, suspect, police
station, smuggling, policeman, prison, kidnapping, interview room


CRIMES: …………………………………
PEOPLE: …………………………………
PLACES: …………………………………




Dialogni eshiting, so‘ng matnni o‘qib chiqing va bir kuni
kechasi Vinson xonim bilan nima bo‘lganligini bilib olasiz.
Foydali iboralarni hamda yangi so‘zlarni yod oling.

5

forensic expert

– forensic

scientist

dog-guide

– bobby-handler

forensic medical expert

– court or

legal medical expert

close

– (of a connection or

cooperation) strong

cooperation –

the action or

process of working together to
the same end

teamwork

– the combined action

of a group

search

– 1.try to find something

by looking or otherwise seeking
carefully and thoroughly;
examine (a place, vehicle, or
person) thoroughly in order to
find something or someone; 2.

an act of searching for someone
or something

commander

– a person in

authority, esp. over a special
operation

evidence

– information drawn

from personal testimony, a
document, or a material object,
used to establish facts in a legal
investigation or admissible as
testimony in a law court

collect

– bring or gather together

(a number of things)

protect

– keep safe from harm or

injury

trace

– a mark, object, or other

indication of the existence or
passing of something

take pictures

– to photograph, to

take photograph

reconstruct

– 1.

build or form

(something) again after it has
been damaged or destroyed;
2.form an impression, model, or
re-enactment of (a past event or
thing) from the available
evidence

happening

– an event or

occurrence

record

– an official report of

proceedings

as to

– with respect to; concerning

interview

– 1.a meeting of people

face to face, especially for
consultation; 2.a session of
formal questioning of a person by
the police

interrogate

– ask questions of

(someone) closely, aggressively,
or formally

witness

– a person who sees an

event, typically a crime or
accident, take place; a person
giving sworn testimony to a court
of law or the police

eyewitness

– who has seen

something happen and can give a
first-hand description of it

victim

– a person harmed, injured,

or killed as a result of a crime,
accident, or other event or action

suspect

– 1.believe or feel that

(someone) is guilty of an illegal,
dishonest, or unpleasant act,
without certain proof; 2.

a person

thought to be guilty of a crime or
offence

immediate

– occurring or done at

once; instant


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6

measure

– a plan or course of

action taken to achieve a
particular purpose

identify

– establish or indicate

who or what (someone or
something) is; recognize or
distinguish

locate

– discover the exact place

or position of

discovery

– the action or process

of discovering or being
discovered

seizure

− the action of confiscating

or impounding property by warrant
of legal right

steal (stole, stolen)

− take

(another person's property)
without permission or legal right
and without intending to return it

instrument

− a tool or implement

aid

− help, typically of a practical

nature

external –

belonging to or

forming the outer surface or
structure of something

corpse

− a dead div, esp. of a

human being rather than an animal

corpus delicti

− the facts and

circumstances constituting a
crime

establish

− show (something) to

be true or certain by determining
the facts

bring a criminal action

institute legal proceedings

accurate

− correct in all details;

exact

practical –

of or concerned with

the actual doing or use of
something rather than with
theory and ideas

skill

− the ability to do something

well; expertise

READING

Task 2. Choose the right synonym.

1)

investigation

2)

to solve

3)

solution

4)

instrument

5)

skill

6)

to fight

7)

to interrogate

8)

happening

9)

to take pictures

a) ability
b) disclosure, discovery
c) tool
d) to disclose
e) examination, observation
f) to photograph
g) event
h) to combat
i) to question


15



The work of the police

arrest – hibs
carry out an investigation – tergov olib bormoq
catch a criminal – jinoyatchini tutmoq
collect evidence – dalillarni to‘plamoq
question witnesses / suspects – guvoh/gumon qilinuvchini so‘roq qilish
search a building – binoni ko‘zdan kechirish
suspect somediv – kimdandir gumonlanmoq


When someone commits a crime

commit a crime – jinoyat sodir qilmoq
report the crime to the police – jinoyat haqida politsiyaga xabar bermoq
interview the victim – jabrlanuvchidan ko‘rsatmalar olmoq
interview witnesses – guivohlardan ko‘rsatmalar
olmoq
interview the suspect – gumon qilinuvchini so‘roq
qilmoq
charge somediv with a crime – kimnidir jinoyatda ayblamoq

Places connected with police and crime

court – sud
interview/interrogation room – so‘roq qilish xonasi
police department – politsiya boshqarmasi
police station – politsiya mahkamasi
prison – qamoqxona

Crime

burglary – oʻg‘irlik, bosqinchilik
kidnapping – odam o‘g‘irligi
murder – qotillik
shoplifting – do‘kon o‘g‘irligi


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14

UNIT 2

POLICE AND CRIME

Get ready!

Before you begin lesson, talk about these questions.

1. What are the main functions of police in your country?
2. What types of crime usually are committed in your country?

Listening

Task 1.

a) Listen to new words and

write them down. b) Describe your future
profession using new words.

People in the police

detective – detektiv, izquvar
police officer – politsiya xodimi
policeman – politsiyachi (erkaklarga)
policewoman – politsiyachi (ayollarga)
the riot police – jamoat tartibini saqlash xodimi




Definition by Cambridge dictionary

Police are the official organization that is responsible for protecting
people and property, making people obey the law, finding out about and
solving crime, and catching people who have committed a crime.

Active words:

crime, criminals, people in the police, the work of the

police, when someone commits a crime, places connected with police
and crime, committing a crime.

Diqqat!

Police

so‘zi bilan keladigan

fe’llar doim ko‘plik shaklda
bo‘ladi. Masalan:

The police are … (to‘g‘ri)

The police is …

(noto‘g‘ri)

Diqqat!

Police

so‘zi turli otlardan oldin kelishi

mumkin. Masalan:

police car – politsiya mashinasi
police department – politsiya bo‘limi
police force – politsiya

7

WRITING

Task 3.

Make up word combinations. Use them in sentences of your own.

1. To commit
2. To solve
3. To disclose
4. To prevent
5. To discourage
6. To detect
7. To fight against
8. To combat
9. To investigate

crime (criminality)

Task 4.

Find English equivalents of the following Uzbek expressions in

the text:

1.

Operativ qidiruv faoliyati.

2.

Sodir etilgan jinoyat haqida ma’lumot olmoq.

3.

Yaqin hamkorlikda ishlamoq.

4.

Jinoyatni tez va to‘liq ochmoq.

5.

Voqea joyidagi dastlabki tergov va qidiruvga rahbarlik
qilmoq.

6.

Jinoiy harakat izlari.

7.

Chizma va chizgilar tortmoq.

8.

Voqea joyini tekshirish orqali olingan barcha dalillar.

9.

Voqeani xayolan qayta tiklamoq.

10.

Vaziyatni tahlil qilmoq.

11.

Bayonnoma tuzmoq.

12.

Tezkor choralar ko‘rmoq.

13.

Jinoyatchini qidirmoq.

14.

Jabrlanuvchiga birinchi yordam ko‘rsatmoq.

15.

Murdani tashqi tomondan tekshirmoq.

16.

Dalillar to‘plamoq.

17.

Jinoyat tarkibini aniqlamoq.

18.

Dastlabki tergov.


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8

LISTENING

Task 5.

Listen to the text and answer the following questions.

MY SPECIALITY

I am a second-year student of the Academy of the Ministry

of internal affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Our Academy
trains future lawyers for the organs of internal affairs. I am going
to be an operative worker of the Criminal Investigation
Department. Some of my friends are going to be investigators,
forensic experts and crime prevention inspectors.

Our main task as future officers of internal affairs is to fight

against criminality. Crime prevention is the main aim of our
detective activity. That’s why we should study law and master
special means, methods and forms of fighting crime. The
detective activity of the operative workers is also quite necessary
for the solution of many serious crimes.

Suppose I am an inspector of the Criminal Investigation

Department. As soon as we get the information of the crime
committed we go out to the crime scene.

Our operative group usually consists of an investigator, an

inspector, a crime prevention inspector, a forensic expert, a dog-
guide and a medical expert.

Each of us has his own duties at the crime scene. At the same

time we should work in close cooperation to solve the crime
quickly and accurately. Teamwork is essential to a crime scene
search.

The search commander (usually the investigator) directs

primary crime scene investigation and detection.

The

investigator

together with the

forensic expert

finds,

collects and protects evidence (fingerprints, footprints and other
traces of the criminal act) by means of a crime technique. They
take pictures of the objects of the crime scene; make diagrams and
sketches, etc.

13

6.

Guvohlarni so‘roq qilganmisiz ?

7.

Guvohlar bilan suhbatlashganmisiz ?

8.

Jabrlanuvchiga birinchi tibbiy yordam ko‘rsatqanmisiz ?

9.

Kriminalistik texnikadan foydalanganmisiz ?

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY

Task 1.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Tasks 11, 12.

Then, switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Of course -

albatta

Not at all

-

unday emas

I thought so -

men shunday

(deb)

o‘ylagandim

I agree -

qo‘shilaman

I hope so -

umid qilaman

I think so –

men ham shu

fikrdaman

Really? -

Rostanmi?

All right -

hammasi joyida,

yaxshi, mayli.

Very much indeed -

juda

I see –

tushunaman

Student A:

You are the witness to a robbery Talk to

Student В

about

the suspects' dress
items suspects held
other details

Student B:

You are a police officer Talk to Student A about a robbery

he or she witnessed.


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12

olishni; barmoq izlarini olishni; ashyoviy dalillarning yaxshi
himoyalanishini ta’minlashni] – …

4.

The operative worker [operative vaziyatni tahlil qilishni va
jinoyatchining shaxsini aniqlash, topish va qo‘lga olishning
tezkor choralarini ko‘rishni; o‘g‘irlangan mulkni va jinoyat
qurolini qidirish (tintuv o‘tkazish), topish va olib qo‘yishni;
voqea joyini ko‘zdan kechirish bayonnomasini tuzishni] – …

5.

Everydiv [yaqin hamkorlikda ishlashni, tezkor guruh
rahbarining ruxsatisiz (without search commander’s consent)
hech qanday chora ko‘rmaslikni] – …

Task 9

b

.

Now each member of the operative group must tell what he is

going to do at the scene of crime.

1.

The medical expert:

I am going to give firs aid to the victim.

2.

The operative worker: …

3.

The crime prevention inspector: …

4.

The investigator: …

5.

The forensic expert: …

Task 10.

Ask questions using

“Have you …?”

1.

Yo‘ldagi o‘sha narsani oldingmi?

Have you taken that

object on the road?

2.

Uni yaxshilab joyladingmi ? (to pack).

3.

Yo‘ldagi oyoq izining gips qolipini oldingmi ?

4.

Gips qolipini olishdan oldin izni suratga tushirdingmi ?

5.

Deraza oynasidagi barmoq izlarini ko‘chirdingmi ?

Task 11.

You are having a meeting with an operative worker. Ask him

questions about his practical activity.

1.

Voqea joyiga chiqqanmisiz ?

2.

Nechta jinoiy ish qo‘zg‘atgansiz ?

3.

O‘sha jinoyatlarni ochqanmisiz ?

4.

Nechta jinoyatni ocha olmagansiz?

5.

Shu jinoyatlar bo‘yicha ashyoviy dalillar to‘plaqanmisiz ?

9

Basing on all the data gathered the search commander

analyses the situation and tries to reconstruct the happening as to
where, what, when, how, why and whose.

Crime scene investigation is ended by making a record.

The inspector

is responsible for all detection required for

quick and accurate solution of the case. The inspector finds, in-
terviews and interrogates witnesses, eyewitnesses, a victim and a
suspect. It's necessary to do that to analyze the happening and to
take immediate measures to detect the criminal that is to identify,
locate and apprehend him. The inspector also takes measures for
search, discovery and seizure of stolen property and instruments
of the crime.

The crime prevention inspector

ensures crime scene

protection, helps the inspector to find witnesses and eyewitnesses
and to apprehend a suspect.

The medical expert

gives first aid to a victim or conducts

an external examination of the corpse.

Sometimes I have to perform the duties of different spe-

cialists of the group and conduct the primary investigation and
detection by myself, in case I am the first to come to a crime
scene.

If the facts gathered during the primary crime scene investi-

gation show corpus delicti, we bring a criminal action and con-
duct further investigation.

Quick and accurate solution of the crime depends on the

education, practical skill and detective ability of an inspector. We
can get all that at our Academy. We attend lectures and have
seminars on Detective Activity, Criminal Law, Criminalistics,
Psychology, Criminology and many other subjects. Later we shall
have practice on Detective Activity.

Our work is difficult and dangerous but it is necessary and

honorable at the same time.


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10

SPEAKING

Task 6.

Answer the following questions:

1. Where do you study?
2. What specialists does your Academy train?
3. What subjects do you study?
5. What do you master?
4. Do you like Detective Activity?
6. Do you learn Investigative Techniques?
7. Who delivers you lectures on Criminalistics?
8. Who gives you lessons in Defensive Tactics?
9. Who likes using a revolver most of all?

10. Where are you going to work?
11. What are you going to be?
12. What are you going to do?

Task 7.

Force your friend to answer your questions.

Pattern

:

- Do you conduct primary crime scene investigation?
- Look here! Do you conduct primary crime scene investigation?
- No, I do not yet. I am going to do that in two years.

1.

Do you take part in detective activity?

2.

Do you detect a criminal?

3.

Do you take part in search, discovery and seizure of stolen
property?

4.

Do you interview witnesses?

5.

Do you interrogate suspects?

6.

Do you make records?

7.

Do you bring criminal actions?

8.

Do you establish corpus delicti?

9.

Do you identify, locate and apprehend a criminal?

10.

Do you go out to a crime scene?

11.

Do you arrest criminals?

12.

Do you use a crime technique?

11

Task 8.

Ask your friend the question that I asked you.

Pattern

:

- Does A. take measures to apprehend a criminal?
-

I don't know.

- Ask him about it.
- Do you take measures to apprehend a criminal?
- No, I don't.
- No, he doesn't yet (take measures to apprehend a criminal).

1.

Does B. solve crimes quickly and accurately?

2.

Does C. work in close cooperation with his operative
group?

3.

Does D. like to study at the Academy of M.I.A.?

4.

Does E. establish corpus delicti?

5.

Does F. bring criminal actions?

6.

Does G. take measures to apprehend suspects?

7.

Does H. reconstruct the happening at the crime scene?

8.

Does T. observe a crime scene?

9.

Does J. make a record of crime scene inspection?

10.

Does K. give first aid to a victim?

Task 9

a

.

You are going out to a crime scene with your operative group.

Remind the each member of the group his tasks at the crime scene
again using the modal verb “should”.

1.

The medical expert [jabrlanuvchiga birinchi yordam
ko‘rsatishni] –

You should give first aid to the victim

.

2.

The crime prevention inspector [voqea joyini qo‘riqlash,
jinoyat qidiruv bo‘limi inspektoriga guvoh va shohidlarni
topishga yordamlashishni] – …

3.

The field-criminalist [ashyoviy dalillarni (barmoq, oyoq izlari
va boshqa jinoyiy harakat izlarini) topishni; voqea joyidagi
obyektlarni suratga olishni, oyoq izlarining gips qoliplarini


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40

UNIT 5

CRIME AND PUNISHMENT


Get ready!
Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions.

1.

How do citizens and law officers work together to prevent crime in
your country?

2.

What should someone do if they fall victim to a crime?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Use your dictionaries and translate the words of crimes against

property into Uzbek or Russian.

a) arson
b) vandalism
c) theft
d) shoplifting
e) embezzlement
f) robbery
g) extortion

h) burglary
i) forgery
j) receiving stolen goods
k) taking a vehicle without consent
l) computer crime
l) mugging


Task 2.

Listen and read the new words and definitions then copy out

them into your notebooks.

cause

-

reasonable grounds for

doing, thinking, or feeling
something

constant

- occurring continuously

over a period of time

concern

-

anxiety; worry

account for -

a description of an

event or experience

in conjunction with

- two things

are done or used together.

tackle

-

to deal with a problem or

difficult task

install

-

place or fix an equipment

or machinery

device -

a thing made or adapted

for a particular purpose

scheme -

a large-scale systematic

plan

or

arrangement

for

attaining some particular object

private -

belonging of people

Active words:

arson, vandalism, theft, shoplifting, embezzlement,

robbery, extortion.

21

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY

ROLE-PLAY

Task 1.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 3. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

What time does it happened?

How many burglars there were?

I have seen . . .

Student A:

You are the witness to a burglary. Talk to

Student В

about:

the suspects' dress

behaviour

other details

Student B:

You are a police officer Talk to Student A about a

burglary he or she witnessed.


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22

UNIT 3

THE IDEAL POLICE OFFICER

Get ready!

Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions.

1. What features of character are necessary for successful work of a

policeman?

2. What are the most important qualities, which a police officer needs?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words then copy out them into your

notebooks.

mental ability

aqliy qobiliyat / умственные способности

first-rate barrister

birinchi darajali advokat / первоклассный адвокат

possess

ega bo‘lmoq / обладать

quick-witted

fahmli (zehnli) / находчивый

intelligent

aqlli (zehnli) / умный

observant

ziyrak / бдительный

unprejudiced mind

odil (xolis) / справедливый, объективный

(непредубежденный)

courageous

dovyurak / мужественный, храбрый

incorruptible

vijdonini sotmaydigan (vijdonli) /

честный, неподкупный

fluster

‒ tashvish(li) / беспокойный, тревожный

inaccurate

noaniq / неясный/неточный

upset

xafa / растроенный, огорчённый

LISTENING

Task 2. Working on new words.

Procedure:

before distributing

handout 1

ask one student to come to the

blackboard and show him or her the words from the text. Ask the student to

Active words:

mental ability, first-rate barrister, possess, quick-

witted, intelligent, observant, unprejudiced mind, courageous,
incorruptible, fluster, inaccurate, upset.

39

Traffic should move well ……..
Don’t forget …. ….

Student A :

You are a police officer. Talk to Student B about:

-

traffic control

-

special unit

-

noncriminal services


Student B:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student B about police

operations.


Procedure.

Victims of crime. Have you or anydiv ever been the victim

of a crime? In pairs, tell your partner what happened. In pairs decide an
appropriate penalties for these crimes.

Types of crime:

mugging, joyriding, vandalism, rape, shoplifting,

theft, pick-pocket, drink driving, smuggling, burglary, manslaughter,
murder, kidnapping

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Retell the 1-part of the text. “Police operations”.

2. Retell the 2-part of the text. “Police operations”.

3. Learn by heart the vocabulary and make up 10 sentences.

Compare your answers with another pair. Then write a list of factors
that make a crime more serious and those that make a crime less serious
e.g. homeless person stealing food.


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38

4 _B_ case
5 _D_ marital

A

supply with the necessary items for a particular purpose

B

an incident under official investigation by the police

C

an unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally

D

relating to marriage or the relations between husband and wife

E

a dual-carriageway main road, especially one with controlled access


Task 15.

Listen to the conversation and complete it.

ROLE-PLAY

Task 16.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 15.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Where should we go ……….

Officer 2:

But the lights went out at least half an hour ago.

Officer 1:

True. Where should we go to direct traffic?

Officer 2:

I think one of us should be

1

____ _____ _______

Second and North Street.

Officer 1:

North Street? I’m not 2_______ _____ it.

Officer 2:

It’s not a

3

______ ______, but it’s usually pretty

busy.

Officer 1:

Okay. 4_____ _____ _____ go to that

intersection?

Officer 2:

Will do. Where will you be?

Officer 1:

I’ll stay here and

5

______ _____

flow of traffic

toward Carol Street.

Officer 2:

That makes sense. Traffic should move well on

Carol since it’s a

6

______ ______

.

Officer 1:

That’s what I was thinking. Oh. And before you

go, don’t forget your reflective gear.

23

remember the words within a definite time (no more than 20 seconds) given
in table A and hide the words then show the student another words given in
table B and ask the student if there are any words which he learnt among the
words.

For example:

A

B

mental ability

first-rate barrister

ideal police officer

possess

quick-witted

knowledge

intelligent

observant

observant

unprejudiced mind

courageous

steady

incorruptible

fluster

observation

inaccurate

upset

crime

Then invite the second student.

A

B

mental ability

important

first-rate barrister

ideal police officer

possess

quick-witted

knowledge

intelligent

observant

observant

unprejudiced mind

courageous

steady

incorruptible

fluster

observation

inaccurate

upset

first-rate barrister

WRITING

Task 3.

Find the omitted letters in the given words.

men..al a..ility, barris..er, poss..ss, qu..ck-w..tted, intelli..ent, ob..ervant,

unpre..udiced mi..d, cour..geous, incorr..ptible, flu..ter, inaccu..ate, u..set.


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24

Task 4. Match the correct translation of the words.

Pair work: distribute by one word for two students and ask them to find

the right translation of the given words using dictionary.

A

B

mental ability

dovyurak/смелый, храбрый

first-rate barrister

vijdonini

sotmaydigan

(vijdonli)/честный,
добросовестный

possess

odil (xolis)/справедливый

quick-witted

tashvish(li)/беспокойный,
тревожный

intelligent

ziyrak/понятливый

observant

noaniq/неясный/неточный

unprejudiced mind

xafa/растроенный, огорчённый

courageous

fahmli (zehnli)/сообразительный

incorruptible

aqlli (zehnli)/умный, смышлённый

fluster

birinchi darajali
advokat/первостепенный адвокат

inaccurate

ega bo‘lmoq / обладать

upset

aqliy

qobiliyat

/

умственная

способность

SPEAKING

Warm-up activity.
Teacher:

ask students questions below and share their own ideas.

Do

not correct mistakes while speaking and help students to find suitable words
to express their own ideas.

1.

Look at the title of the text

(The ideal police officer)

and guess what the

text is about.

By the title of the text, I can guess that the text is about . . .

2.

Why do you want to become a police officer?

I want to become a police officer because . . .

3.

How do you imagine the ideal police officer?

The ideal police officer must be . . .

READING

Task 5.

Read the text and complete the insert chart. Put appropriate

37

(I know)

“+”

(novelty)

“ __”

(I don’t know)

“?”

(I

didn’t

understand)

POLICE OPERATIONS (part 2)

3. Traffic Control

. Most traffic law enforcement and accident

investigation is carried out by patrol officers. In large cities, specialists
may handle serious or hit-and-run accidents. Motorcycle patrols may be
responsible for freeway traffic. In the largest jurisdictions, officers may
be assigned to traffic direction at busy intersections.

4. Special Police Units

. Modern police service includes special

units. They handle special problems. In major American cities tactical
units are highly trained and well equipped. They quell riots. Bomb squads
are also on call; the bomb squad of the New York City Police Department
handles bomb cases and scares. Other units specialize in dealing with
hostage situations.

5. Noncriminal Services

. In most communities, about 60 to 70

percent of the time spent by patrol officers on operational activities is not
crime related. Officers are called on to locate missing persons and lost
children and to deal with marital disputes, crowd control, and ambulance
calls.


Task 13.

Mark the statements as true (T) or false (F).

1._T_Patrol officers can investigate accidents in the roads.
2._T_Special units handle special problems.
3._F_Patrol officer deals with only noncriminal services.
4._F_ In most communities, about 30 to 40 percent of the time spent by
patrol officers on operational activities is not crime related.
5._T_ In major American cities tactical units are highly trained and well
equipped.

Task 14.

Match the words (1-8) with the definitions (A-H)

1 _C_ accident
2 _E_ freeway
3 _A_ equip


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36

Group B, you are the leaders of the police forces of the most powerful

countries. Brainstorm ideas to help reduce the power of organized crime.
Compare ideas as a class with the students in Group B to try and to
counteract.

A. We’re going to smuggle more into the country through the ports.

B. Well, we’re decided to increase security and the number of

random checks at all ports.

VOCABULARY

Task 11.

A) Listen to new words and expressions, copy out into your

notebooks then read them yourself.


handle

– manage (a situation or problem)

(boshqarmoq, nazorat qilmoq /

управлять, контролировать)

intersection –

a point at which two or more things intersect, especially a

road junction

(chorraha / перекрёсток)

unit

a subdivision of a larger military grouping

(qism, bo‘linma / часть,

подразделение)

scare –

a general feeling of anxiety or alarm about something

(qo‘rquv,

sarosima / испуг, паника)

quell

-

put an end to (a rebellion or other disorder), typically by the use of

force

(isyon yoki tartibsizliklarni bostirmoq / подавлять мятеж или

беспорядки)

deal with-

to take action on

(bog‘liq bo‘lmoq / иметь дело с кем-л.,

обсуждать что-л.)

freeway traffic –

a dual-carriageway main road, especially one with

controlled access (

tezlik bilan harakatlanadigan avtostrada / скоростная

автострада со сквозным движением

)

READING

Before you read the passage, talk about these questions:

1. What are the duties of traffic inspectors in your country?
2. What do you understand by noncriminal services?

Task 12.

Read the text and complete the insert chart. Put appropriate

marks for each chapter. F.e. “

- I know

, “__”

I don’t know

“+” -

novelty,

“?” -

I

didn’t understand, I need additional information.

25

marks for each chapter. F.e. “

- I know,

“‒”

I don’t know,

“+” -

novelty,

“?” -

I

didn’t understand, I need additional information.


(I know)

“+”

(novelty)

“‒”

(I don’t know)

“?”

(I

didn’t understand)

THE IDEAL POLICE OFFICER


The ideal police officer would be a man with the mental ability of a

first-rate barrister, the organising capacity of a secretary of state, and the tact
of a family doctor. The ideal policeman, of course, should possess all the
characteristics usually given to the hero of a romantic novel. He should be
quick-witted, intelligent, and observant; he should have a wide knowledge of
human nature, he should be exceptionally tactful, he should have a cool,
unprejudiced mind; he should be always ready to act on his own initiative; he
should also be courageous, strong, and incorruptible. But if all these
qualifications were insisted upon, there would be very few policemen. One
or two qualities, however, really are essential.

The first task of a policeman, therefore, is to steady the nerves of the

people who have called him in. If he himself is flustered, he will seldom if
ever be able to get all the information he needs. His observation will be
inaccurate and his mind will not be as clear as it should be. From this, it
follows that the two most important qualities, which a policeman needs, are

tact

– by which is meant the ability to deal with all types and classes of people

without upsetting them – and quiet nerves.

SPEAKING

Task 6.

Mark the statements as true (

T

) or false (

F

).

1.

__ The ideal police officer should be quick-witted, intelligent, and

observant.

2.

__ It’s not important to have a wide knowledge of human nature.

3.

__ The first task of a policeman is to keep the nerves of the people

who have called him in.


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26

4.

__ If a policeman is flustered observation will be inaccurate and his

mind will not be as clear as it should be.

5.

__ A policeman needn’t to be tactfull.

Task 7.

Agree or disagree with the following statements.

If a police officer wants to make a success of his carrier, he should . . .

a) cultivate the calm attitude of mind;
b) encourage the qualities of tact and steadiness;
c) judge who is right and who is wrong;
d) use force rather than persuasion;
e) be able to steady the nerves of the people who have called him in;
f) control moral behaviour of individuals;
g) have the detailed knowledge of law.

Task 8.

Comment on the following statements.

1.

The ideal policeman, of course, should possess all the characteristics
usually given to the hero of a romantic novel.

2.

If the policeman is flustered, he will seldom if ever be able to get all the
information he needs.

Task 9.

Try to guess the rest of the text.

Procedure:

Read half of the text before distributing it and ask students

to predict the rest of the text.

For ex:

The ideal police officer would be a man with the mental ability of a first-

rate barrister, the organising capacity of a secretary of state and the tact of
a family doctor. The ideal policeman, of course, should possess all the
characteristics usually given to the hero of a romantic novel. He should be
quick-witted, intelligent and observant; he should have a wide knowledge of
human nature.

WRITING

Task 10.

Write different qualities of police officer.

Procedure:

divide the group into four teams and name the 1

st

team as

investigators, the 2

nd

team as operative workers, the 3

rd

team as divisional

inspectors and the 4

th

team as expert criminalists. Ask the teams to write the

good and bad qualities of the police officers of four different specialties

35


ROLE-PLAY

Task 10.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 9.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Did receive training ……….
When I arrived on the scene ……..

And what did you do?


Role-playing. Organized crime

Is there a powerful crime organization in your country? What is it

called and what kinds of activity is it involved in? Does it have any
influence in government? Why is organized crime so powerful in some
countries and not in others?

Work in two groups A and B.
Group A, you are the leaders of the main global crime organizations.

Brainstorm ideas to improve your power and profit.

Attorney:

Officer Benton, did you

1

______ _______on the use

of force continuum?

Officer:

Yes, I did.

Attorney:

And

2

______ _______ _______ your use of pepper

spray on Mr.Henry was appropriate?

Officer:

Yes, I do.

Attorney:

How could it be appropriate when Mr.Henry

3

______ _______?

Officer:

Well, when I arrived

4

____ ____ ______ Mr.Henry

was shouting loudly, and

5

_______ ___ ___ _______

his neighbor.

Attorney:

And what did you do?

Officer:

First, I gave Mr.Henry a verbal command to stop

shouting and

6

______ _____ ___ ______.


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34

3.__Detectives must work in patrol duty before assigning to the
job.
4. __ The patrol division consists of uniformed detectives and
police department.
5. __ Detectives usually work in plain clothes.

SPEAKING

Task 7.

Answer the following questions.

1.

What are the police department’s goals?

2.

How is prevention of crime carried out?

3.

When are most detectives assigned to the criminal
investigations?

4.

How are detectives organized in large departments?

5.

What are many cases solved by detectives based on?

6.

What kind of operational activities are called Criminal
Investigation?

Task 8.

Comment on the following statements.

1.

Crime prevention is one of the main goals of each police
department.

2.

Crime prevention also means activities related to educating
citizens to protect themselves.

3.

After patrol officers have conducted preliminary
investigations, detectives further investigate serious crimes.

LISTENING

Task 9.

Listen to the conversation and complete it.

27

within a definite time (no more than 5 minutes). And let the members of the
teams to read the information they have written.

For example:

Write the good and bad qualities of the police officers of four

different specialties

Investigators

Operative

workers

Inspectors

Forensic experts


Task 11.

Find good and bad qualities of the police officer from the text.

(Reading, writing, speaking)

Procedure:

divide the group into two teams and ask them to read the

text within 5 minutes. Then ask the first team to write good qualities of police
officer and the second team bad qualities of police officer in the table.

Good police officer

Bad police officer

developed mental ability

inaccurate






ROLE-PLAY

Task 12.

Read the dialogue attentively and as a police officer question

some people shown below in role cards to find the lost boy.


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28


Procedure:

When the students finish reading the dialogue divide the

group into two teams. Ask every member of the team to make up dialogues
separately and as a police officer question Mrs. Raby and Mr.Brown to find
lost boy named Tom.

(You are a policeman. You should question two more witnesses and make

up a dialogue).

Policeman:

Police Station. How can I help you?

Mrs. Ridley:

Well... It’s about my little son, Tom. He

was playing in the playground in front of the house. I left
him there 15 minutes ago and went to the baker’s which is
near our house. When I returned he was not there.

Policeman:

Just a moment, Mrs. ...?

Mrs. Ridley:

Mrs. Ridley. Jane Ridley, 65 London

Road.

Policeman:

Thank you. Perhaps he went away with a

friend of his? Have you asked other children in the
playground about him?

Mrs. Ridley:

Certainly, I have. There were only two

of them there and they said they hadn’t even noticed his
disappearance.

Policeman:

I see. Now I want some details about your

son. How old is he?

Mrs. Ridley:

He’s 5.

Policeman:

And what does he look like?

Mrs. Ridley:

He has short fair hair and blue eyes. He

is wearing a white shirt with a red pull-over, black shorts
and brown boots.

Policeman:

We’ll try to find him. I think he is just

playing somewhere.

Mrs. Ridley:

Don’t you think it’s kidnapping?

Policeman:

You should keep calm, I think we’ll find

him.

Mrs. Ridley:

Oh, thank you very much. Good-bye.

Policeman:

Good-bye, Mrs. Ridley.

33

POLICE OPERATIONS

(part1)

A police department’s goals are to prevent crime, investigate

crime and apprehend offenders, control traffic, maintain order,
and deal with emergencies and disasters.

1. Prevention of Crime

. The patrol division, consisting of

uniformed patrol officers and supervisors, provides basic police
services. In addition to foot and automobile patrol, officers
engage in a variety of activities in response to citizens’ needs. The
greater part of patrol today is carried out by officers in police cars
assigned to specific beats, or designated areas of the community.
In small agencies, one-officer patrol cars are prevalent; in larger
cities, combinations of one- and two-officer cars are common.
Use of women officers for patrol duty is increasing; before 1970
the practice was unknown.

Recent research has raised doubts about the effectiveness of

preventive patrol to curb most kinds of crime. Crime prevention,
however, also means activities related to improving the security
of homes and businesses, and to educating citizens to protect
themselves. Most large police departments maintain a crime
prevention unit to provide these services.

2. Criminal Investigation

. After patrol officers have

conducted preliminary investigations, detectives who work in
plain clothes further investigate serious crimes. Most detectives
are assigned to the criminal investigations division after several
years on patrol duty. In large departments, detectives are
organized into specialized units, such as homicide, robbery, and
narcotics. Contrary to popular belief, many cases solved by
detectives are based on arrests made by patrol officers, or on leads
supplied by officers or victims as a result of preliminary
investigations.

Task 6.

Mark the statements as true (T) or false (F).

1.__Police do not deal with emergencies.
2.__Police patrol in cars or on foot.


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32

7.

to quell

8.

intersection

9.

scare

g)

catastrophe

h)

widespread

i)

to disignate

Task 3.

Match the words (1-8) with the definitions (A-H)

1 _D investigate
2 _A offender
3 _F order

4 _B uniform
5 _C duty
6 _E conduct

A

a person who commits an illegal act

B

the distinctive clothing worn by members of the same organization

C

a moral or legal obligation; a responsibility

D

carry out a systematic or formal inquiry to discover and examine the

truth

E

the action of leading; guidance

F

a state in which the laws and rules regulating public behaviour are

observed and authority is obeyed


Task 4.

Translate the following word expressions into Uzbek or Russian.

1.

To apprehend offenders.

2.

To control traffic.

3.

To maintain order.

4.

To deal with emergencies and
disasters.

5.

To provide police services.

6.

To assign to specific beats.

7.

Uniformed patrol officers


READING

Task 5.

Listen then read the text and complete the insert chart. Put

appropriate marks for each chapter. F.e. “

- I know

, “__”

I don’t know

“+” -

novelty,

“?” -

I

didn’t understand, I need additional information.

(I know)

“+”

(novelty)

“ __”

(I don’t know)

“?”

(I

didn’t

understand)

29


Role card (team 1).

Mrs. Raby, a housewife, 65 London Road. The

windows of her flat look out on the playground. She saw Mrs. Ridley leave
her son in the playground. The boy had been playing with other children for
some minutes, then he turned round the corner and disappeared.

Role card (team 2).

Mr. Brown, 65 London Road, an engineer. He lives

next door to the Ridley’s. He was going home and saw Tom Ridley who was
going to cross the street. It seemed to him very suspicious that the boy was
alone. So he took the boy home.


Task 13.

Working with pictures.

Procedure:

divide the group into three teams and ask the members of

the teams to choose by one picture and let them guess what they are talking
about. Ask them to make up dialogues.

TASKS FOR FREE WORK:

1. Choose the short information about committed crimes from newspapers
and prepare them for retelling.
2. Find out additional information about “The ideal police officer

.


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30

UNIT 4

POLICE OPERATIONS

Get ready!

Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions:

1. What are the main tasks of police in your country?
2. What kind of police operations do you know?

VOCABULARY

Task 1. A) Listen to new words and expressions then read them yourself.
B) Use your dictionaries and match the words with their translations.
The task must be done in teams of three or four.

1.

goal

A.

tartib o‘rnatmoq / установить порядок

2.

disaster

B.

formali

politsiya

xodimi

/

униформированные

патрульные

полицейские

3.

engage in

C.

maxsus (ma’muriy) xudud / определённый

участок

4.

assign

D.

maqsad, vazifa / цель, задача

5.

designate

E.

bahtsiz hodisa / беда, бедствие, несчастье

6.

prevalent

F.

shug‘ullanmoq / заниматься

7.

hit-and-run
accident

G.

tayinlamoq,

belgilamoq

/ назначать,

определять

8.

increase

H.

belgilamoq / назначать, предназначать

9.

to

prevent

crime

I.

keng tarqalgan, hamma qabul qilgan /

распространённый/общепринятый

10.

to investigate

J.

huquqbuzarlarni qo‘lga olmoq / задержать

правонарушителей

Active words:

goal, to prevent crime, investigate, apprehend

offenders, maintain order, uniformed patrol officer, specific beats,
community, police department, Criminal Investigation, preliminary
investigations, Traffic Control, hit-and-run accidents, busy
intersections, Special Police Units, Noncriminal Services.

31

11.

apprehend
offenders

K.

jamiyat, maxalla / местный населённый

пункт, территория проживания общины

12.

maintain
order

L.

politsiya

boshqarmasi

/ департамент

полиции

13.

uniformed
patrol officer

M.

jinoyat

tergov

bo‘limi

/

отдел

расследования преступлений

14.

specific beat

N.

dastlabki

surishtiruv

/

первичное

расследование

15.

community

O.

(urib qochish) yo‘l harakati hodisasini sodir

etib voqea joyini tark etish /

относящийся к

дорожному происшествию, виновник
которого скрылся

16.

police
department

P.

yo‘l harakati nazorati boshqarmasi / отдел

дорожного надзора

17.

Criminal
Investigation

Q.

tirband chorraha / забитый перекресток

18.

preliminary
investigation

R.

maxsus

politsiya

bo‘linmalari

/

специальный отряд полиции

19.

Traffic
Control

S.

jinoyatga aloqador bo‘lmagan xizmatlar /

отдел неуголовной службы

20.

busy
intersection

T.

o‘sish, ko‘payish /

возрастание, рост;

прибавление, прирост, размножение,
разрастание, расширение, увеличение

21.

Special Police
Units

U.

jinoyatning oldini olmoq / предотвращение

преступления

22.

Noncriminal
Services

V.

tergov qilmoq / расследовать

WRITING

Task 2.

Match each word and expression on the left with the appropriate

synonym on the right.

1.

operations

2.

goal

3.

disaster

4.

to assign

5.

prevalent

6.

to provide

a)

panic

b)

to suppress

c)

to supply

d)

crossing

e)

activity

f)

aim


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60

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

What was the item . . .
What was in . . .
Did you notice . . .

Student A:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student B about

a stolen backpack or briefcase

the contents

suspicious behavior

Student B:

Your personal items were stolen. Talk to Student A

about the theft.

WRITING

Task 11.

Use the article and the conversation from Task 10 to fill out the

stolen items report. Use today’s date. Make up a name for the reporting
officer and victim.

Davis Police Department

Stolen Items Report

Reporting Officer: _________________________________

Date: ___________________________________________

Victim name: _____________________________________

Theft Location: ___________________________ ________

Description of stolen items: __________________________

________________________________________________

41

only

encourage -

give support or hope

to someone

inner -

situated inside or further

in; internal

rural -

characteristic of the

countryside rather than the
town

rape -

the crime, typically

committed by a man, of forcing
another person to have sexual
intercourse with the offender
against their will

mount -

organize and initiate

breath -

the air taken into or

expelled from the lungs

acute -

present or experienced to

a severe or intense degree

racial -

racial describes things

relating to people's race

assault -

make a physical attack

on

harassment -

harassment is

behaviour which is intended to
trouble or annoy someone

campus -

the grounds and

buildings of a university or
college

mail -

send (a letter or parcel) by

post

Task 3.

Translate the following words and phrases into your language.

1. to be alleged to have killed some one
2. to break a law
3. to be arrested for stealing a diamond ring
4. to be convicted of theft
5. to commit a crime or an offence
6. to go on the run
7. to have a criminal record
8. to restrain a violent suspect
9. to serve a sentence
10. to be sought for questioning


READING

Task 4.

Read the article once. Did the article mention any of the things

you thought of?

CRIME

Crime in both Britain and USA is a cause of constant and serious

concern, and increasing attention is being paid to methods of preventing
it.

The majority of crime is directed against property, with car theft

accounting for a quarter of all crimes, and in Britain local crime


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42

prevention panels operate in conjunction with the police to discuss ways
of tackling this type of crime.

In the USA there has been a marked rise in violent crime among

young people, with murder, rape and assault all on the increase. In both
countries there have been incidents of mass shootings, which have
resulted in a review of the regulations controlling the purchase of
firearms.

In Britain, the police have not always effectively combated the

problem of racial violence. There continue to be incidents of assault on
members of ethnic minority groups, either by direct harassment in their
homes or by acts of vandalism in shops run by them. A similar situation
exists in the USA, where there have been cases of racial harassment on
college campuses and of the mailing of letter bombs.

SPEAKING

Task 5. Read the article about crimes. Then, mark the statements as

true (T) or false (F).

1. __ British police prevents crimes without help of local people.
2. __ There has been decrease in violent crime among young people in the

USA.

3. __ In Britain, the police effectively combats the problem of racial

violence.


Task 6.

Answer the following control questions.

1. Why majority of crime is directed against property?
2. How many percent of all crimes in USA is consist car theft?
3. Why there is a rise in violent crime in the USA? What kind of crimes

are they?

4. Why police have not always effectively combated the problem of racial

violence in the UK?

59

Task 9.

Listen to a conversation between a police officer and a victim of

theft.

Mark the statements as true (T) or false (F)

1.___The thief has the man’s wallet.

2.___The briefcase contained a cell phone.

3.___The man saw the thief as he ran away.

Task 10.

Listen again and complete the conversation.

SPEAKING

Task 10.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 10.

Then, switch roles.

Officer:

Okay, sir. What was the item that you lost?

Victim:

My

1

____________. I set it down here. I closed my eyes

for a minute. Then it was gone.

Officer: 2

_______ _______ ______the briefcase, sir?

Victim:

My

3

__________was in there with all my credit cards and

my checkbook.

Officer: 4

_______ _______ ______cash in it?

Victim:

Just

5

_______ _______ ______dollars.

Officer:

Did you notice anything

6

_________while you were

sitting here?

Victim:

I saw nothing. Whoever took it was totally silent.


background image

58

Task 7.

Read the newspaper article. Then, choose the correct answers.

1. What is the article mainly about?

a.

recent thefts at the train station

b.

the arrest of a thief at the train station

c.

a decrease in patrols at the train station

d.

the discovery of items stolen from passengers

2. According to the article, which item was NOT stolen recently?

a.

a briefcase

b.

a watch

c.

a credit card

d.

a wallet


3. How will the police respond to the problem?

a.

board all weekend trains

b.

add security cameras to the station

c.

increase their presence in the station

d.

begin checking passenger’s luggage

LISTENING

Task 8.

Listen and read the article again. Who told the reporter about what

they had had stolen?

TRAIN STATION CRIME SPREE

Davis Times reporter: Joe Stevens

Travelers at the Davis train station reported missing items over the
weekend. The thieves targeted people waiting for the northbound train
on Saturday. Stolen items include

backpacks, briefcases,

cameras

,

a

gold

bracelet

and a

cell phone

. One traveler reported, “I was sitting on

this bench. I looked down and my briefcase was gone. My

wallet

was

in there, my

checkbook

,

credit cards

, everything. “Davis police

suggest keeping belongings close at hand. “I even recommend
tightening wrist

watch

, and removing loose fitting

jewelry”,

the police

commissioner said. “And we will be

adding

patrols to the station”.

43

Article 14. Notion of Crime

A culpable socially dangerous act (action or inaction) prohibited by

this Code on pain of imposing of a penalty shall be recognized as a
crime.

An act causing or inviting a real danger to the objects protecting by

this Code shall be recognized as a socially dangerous act.

CRIMINAL CODE

OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

LISTENING

Task 7. Listen to a conversation between a police officer and a

suspect. Choose the correct answers.

1. What is the officer mainly asking about?

A. where a weapon is now

В. what happened in a fight

С. how a fight was stopped

D. who was injured in a fight

2. Why might the man go to jail?

A. He injured witnesses.

В. He would not obey commands.

С. He threatened to hurt the other man.

D. He refused to answer questions.


background image

44

Task 8. Listen again and complete the conversation.

SPEAKING

Task 9. With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 7.

Then, switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

What caused the...
I didn't do anything!
Witnesses say that...

Officer:

Darren, I don't want to tell you again. 1______

______and answer my questions.

Darien:

Why? I didn't do anything! You should arrest

Paul!

Officer: I'll talk to Paul in a moment. 2______ ______

______, you need to stop yelling.

Darren:

This is ridiculous.

Officer:

What caused the fight between you and Paul?

Darren:

It was his fault. He was trying to start a fight

3______ ______.

Officer:

The witnesses said that you pulled out a knife.

Darren:

I told you, 4______ ______ ______.

Officer:

Well, Darren, you're in some serious trouble,

too. You committed an assault with a deadly weapon.

Darren:

What? I never even 5______ ______! He threw

a glass at my face!

Officer:

Calm down, Darren. You threatened to hurt him.

6______ ______ to send you to jail.

57

5.___A

___B

The man stole a bracelet from Amy’s wrist.
This watch holds cash, cards and IDs.

Task 5.

Use the appropriate word for the sentence.

target / add

1. In 23 attacks, the terrorists

targeted

military bases....

2. Everything is clear, there's nothing to

add

.

backpack / briefcase

1. A

backpack

is a bag with straps that go over your shoulders, so that

you can carry things on your back when you are walking or climbing.
2. A

briefcase

is a leather or plastic rectangular container with a handle

for carrying books and documents

wallet / belongings

1. His

wallet

was bulging with banknotes.

2. He was identified only by his uniform and personal

belongings

.

tighten / loose fitting

1. She saw his jaw

tighten

and his face lose its colour.

2.

Loose-fitting

clothes are rather large and do not fit tightly on your

div.


READING

Task 6.

Read and translate the text. Pay attention to the use of new words

of the topic.


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56

WRITING

Task 2.

Match the translation the following words and phrases.

1.

target

a.

ryukzag

2.

northbound

b.

telefon

3.

backpack

c.

nishonga olmoq

4.

briefcase

d.

tegishli buyum

5.

cell phone

e.

mahkamlamoq

6.

wallet

f.

mustahkam bo‘lmagan

7.

belongings

g.

chemodan

8.

tighten

h.

qo‘shmoq

9.

loose fitting

i.

hamyon

10.

add

j.

shimoliy


Task

3.

Read the sentence and choose the correct word.

1.

Most tourists carry

a watch / camera

to take pictures.

2.

The man keeps his credit card in his wallet/bracelet.

3.

A

backpack / bracelet

has two straps.

4.

What time is it? I don’t have a

checkbook / watch

.

5.

Karen took out her

checkbook / jewelry

to buy the bracelet.


Task

4. Check (√) the sentence that uses the underlined part

correctly.

1.___A

___B

Shopping with a credit card is safer than using cash.
He has a backpack on his wrist.

2.___A

___B

People wear jewelry for decoration.
The briefcase is in the wallet.

3.___A

___B

Steve carries files in his briefcase.
Sarah buys things with her jewelry.

4.___A

___B

The thief grabbed John’s wallet off his back.
He called the police on his cell phone.

45

Student A:

You are a police officer. Talk to

Student В

about:

a recent fight

possible charges

Student B:

You are a suspect. Talk to

Student A

about:

what happened during a fight.

WRITING

Task 10. Use the report and the conversation from Task 8 to fill

out the officer’s notes.

READING

Task 11.

Read the words then group them into “Crimes against Property”.

a)

arson

b)

vandalism

c)

theft

d)

shoplifting

e)

embezzlement

f)

robbery

g)

extortion

h)

burglary

i)

forgery

j)

receiving stolen

goods

k)

taking a vehicle

without consent
l)

computer

crime

(‘hacking”)
m)

mugging

Incident Notes

Individuals involved:_______________

______________________________

Events: ________________________
______________________________

____________
Possible charges:

____________________

__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________


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46

SPEAKING

Task 12.

Which crime is punished with the following sentence? Some

sentences may not be applied in your country.

Sentences

1. life in prison without parole
2. 15 years in prison
3. 10 years in prison
4. 18 years in prison

5. the death penalty
6. 12 years in prison
7. 15 days in prison
8. 1,5 years in prison

WRITING

Task 13.

What sentence is applied to these crimes? The one is given.

If you are convicted of:

The maximum penalty is:

Causing death by careless driving
whilst under the influence of drink
or drugs

10 years imprisonment and banned
for at least 2 years

Driving or attempting to drive
whilst above the legal limit or unfit
through drink

In charge of a vehicle whilst above
the legallimit or unfit through
drink

Refusing to provide a specimen

55

UNIT 7

Descriptions: personal items

Get ready!
Before you read the passage, talk about these questions.

1. Where do most thefts of personal items take place?
2. What are the most commonly stolen personal items?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words and definitions then copy out

them into your notebooks.

target -

a person, object, or

place selected as the aim of
an attack

northbound

-

travelling or

leading towards the north

backpack -

a piece of

equipment carried on a
person's back

briefcase

-

a

plastic

rectangular container with a
handle for carrying books
and documents

cell phone -

a mobile phone




wallet -

a pocket-sized flat

folding case for holding
money and plastic cards

belongings

-

Your belongings

are the things that you own.

tighten

-

hold the thing more

firmly or securely.

loose fitting -

rather large and

do not fit tightly on your
div

add -

join to increase the

number

Active words:

target, northbound, backpack, briefcase, cell phone,

wallet, belongings, tighten, loose fitting, add, theft.


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54

7.

Can anything on the scene be moved from its position during an
observation?

8.

What kind of facts mustn’t an investigator forget to note?

9.

What is made after the preliminary observation of crime scene?


Task 8.

Agree or disagree with the following statements.

1.

Only through careful observation definite traces of criminal act
will be found.

2.

Observing and noting the objects of the crime scene the police
officer may imagine that they were there before the crime was
committed.

3.

Objects are frequently moved in the commission of a crime,
especially in crimes of violence.

Task 9.

Comment on the following statements.

1.

The investigator's observation must contain the answers to the five
questions: Who? What? When? Where? How?

2.

An investigator must develop the habits of constantly observing
the actions and conduct of people and physical signs left by them.

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Learn by heart the new words and translate the text: “Observation of
crime scene”.
2. Work in pairs and make up dialogues on “Arrest of a suspect”.

Discuss the problem situations:

1. Evidence is not always found at the crime scene.

2. Sometimes evidence does not assist to solve crime.
3. It is impossible to determine the age and habits of criminals by their
traces left at the crime scene.

47

Task 14.

Crossword – name the crime

1

m

2

a

3

n

4

s

5

l

6

a

7

u

8

g

9

h

10

t

11

e

12

r

1.

the action, treated as a criminal offence, of demanding money from
someone in return for not revealing compromising information which
one has about them

2.

the offence of marrying someone while already married to another
person

3.

the crime of betraying one's country, especially by attempting to kill
or overthrow the sovereign or government

4.

the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a
person's reputation

5.

make a physical attack on

6.

the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property

7.

moving (goods) illegally into or out of a country

8.

falsification of a copy or imitation of a document, signature, banknote,
or work of art

9.

the action or crime of stealing

10.

the practice of obtaining something, especially money, through force
or threats

11.

the act of offering someone money or something valuable in order to
persuade them to do something for you.


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48

12.

the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another

TASKS FOR FREE WORK:

Task 1.

Prepare role play in teams of 2 or 4 on the theme: crime and

punishment.

Task 2.

Find the words of the group as much as possible. Continue the

list.

A “thief” may be …

a shoplifter, a robber, a burglar . . .

53

Observing and noting the objects of the crime scene the police

officer must not suppose that they were there before the crime was
committed. Objects are frequently moved in the commission of a crime,
especially in crimes of violence.

Are two chairs drawn together? Are there object marks on the floor?

Have smaller objects on tables, bookcases and shelves been moved? Did
the criminal move the pictures from their positions? Are the doors and
windows locked or opened? Open to what degree? Have marks or stains
been made recently on any objects? Are there any signs of blood or other
materials? Was the criminal alone or in a company with another? Do they
always work together? Are there cigarette stubs or ashes? Does the
criminal smoke cigars or cigarettes? Did he leave burnt matches at the
scene? What instruments does he usually use? Is there anything that was
not noticed during the observation? The investigator must answer these
and many more questions. They are answered through careful
observation.

An investigator must develop the habits of constantly observing the

actions and conduct of people and physical signs left by them.

During an observation nothing should be moved until absolutely

necessary, and only after its position has been recorded in notes, on a
sketch and photographically. Protect suspect’s spots and finger and
footprints from possible injury. Do not forget to note negative facts:
absence of a weapon; absence of blood when blood is expected; absence
of fingerprints, where it is natural to find them. After completing the
preliminary observation, minute and detailed examination of individual
objects is made.


SPEAKING

Task 7.

Answer the following questions.

1.

What is essential to good crime scene investigation?

2.

What must the investigator do before bringing a criminal action?

3.

What is the fist step in a procedure?

4.

How will definite traces of criminal act be found and what will
they show?

5.

Why mustn’t the police officer suppose that the objects of the
crime scene were there before the commission of a crime?

6.

Why must the investigator develop the habit of constantly
observing actions and conduct of people?


background image

52

Procedure:

divide the group into two teams and ask them to make

questions as an investigator at the crime scene. Teams who make more
questions win the game.


Task 5. Ask some questions as an investigator at the crime scene.

READING

Task 6.

Read and translate the following text.

OBSERVATION OF CRIME SCENE

Proper procedure in observation and examination is essential to

good crime scene investigation. To bring a criminal action the investigator
must develop and follow a definite way of doing his job. The first step in
a procedure is to observe the general appearance of the situation noting
everything at the scene. The investigator's observation must contain the
answers with specific details to the five questions: Who? What? When?
Where? How?

Only through careful observation definite traces of criminal act will

be found. The traces will show the manner in which the crime was
committed, the movements of the criminal, the criminal and other actors
in the crime. Much attention must be paid to details. The details are of
great importance for the investigation.

Answe

rs:

1.

Are tw

o c

ha

irs

d

ra

wn t

og

eth

er?

2.

Are t

her

e ob

jec

t m

ark

s o

n t

he f

lo

or?

3.

Ha

ve sm

all

er o

bje

cts

on

ta

ble

s,

bo

okca

ses

a

nd

sh

elves

b

een

m

oved

?

4.

Did

th

e cri

min

al m

ove

th

e p

ict

ures

fr

om

th

eir

po

sit

io

ns?

5.

Are t

he

do

ors

a

nd

wi

nd

ow

s l

ocke

d o

r o

pen

ed

? O

pen

to

wha

t de

gre

e?

6.

Ha

ve ma

rks

or s

ta

in

s b

een

ma

de r

ecen

tly on

a

ny o

bject

s?

7.

Are t

her

e an

y si

gn

s of

b

lo

od

o

r o

th

er m

ater

ia

ls?

8.

Wa

s the

crim

in

al

alo

ne

or

in

a

comp

an

y wi

th

a

no

th

er?

9.

Do

th

ey a

lw

ays

w

ork t

og

eth

er?

10

. A

re t

her

e cig

are

tte stu

bs

or

ash

es?

11

. D

oes

th

e cr

im

in

al smoke

cig

ars

o

r ci

ga

ret

tes

?

12

. D

id

he le

ave

bu

rn

t m

atch

es

at

th

e sce

ne?

13

. W

ha

t i

nst

ru

men

ts do

es h

e usu

all

y u

se?

14

. Is

th

ere a

nyt

hin

g t

ha

t wa

s n

ot

no

tice

d d

uri

ng

th

e o

bse

rv

ati

on

?

49

UNIT 6

OBSERVATION OF CRIME SCENE

Get ready!

Before you begin the lesson ask questions below and share
their own ideas and do not correct mistakes while speaking
and help cadets to find suitable words to express their own
ideas.

1. Look at the theme of the lesson and guess what the text is about.
2. What is observation?

LISTENING

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words and definitions then copy out

them into your notebooks.

proper –

of the required or

correct type or form; suitable
or appropriate

procedure –

a series of actions

conducted in a certain order or
manner

observation –

the action or

process of closely observing or
monitoring something or
someone

bring a criminal action –
develop –

grow or cause to grow

and become more mature,
advanced, or elaborate

definite –

having exact and

discernible physical limits or
form

appearance –

the way that

someone or something looks

general –

considering or

including only the main
features or elements of
something; not exact or
detailed

note –

notice or pay particular

attention to (something)

specific –

clearly defined or

identified

detail –

an individual fact or

item

Active words:

proper, procedure, observation, bring a criminal

action, stain, recently, stub, habit, constantly, ash, burnt, conduct,
spot, minute, specific, detail, draw, suppose, develop, definite,
appearance, general, note, frequently, violence, manner.


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50

manner –

a way in which a

thing is done or happens

suppose –

think or assume that

something is true or probable
but lack proof or certain
knowledge

frequently –

often

violence –

behavior involving

physical force intended to hurt,
damage, or kill someone or
something

draw –

pull or drag (something

such as a vehicle)

stain –

a colored patch or dirty

mark that is difficult to remove

recently –

lately

stub –

the truncated remnant of

a pencil, cigarette, or similar-
shaped object after use

ash –

the powdery residue left

after the burning of a substance

burnt –

1.

past and past

participle of

burn

; 2.

having

been burned

habit –

a settled or regular

tendency or practice, especially
one that is hard to give up

constantly –

continually, always

conduct (of people) –

the

manner in which a person
behaves, especially in a
particular place or situation

spot –

a small mark or stain

minute –

a summarized record

of proceedings


WRITING

Task 2.

Find the correct translation of the words.

Pair work: distribute handout 1 and ask students to find the correct

translation of the words using dictionary.

A

B

proper

procedure

observation

bring a criminal action

stain

recently

stub

habit

constantly

ash

burnt

conduct

51

spot

minute

specific

detail

draw

suppose

develop

definite

appearance

general

note

frequently

violence

manner

Task 3.

Match each word on the left with the appropriate synonym on

the right.

1.

Specific

2.

Preliminary

3.

Frequently

4.

Minute

5.

Conduct

6.

Recently

7.

Suppose

a) often
b) lately
c) behaviour
d) record
e) particular
f) prior
g) imagine

Task 4.

Continue the sentences by their content.

1.

Proper procedure in observation and examination is essential …..

2.

The investigator's observation must contain the answers with

specific details to the five questions: ……………………..

3.

Only through careful observation definite traces of criminal act…

4.

The details are of great importance for …………………………..

5.

Much attention must be paid to ………………….

6.

An investigator must develop …………………………………….

7.

During an observation nothing should be ………………………

8.

After completing the preliminary observation ……………………

9

. Protect suspect’s …………………………………………………


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80

READING

Berkeley Police Department

INCIDENT REPORT

Reporting officer: McCarthy
Location of incident: Berkeley Train Station
Date: 3/25/2011 Time: 1:30 PM
Incident type: Aggressive Robbery
Victim Name: Sammi Ma
Interpreter name: Kim Li

Victim statement:

The victim spoke only Mandarin

and was in a highly

emotional state.

We

recruited

a

citizen

interpreter

for

questioning

. After establishing a

rapport

with the, the interpreter

summarized

the

victim’s statement as follows. Victim reports that the

two suspects approached her from behind and knocked
her down. They took her backpack and removed her
wallet from her pants pocket. The victim made no

observation

of any weapons.

Witness No. 1 Name: Carol Stevens
Witness No. 1 Statement:

Interview

with the witness

was held outside the station. In her

testimony

, witness

reports seeing two suspects exit the train station.
According to Ms. Stevens, the suspects were wearing
black sweatshirts. One suspect had a pistol. The other
was holding a red backpack. They ran south down 2

nd

St.

Additional Notes:

All interviews were

recorded

. Victim

is willing to continue cooperating with the

investigation.

Task 2.

Read the officer's incident report. Then, mark the statements as

true (T) or false (F).

1 __ the witness required an interpreter.

61

Task 7. Discuss the following questions.

1.

What article of

the Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan

implies theft?
2. What is the punishment for theft?

CRIMINAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Article 169. Theft

Theft, that is larceny in secret –
shall be punished with fine up to fifty minimum monthly wages, or

correctional labor up to two years, or arrest up to six months, or
imprisonment up to three years.

Theft committed:
а) from the clothes, bag, or other personal belonging, carried by the

victim (pickpocketing);

b) in large amount;
c) by previous concert by a group of individuals;
d) with illegal entering a dwelling, depositary or other premise –
shall be punished with fine from three hundred minimum monthly

wages, or correctional labor from two to three years, or imprisonment
from three to five years. …

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:


Task 1.

Make up a train station report. Use the active words in your report.

Key words:

target, northbound, backpack, briefcase, cell phone, wallet,

tighten, loose, fitting, add



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62

UNIT 8

DESCRIBING SUSPECTS

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

a) Listen to new words and write them down.

b) Describe hair of your partner using new words.

Hair / Sochlar /

Волосы

a crew cut
a fringe
auburn
bald
black
blond(e)
brown
curly
dark
fair
long
red
short
straight
wavy

strijka “yojik” soch turmagi
cholka
to‘q-malla / тёмно-рыжий
kal / лысый
qora / черные
och sariq / блондин, светлый
och jigar rang / каштановые
jingalak / кудрявые
qorantir / тёмные
oq-malla / светлые, белокурые
uzun / длинные
malla / рыжие
kalta / короткие
to‘g‘ri (tekis) / прямые
jingalak / вьющиеся

Task 2.

a) Translate following words into English.

b) Listen and compare your translation, correct if there is mistake.
c) Describe figure and hair of your partner using new words.

Build / Gavda / Телосложение, фигура

Active words:

mustache, pale, overweight, complexion, distinctive

mark, height, facial hair, tattoo, build.

79

интервьюер, опрашивающий (человек,
который проводит (берет) интервью)

5

interviewee

M

surishtiriluvchi shaxs ‒
интервьюируемый, дающий интервью
(человек, у которого берут интервью;
человек, которого опрашивают)

6

victim
statement

B

jabrlanuvchining koʻrsatmasi ‒ показание
(заявление, утверждение) потерпевшего

7

emotional state

L

emotsional holat (ta’sirchan, his-tuygʻuga
tez beriladigan, tez hayajonlanadigan) ‒
эмоциональное состояние

8

recruit

I

n.

yangi askar yoki hodim;

v.

yollamoq ‒

сущ.

новобранец, призывник;

гл.

призывать

(новобранцев и т. п.),

набирать, вербовать (в какую-л.
организацию, спортивную команду и
т.п.)

9

interpreter

J ogʻzaki tarjimon ‒ устный переводчик

10

questioning

Q soʻroq ‒ допрос

11

rapport

D

oʻzaro yaxshi munosabatlar, rozilik ‒
хорошие взаимоотношения,
взаимопонимание, понимание; согласие

12

observation

K kuzatish ‒ наблюдение

13

testimony

H koʻrsatma ‒ свидетельское показание

14

summarize

P jamlamoq, xulosa qilmoq ‒ обобщать

15

interview

E

surishtiruv, suhbat (savol-javob tariqasida)
‒ интервью, опрос (беседа следователя
со свидетелем, подозреваемым и т.д. в
целях получения информации)

16

record

G

yozuv, qayd (biror bir faktni yozma qayd
etish) ‒ запись; регистрация, письменная
фиксация (каких-л. фактов)

17

investigation

F tergov ‒ расследование



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78

UNIT 10

INTERVIEWS

Get ready!

Before you read the passage, talk
about these questions.

1. What questions should police
ask the victim of a crime?
2. How does interviewing
witnesses help to catch criminals?

Vocabulary

Task 1.

A) Listen to new

words and expressions then
read them yourself. B) Use
your dictionaries and match
the words with their

tarnslations.




1

interview

C

surishtiruv, suhbat ‒ опрос; интервью |
опрашивать; интервьюировать

2

obtain

O olmoq ‒ получать; добывать

3

reconstruct

N qayta tiklamoq ‒ восстанавливать

4

interviewer

A surishtiruvchi, suhbat oʻtkazadigan shaxs ‒

Active words:

interview, victim statement, emotional state,

interpreter, questioning, rapport, testimony, observation, interview,
record, investigation, summarized.

Definition by Wikipedia

The

interview

is the method by

which the investigator

obtains

information

that

helps

to

reconstruct

the facts of the

happening.

Interview

is

a

conversation where questions are
asked and answers are given. In
general, the word "interview"
refers

to

a

one-on-one

conversation

between

an

interviewer

and

an

interviewee

.

63

fat
of medium build
of medium height

overweight

short
slim

tall
thin
well-built

semiz /

толстый

o‘rta gavdali /

среднего телосложения

o‘rta bo‘yli /

среднего роста

to‘la /

полный

past /

низкий

kelishgan, xushbichim /

стройный

baland /

высокий

ozg‘in /

худой

qomadi raso /

хорошо сложенный

Task 3.

a) Listen to new words and write them down.

b) Describe face, figure and hair of your partner using new

words.

Face / Yuz / Лицо

EYES CAN BE:
big
blue
brown
green
small
NOSE CAN BE:
hook
snub


YOU CAN HAVE:

KO‘ZLAR BO‘LISHI MUMKIN:
katta /

большие

ko‘k /

голубые

jigar rang /

карие

yashil /

зеленые

kichkina /

маленькие

BURUN BO‘LISHI MUMKIN:
qarchig‘ayburun, qiyg‘irburun /

крючковатый, горбатый нос

puchuq burun; qanqaygan burun /

курносый, вздёрнутый нос

SIZDA BO‘LISHI MUMKIN:
soqol /

борода

Запомните!!!

Слова

fat

‒ толстый

и

thin

‒ худой

не очень

вежливые, вмето них
можно употреблять
слова

overweight ‒

полный

и

slim

стройный, худощавый.

Эслаб қолинг!!!

Fat

semiz

va

thin

– oriq

so‘zlari unchalik muloyim emas.
Xushmuomala bo‘lishda

overweight

to‘la

va

slim

ozg‘in

so‘zlaridan foydalanish

maqsadga muvofiq.


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64

a beard
a double chin
a mustache
dimples
freckles
wrinkles

bag‘baqa /

двойной подбородок

mo‘ylov /

усы

kuldirgichlar /

ямочки на щеках

sepkil /

веснушки

ajin, burushiq /

морщины


Task 4.

a) Translate following expressions into English.

b) Listen and compare your translation, correct if there is

mistake.

c) Describe figure, face and hair of your partner using general

expressions.

General expressions / Umumiy ta’rif / Общее описание

beautiful
good-looking

handsome
plain
pretty

ugly

chiroyli, dilbar /

красивый, привлекательный

chiroyli, jozibali /

интересный, с приятной внешностью

xushbichim, kelishgan /

красивый, статный

oddiy, ko‘rimsiz /

простой, невзрачный, некрасивый

zebo, yoqimtoy /

прелестный, хорошенький,

симпатичный

hunuk, badbashara /

уродливый, некрасивый

Examples / Misollar / Примеры

He is tall and well-
built.

She is very beautiful;
she's got big brown

Uning bo‘yi baland va xushbichim. /

Он

высокий и хорошо сложенный.

U juda go‘zal. Uning ko‘zlari och jigar rang va
katta, sochlari esa uzun va to‘q-malla. /

Она

Eslab qoling!!!

Beautiful

va

pretty

so‘zlari

ayollarni

tasvirlashga

ishlatiladi,

handsome

va

good-looking

so‘zlari esa

erkaklarni

tasvirlashga

ishlatiladi.

Запомните!!!

Слова

beautiful

и

pretty

употребляются при
описании внешности
женщин, а

handsome

мужчин. Слово

good-

looking

относится к

обоим полам.

77

What caused the...

I didn't do anything!

Witnesses say that...

Student A:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student В about:

a recent fight

possible charges

Student B:

You are a suspect. Talk to Student A

about:

what happened during a fight.

WRITING

Task 10.

Use the report and the conversation from Task 8 to fill out the

officer’s notes.


TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Learn by heart the new words and translate the text: “Interrogation”.
2. Prepare role play in teams of 2 or 4 on the theme: Assault.

Incident Notes

Individuals involved: _________________________
_____________________________________________
Events: _____________________________________
_____________________________________________
Possible charges: ___________________________

_____________________________________________


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76

SPEAKING

Task 9.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 8. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Officer:

Darren, I don't want to tell you again.

1

______

______and answer my questions.

Darien:

Why? I didn't do anything! You should arrest Paul!

Officer:

I'll talk to Paul in a moment.

2

______ ______ ______,

you need to stop yelling.

Darren:

This is ridiculous.

Officer:

What caused the fight between you and Paul?

Darren:

It was his fault. He was trying to start a fight

3

______

______.

Officer:

The witnesses said that you pulled out a knife.

Darren:

I told you,

4

______ ______ ______.

Officer:

Well, Darren, you're in some serious trouble, too. You

committed an assault with a deadly weapon.

Darren:

What? I never even

5

______ ______! He threw a glass

at my face!

Officer:

Calm down, Darren. You threatened to hurt him.

6

______ ______ to send you to jail.

65

eyes and long, auburn
hair.

John is overweight and
has dimples and a
double chin.

She is really plain, she
is of medium height
and build, she has
mousy hair and a snub
nose.

очень красивая. У неё большие карие глаза и
длинные тёмно-рыжие волосы.

Jon to‘ladan kelgan; uning yuzida kulgichi va
baqbaqasi bor. /

Джон полный; у него ямочки

на щеках и двойной подбородок

.

U xunuk, o‘rta bo‘y va o‘rta gavda, sichqon
rang soch va qanqaygan burunli. /

Она

некрасивая, среднего роста и
телосложения, у неё волосы мышиного
цвета и курносый нос.


Task 5.

Look at the pictures and describe people’s appearance.


Task 6.

Complete the sentences with suitable words.

a. Mary has fair and curly ________.
b. He is tall and well-________.
c. She is of medium ________ and ________.
d. He is so fat that he has a double ________.

Eslab qoling!!!

Ingliz

tilida

kimdir

qanday

ko‘rinishga egaligi haqidagi savol
quyidagicha bo‘ladi:

What does he/she look like?

How does he/she look like?
Tarzida emas!

ЗАПОМНИТЕ!!!

Вопрос о том, как кто-либо
выглядит в англ-ом языке
звучит слудующим образом:

What does he/she look like?

а

НЕ: How does he/she look like?


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66

e. He is rather ________: he is tall and has brown eyes and a crew cut.
f. She has got a ________ nose.

Task 7.

Read the given definitions of some features of appearance.

Write down what they are.

(Прочтите данные описания некоторых

особенностей внешнего вида. Напишите, что имеется в виду)

a.

hair that grows on a man’s face above the lips – ______________

b.

when a person has this kind of nose everydiv says she or he looks

down on people – ____________

c.

people from Africa have this kind of hair – _____________

d.

it is a polite expression for the word

thin

– _____________


Task 8.

Match the words with their collocations.

A

well-
crew
good-
wavy
hook

B

looking
hair
nose
built
cut

Get ready!

Before you read the passage, talk about these questions.

1.

What features do you use to describe people?

2. What are some features that make suspects easy to recognize?

READING

Task 9.

Read the wanted poster. Then, mark the statements as true (T)

or false (F).

1__The suspect stole money from a bank.

2__The suspect has no distinctive marks.

3__The suspect had a mustache during the robbery.

75

2.

Interrogation depends upon too many factors that cannot be
controlled.

3.

During the interrogation, the subject should be seated with his back
to the light source.

4.

The investigator should never show anger, hesitation or other
emotions, if it is not a part of plan.

5.

The interrogator should not be in a hurry with the conclusions.

WRITING

Task 6.

Writing the rules of interrogation.

Procedure:

divide the group into two groups and ask them to write

the rules of interrogation. The team wins the game who writes more rules
of interrogation.

LISTENING

Task 7.

Listen to a conversation between a police officer and a suspect.

Choose the correct answers.

1. What is the officer mainly asking about?

A. where a weapon is now
В. what happened in a fight
С. how a fight was stopped
D. who was injured in a fight

2. Why might the man go to jail?

A. He injured witnesses.
В. He would not obey commands.
С. He threatened to hurt the other man.
D. He refused to answer questions.

Task 8.

Listen again and complete the conversation.


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74

Control your temper. If the subject understands your mood he is

getting the upper hand. The investigator should never show anger,
hesitation or other emotions, if it is not a part of plan.

Don't try to dominate. Most people do not like when they are being

pushed.

Be serious where seriousness is proper. Don't be in a hurry with the

conclusions.

SPEAKING

Task 3.

Answer the following questions.

1.

What is interrogation?

2.

What is the object of interrogation?

3.

Who may be the subject in an interrogation?

4.

What are the features of a good investigator?

5.

What factors does the interrogation depend upon?

6.

Should the investigator show his prejudices, hesitation or other
emotions?

7.

What mood should the investigator retain during the
interrogation?

8.

When may the subject of interrogation get the upper hand?

9.

Must the investigator dominate during the interrogation?

Task 4.

Comment on the following statements.

1.

Sometimes in order to conduct the interrogation the investigator
must go out to a crime scene not one time.

2.

Part of the problem of interrogation is the place at which the
interrogation takes place.

3.

Many good investigators do not recognize some general rules.

4.

The investigator must recognize that the subject may have
information without which the case cannot be solved.

5.

All information, no matter from what group obtained, must be
verified.

Task 5.

Agree or disagree with the following statements.

1.

Every good investigator recognizes some general rules of
interrogation.

67

WANTED

George Collins

George Collins is wanted for armed robbery. Collins robbered a
bank in St. Louis and fled with $500 000.

Description:

Age:

35

Height:

5’10 inches (160 cm)

Weight:

210 lbs (95.2 kg)

Build:

Large / Overweight

Hair:

Brown

Eyes:

Blue

Complexion:

Pale

Gender:

Male

Distinctive marks:

Spider tattoo on

right forearm

Remarks:

Collins’ dress at the time of the robbery was blue jeans, a

red sweatshirt and a blue baseball cap. At the time of the robbery,
Collins did not have facial hair. He may have grown a mustache since
then to hide his identity.

Contact the St. Louis Police Department if you have any

information regarding George Collins’ whereabouts.

Vocabulary

Task 10.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F).

1 ___ mustache
2 ___ height
3 ___ overweight

4 ___ complexion
5 ___ distinctive mark
6 ___ pale

A

the physical appearance of a person’s skin

B

a feature that makes someone recognizable

C

the measurement of how tall a person is

D

having light colored skin

E

hair growth above someone’s upper lip

F

weighing more than is healthy


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68

Task 11.

Fill the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the

word bank.

1. Mr.Han looks different since he grew___________.

2. The usual___________for the occasion is a suit and tie.

3. The bank teller described a ________the suspect had on his arm.

4. The woman had a thin___________.

LISTENING

Task 12.

Listen to a conversation between a police officer and a citizen.

Check (√) the characteristics mentioned in the conversation.

1___tattoo

2___hair color

3___height

4___facial hair

5___eye color

6___build

Task 13.

Listen again and complete the conversation.

Word bank:

dress / facial hair / build / tattoo

73

and his talents. Many good investigators do not recognize some general
rules because they have their own methods which they find successful.

The subject of interrogation is any person who has information

about the details, circumstances, or individuals in a case or who may have
such information.

Interrogation depends upon too many factors that cannot be

controlled. The subject in an interrogation may be the victim, the
complainant, witnesses, suspects, accused or criminals. Sometimes in
order to conduct the interrogation the investigator must go out to a crime
scene not one time, because a witness or a suspect is nervous and does
not tell the truth. Sometimes these persons may be cooperative or
uncooperative, willing or unwilling. The reasons for their reactions will
be innumerable. Therefore, all information, no matter from what group
obtained, must be verified.

Part of the problem of interrogation is the place at which the

interrogation takes place. The place for interrogation of the subject should
be chosen carefully. If an interrogation takes place in the investigator's
office, he does not radically rearrange his room, but some unnecessary
things should be taken away. The subject should be seated so as to face a
light source. The investigator should seat with his back to the light source.
Be sure that all interruptions will be eliminated.

The attitude of the investigator toward the subject of the

interrogation may be the key to the solution of a case.

The investigator must recognize that the subject may have

information without which the case cannot be solved. But it may so
happen that the subject does not want to talk. Therefore it is useful to
remember some principles of interrogation.

During the interrogation an investigator should observe the

following principles:

Don't show your prejudices. The

subject will react to them even though
you think you have them under
control.

Be a good actor; play the part.
Don't be patronizing. Nodiv

likes it.

Don't degrade yourself in act or word.
Retain a pleasant mood.
Don't let your reactions to answers betray your feelings.


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72

K.

willing

11.

ustunlik qilmoq

L.

innumerable

12.

so‘roq

M.

obtain

13.

o‘rganmoq, egallamoq yoki rivojlantirmoq

N.

verify

14.

qulay bo‘lmoq,

mos kelmoq

O.

radically

15.

insonning xulq-atvorida aks etadigan tabiati

P.

rearrange

16.

son-sanoqsiz

Q.

interruption

17.

olmoq, egallamoq

R.

eliminate

18.

tekshirib, solishtirib haqiqat ekanligiga

ishonch hosil qilmoq

S.

attitude

19.

tubdan, butkul

T.

prejudices

20.

o‘rnini o‘zgartirmoq

U.

patronizing

21.

xalal beruvchi narsa

V.

react

22.

tan olmoq; tanimoq

W.

even though

23.

мувоффақиятли

X.

degrade

24.

avvalgi hodisa yoki harakatga bog’liq holat

yoki sharoit

Y.

retain

25.

shikoyatchi

Z.

betray

26.

ayblanuvchi

AA.

hesitation

27.

hamkorlik qiladigan

BB.

dominate

28.

biror ishni qilishga tayyor

READING

Task 2.

Read the text and answer the following questions.

INTERROGATION (Questioning)

There is not one method of interrogation. Every good investigator

acquires a technique of interrogation which best suits his temperament

69

Task 14.

Answer the following questions on the dialogue.

1. Where was the crime commited?

2. How much money was stolen from the bank?

3. Did the robber have facial hair when police officer noticed him?

SPEAKING

Task 15.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 13. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Can you tell me what he looks like?

Did he have...

Did you notice anything else?

Officer:

St. Louis Police Department.

Cititzen:

Hi, I think I just saw George Collins, the bank robber.

Officer:

Okay, sir. Can you tell me what he

1

________

________?

Cititzen:

Let’s see ... he had brown hair. He was a

2

________

________. Large build, and looked kind of overweight.

Officer:

Did he have

3

________ ________?

Cititzen:

Yes, he had a mustache.

Officer:

Did you notice

4

_______ _______?

Cititzen:

Oh, yeah. He had a

5

________ ________ on his arm.

Officer: 6

________ ________ it could be him.


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70

Student A:

You are a police officer. Ask Student B about a

suspect’s:

build

hair

distinguishing marks

Student B:

You believe you have seen a criminal. Describe the

suspect to Student A.

WRITING

Task 15.

Use the poster and the conversation from Task 13 to fill out the

officer’s notes.

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Prepare role play in teams of 2 or 4 on the theme: Witness of the
robbery.

SUSPECT DESCRIPTION

Suspect wanted for: ___________________________

____________________________________________

Hair color: ___________________________________

Height: ______________________________________

Facial Hair:

Yes

No

Eye color:____________________________________

Build: _______________________________________

Dress: _______________________________________

71

UNIT 9

INTERROGATION

Get ready!

Before you begin lesson, talk about these questions:

1. What rules of interrogation do you know?
2. What is the main difference between interrogation and interview?
3. What is the main purpose in interrogation?

WRITING

Task 1.

Listen to following new words and expressions then find the

correct translation of the words.

A.

interrogation

1.

butkul yo’q qilmoq, tugatmoq

B.

acquire

2.

munosabat

C.

suit

3.

asossiz, haqiqatga mos kelmaydigan fikr

D.

temperament

4.

mehribonlik ko’rsatuvchi

E.

recognize

5.

biror narsaga javoban qilingan harakat;

tegishli tarzda javob bermoq

F.

successful

6.

xatto … -ga qaramay

G.

circumstance

7.

birovni

kamsitmoq,

yerga

urmoq,

xo’rlamoq

H.

complainant

8.

avvalgi holatida qolmoq

I.

accused

(the

accused)

9.

oshkor qilmoq; sadoqatsizlik qilmoq;

sotmoq

J.

cooperative

10.

ikkilanish

Active words:

interrogation, acquire, accused, cooperative, willing,

suit, temperament, innumerable, recognize, successful, obtain, verify,
circumstance, radically, rearrange, interruption, complainant,
eliminate, degrade, retain, betray, push, attitude, toward, prejudices,
patronizing, react, even though, dominate, hesitation.


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100


Task 6.

Answer the following questions:

1. What kind of traces of crime do you know?
2. What are the fingerprints and footprints?
3. Why do we take fingerprints and footprints during the investigation of
crime?

LISTENING

Task 7.

Listen to a conversation between a citizen and a police officer.

Mark the statements as true (T) or false (F).

1___ The woman says the pickpocket was tall.

2

___

The pickpocket bumped into the citizen.

3___ The woman's

watch was stolen.

Task 8.

Listen again and complete the

conversation.

Officer:

Are you

1

______ ______, Miss?

Citizen:

No, not at all. Someone just stole my

2

_________?

Officer:

All right, try to

3

______ ______. Did you see the person

who stole your purse?

Citizen:

No ‒ it was very

4

_________. I just felt someone bump

into me. Then my purse was gone.

Officer:

What did you have in your purse?

Citizen:

Some

5

______ ______. A little money and my ID.

Officer:

Okay, well don't worry Miss. We'll do what we can to

find the

6

_________ and your purse.

81

2 __ The suspects approached from behind
3 __ Kim Li saw a suspect holding a pistol.

Task 3.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F).

1 __ victim

4 __ interpreter

2 __ rapport

5 __ record

3 __ testimony

6 __ interview

A

a person’s account of an event

В

to document something

С

a relationship of mutual trust

D

a person whom a crime has been committed against

E

a person who expresses someone's words in another

language

F

to ask a person questions

Task 4.

Fill in the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the

word bank.

1. The witness gave her __________ on what happened.
2.The robbery victim was in a poor __________.
3. The witness made a(n) __________ of the suspect's tattoo.
4. The officer asked the interpreter to __________

the

witness's statement.
5. A(n) __________ followed the suspect’s arrest
6. The suspect was taken to the station for __________.

Task 5.

Listen and read the report again. What weapon was one of the

suspects thought to be carrying?

LISTENING


Task 6.

Listen to a conversation between an officer and a witness.

Word bank:

investigation, emotional state, questioning, summarize,

statement, observation


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82

Check (√) the information the witness provides.

1 __ suspects’ heights
2 __ suspects’ voices
3 __ suspects’ dress
4 __ suspects’ faces
5 __ suspects’ weapons


Task 7.

Listen again and complete the conversation.


Task 8.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 7. Then,

switch roles.

Officer:

Okay. What can you tell me

1

_________ _________

________?

Witness:

Well, one was tall and the other was short. I’m pretty

sure one of them had a

2

_________.

Officer:

Did you notice what

3

_________ _________

________, ma'am?

Witness:

They were both wearing black sweatshirts.

Officer:

Okay. I need you to think hard now,

4

_________

_________ __________. Was it the tall or the short
suspect that was holding the gun?

Witness:

The taller one was holding the gun. The shorter one

had a red backpack.

Officer:

Did you

5

_________ _________ __________ about

the suspects? Did they say anything as they ran by?
Maybe you saw their

6

__________?

Witness:

No. They just ran by me so quickly. That’s all I

remember.

99

___

B

Make sure that if you do live in a state that allows online

training, that it’s from a state-certified program that will give you what
you need to proceed.


READING

Task 5.

Read and translate the following text then answer the

questions.

Fingerprints.

Fingerprinting is one of the way of identification a person who is

suspected of crime.

When a finger touches the surface of an object the print of this finger

is left on the surface. This is called fingerprint. There are no two persons
who have similar prints. Every fingerprint is unique.

This principle is used by all police forces to identify criminals

(or

sometimes dead bodies)

. So, if a suspect arrested does not confess his

guilt, it may be proved by comparing his fingerprints with those found at
the scene and showing that they are identical.

Fingerprints are used not only to connect a suspect with the scene,

they also may indicate the identity of the criminal when it is not known if
he was previously fingerprinted and the prints are in the possession of the
police.

For this reason the prints of criminals are collected and field in

criminal record officers. A fingerprint found at the scene of crime is sent
to a criminal record office to discover whether an identical print has
previously been recorded. If such a print has been recorded, the identity
of its owner becomes known.

All persons convicted of crime are fingerprinted in prison and the

prints are sent to the Criminal Record Department. In practice, all persons
accused of crime are fingerprinted on arrest and before trial.

Footprints.

Most footprints which are useful for investigation are made in soft

material, such as earth, snow, clay or sand. But often a mark may be
discovered on a hard surface, such as linoleum, polished floors, table
surface and chairs. When a footprint is distinctive it gives possibility to
establish the shoe which made it and prove that a certain person wearing
the shoe has been at the scene of the crime. The more peculiarities are in
the mark the better the comparison will be.


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98

3.

Fingerprints are used not only to connect a

suspect / witness

with

the scene, they also may indicate the identity of the criminal when it is not
known if he was previously fingerprinted and the prints are in the
possession of the police.

4.

For this reason the prints of criminals are collected and field in

criminal

record

/ indicate

officers.

5.

A fingerprint found at the scene of crime is sent to a criminal record

office to

discover

/ solve

whether an identical print has previously been

recorded.

Task 4.

Check the sentence that uses the underlined parts correctly.

1.

___

A

Comparing two fingerprints to determine if they were made

by the same person or two different people.

____

B

Acquiring fingerprints from people using ink and

electronic methods.

2.

___

A

Using the computerized AFIS (Automated Fingerprint

Identification System) computer system.

___

B

Assisting police officers and detectives and describing

what they find.

3.

___

A

As previously mentioned, the demand for fingerprint

technicians is extremely high.

____

B

As long as you meet the qualifications and have completed

the proper education, which depends on your geographical location, you
have a great chance of getting hired.

4.

___

A

Please download the free interview guide that can be found

on the right hand sidebar for additional tips for your upcoming interviews,
and also be sure to check out our popular fingerprint technician job board,
which is creating new jobs for people like you every single day.

___

B

Many jurisdictions allow you to take training online,

however these are usually the most basic, entry-level courses.

5.

___

A

Again, it depends on where you live, because online

courses aren’t always accepted.

83

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

What can you tell me about the suspects?
I need you to think hard now

_

Did you notice anything else

_

Student A:

You are the witness to a robbery Talk

to Student В

about:

the suspects' dress

items suspects held

other details

Student B:

You are a police officer Talk to

Student A

about a

robbery he or she witnessed.

WRITING

Task 9.

Use the incident report and the conversation from Task 8 to fill

out the witness’s written statement. Use today’s day.


Homewood Police Department

INCIDENT REPORT

witness testimony

Name of witness: ________________________

Date: ________________________________
Witness Statement:

_________________________

________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________


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84

Task 10.

Read and translate the

following text then answer the
questions.


INTERVIEWS

The interview is the method by

which the investigator obtains
information that helps to reconstruct
the facts of the happening.

The following

"do's" and

"don'ts"

should be

taken into

consideration

by most interviewers and interrogators. Some of them

conflict

with others, and not all of them should be adopted, but only those

which

accord with

a

particular

officer's technique.

1. Do not show the

effect

of the subject's words on you. Do not show

pity

for the victim or

anger

at the accused.

2.

Avoid

giving

him the

impression

that

you

want

a

conviction

at all costs.

What you really want
is the truth; let him
understand this.

3. Avoid using

long or

complicated

words and phrases, unless this is done for some particular purpose. Many
criminals are of very low

intelligence

and education and they cannot

understand the language you speak to them.

4.

Display

confidence

in his guilt.

5. Do not promise to do or to give something, which cannot be done

or given.

6. Never disclose the existence of an

informant

.

7. If you have knowledge of a fact, do not disclose how you obtained

the knowledge.

8. Try to give the impression that everything is known about him and

the crime will be solved.

9.

Demand

the truth. Tell him it is good for him that he was

apprehended and this will prevent him from committing another crime.

10. Learn to listen. Never interrupt him when he is speaking, allow

97

owner ‒

xo‘jayin, mulkdor / владелец; собственник, хозяин

convict ‒

jazoga hukm qilmoq, ayblamoq / осудить,признать виновным

(в чём-л.)

, признавать виновным

criminal record department ‒

jinoyatlarni qayd qilish bo‘limi / отдел

регистрации преступлений

in practice ‒

biror narsani amalda sinab ko‘rmoq, haqiqatda, amalda / на

практике, на деле; на поверку, практический

trial ‒

sudda ishni ko‘rish, sud jarayoni, sud / судебное

разбирательство; судебный процесс, суд

WRITING

Task 2.

Read the text. Then, fill in the blanks with the correct words and

phrases from the word bank.

Fingerprinting is one of the way of

1

_______ a person who is

suspected of crime.

When a finger touches the surface of an object the print of this finger

is

2

_______ on the surface. This is

3

_______ fingerprint. There are no

two persons who have

4

_______ prints. Every fingerprint is

5

_______.

Most footprints which are

6

_______ for investigation are made in soft

material, such as earth, snow, clay or sand. But often a mark may be

7

_______ on a hard surface, such as linoleum, polished floors, table

surface and chairs. When a footprint is distinctive it gives possibility to

8

_______ the shoe which made it and prove that a certain person wearing

the shoe has been at the scene of the crime. The more peculiarities are in
the mark the better the

9

_______ will be.

Task 3.

Read the sentense and choose the correct word.

1.

This principle is used by all police forces to identify

criminals /

tourists

.

2.

So, if a suspect arrested does not confess his guilt, it may be proved

by comparing his fingerprints with those found at the scene and showing
that they are

identical / identity

.

Word bank:

unique, useful, left, called, discovered, establish,

comparison, identification, similar


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96

UNIT 12

FINGERPRINTS

FOOTPRINTS

Get ready!
Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions.

1. What is fingerprinting?
2.

How

can you identify a person by a fingerprint?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words then copy out them into your

notebooks.

identification ‒

aynan o‘xshatish, tenglashtirish, birday qilish /

идентификация

touch

tegmoq, qo‘l tegizmoq/ (при)касаться, трогать,

притрагиваться; осязать

unique ‒

nodir, o‘ziga xos / уникальный, единственный в своём роде,

исключительный

confess ‒

iqror qilmoq, bo‘yniga olmoq, (deb) bilmoq / признавать,

признаваться; сознаваться

guilt ‒

ayb, aybni sezish / вина, чувство вины

prove ‒

isbotlamoq / доказывать, испытывать, пробовать

compare ‒

taqqoslamoq, solishtirib ko‘rmoq (chiqmoq) / сравнивать,

сличать

identical ‒

xuddi o‘zi, xuddi shunday, bir xil, birday / тот же самый,

такой же, одинаковый, идентичный

previously ‒

oldindan, oldinroq; huzurida, ilgari /

заблаговременно, заранее, предварительно; перед

possession ‒

ega bo‘lib qolish / владение, обладание

reason ‒

sabab, bahona, asos / причина, повод, основание

collect ‒

yig‘moq, bir yerga to‘plamoq, bir yerga to‘planmoq, / собирать

record ‒

yozuv, qayd qilish (dalillarni) / запись; регистрация,

письменная фиксация (

каких-л. фактов

)

send ‒

yubormoq, jo‘natmoq, yo‘llamoq, yo‘naltirmoq / посылать,

отправлять; отсылать, направлять

whether ‒

... mi / li

(вводит косвенный вопрос)

85

him to continue.

11. Once you start questioning, ask questions

continually

. Never

pause. As soon as he has answered a question ask another. A pause will
give him time to think. This is one of the most important rules of the
interviewer and interrogator. If you have difficulty in thinking quickly and

formulating

questions, prepare a long list of questions beforehand. Do

not let him see you are reading questions.

12. Ask questions which require detailed answers. Do not ask

questions which may be answered by "Yes", "No", "Perhaps" etc.

13. If he does not answer a question immediately, do not wait for him

when he thinks about the answer. Demand an answer immediately or put
a different question.

Word list:

listen and copy out into your notebooks.

“do’s” and “don’ts”

– qoidalar ‒ правила

take into consideration

– e’tiborga olmoq ‒ принимать во внимание

conflict

– qarama-qarshi, teskari ‒ противоречие

accord

(with)

–mos boʻlmoq, muvofiq boʻlmoq ‒ соответствовать

particular

– oʻziga xos, alohida ‒ особый, исключительный

pity

– rahm, shavqat ‒ жалость, сожаление, сострадание

anger

‒ qahr, jahl, gʻazab ‒ гнев, злость

avoid

– oʻzini chetga olmoq, qochmoq ‒ избегать, остерегаться

impression

– taassurot ‒ впечатление

conviction

– hukm, ayblash, aybdor dep topish ‒ осуждение,

признание виновным

complicated

– murakkab, tushunib boʻlmaydigan, boshni qotiradigan,

ilmoqli, jumboqli ‒ запутанный; замысловатый; усложнённый;
трудный для понимания

intelligence

– aql, idrok, zakovat, aqliy jihatdan yetuklik ‒ ум,

интеллект, умственные способности

display

– namoyish qilmoq, koʻrsatmoq ‒ показывать;

демонстрировать

confidence

– qat’iy ishonch, imoni komillik ‒ уверенность,

убеждённость

informant ‒

aygʻoqchi,

xabarchi, xabar beruvchi ‒ информатор,

осведомитель

demand

– talab qilmoq ‒ требовать, потребовать (с кого-л., от кого-

л.); предъявлять требование

continually

– uzluksiz, toʻxtovsiz ‒ непрерывно, всё время


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86

formulate

‒ ifoda qilmoq, bayon etmoq ‒ формулировать, излагать

Task 11.

Answer the following questions.

What is the difference between the interrogation and interview?

What types of witnesses may confront the investigator?
What must the interrogator know about the subject?
What requirements to the interviews do you consider the most
important?

Task 12.

Agree or disagree with the following statements.

Very often, the presence of another person in the room makes the task of
the interviewing officer very difficult.
The interviewing officer should not show any emotion or his knowledge
of the subject.

If the witness does not answer a question immediately, the investigator
should wait for him when he thinks about the answer.

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Prepare role play in teams of 2 or 4 on the theme: Interviewing
witnesses and victims .

95

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

Task 1.

Prepare role play in teams of 3 or 4 on the theme: Investigating

homicide.

Task 2.

Look at the graph which shows vehicles stolen the last 12 months.

Answer the question:

What is the most stolen make of car in your country

?

1.

The most stolen make of car is ……

2.

The least stolen makes of car are …… and …….

3.

Why do you think this is?

4.

……, the …… and …… are German cars.

5.

…… and …… are French makes of car, and …… is Italian.

6.

The graph shows more …… makes of car than any other.

7.

The Lada is a …… car and the …… is American.


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94

SPEAKING

Task 9.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 8. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Was it just . . .

I asked a server if . . .

Would you mind calling . . .

Student A:

You're talking to a fellow police officer. Talk to Student

В about:
• the victim • witness testimony • a possible motive

Student B:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student A about a

homicide.

WRITING

Task 10.

Use the conversation in Task 8 to fill out a police report on a

homicide. Talk about:

• victim
• motives
• cause of death


Task 11.

Answer the following control questions.

1.

What must be included in the police crime report?

2.

Who investigates murder crimes in your country?

3.

What are the components of a crime before it is proved as a crime?

4.

What are the differences between primary investigation and court
investigation?

87

UNIT 11

INVESTIGATION OF CRIME


Get ready!
Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions:

1. What is article 15 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic

of Uzbekistan about?

2. What is the main task of an investigating officer at the crime scene?

Article 15. Mandatory Initiation of Criminal Case

Upon discovery of elements of a crime and within their competence, a
court, prosecutor, investigator and inquiry officer shall be obliged to
initiate a criminal case and take all necessary legal measures to establish
of the event and actors of a crime and to punish guilty.

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF

UZBEKISTAN

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the words and phrases. Then divide the

following words to appropriate columns. Use the dictionary.

to detect a crime

to report a crime

to report a

crime

to commit a crime
to bring charges against
to catch a criminal
to give a statement
to witness an offence
to make a confession

to find guilty
to arrest a suspect






to cooperate in investigation
to break the law
to interrogate
to request legal advice
to pass a sentence
to gather evidence
to plead guilty
to hear a case

to establish the identity of a
suspect
to deny involvement
to release on parole


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88

Police

officer

Victim

Witness

Offender

Court

to detect a
crime

to report
a crime

to report a
crime

to commit a
crime

to

bring

charges
against

to catch a
criminal

to give a
statement

to witness
an offence

to make a
confession

find guilty

to arrest a
suspect

to cooperate
in
investigation

to break the
law

to pass a
sentence

to
interrogate

to request
legal advice

to hear a case

to gather
evidence

to plead
guilty

to release on
parole

to establish
the identity
of a suspect

to deny
involvement

Task 2.

Listen and read the following word combinations then copy

out them into your notebooks. Translate them using dictionary. Then
divide the group into small teams of 4 or 5. Ask translation of four words
or word combinations from Task 2, Task 3 and Task 4 from each team.
Every cadet from each team must answer by one word or word
combination.

1.

a search warrant (ордер на обыск)

— Officers armed with a search

warrant entered the flat.

2.

to release on probation —

3.

to be charged with attempted robbery —

4.

to press charges against smb —

5.

to drop charges —

6.

to issue a warrant —

7.

to perpetrate a crime —

8.

to conduct a crime scene examination —

9.

to apprehend a criminal (felon) —

10.

to be served with a subpoena —

11.

to accuse (to be accused) —

12.

to detain a suspect —

93

Officer 1:

So, this is our victim.

Officer 2:

Yeah, male 40s, no question. It’s a homicide.

Officer 1:

Do we have a murder weapon?

Officer 2:

No, not yet.

Officer 1:

You know, from the looks of him there might be two

murder weapons. May be even two attackers.

Officer 2:

Why do you say that?

Officer 1:

Well, it looks like there are several stub wounds. But

look at that wound on his head.

Officer 2:

Yeah, you are right. It looks like he’s bludgeoned with

something.

Officer 1:

Do we have an ID on this guy yet?

Officer 2:

We do. He was a tourist. Officer Davenport’s on the

way to talk to his family at their hotel.

Officer 1:

So

1

______ ______ ______ ?

Was it just a bar fight?

Officer 2:

I asked a server if

2

______ ______ ______. She sad

she saw him arguing with another guy in the bar

3

______

______ ______.

Officer 1:

It doesn't look like a robbery. They didn't take his

wedding ring or his wallet.

Officer 2:

No, I think it was just an argument

4

______ ______

______. Would you mind calling the coroner’s office
again? They should be here already.

Officer 1:

No problem. It looks like the

5

______ ______ ______

______. Do you want me to tell them to leave?

Officer 2:

No, thanks. I'll do it. I want to keep them away so

that

6

______ ______ ______ ______.


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92

3.

autopsy / stab wound

a. The _________________ was the cause of death.

b. A(n) ______________ showed how the man died.


Task 6.

Listen and read the article again.

Do the police know how the

man died?


LISTENING

Task 7.

Listen to a conversation between two police officers then choose

the correct answers.

1. What is the dialogue mostly about?

a. a murder investigation
b. interviewing a witness
с. a piece of evidence
d. contacting a victim's family

2. Why do the officers discuss a bar fight?

a. to suggest that there were two attackers
b. to explain what happened after a robbery.
с. to propose a motive for a crime
d. to question the credibility of a witness

Task 8.

Listen again and complete the conversation.

89

13.

to resort to the polygraph —

Task 3.

Find proper Uzbek or Russian translation of the words then copy

out them into your notebooks.

murder –

the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being

by another

div –

a corpse

foul play –

an act that intentionally causes death; violence

apparently –

You use apparently to indicate that the information

you are giving is something that
you have heard, but you are not
certain that it is true.

discover –

find unexpectedly

or during a search

morgue –

is a building or a

room in a hospital where dead
bodies are kept before they are
buried or cremated, or before they
are identified or examined.

autopsy –

a post-mortem

examination to discover the cause
of death or the extent of disease

coroner –

an official who

holds inquests into violent, sudden,
or suspicious deaths, and (in
Britain) inquiries into cases of
treasure trove

stab –

thrust a knife or other pointed weapon into (someone) so as

to wound or kill

wound

[wuːnd]

an injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow,

or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken

bludgeoned –

To bludgeon someone means to hit them several

times with a heavy object.

blunt –

(of a cutting implement) not having a sharp edge or

point

homicide –

the killing of one person by another

unclear –

not easy to see, hear, or understand

native –

a person born in a specified place or associated with

a place by birth, whether subsequently resident there or not


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90

previous –

existing or occurring before in time or order

conviction –

a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the

decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a
criminal offence

manslaughter –

illegal killing of a person by someone who did

not intend to kill them.

regular –

arranged in or constituting a constant or definite

pattern, especially with the same space between individual instances

Task 3.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F).

1 __ motive
2 __ coroner

3 __ foul play
4 __ bludgeon

5 __ murder weapon
6 __cause of death


a. to hit with a heavy object
b. an official who investigates violent or suspicious deaths
с. an act that intentionally causes death
d. an item used to kill someone
e. a reason for committing a crime
f. the injury or injuries that ended someone's life

READING

Before you read the passage, talk about these questions.

1. Is homicide a frequent crime in your country? In nearby countries?
2. What evidence do police look for in a murder case?

Task 4.

Read the newspaper article. Then, mark the following

statements as true (T) or false (F).

1__ The server at the bar witnessed the murder.

2__ The autopsy revealed that the victim died from stab wounds.

3__ A suspect in the case had previously killed someone.

91

Task 5.

Read the sentence, in pairs. Choose where the words best fit in

the blanks.

1.

manslaughter / morgue

a. The suspect was charged with ______________ .

b. The div is still in the ________________ .

2.

corpse / homicide

a. Greg was guilty of committing a _______________ .

b. The coroner's office is examining the ____________ .

Tourist Murdered at Local Bar

The div of a 45-year-old
man was found late last night
outside a local bar. Police
suspect foul play. The man
was identified as Robert
Hillson

of

Atlanta,

GA.Hillson had been
vacationing

in

South

Summerville with his family
since last week. Linda
Sanders, a server at the bar, said
she saw Hillson arguing with
another man, but that the men
left the bar separately.
Police have not found a murder
weapon, and the div was
apparently not discovered for
several hours. “The corpse is in
the morgue, and we will be
conducting a detailed autopsy
later today,” said

Thomas Ford, Summerville County
Coroner. “At this point, I can't tell
you the exact cause of death, but I
can say that the victim had multiple
stab wounds and also appeared to
have been bludgeoned with some
type of blunt object”.
Police say the motive for this
homicide is unclear and that they
are waiting for the coroner’s report.
No changes have been filed but one
suspect has been taken into
custody. Jared Filler, a 33-year-old
South Summerville native, has had
two previous arrests and one
conviction

in

1998,

for

manslaughter. Filler is known to be
a regular customer at the bar where
Hillson’s div was found.


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120

Task 3.

Then, mark the statements as true (T) or false (F).

1. __ Suspects do not have to supply identification when asked by an

officer.

2. __ Officers can use any reasonable means to arrest a resisting

suspect.

3. __ Juveniles' parents must be notified before an arrest.

ARRESTS

Arrests can be made under several circumstances.
An officer may arrest someone when:
1. He has possession of an arrest warrant.
2. He witnesses someone committing a crime.
3. He has identified probable cause.
When he stops a suspect, a police officer has the right to

ask for identification. The officer can ask the suspect for his
name, address, license and an explanation of his actions. Note
that the suspect is not required by law to provide any of this
information.

Police Officers have the right to frisk or pat down suspects

when they believe their personal safety may be at risk. Officers
have the right to confiscate drugs, weapons, or stolen items
during a search. The aforementioned items also provide cause
far arrest.

When placing a suspect under arrest the officer should

advise the suspect of his rights. A more complete search of
the suspect for weapons or other dangerous objects should be
conducted. Then an officer should handcuff the suspect. If the
suspect resists, any means within reason may be used to
subdue the suspect.
Please note. When juveniles are arrested, their parents must
be notified immediately. Oftentimes juveniles and mentally ill
persons can be dealt with informally. Never arrest someone
when a warning would be as effective.

101

SPEAKING

Task 9.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 7. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Did you see . . .

What did you touch . . .

Don’t worry . . .

Student A:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student В about:

• how they are feeling
• what was stolen
• how it was stolen

Student B:

You are a citizen. Talk to Student A about a stolen

personal items.


WRITING

Task 10.

Use the conversation from Task 9 to fill out the police report.

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Prepare a role-play in teams of 3 or 4 on the theme: Robbery.
2. Fill in the table.


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102

UNIT 13

COMPUTER CRIME

Get ready!

Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions.

1. What types of computer crime do you know?

2. Do computer crimes commit in your country? In near by countries.


VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words then copy out them into your

notebooks.

privacy ‒

daxlsizlik / неприкосновенность

(частной жизни)

gain ‒

ega bo‘kmoq, kasb etmoq, erishmoq, sazovor bo‘lmoq /

приобретать

news items ‒

informatsion ma’lumotlar / информационные

видеосюжеты

post ‒

pochta orqali jo‘natmoq / отправлять по

(электронной)

почте

chat ‒

so‘zlashuv / разговор

(по интернету)

to reveal ‒

oshkor qilmoq / разоблачать

extent ‒

hajm / объём, размер

perpetrator ‒

huquqbuzar / злоумышленник, правонарушитель

affected individuals ‒

shaxslarni ta’sirida bo‘lgan / личность

находящаяся под влиянием

transactions ‒

kelishuvlar / труды, сделки

account ‒

bank hisobi / счёт в банке

vulnerabilities ‒

zaif / уязвимость, ранимость

occur ‒

sodir etmoq / происходить, встречается

fraud ‒

firibgarlik / мошенничество, обман

corporation ‒

uyushma / объединение

infringement ‒

qonunni buzish / нарушение закона

unauthorized ‒

taqiqlangan / запрещённый, недозволенный

hardware ‒

qattiq disk / жёсткий диск, оборудование

119

Task 4.

Fill in the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the

word bank.


1. The officer ____________ the man for weapons.

2. The man ____________ arrest until the officer

handled him more aggressively.

3. A(n) _____________ person may not

understand that he has committed a crime.

4. The officer ___________ the woman's wrists.

5. Police notified the ____________'s parents of

her arrest.

6. The officer _______________ the man of his rights.

7. Seeing a suspect commit a crime is ______________ for arrest.

READING

Task 2.

Listen and read the page from a police manual.

Word bank:

frisked, advised, resisted, cause, mentally ill,

juvenile, handcuffed


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118

15

subdue

bo‘ysundirmoq / подчинять

Task 2.

Read and copy out following sentences then translate them into

your language.

1. A metal-detectored

frisk

at the doors.

2. The police officer ordered him to the ground, and did a quick

pat

down

search.

3. It is hazardous

(опасно)

to

personal safety.

4. There is no

cause

for alarm.

5. You are

under arrest.

6. He was led into court

handcuffed

.

7. The soldiers

resist

ed for two

days.
8. Many

mentally ill

people are

themselves unhappy about the idea of community care...
9. Napoleon

subdued

much of Europe.

10. A person below a specific age (18 in most countries) who has
committed a crime is a

juvenile

offender.

11. The soldiers

resisted

for two days.

Task 3.

Match the words (1-7) with the definitions (A-G).

1 __ rights

2 __ witness

3 __ under arrest

4 __ pat down

5 __ probable cause

6 __ arrest warrant

7 __ personal safety

A) reason to believe a crime
was committed
B) to be in police custody
C) freedoms designated by the
law
D) to check someone for
weapons or drugs

E) to hear or see a crime being
committed
F) the well-being of an
individual
G) a document that allows an
arrest to be made


103

data ‒

ma’lumotlar / данные, факты, сведения

target ‒

nishonga olmoq / целиться, намереваться

garnered ‒

yig‘moq / копить, собирать

gamut ‒

diapazon, spektr / диапазон, спектр

investor postings ‒

sarmoya tikuvchi shaxs internetdagi xabari /

инвестор

(вкладчик)

, «постинга»

(сообщение на интернет форуме)

promote a stock ‒

zahirani boyitmoq / повышает запас

investment ‒

bankga pul qo‘yish / инвестирование

(вложение денег)

offer ‒

taklif qilmoq / предлагать

to encourage ‒

qo‘llab-quvvatlamoq / поддерживать, поощрять

altered ‒

qayta ishlab chiqilgan / переработанные

purport ‒

mohiyat / суть, смысл

encompasses ‒

o‘z ichiga olmoq / заключать

access logs ‒

ro‘yxatdan o‘tish uchun ruxsat olmoq / получать доступ к

регистрациям

auditing software ‒

komputer dasturlarini tekshirish / проверка

компьютерных программ

encryption ‒

shifrlab qo‘yish / зашифровывание

utilize the trademarks ‒

savdo belgisidan foydalanish / использовать

торговую марку

manage the risks ‒

taqiqni boshqarish / управлять угрозой

deployed ‒

joylashtirmoq / размещать

firewall ‒

himoya uskunasi / межсетевой экран, брандмауэр

Task 2.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F)

1 _ privacy
2 _ infringement

3 _ unauthorized
4 _ vulnerability

5 _ a laptop
6 _ software

A

breaking of a law

В

programs and other operating information used by a computer

С

invasion of someone's life

D

a microcomputer that is portable and for use while traveling

E

illicit, prohibited

F

sensibility


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104

READING

Task 3.

Listen and read the following text then answer the questions.

COMPUTER CRIME

With the popularization of the Internet, interest in computer crime and

privacy has gained momentum. News items describe identity theft, credit
cards numbers posted on chat rooms, and child pornography web sites.
Investigations have yet to reveal the extent or perpetrators. However,
affected individuals have already experienced fraudulent financial
transactions on personal accounts.

Information systems vulnerabilities cover more territory than just

personal losses. Computer information systems are vulnerable to physical
attacks, electronic hacking, and natural disasters.

Discussion is divided into types of computer crime, information

systems and technology vulnerabilities, and ways to manage the risks.

Typically, computer crime can be categorized by the type of activity

which occurs four basic categories are utilized in describing computer
crime. These are: theft, fraud, copyright infringement, and attacks.

Theft

in computer crime may refer to either unauthorized removal of

physical items such as hardware or unauthorized removal or copying of
data or information.

Fraud

on the Internet may run the gamut from credit card offers which

are utilized only to capture personal information.

Copyright infringement.

This type of computer crime encompasses

use of software, music, etc which is not appropriately acquired. Software
piracy occurs more easily with the ability to post files for downloading all
over the world.

There are several classes of activities, which may also harm

information systems and supporting technology. These activities fall
within classes of

viruses, worms, Trojan Horse, time bomb, logic bomb,

and trapdoors

.

Protecting systems and data with passwords, encryption, auditing

software, and access logs is vital. These logical protections must be
reviewed and analyzed in order to ensure the system has not been

117

UNIT 15

MAKING AN ARREST

Get ready!
Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions.

1. What guidelines must police

follow when making arrests in
your country?

2. How do police address crimes

committed by people who are
not yet adults?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Match the words with their

translations use your dictionary if necessary.

1

arrest warrant

qamoqqa olish orderi / ордер на
арест

2

witness

guvoh / свидетель

3

probable cause

asosli sabab / резонное основание
(вероятная причина дающая
основание для ареста и
предъявления обвинения)

4

frisk

tintuv / обыск (человека)

5

pat-down

paypaslab tintish / обыск
(охлопыванием)

6

personal safety

shaxsiy xavfsizlik / личная
безопасность

7

cause

sabab / причина, основание

8

under arrest

qamoqda bo‘lmoq / под арестом

9

advise

maslaxat bermoq / советовать

10

handcuff

qo‘l kishan / наручники

11

resist

qarshilik ko‘rsatish /
сопротивляться

12

juvenile

voyaga yetmagan shaxs /
несовершеннолетний

13

mentally ill

aqli noraso / больной психически

14

warning

ogoxlantirish / предупреждение


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116

broke shop windows and set fire to buildings. Police used tear gas to
disperse the crowds, but at least five people were killed and many more
were injured.

3. In the university district, peaceful demonstrations by animal rights

protestors escalated into violence when militant groups began attacking
the police and throwing bottles and stones. The police responded with
water cannons and soon suppressed the violence.


Task 3.

Look back at the reading text. Cross out the verb which is NOT

possible in these sentences.

1.

The possible

suppressed / contained / arrested

the riot.

2.

The officers

escalated / contained / dispersed

the crowd.

3.

The disturbances

disrupted / rioted / delayed

traffic.

4.

Violence soon

broke out / spread / suppressed.


105

penetrated. Locations of computer systems must be hidden. Card key
systems and login (logout) of entry and exit to computer systems should
be a regular business procedure.

The major activity deployed by businesses to protect computer

systems and data from electronic intrusion is the utilization of firewalls
and virus protection software. Firewalls are utilized to establish a barrier
between the business computer systems and the outside world.


SPEAKING

Task 4.

Answer for questions. Use the text: Computer Crime.

1. What do news items describe on chat rooms and web sites?
2. Where may theft in computer crime refer to?
3. What activities may harm information system?

Task 5.

Mark the following statements as true (T) or false (F).

1._____ With the popularization of the Internet, interest in computer

crime and privacy has not gained momentum.

2._____ Information systems vulnerabilities cover more territory

than just personal losses.

3._____ Typically, computer crime can be categorized by the type of

activity, which occurs five basic categories.

4._____ Protecting systems and data with passwords, encryption,

auditing software, and access logs is not so vital.


WRITING

Task 6.

Working on new words and expressions.

Word list:

listen and copy out into your notebooks.

English

Uzbek

Russian

emerging

paydo bo‘layotgan

появляющееся

facilitate

imkon bermoq

способствовать


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106

harassment

police
harassment

shilqimlik, tajovuz

politsiya tomonidan
ta’qib qilinishi

беспокойство, агрессия

преследование со
стороны полиции

range

qator

ряд

stalking

ta’qib qilmoq

преследовать

frontier

chegara, sarhad

рубеж

via computers

komputerlararo

(меж) сквозь
компьютеры

small-scale

katta boʻlmagan

небольшой

large-scale

yirik masshtabli

крупномасштабный

right up

‒gacha; dovur; qadar до; вплоть до

fraud

firibgarlik

мошенничество

Task 7.

Read, copy out following sentences and translate them into your

language.

1. Fraud is the crime of gaining money or financial benefits by a trick
or by lying.

2. Corruption goes right up to the top.

3. A small-scale activity or organization is small in size and limited in
extent.

...the small-scale production of farmhouse cheeses in Devon.

4. She suffered continual police harassment.

5. Police were stalking a drug dealer.

6. We are in the frontier West, the heartland of the American myth.


LISTENING

Task 8.

Listen to the pamphlet about Computer crime and fill in the

gaps.

Electronic crime. It is a new

1

________, and there are old, traditional

forms of crime, being committed electronically, and

2

_____ _______ and

the internet. But there are also new crime types

3

________. Electronic

crime really does cross over a whole range of different crime types. And

115

Task 15.

Answer the following control questions.

1.

Why is there prohibition for the possession of guns in your
country?

2.

What are the punishments for the possession of guns?

3.

What situations police can use the weapon?

4.

Why should police take a variety of weapons in duty?

TASKS FOR FREE-WORK

Task 1.

Read the topic then translate it in written form and render the

content in English.

Civil disorder

Civil disorder or civil unrest is when a crowd of people express the

fact they are not happy about a situation (especially a political situation)
in a violent way. Examples of civil disorder are illegal demonstrations,
strikes and riots. Legal demonstrations, protests and events such as
football matches or pop concerts can, in some situations, escalate into
chaos and disorder.

Task 2.

Read three short reports about different types of civil disturbance

answer the questions.

Which report talks about:

a)

a riot

b)

chaos and disruption to traffic in the city centre?

c)

a demonstration


1. The city centre was filled with large groups of football fans today

after the semi-final match. Police lined the streets outside the football
stadium in order to contain the crowds. There was no violence between
the fans of the opposing teams. However, the large numbers of people on
the streets caused delays and disruption to traffic.

2. There was trouble in the city centre today as riots broke out after

the government announced tax increases. The chaos spread as crowds


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114

SPEAKING

Task 13.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 11. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

I thought that …

I didn’t know if …

I decided to …

Student A :

You are an officer who shot at a suspect. Talk to Student B

about.

-

the suspect’s actions

-

the number of shots

-

the reason for thing


Student B:

You are a senior police officer. Ask Student A about the

decision to fire.

WRITING

Task 14.

Use the manual and conversation from Task 8 to fill out the

report. Make up a name for the officer.

107

you can imagine

4

________ offences that may be facilitated via e-mail,

5

________, threatening e-mails, small-scale fraud offences, right up

through to large-scale

6

________ committed via the internet.

Task 9.

Listen and read the pamphlet again.

What kind of crimes are

usually committed via the internet? Do electronic crimes are usually
committed in your country?

Task 10.

Read the situations and try to make up dialogues.

Group must be divided into small teams of 3 or 4. Following situations
must be given to each team.

A.

"My girlfriend or rather ex-girlfriend bought some clothes using

my card."

B.

“I saw this advertisement on a web-site, offering really high

profits for a small investment. I transferred

$

1000 and I haven't heard

anything since! Neither have lots more people, I understand!”

C.

“I have a computer and Internet at home and this Internet

company said I could compose advertising texts for them and be paid for
them. But they charged me 50US$ for their application form and another
US$50 for "distribution of my credentials" and I haven't heard from them
since.”

D.

“Well, you know I like to collect coins. There was a great

selection in an on-line auction. I paid $200 for what was described as a
'Charles 1 token'

(жетон)

. The Internet picture was certainly Charles 1,

but when the coin arrived it was quite different and virtually worthless!”

E.

“I wanted a list of properties. This Internet agency promised to

supply the list and I transferred $100 to the account but I haven't received
the list and they don't reply to my e-mails.”

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY:

1. Prepare role-play in teams of 2 or 4 on the theme: Investigating
computer crime.


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108

UNIT 14

EQUIPMENT: WEAPONS

Get ready!

Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions:

1. How common are guns in your country?

2. What are some weapons used by police?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words then translate and copy out

them into your notebooks.

rifle -

a gun, especially one fired

from shoulder level, having a long
spirally grooved barrel intended to
make a bullet spin and thereby
have greater accuracy over a long
distance.

pistol -

a small firearm designed to

be held in one hand.

revolver -

a pistol with revolving

chambers enabling several shots to
be fired without reloading.

cartridge -

a casing containing a

charge and a bullet or shot for
small arms or an explosive charge
for blasting.

shotgun -

a smooth-bore gun for firing small shot at short range.

ammunition -

is bullets and rockets that are made to be fired from guns.

firearm -

a rifle, pistol, or other portable gun.

magazine -

a container or detachable receptacle for holding a supply of

cartridges to be fed automatically to the breech of a gun.

shell -

an explosive artillery projectile or bomb.

bullet -

a metal projectile for firing from a rifle, revolver, or other small

firearm, typically cylindrical and pointed, and sometimes containing an
explosive


Task 2.

Match the words (1-5) with the definitions (A-E).

113

b. to describe investigative procedures

c. to explain why an officer fired her gun

d. to request additional support for an arrest

2. When did the officer fire her gun?

a. as soon as she saw the suspect

b. after the suspect failed to stop

c. after the suspect crashed his vehicle

d. as soon as the suspect drew his weapon

Task 12.

Listen again and complete the conversation.

Officer 1:

It says in the report the suspect drove his van directly

toward you.

Officer 2:

Correct. I

1

_______he would hit me. So I moved to the

side of my car and signaled him to stop.

Officer 1:

And he continued to drive toward you.

Officer 2:

Exactly. Since he failed to

2

_____ _____ ____, I

thought it best to draw my pistol.

Officer 1:

That’s when you

3

_______?

Officer 2:

Negative. I

4

______ _______ give a verbal warning

first. Then I fired a shot at his vehicle.

Officer 1:

And that is when he swerved and crashed into a tree.

Officer 2:

Correct. I didn’t know if he was armed, so I approached

the vehicle with my weapon

5

_________.

Officer 1:

Did you fire any additional shots?

Officer 2:

Negative. That wasn’t necessary. He

6

_______

_______and cooperated.


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112

shall be punished with imprisonment from eight to ten years

.

CRIMINAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

Task 10.

Read the text and look at the pictures. Label the images of the

equipment.

PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

In situations of civil unrest, law enforcement officers and soldiers

usually use less-lethal weapons, such as batons, paintball guns and (in
some countries) whips to disperse crowds.

Over the last 30 years, riot control officers have also used CS spray

or ʻtear gas’, plastic bullets and electric tasers. Riot police squads also
sometimes use armored vehicles, water cannons, police dogs or mounted
police on horses. Officers on riot control usually wear protective
equipment including div armor, riot helmets, gas masks and carry riot
shields.

a ___________ c ___________

e ___________ g ___________

b ___________ d ___________

f ___________ h ___________

LISTENING

Task 11.

Listen to a conversation between a senior and a junior officer.

Choose the correct answers.

1. What is the purpose of the conversation?

a. to discuss the risks faced by police officers

Word bank:

water cannon, tear gas, riot helmet, gas mask, baton, riot

shield, whip, paintball gun.

109

1__shot

3__deadly force

5__bullet

2__firearm

4__cartridge

a. a rifle or pistol

d. the firing of a gun

b. ammunition placed in a gun e. the use of a gun with the intent to kill

c. the object fired from a gun

Task 3.

Fill in the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the

word bank.


1. A gun cannot fire without_________in it.

2. Most guns eject _______after a shot is fired.

3. Cartridges can be stored in a(n) _________for later use.

4. All officers receive a(n)_________weapon.

5. A (n)_________is not useful for long-range shots.

Task 4.

Use the appropriate word for the sentence.

rifle / ammunition

1. At seven in the evening their ________ was nearly exhausted.
2. Neighbours heard the sound of ________ fire and alerted the police.

cartridge / magazine

1. A ________ is a metal container that attaches to a gun and feeds it
ammunition.
2. A ________ is a metal or plastic cylinder containing gunpowder and a
bullet that is placed into a gun.

pistol / shell

1. A ________ is any type of small gun that can usually be fired with
one hannd?

Word bank:

standard issue / shell / shotgun / magazine /

ammunition


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110

2. A ________ is a metal or plastic cylinder that holds gunpowder and a
bullet and is removed after a gun is fired.

bullet / firearm

1. A ________ is a general term for all types of guns.
2. A ________ is a metal projectile fired from a gun.

LISTENING

Task 5.

Listen to the page from a police manual. Then fill in the gaps.

TULSA POLICE DEPARTMENT

Training Manual

5 Standard Issue Weapons

5.1.

Firearms

– All officers will be issued at least one

standard

issue

1

_______.

They are to carry it on the person at all times. Patrol officers receive a 9 mm semi-
automatic

2

_______. SWAT team officers are also issued a Tiger-16 assault

rifle

.

Detectives receive a 38 caliber

revolver

. Each patrol car will have one

3

_______.

5.11.

Ammunition

– The department requires that officers keep their weapons

loaded. In addition, they should carry extra

4

_______. Patrol officers are issued two

additional

magazines

. Each magazine holds 10

5

_______.

5.2.

Cartridges

– Only use department approved

6

_______in department-issued

firearms. The department has selected cartridges with

shells

and

bullets

suitable to

police needs.

5.3.

Discharge

– Officers should follow the regulations for the use of

deadly force

(see section 7.3.). They must report whenever a

shot

is

7

_______.

111

Task 6.

Listen and read the manual again and aswer the question:

What

kind of weapon are detectives issued?

READING

Task 7.

Read and translate the page from a police manual. Pay attention

to the use of new words of the topic.


Language focus: Modal verbs

Look at this extract from the article, “They must report whenever a shot
is fired.” The writer has used a modal verb (“can”). Correct the mistakes
in the following sentences with modal verbs.
1. I can to see you.
2. Do you can carry?
3. They can to do it tomorrow.
4. He cans use the firearm.

Task 8.

Read the page from a police manual. Then, mark the statements

as true (T) or false (F).

1.

___SWAT (special weapons and tactics) officers receive two firearms.

2.

___Detectives may choose their own cartridges.

3.

___Police shotguns hold up to ten bullets.

Task 9. Discuss the following quessions.

1.

What article of

Criminal Code of The Republic of Uzbekistan connotes

banditry?
2. What punishment is provided for banditry?

Article 164. Banditry

Banditry, that is, assault with the purpose of larceny committed with

violence dangerous for life or health, or with threat of application of
such violence –

shall be punished with imprisonment from five to eight years.
(As amended by Law of 29.08.2001.)
Banditry committed:
а) with weapons or other objects used as a weapon;
b) by previous concert by a group of individuals;
c) in large amount –


background image

140

safe.

READING

CRIME PREVENTION GUIDE

Crime prevention

requires

the

cooperation of our city’s

residents, visitors, and

police. Here’s how you

can help:

Some actions make it easier for
crimes to occur.

DO NOT:

initiate

conversation with suspicious

persons

leave vehicles or hotel rooms

unlocked

reveal

large amounts of money in the

presence of strangers

accept an opened

beverage

from someone

you do not know

make yourself

a vulnerable target

by

becoming over-intoxicated

Regardless

of prevention efforts, crimes

still occur.

If only should become the witness or
victim of a crime:

notify

the police immediately

wait at a safe location, away from the
crime, until police

secure

the area

provide what information you can to the
investigation

discourage

criminals

by always being alert

anticipate

crimes

before they happen and
react

accordingly

recognize

suspicious

persons/behavior and
avoid them

appraise

taxi cabs for

safety and

licensure

before entering


With these suggestions we hope that you can help

Trenton Police and citizens keep the city a

SAFE and enjoyable place to visit.

121

LISTENING

Task 5

. Listen and read the manual again.

When are officers

allowed to search someone?

Task 6.

Listen to a conversation between a police officer and a

juvenile suspect. Choose the correct answers.

What is the purpose of the conversation?

A) to determine if the girl is guilty
B) to place the girl in police custody
C) to give the suspect a warning
D) to find where stolen property is

What is true of the suspect?

A) She is innocent.
B) She is going to jail.
C) She has not been searched.
D) She will be charged with resisting arrest.


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122

Task 7.

Listen again and complete the conversation.

SPEAKING

Task 8.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 7. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

You are under arrest for …

Several guests witnessed …

Officer

: Let me explain to you why you're being arrested.

Suspect

: I'm listening.

Officer

: You're

1

______ ______ for breaking into a hotel room.

Suspect

: I didn't

2

______ ______. I'm staying at the hotel.

Officer

: Several guests witnessed you breaking a window to get

in.

Suspect

:

3

______ ______. That window was already broken.

Officer

: A guest also reported several things missing from her

room.

Suspect

: You can't prove that I took anything.

Officer

:

4

______ ______. Another officer is on her way to

5

_______ _______. If she finds those items, we'll also

charge you with theft. So at this point,

6

________

________ _______ to just cooperate and put your hands
behind your back. I don't want to add

7

______ ______

to your charges.

139

17

beverage

ichimlik ‒ напиток

18

a vulnerable
target

ojiz nishon ‒ уязвимая цель

19

regardless of

nima boʻlishidan qat’iy nazar ‒ невзирая ни на
что, независимо от усилий

20

notify

ma’lum qilmoq, xabar qilmoq ‒ извещать,
уведомлять

Task 3.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F)

1

__ initiate

2

__ secure

3

__ appraise

4

__ recognise

5

__

anticipate

6

__ notify

A.

to expect something will happen

B.

to evaluate the quality of

something

C.

to make sure a place is free of

danger

D.

to start something

E.

to identify something as

previously seen

F.

to inform someone about

something.

Task 4.

Fill the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the word

bank.

1.

A dog can ____________ criminals from entering.

2.

No need for a key. The door is ________.

3.

Crimes are rare in the _________ of police.

4.

Reducing crimes requires ________ between citizens.

5.

Crime ________ is an important part of keeping the community

Word bank:

unlocked, discourage, presence, prevention, cooperation


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138

останавливать

3

apply

tatbiq qilmoq, qoʻllamoq ‒ применять к
(чему-л.) ; использовать

4

enforce the
law

qonunga rioya etishlikni ta’minlash ‒
соблюдения закона

5

maintain

saqlamoq, ushlab turmoq ‒ поддерживать,
сохранять (в состоянии, которое имеется на
данный момент, особенно в хорошем)

to

maintain order

— tartibni saqlamoq ‒

поддерживать порядок

criminal
justice

jinoiy sud ishi ‒ уголовное судопроизводство

6

require

talab qilmoq ‒ требовать

7

cooperation

hamkorlik ‒ сотрудничество,
взаимодействие

8

discourage

umidsizlantirmoq, xafsalani pir qilmoq, biror
ishdan qaytarmoq ‒ препятствовать,
отговаривать; лишать мужества, силы духа,
уверенности в себе

9

alert

ziyrak, ogoh ‒ настороженный,
внимательный

10

anticipate

oldindan koʻrmoq, oldindan his qilmoq va unga
tayyorgarlik koʻrmoq ‒ предвидеть;
предчувствовать

accordingly

muvofiq ravishda ‒ соответственно

11

recognize

tanimoq ‒ узнавать, опознавать

12

over-
intoxicated

oʻta mast (sarxush) holatida boʻlish
опьяненный

13

appraise

baholamoq ‒ оценивать, устанавливать цену

14

licensure

litsenziya (ruxsatnoma) berilganligi ‒ выдача
разрешений, патентов

15

initiate
conversation

suhabatga kirishmoq (boshlamoq) ‒ заводить
беседу

16

reveal

koʻrsatmoq ‒ показывать

123

I advise you to …

Student A :

You are a police officer. Talk to Student B about:

-

The law s/he broke

-

That s/he is being arrested


Student B:

You are being arrested. Make claims that you are

not guilty.

WRITING

Task 9.

Use the conversation from Task 8 to write a police report. Talk

about:

The crime evidence

The suspect’s reaction

What he or she was told

TASKS FOR FREE-WORK


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124

Task 1.

Label the picture. Use these words. Then put the stages of an

arrest in order.

Making an arrest

__

A crime was committed.

__

The suspect was handcuffed and the police read him his
rights.

__

The suspect was caught in the act of committing the crime.

__

The suspect was arrested, frisked and a knife he was
carrying was confiscated.

__

The police were called to the scene.

__

As he was resisting arrest, the suspect was restrained by a
police officer.

__

The suspect was taken to the police station in a police a car.

Task 2.

Read and translate the following text about Making arrest. Then

get ready to retell it.

By FindLaw Staff | Reviewed by Kellie Pantekoek, Esq. | Last

updated June 02, 2020

When the police arrest someone, they take away that person's

fundamental right to freedom. Consequently, there are several procedures
the police must follow before they can make a legal arrest so that our
rights remain protected.

The following is a general discussion of the procedures police must

follow while making an arrest.

When an Officer May Make an Arrest

There are only a very limited number of circumstances in which an

officer may make an arrest:

The officer personally observed a crime;

The officer has probable cause to believe that person arrested

committed a crime;

The officer has an arrest warrant issued by a judge.

suspect, police, witness, victim

137

UNIT 17

CRIME PREVENTION

Get ready!

Task 1. Before you read the
passage, talk about these
questions.

1. How do citizens and law
officer work together to
prevent crime in your
country?
2. What should someone do if they fall victim to a crime?

VOCABULARY

Task 2.

Listen to a pronunciation of new words and phrases then read and

remember the following words.

1

reduce

kamaytirmoq, pasaytirmoq ‒ сокращать,
уменьшать

2

deter

biror ishdan qaytarmoq ‒ обуздывать;

Active words:

requires, initiate, discourage, alert, anticipate, reveal,

recognize, appraise, initiate,

unlocked, reveal,

a vulnerable target,

accordingly, beverage, over-intoxicated, secure.

Definition by Wikipedia

Crime prevention is the attempt to

reduce

and

deter

crime and criminals.

It is

applied

specifically to efforts made

by governments to reduce crime,

enforce the law

, and

maintain

criminal justice

.


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136

Across

2. The habits, traditions and beliefs of a group of people. (7)
4. To decide that an organized event will not happen. (6)
5. A journey when you visit a place for a short time and come back again. (4)
8. The activity of visiting places which are interesting. (11)
10. Someone who visits a place for pleasure and does not live there. (7)
11. The place where you stay. (13)
14. To arrange to use or do something at a particular time in the future. (4)
15. A thin book with pictures and information, usually advertising something. (8)
17. A book that gives information about the place you are visiting. (5)

Down

1. Bags and cases that you carry with you when you are travelling. (7)
3. A building where you can get onto an aircraft, bus, or ship. (8)
5. A visit to and around a place, area, or country. (4)
6. The area at an airport where they check your ticket and take your luggage. (7)
7. The place in a hotel where people go when they arrive. (9)
9. A comfortable bus used to take groups of people on journeys. (5)
12. A building where you can look at important objects. (6)
13. To sit or lie in the sun so that your skin becomes brown. (8)
16. To pay to use

something for a short time. (4)

125

An officer cannot arrest someone

just because she feels like it or has a
hunch that someone might be a criminal.
Police officers have to be able to justify
the arrest usually by showing some
tangible evidence that led them to
probable cause.

Requirements of Police: Arrest

Procedures

The rules regarding what an officer

must do while making an arrest vary by jurisdiction. Generally, an arrest
happens when the person being arrested reasonably believes that she is
not free to leave. The officer need not use handcuffs, or place the arrestee
in a police cruiser, although police often use these tactics to protect
themselves.

Police also do not have to read Miranda Rights at the time of arrest.

However, the police must read a suspect their rights before an
interrogation, so many police departments recommend that Miranda
Rights be read at the time of arrest. This way, they can start questioning
right away, and any information volunteered by a suspect can be used
against them.

Finally, although police will almost always tell an arrestee why they're

under arrest, they may not necessarily have any legal obligation to do so.
This depends on both the jurisdiction and the circumstances of the arrest.

Police Arrest Procedures and Excessive Force

Police aren't allowed to use excessive force or treat the arrestee

cruelly; this is universal and protected by the U.S. Constitution.

Generally, police officers are only allowed to use the minimum

amount of force necessary to protect themselves and bring the suspect into
police custody. This is why people are advised to never resist an arrest or
argue with police, even if they believe the arrest is wrongful since
resistance could lead to the use of more force.

If the arrestee thinks the arrest is unjustified or incorrect, they can

always challenge it later with the help of an attorney and, if warranted,
bring a civil rights case.



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126

UNIT 16

HELPING TOURISTS

Get ready!
Before you begin the lesson, talk about these questions:

1. What is the main task of a tourist police in your country?
2. What kind of distress (or questions) do tourists usually turn to

police officers in your country?

3. What do you think is it necessary to help tourists with their distress?

VOCABULARY

Task 1.

Listen and read the new words and expressions then translate

and copy out them into your notebooks.

travel

– make a journey.

tip

– advise.

identity theft

– the fraudulent

practice of using another
person's name and personal
information in order to
obtain credit, loans, etc..

concern

– a cause of anxiety or

worry.

unavoidable

– not able to be

avoided,

prevented,

or

ignored; inevitable.

preventative

– designed to

keep something undesirable
such as illness or harm from
occurring.

measure

– a plan or course of

action taken to achieve a
particular purpose.

save

– keep safe or rescue

(someone or something) from
harm or danger.

victim

– a person harmed,

injured, or killed as a result of a

crime, accident, or other event
or action.

checkbook

– a book of printed

cheques ready for use.

cash

– money in coins or notes, as

distinct from cheques, money
orders, or credit.

135

Task 2.

Read the sentences and translate them. Which of these sentences are

tourists’?

Comforting a tourist in distress

1.

Please stay calm. I am going to help you.

2.

Please help us. Our child is missing.

3.

We will do everything we can.

4.

My luggage / suitcase was stolen.

5.

I'll give you a map of the city.

6.

Try not to panic.

7.

I'm looking for the American Consulate / Embassy.

8.

I can give you a ride to the hospital.

9.

The ambulance is on its way.

10.

Don't worry, everything is going to be okay.


Task 3.

With a partner, solve the crossword below based on tasks given

above.


Crossword– HOLIDAYS & TOURISM


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134

Task 12.

Divide the group into small teams of 3 or 4 and discuss the following

sentences.

Procedure:

Teams read the following questions and discuss them

with other teams.

1. If you could go on holiday anywhere in the world, where would you go?

Why? What would you do there?

2. If you could go on holiday with a famous person (living or dead) who would

you go with? Why? What would you talk about?

3. Have you ever been on a safari? Would you like to go on one? Why? What

are the advantages and disadvantages of safari holidays?

4. Do you prefer holidays where you travel round and stay in different places

or do you prefer staying in one place? Explain your reasons to your partner.

5. How important is it for young people to visit other countries?
6. How important is it to find out about the culture and customs of the country

you’re going to on holiday?

7. In what ways do you think tourism can be harmful to the local landscape

and environment? What, in your opinion, can be done to reduce the damage
done by tourism?

8. What benefits can tourism bring to a city/country?
9. To what extent do you think that foreign travel can reinforce people’s

perception of national stereotypes?

TASKS FOR SELF-STUDY:

Task 1.

Give your suggested answers to the following questions.

Which hotel are you staying at?
When did you lose your wallet?
Who can we trust to exchange our money?
How much money was in your purse?
What did the thief look like?
What was the man wearing?
Where is the bad part of town?
Did he have a weapon?
Where/When did you last see your child?
Can you help me find the Pacific Hotel?
How old is your child?
What was your child wearing?

127

payment

– the action or process

of

paying

someone

or

something or of being paid.

debit card

– a card allowing the

holder

to

transfer

money

electronically from their bank
account

when

making

a

purchase.

instead

– as an alternative or

substitute.

resolve

– settle or find a solution

to (a problem or contentious
matter).

fraudulent

– obtained, done by,

or

involving

deception,

especially criminal deception.

decide

– come or bring to a

resolution in the mind as a
result of consideration.

surroundings

– the things and

conditions around a person or
thing.

ATM

(automated

teller

machine)

a

machine

that

automatically provides cash
and performs other banking
services on insertion of a
special card by the account
holder.

pickpocket

– a person who steals

from people's pockets.

shoulder

– the upper joint of each

of a person's arms and the part
of the div between this and the
neck.

PIN

– personal identification

number.

wallet

– a pocket-sized flat

folding case for holding money
and plastic cards.

lock

fasten

or

secure

(something) with a lock.

valuables

– things that you own

that are worth a lot of money,
especially small objects such as
jewellery.

laptop

– a computer that is

portable and suitable for use
while travelling.

reservation

– an arrangement

whereby something, especially
a seat or room, is reserved for a
particular person.

pouch

– a small flexible bag,

typically carried in a pocket or
attached to a belt.

beneath

– underneath so as to be

hidden, covered, or protected.

clothing

– clothes collectively.

added

– having more of a

particular thing or quality.

greatly

– by a considerable

amount; very much.

reduce

– make smaller or less in

amount, degree, or size.

backup

plan

– a copy of a file or

other item of data made in case
the original is lost or damaged.

embassy

– the official residence

or offices of an ambassador.

immediately

– at once;

instantly.


background image

Task 2.

Match the words with their translations if necessary use definitions

given below.

1 lost

pul

/ деньги

2 embassy

almashtirmoq

/ менять

3 luggage / suitcase o‘xshamoq

/ быть похожим

4 trust

qurol

/ оружие

5 exchange

elchixona /посольство

6 money

yo‘qolgan

/ потерянный

7 weapon

ishonch

/ вера, доверие

8 wallet

musibat

/ горе, несчастье

9

purse

yupatadigan, ovutadigan, tasalli (taskin)
beradigan

/ утешительный

10 look like

bagaj

/ чемодан

11

stay

konsulxona, konsullik /

консульство;

представительство

12 consulate

qolish, turish

/ оставаться

13 distress

karmon, hamyon

/ бумажник

14 comforting

hamyon, cho‘ntak

/ кошелёк, дамская сумочка

Task 3.

Match the words (1-6) with the definitions (A-F).

1 __ smart phone
2 __ checkbook

3 __ debit card
4 __ traveler's checks

5 __ fraudulent
6 __ identity theft

A.

a book of blank checks

B.

imitating something of value

C.

the act stealing someone's personal information

D.

a card used to withdraw money from a bank account

E.

an electronic device that runs many programs

F.

checks of predetermined value

Task 4.

Fill in the blanks with the correct words and phrases from the word

bank.

Word bank:

laptop / ATM / travel pouch / passport /

embassy / credit card

133

Student A:

You are a police officer. Talk to Student В about:

• missing items • what to do next • identity theft

Student B:

You have had important documents and financial

materials stolen. Answer Student A's questions.

USE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATIONS IN YOUR
DIALOGUE:
Questions tourists ask police

I'm

lost

. Can you help me find the Pacific Hotel?

I'm looking for the American

Consulate / Embassy

.

My

luggage / suitcase

was stolen. What should I do?

Who can we

trust

to

exchange

our

money

?

Where is the bad part of town?

Please help us. Our child is missing.


Questions police ask tourists

Which hotel are you

stay

ing at?

When did you lose your

wallet

?

How much money was in your

purse

?

What did the thief

look like

?

What was the man wearing?

Did he have a

weapon

?

Where/When did you last see your child?

How old is your child?

What was your child wearing?


Comforting a tourist in distress

Please stay calm. I am going to help you.

We will do everything we can.

I'll give you a map of the city.

Try not to panic.

I can give you a ride to the hospital.

The ambulance is on its way.

Don't worry, everything is going to be okay.


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132

SPEAKING

Task 11.

With a partner, act out the roles below based on Task 10. Then,

switch roles.

USE LANGUAGE SUCH AS:

Did you have any ...
You need to worry about ...
I'd contact...

Officer:

How about you give me a list of the items that are

missing from your

1

________ _________.

Tourist:

Well, everything that was in my

2

________ ________

is gone. So that's my wallet and passport.

Officer:

Did you have any cards in your wallet?

Tourist:

My

3

_______ ________ and credit cards.

Officer:

Anything else?

Tourist:

Let's see. There was some cash, but not much. Oh and

my

4

________ _________.

Officer:

Okay. Well, considering all of these things are gone, you

need to worry about

5

__________ __________.

Tourist:

That's really bad, isn't it?

Officer:

We have ways of dealing with it.

6

_______ ________

_______ ________, I'd contact your bank and credit card
companies to let them know what

happened.

129

1.

When her identity was stolen, the woman sought help at the
____________

2.

The man left his ____________ at home because he didn't plan to write
while on vacation.

3.

The girl was careful at the _______________ because she did not
want thieves to see her PIN.

4.

Carry your valuables inside a(n) __________________ .

5.

Using a(n) ________________ is safer than using a debit card.

6.

Most countries require tourists to have a(n) ______________ to enter or
leave.


READING

Task 5.

Listen and

read the text then complete the insert chart. Put appropriate

marks for each chapter. Ex.: “

I know

, “__”

I don’t know,

“+”

novelty,

“?”

-

I

didn’t understand, I need additional information.

(I know)

“+”

(novelty)

“—”

(I don’t know)

“?”

(I

didn’t understand)


background image

130

Task 6.

Talk about these questions.

1.

How do police officers address identity theft in your country?

2.

What are some measures police officers recommend to tourists to reduce
identity theft?

3.

Have you ever helped tourists?

4.

How did you help tourists?

5.

Were there any situations that you could not help tourists?

6.

What English phrases do you use in helping tourists?

TRAVEL TIPS

Identity theft

is a growing

concern,

but

it’s

not

unavoidable. The following is a
list of preventative measures
that may save you from being
another victim.

1. Leave your check book

at

home. Cash, traveller’s checks,
and credit cards

are safer

methods of payment.

2. If possible, leave your debit

card

at home and use credit

instead. It is more difficult to
resolve fraudulent

purchases

made with debit than credit.

3. If you do decide to use

debit, be aware of your
surroundings when using an
ATM.

A pickpocket may look

over your shoulder to get your
PIN before taking your wallet.

4. Lock up any valuables in a

hotel safe. This includes your

passport, laptop, smart phone,

and other documents that contain
personal information.

5. Carry photocopies of any

important documents that you
bring. This includes plane tickets,
hotel reservations, and passport.

6. Carry your valuables in a

travel pouch.

Travel pouches

should be worn beneath your
clothing for added security.

While this list greatly reduces

the risk of having your identity
stolen, it's still good to have a
backup plan. Know the location
and phone number of your
country's embassy. Contact the
embassy immediately if you
suspect your identity has been
stolen.

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Task 7.

Read the website with tips for tourists. Then, mark the statements as

true (T) or false (F).

1.